Deliberative ecological economics and political ecology Christos Zografos, PhD Postdoctoral Research Fellow ICTA, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain [email_address] Advanced course on the analysis of environmental conflicts & justice Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain Thursday 8 July 2008
Q2: How is decision justified as best one to take?
A2: First Minister Alex Salmond: "the economic and social benefits for the north-east of Scotland substantially outweigh any environmental impact, and … this is demonstrated in the evaluation of the three reporters to the public local inquiry“
CBA logic provides means for golf course supporters to impose their will (build golf course) upon those who oppose it
CBA seen as an instrument/ mechanism of power (see Weber)
first, as the ability to impose a decision on others, for instance to steal resources, to locate an environmentally damaging plant, to destroy a forest, or to occupy environmental space and dispose of residues. Externalities are understood as cost-shifting
Second, as the procedural power which, in the face of complexity, is able to impose a language of valuation determining which is the bottom-line in an ecological distribution conflict
“ Come join us … in protest against the G8/G20 Summits where so-called leaders’ and bankers of the twenty richest countries are meeting in Huntsville and Toronto June 25-27 2010. At the Summits they will be discussing the themes of the global economy, development and climate change in a closed door, unaccountable meeting. Let’s send a loud message to the G8 Elite that we reject their deplorable agenda to further economic and social agendas that promote exploitation, profit, environmental degradation and colonization of the worlds resources!”
“ Marx himself did not fall into the error of thinking that men’s ideas were merely a pale reflection of their economic needs , with no history of their own ; but some of his successors, including many who would not call themselves Marxists, have been far more economic determinist than Marx” (Hill, 1965)
Still, source of power for Marx (and –ists) is the control of means of production (materialism)
18th cent.: madness: constructed as the opposite of reason
19th cent.: scientific +humanitarian treatments of madness = mental illness
Result: confine madness and treat it
humanitarian conceptualisations of madness (mental illness): excluding, controlling, and brutal (e.g. straightjacket, freezing showers) = as pre-scientific methods (tagged as ‘brutal’ by scientists, humanitarians, etc.)
madness silenced by Reason, hence lost its power to point to the truth
Marxism: acts of resistance have material basis habitually ignored by postructuralist explanations
Building/ existence of poor neighbourhoods in Indian cities should not be celebrated as an ‘act of resistance’ but interpreted as the result of dispossession of means and resources: class-based experience
Poor neighbourhoods: interpret within framework of social metabolism of K-ism
Question: is the Indian favela to be read as:
The backwaters of int’l capitalism?
An image (proof) of the unfinished project of capitalism?