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Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009
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Acids and alkalis ppt1292425009

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  • 1. Acid and base by Entranci.com
  • 2. Acids and bases <ul><li>preface </li></ul><ul><li>t o know that solutions can be sorted by whether they are: acid, alkali or neutral. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand that an alkali reacts with an acid to cancel it out. </li></ul><ul><li>To know that indicators show you how acidic or alkaline a solution is. </li></ul>
  • 3. Acids and bases <ul><li>Solutions can be sorted by whether they are: acid, alkali or neutral. </li></ul>When a substance dissolves in water it makes a solution.
  • 4. When the oxide of some non-metals dissolve in water they make an acid. Acids have a sour taste. They are corrosive.
  • 5. Reaction of Acids with metals and carbonates. <ul><li>Metal + Acid Salt + Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>magnesium + magnesium chloride + hydrochloric acid hydrogen </li></ul>Acid + Carbonate Salt + Water + Carbon dioxide sulphuric acid + copper sulphate + water + copper carbonate carbon dioxide
  • 6. Acids in our lives <ul><li>Lemon juice contains citric acid, and vinegar contains ethanoic acid. </li></ul><ul><li>Some strong acids are hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid and nitric acid. </li></ul><ul><li>Some weak acids are ethanoic acid, citric acid and carbonic acid. </li></ul>There are many acids present in our everyday lives.
  • 7. Neutralisation <ul><li>Acids and alkalis react with each other. The alkali cancels out the acid in the reaction. This is called neutralisation. </li></ul>A salt is made when acid react with base .
  • 8. Salts <ul><li>The salt made depends on the acid and alkali used . </li></ul><ul><li>The salt contains the metal atom from the alkali, and part of the acid molecule. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction of salt with water is known as salt hydrolysis </li></ul>The salts of sulphuric acid are known as sulphates. The salts of hydrochloric acid are known as chlorides. The salts of nitric acid are known as nitrates.
  • 9. Alkalis <ul><li>When the oxides of some metals dissolve in water they make an alkali solution. </li></ul><ul><li>Alkalis react with acids and neutralise them. </li></ul>Many everyday substances are alkalis.alkali are the base which are soluble in water. They feel soapy. They are corrosive.
  • 10. Alkalis <ul><li>Alkalis are present in many cleaning substances in use in our homes. </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen cleaners are alkaline because they contain ammonia or sodium hydroxide , which attack grease. </li></ul><ul><li>The PH of alkali is grater than 7. </li></ul>Calcium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide are strong alkalis. The most recognisable and common weak alkali is ammonia.
  • 11. Indicators <ul><li>They change colour in acid or alkaline solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>All indicator are weak base or weak acid the colour of indicator is due to ionic part of indicator. </li></ul><ul><li>Different indicators change to different colours. </li></ul>Indicators help you find out whether a solution is acidic or not.
  • 12. Litmus Test <ul><li>Litmus is an indicator. It changes colour in acid and alkaline solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Different indicator show different colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Litmus is red in an acid. </li></ul><ul><li>Litmus is blue in an alkali. </li></ul>
  • 13. Universal Indicator <ul><li>Universal indicator changes colour in acids and alkalis. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Its colour shows the strength of an acid or alkali. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>ACIDS ALKALIS Neutral
  • 14. The pH scale 1 – 6 8 - 14 Alkalis 7 Neutral Acids

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