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Aqa 2130-w-trb-swa2 Aqa 2130-w-trb-swa2 Document Transcript

  • hij Teacher Resource Bank GCE Business Studies Scheme of Work (A2)Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved.The Assessment and Qualifications Alliance (AQA) is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 3644723) and a registeredcharity (registered charity number 1073334). Registered address: AQA, Devas Street, Manchester M15 6EX.Dr Michael Cresswell, Director General.
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0INTRODUCTIONThis scheme of work can be followed whether centres enter candidates forexaminations in January and June or just opt for June entry.The purpose of this scheme of work is to provide advice and guidance to teachersand lecturers, not to prescribe and restrict approaches to the delivery of thespecification. Please bear in mind that there is no requirement to use this scheme ofwork. All items included are suggestions and intended to provide guidance.ALLOCATION OF TEACHING HOURSThe A2 scheme of work is based on five hours’ contact time each week and a32 week teaching year. This time has been subdivided as follows:Unit Three:Strategies for Success 75 hoursThis allows 10 hours (or two weeks’ teaching) for revision and examinationpreparation.Unit Four:The Business Environment and Managing Change 75 hoursklm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 1
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0A2 BUSINESS STUDIES (UNIT THREE: STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS)This module is divided into four elements. In the study of this unit candidates should examine the topic areas below in relation to the corethemes of setting objectives, measuring performance and devising strategy. The assessment for this unit will draw upon AS material whichcandidates should use to respond to A2 questions. The material below sets out a possible scheme of work for a single teacher delivering thespecification. A later version shows how the material might be allocated between two teachers delivering the specification between them.UNIT THREE, ELEMENT ONE: FUNCTIONAL OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 1 HOUR) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.1 Functional Objectives and • Business Review: Strategies o Volume 10, Number 2, November 2004 – ‘Thinking Strategically’ An overview of a range of o Volume 14, Number 2, November 2007 – ‘Guitars4You: Satisfying a niche market’ functional objectives and how o Volume 14, Number 3, February 2008 – ‘Money from Nails’. 1 these contribute to the achievement of corporate objectives.UNIT 3, ELEMENT TWO FINANCIAL STRATEGIES AND ACCOUNTS (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 20 HOURS)3.2 Understanding Financial • www.times100.co.uk Edition 13 – ‘CIMA: Financial information in decision making’ Objectives • Business Review, Volume 10, Number 3, February 2004 – ‘Strategic Finance’ Cash flow targets, cost minimisation, ROCE targets • www.tutor2u.net ‘Business Café’: ‘Cutting costs keeps profits in good shape’ 1 and shareholders’ returns. • www.tvchoice.uk.com TV Choice dvd: ‘Are we making a profit?’ Internal and external influences on these targets.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 2
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.3 Using Financial data to • Business Review Volume 9 Number 1 Sept 2002 – ‘Analysing Company Accounts’ Measure and Assess Performance • www.reportgallery.com Annual report gallery – useful for obtaining actual company accounts Analysis of balance sheets and income statements. Working • www.classroomvideo.co.uk: 5 capital, depreciation, profit o Classroom Video: ‘Financial reporting for Business’ utilisation and profit quality. o Classroom Video: ‘The Bottom Line’ • www.bized.co.uk/learn/business/accounting/busaccounts/index.htm Bized provide some useful powerpoints on business accounts.3.4 Interpreting Published • Business Review: Accounts o Volume 9 Number 2 Nov 2002 – ‘Profitability Ratios’ Conducting ratio analysis to o Volume 9 Number 3 Feb 2003 – ‘Finance: Just a Game?’ (Working capital ratios) measure financial o Volume 13 Number 1 Sep 2006 – ‘Ratio analysis’. 5 performance, assessing the • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/working_lunch/7141959.stm Working Lunch value and limitations of ratio dvd Series 9 Lesson 7 – ‘Deciphering Company Accounts’. analysis.3.5 Selecting Financial • Business Review: Strategies o Volume 9 Number 1 Sep 2002 – ‘Back to Basics: Profit Centres’ Raising finance, profit centres, o Volume 11 Number 3 Feb 2005 – ‘Profit Centres: A means of increasing profits?’ cost minimisation, allocating • http://tutor2u.net/ ‘Business Café’ – Case studies on Raising finance: capital expenditure. o ‘Venture capital bags the greener grocer’ 4 o ‘Survival strategies – Youth hostels look at property disposals’ o ‘The business of dying – Dignity goes public’ o Case study on Cost minimisation: ‘Lloyds cut costs to get profits back on track’. • www.tvchoice.uk.com TV Choice dvd on Raising finance: ‘Finance in Business II (The established business/The PLC).klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 3
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.6 Making Investment • Business Review Volume 10 Number 4 April 2004 – ‘Investment Appraisal’ Decisions • http://www.bized.co.uk/timeweb/reference/using_experiments.htm Bized investment Investment appraisal methods, appraisal activity. investment criteria, risks and 5 uncertainties of investment decisions, quantitative and qualitative influences.UNIT 3, ELEMENT THREE MARKETING STRATEGIES (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 15 HOURS)3.7 Understanding Marketing • Business Review Volume 10 Number 3 Feb 2004 –‘Responding to Market changes’ Objectives • www.tutor2u.net ‘Business Café’ – ‘Iphone seeks to shake up the mobile phone Marketing objectives, market’ Useful for discussion on marketing objectives and influences. 1 assessing internal and external influences on marketing objectives.3.8 Analysing Markets and • Business Review: Marketing o Volume 12 Number 2 Nov 2005 – ‘The UK Jeans Market’ Market analysis, analysing o Volume 12 Number 3 Feb 2006 – ‘The UK Footwear Market’ sales trends, the use of o Volume 13 Number 1 Sep 2006 – ‘The Breakfast Cereals Market’ information technology, o Volume 13 Number 2 Nov 2006 – ‘Pre recorded music in the UK’ 4 difficulties in analysing • www.tutor2u.net ‘Business Café’ – ‘Brits become a nation of smoothie operators’ marketing data. • www.bized.co.uk/educators/16-19/business/marketing/activity/analysis.htm Bized market analysis activity.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 4
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.9 Selecting Marketing • Business Review: Strategies o Volume 10 Number 2 Nov 2003 – ‘Strategic Marketing’ Low cost verses o Volume 11 Number 4 April 2005 – ‘Michael Porter’s Big Ideas’ ‘Coffee culture: differentiation, Ansoff’s Behind the froth of expansion’ matrix, assessing o Volume 12 Number 1 Sep 2005 – ‘Cobra Beer’ effectiveness of marketing o Volume 12 Number 2 Nov 2005 – ‘Five Forces Analysis’ strategies. o Volume 12 Number 4 April 2006 – ‘Strategic thinking in Marketing’. • www.tutor2u.net ‘Business Café’ 6 o ‘Special guests and seasonal smoothies make Innocent sparkle’ o ‘Cobra beer – Brewing up a global brand’ (useful for international markets). • www.times100.co.uk Edition 13 – ‘Wilkinson: Marketing strategy for growth’ • www.classroomvideo.co.uk Classroom video: ‘MMMarketing’ • http://www.bized.co.uk/current/pbl/2005_06/031005.htm Bized problem based learning activity: ‘Changing markets, changing strategies: The Problem’.3.10 Developing and • Business Review Volume 13 Number 1 Sep 2006 – ‘Marketing Plans’ Implementing Marketing Plans • http://www.bized.co.uk/current/mind/2003_4/081203.htm Bized activity: ‘Marketing the Glastonbury Festival’. Components of marketing 4 plans, internal and external influences, issues in implementing marketing plans.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 5
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0UNIT 3, ELEMENT FOUR OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 15 HOURS) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.11 Understanding Operational • Business Review Volume 10 Number 1 Sep 2003 ‘Strategic Operations’. Objectives Operational objectives, 1 assessing internal and external influences on these objectives.3.12 Operational Strategies: • Business Review: Scale and Resource Mix o Volume 9 Number 3 Feb 2003 – ‘Economies of Scale: Christian Salvesen’ Economies and o Volume 10 Number 2 Nov 2003 – ‘Labour verses Capital Intensity’. diseconomies of scale, • TV Choice dvds http://www.tvchoice.uk.com/: labour and capital intensive 4 o ‘Systems in a Factory’ production. o ‘ Inside a Factory III: The Crisp Makers’. • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/working_lunch/7141959.stm Working Lunch dvd Series 10 Lesson 6 – ‘Economies of Scale’.3.13 Operational Strategies: • Business Review: Innovation o Volume 9 Number 2 Nov 2002 – ‘The value of Innovation’ Purpose, costs, benefits and o Volume 10 Number 1 Sep 2003 – ‘Why do 5 out of every 6 new products fail?’ risks of innovation. o Volume 11 Number 3 Feb 2005 – ‘The importance of R+D’ o Volume 14 Number 2 Nov 2007 – ‘Innovation’. 2 • www.times100.co.uk: o Edition 13: - ‘Intel: Using innovation to create competitive advantage’ o Edition 9 – ‘Kelloggs: Using new product development to grow a brand’.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 6
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.14 Operational Strategies: • Business Review: Location o Volume 9 Number 4 April 2003 – ‘Business Location’ Methods of making location o Volume 10 Number 4 April 2004 – ‘The Exodus Abroad’ (international location) decisions, advantages and o Volume 13 Number 3 Feb 2007 – ‘Re-locating a business’. disadvantages of multi site • www.tutor2u.net: locations, international o ‘Business Café’ – ‘Seafood processing outsourced to Thailand’ location. 3 o ‘ Dark days for Blackpool as TVR production goes abroad’. • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/working_lunch/7141959.stm. Working Lunch dvd Series 12 Lesson 4 – ‘Location’ • www.bized.co.uk/learn/economics/notes/location.htm. Bized notes on location issues • www.bized.co.uk/learn/business/production/efficiency/location.htm. Plus useful activity.3.15 Operational Strategies: • Business Review: Lean Production o Volume 9 Number 1 Sep 2002 – ‘Lean Production’ Critical path analysis, lean o Volume 10 Number 1 Sep 2003 – ‘Just-in-time? It depends’ production methods. o Volume 10 Number 2 Nov 2003 – ‘Critical Path Analysis’ o Volume 10 Number 3 Feb 2004 – ‘Zara’ ( Useful article on time based management in the context of fast fashion) o Volume 11 Number 3 Feb 2005 – ‘What is Lean Production?’ • www.tutor2u.net: 5 o ‘Business Café’ – useful articles on lean production: o ‘The car in front is very good… and getting even better’ o ‘ Lean, mean driving machines – how Jaguar changed its production methods’. • www.bized.co.uk/educators/16-19/business/production/activity/cpa.htm. Bized critical path analysis activity • TVChoice dvd – ‘Inside a Factory I – The new Mini’ www.tvchoice.uk.com.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 7
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0UNIT 3, ELEMENT FIVE HUMAN RESOURCE STRATEGIES (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 14 HOURS) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.16 Understanding HR • Business Review Volume 10 Number 4 April 2004 – ‘Strategic People Management’. Objectives and Strategies HR objectives and 1 strategies, internal and external influences on HR objectives.3.17 Developing and • Business Review Volume 13 Number 1 Sep 2006 – ‘Human Resource Planning’ Implementing Workforce Plans • www.times100.co.uk Edition 13 – ‘British Gas: Workforce Planning’. Components of workforce 3 plans, internal and external influences, issues involved in implementing workforce plans.3.18 Competitive • Business Review: Organisational Structures o Volume 9 Number 2 Nov 2002 – ‘Decentralisation’ Factors determining o Volume 14 Number 4 April 2008 – ‘Organisational Structure’. organisational structures, • www.times100.co.uk Edition 13: adapting organisational o ‘Tarmac: How roles and functions contribute to competitive advantage’ structures to improve o ‘Audit Commission: Flexible working patterns’ competitiveness. o ‘Lloyds TSB: Changing working patterns’. 5 • www.tvchoice.uk.com TV Choice dvd – ‘Business Structures’ • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/working_lunch/7141959.stm. Working Lunch dvd Series 18 Lesson 9 – ‘Working practices’ (job sharing) • http://www.bized.co.uk/current/mind/2005_6/241005.htm. Bized notes and activity: ‘Changes in the workplace’.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 8
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS3.19 Effective • Business Review: Employer/Employee o Volume 10 Number 2 Nov 2003 – ‘Employer – Employee relations in the UK’ Relations o Volume 11 Number 3 Feb 2005 – ‘Trade unions, industrial disputes and ACAS’. Employee communications, • www.tutor2u.net ‘Business Café’ – The Royal Mail Strike’ 5 employee representation, methods of avoiding and • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/working_lunch/7141959.stm. Working Lunch resolving industrial disputes. dvd Series 7 Lesson 9 – ‘Industrial relations’.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 9
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0A2 BUSINESS STUDIES (UNIT FOUR: THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND MANAGING CHANGE)The scheme of work laid out below is based on the assumption of 5 hours class time per week over a 15 week period.This will need to be adjusted in accordance with examination timetables and the teaching time allocated by individual centres. The timeallocations shown in the scheme of work below suggest that 66 hours of teaching time is allocated to Unit 4. The remaining 9 hours have beenset aside for supporting students in their investigation of the pre-released firm which will be announced by AQA towards the end of January.The pre-released theme will provide the foundation for the first (40 mark) question in the BUSS4 examination. However, the question (a choiceof 1 from 2) may draw upon any or all aspects of the specification. Consequently, centres are advised to encourage and support students inconsidering the potential links between the pre-released theme and the specification as they study Unit 4. In this way additional time will beapplied to the pre-released theme through the learning process for this unit.UNIT FOUR, ELEMENT ONE: CORPORATE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 4 HOURS) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.1 Understanding • Build on the work done in Unit 3 on the functional aims and objectives of a business. Mission, Aims and Objectives • Use the Internet to find mission statements of leading organisations. A good topic for discussion. Mission statements, corporate aims and • Business Review: objectives, corporate o Volume 14, Number 4, April 2008, pages 30-32. Article by Mike Mitchell on Cobra Beer. The strategies, differing main focus is on the entrepreneurial skills of its founder - Karan Bilimoria – but it refers to the stakeholder mission statement and its influences. perspectives. o Volume 12, Number 4, April 2006, pages 16-18. Article on corporate strategy in the UK cigarette industry. 4 o Volume 12, Number 4, April 2006, pages 26-28. Article by Robert Nutter on the corporate strategy of the EasyGroup. • http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/case-study--using-aims-objectives-to-create-business-strategy--6- 267-1.php: Case study on Kellogg’s - translating aims and objectives into strategy • http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/support/download--30.php: Case study on Amway’s stakeholders. • http://www.realbusiness.co.uk/news/how-to/4788721/27-waysyou-can-learn-from-tesco.thtml. Article on Tesco’s strategy and its approach to stakeholders (the Tesco wheel)klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 10
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 UNIT FOUR, ELEMENT TWO: ASSESSING CHANGES IN THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 36 HOURS) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.2 The Relationship • Use ONS (Office of National Statistics), the BBC website, the Telegraph website and the between Businesses Economist to keep up-to-date with economic variables. and the Economic Environment • http://www.statistics.gov.uk OR http://www.statistics.gov.uk/instantfigures.asp Assessing the effects • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/economy/default.stm of the following factors • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/ on business organisations: impact • The focus must be on ‘how economic variables affect businesses’, rather than the causes and of economic factors; theories. Be wary of sources that are based on pure economic theory (some Economist articles trends in key economic will fit into this category). variables; globalisation • Article on a business succeeding during recession: of markets; http://www.businesseye.co.uk/stories/?issueid=54&storyid=256: developments in emerging markets. • Business Review: Evaluating strategies o Volume 15, Number 2, November 2008, pages 24-26. Article by Nancy Wall on the UK 13 businesses might economy. deploy in response to o Volume 15, Number 1, September 2008, pages 12-14. Article by Ian Marcouse on the ‘Credit these changes. Crunch’. o Volume 15, Number 3, February 2009, pages 14-15. Article by Mark Burns on the recovery stage of the trade cycle. o Volume 15, Number 3, February 2009, pages 34-36. Article by Naomi Birchall on the impact of unemployment on businesses. o Volume 11, Number 4, April 2005, pages 8-9. Article by Malcolm Surridge on the impact of exchange rates on UK businesses. o Volume 14, Number 4, April 2008, pages 6-8. Article by Paul Hoang – ‘Watch out for India’. o Volume 14, Number 4, April 2008, page 38. In Focus – The global marketplace. o Volume 14, Number 1, September 2007, pages 10-13. Article by Ian Marcouse – China vs India. o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 6-8. Article by Helen Coupland-Smith on Globalisation – threats and opportunities. klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 11
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.2 The Relationship • Business Review: between Businesses o Volume 12, Number 4, April 2006, pages 19-21. Article by James Messer focusing on some and the Economic common problems in interpreting economic data. Environment o Volume 10, Number 3, February 2004, pages 6-7. Article by Malcolm Surridge on analysing (continued). economic data. o Volume 10, Number 3, February 2004, pages 4-5. Article by Andrew Gillespie on ‘Globalisation and glocalisation.’ • Background to globalisation and useful links to other sites: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/globalisation:4.3 The Relationship • Economic policy: http://www.bized.co.uk/learn/economics/govpol/macropolicies/index.htm between Businesses and the Political and • For EU background: http://europa.eu/abc/treaties/index_en.htm Legal Environment • Business Review: Assessing the effects o Volume 15, Number 3, February 2009, pages 8-10. Debate- “What should the government of: government do now?” – Article on the recession and is government economic policy. intervention in the o Volume 13, Number 1, September 2006, pages 30-31. Article by David Rees – ‘Unfair economy; government competition.’ economic policies; • http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/case-study--meeting-responsibilities-to-stakeholders--103-336- 9 political decisions 1.php: A study of stakeholder needs and the impact of legislation in the nuclear power industry. affecting trade and access to markets; the • /http://www.birmingham-chamber.com/Influencing-Government/Key-Business- impact of legislation Issues/Employment-Legislation.aspx: Background to employment legislation. relating to businesses. Evaluating responses of businesses to a changing political and legal environment. klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 12
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.4 The Relationship • Business Review: between Businesses o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 20-22. Article by Nigel Watson – ‘The business and the Social implications of immigration.’ Environment o Volume 13, Number 3, February 2007, pages 36-37. Article by Peter Stimpson on the ethics of marketing to children. Assessing the effects o Volume 12, Number 4, April 2006, pages 24-25. Article by Andrew Gillespie – ‘Corporate of: changes in the Social responsibility.’ social environment; the o Volume 11, Number 4, April 2005, pages 8-9. Article by Anthony Emery on ‘Environmental changing nature of the Accounting.’ ethical environment. o Volume 11, Number 1, September 2004, pages 4-5. Article by Gwen Coates on ‘Business Evaluating responses 8 ethics and the farming industry.’ of businesses to a o Volume 10, Number 3, February 2004, pages 2-3. Article by Alex Grant on ethical issues. changing social environment including • A good source for topical examples on business ethics: http://www.ethicalconsumer.org/ corporate social • Problem-based learning exercise based on business ethics and cigarettes. responsibility. http://www.bized.co.uk/current/pbl/2006_07/050307 • Introduction to the impact of social and technological change. http://www.bized.co.uk/educators/16-19/business/external/lesson/technology • Use company websites for information on corporate social responsibility (CSR).4.5 The Relationship • Introduction to the impact of social and technological change: between Businesses http://www.bized.co.uk/educators/16-19/business/external/lesson/technology and the • Business Review Technological o Volume 14, Number 2, November 2007, pages 8-10. Article by Paul Hoang – ‘E-commerce’. Environment o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 10-11. Article by Roger Williams on the effect of Assessing the effects technology on retailing. 2 of technological • A useful template for conducting a PEST analysis. It can be adapted for PESTLE use. change. Evaluating the http://www.businessballs.com/pestanalysisfreetemplate response of businesses to • A case study on the effect of external influences on FirstGroup plc technological change. o http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/support/download--2.php and o http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/case-study--managing-external-influences--115-282-1.php klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 13
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.6 The Relationship • Business Review: between Businesses o Volume 10, Number 2, November 2003, pages 36-37. Article by Nancy wall on competition and the Competitive law. Environment o Volume 13, Number 1, September 2006, pages 16-18. Article by Andrew Gillespie – ‘The Assessing the effects breakfast cereals market.’ of changes in o Volume 12, Number 2, November 2005, pages 32-34. Article by Paul Rapley on ‘Five forces 4 competitive structure. analysis.’ Evaluating responses o Volume 9, Number 1, September 2002, pages 24-27. Article by Peter Stimpson on markets of businesses to a and competition. changing competitive • For up-to-date information on Competition Commission recent investigations: environment. http://www.competition-commission.org.uk/Inquiries/current/index.htm klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 14
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0UNIT 4, ELEMENT THREE: MANAGING CHANGE (TOTAL TIME ALLOCATION: 26 HOURS) APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.7 Internal Causes of • Background to growth through integration: http://www.bized.co.uk/current/mind/2006_7/041206 Change • General introduction to theory: http://www.thetimes100.co.uk/theory/theory--growth--268.php Changing organisational size; • Useful article on pitfalls of mergers: http://www.thinkingmanagers.com/management/takeovers.php new owners/leaders; • BBC website will provide recent examples of mergers/takeovers. poor business performance. • Business Review 6 o Volume 14, Number 4, April 2008, pages 16-18. Article by Andrew Gillespie on the Tata group’s growth through integration. o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, page 18. Company profile – Premier Foods. o Volume 13, Number 1, September 2006, pages 22-23. Article by Ian Marcouse on L’Oreal’s take-over of Body Shop. o Volume 11, Number 2, November 2004, page 38. In Focus – data on mergers and take-overs and the business cycle.4.8 Planning for Change • Introduction and overview of corporate plans and business strategy. Purposes of corporate http://www.bized.co.uk/educators/16-19/business/strategy/lesson/strategic1 plans; assessing • Template for SWOT analysis of internal and external factors affecting corporate plans internal and external http://www.businessballs.com/swotanalysisfreetemplate.htm 4 influences on corporate plans; assessing the • Business Review, Volume 12, Number 4, April 2006, pages 8-10. Article by Neil Eastcote on value of corporate ‘Contingency Planning’. plans. • Background to contingency planning: http://www.ibisassoc.co.uk/contingency-planning.htm klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 15
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.9 Key Influences on the • For a PowerPoint and activity on leadership: http://www.bized.co.uk/educators/16- Change Process: 19/business/hrm/activity/leadertypes.htm Leadership • For a BBC radio programme (or transcript) of Handy’s ideas on leadership styles. The meaning of http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/work/handy/handy.shtml leadership; the range of leadership styles; • For background on factors influencing leadership styles. assessing internal and http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm external factors 5 • Summary of Tannenbaum and Schmidt’s continuum of leadership: influencing leadership http://leadershipchamps.wordpress.com/2008/04/27/what-is-tannenbaum-schmidt-continuum- style; the role of theory-says/ leadership in managing change; assessing the • Leadership lends itself to role plays. Brief ‘leaders’ to solve a group problem. Each leader is importance of designated a style – autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire etc. The effectiveness of the group and leadership. satisfaction of group members can be discussed after the role play. An example is the ‘New Truck Dilemma’ (although the truck is now over 40 years old).4.10 Key Influences on the • Follow link below for a brief PowerPoint to introduce culture and a brief quiz: Change Process: http://www.learnmanagement2.com/culture.htm Culture • An introduction and link to articles on culture from BNET. Types of organisational http://dictionary.bnet.com/definition/culture.html culture; reasons for and problems of • Business Review: 5 changing o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 32-34. Article by Lisa Walkley – ‘Hofstede’s cultural organisational culture; dimensions.’ assessing the o Volume 13, Number 2, November 2006, pages 24-26. Case Study on Innocent Drinks by Neil importance of Eastcote – features the importance of corporate culture. organisational culture. o Volume 9, Number 3, February 2003, pages 2-3. Article by Simon Harrison on corporate culture. klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 16
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0 APPROX CONTENT RESOURCES AND OTHER GUIDANCE HOURS4.11 Making Strategic • Use the Marketing Model as an example of an approach to decision-making. Decisions • For a more simple but general decision-making approach: The significance of http://tutor2u.net/business/organisation/decisionmaking.htm information management; the value • Business Review: o Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 16-17. Article by Helen Coupland-Smith on Decision 4 of different approaches to decision-making; Trees. assessing influences o Volume 10, Number 3, February 2004, pages 16-18. Article by Gwen Coates on decision on corporate decision- trees. making.4.12 Implementing and • For an introduction to project management: http://www.businessballs.com/project.htm Managing Change • For project champions and their role: Techniques to http://www.personneltoday.com/articles/2004/08/10/25038/champion-how-to-be-a-project- implement and manage champion.html 2 change successfully; assessing the factors • Business Review, Volume 13, Number 4, April 2007, pages 26-27. Article by Paul Hoang – that promote and resist ‘Change management and force field analysis.’ change. Useful link for topical business news: http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/need_to_know/ The pre-released firm can be supported by newspaper and magazine articles, Business review case studies and internet sources. Essay writing skills: • Business Review, Volume 12, Number 3, February 2006, pages 34-35. Article by Andrew Gillespie on ‘Writing an essay.’ • Business Review, Volume 11, Number 4, April 2005, pages 10-11. Article by Andrew Gillespie on essay writing.’ klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 17
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0A2 BUSINESS STUDIES (UNIT THREE: STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS)This scheme of work shows how the material can be allocated between two teachers delivering the specification. For resources and otherguidance, please refer back to the scheme of work for a single teacher. TEACHER ONE TEACHER TWO Teaches mainly the marketing and people aspects of the Teaches mainly the finance and operations aspects of the course. A2 specification. CONTENT APPROX CONTENT APPROX HOURS HOURS3.1 Functional Objectives and Strategies 1 (1) 3.2 Understanding Financial Objectives 1 (1)3.7 Using Financial data to Measure and Assess Understanding Marketing Objectives 1 (2) 3.3 5 (6) Performance3.8 Analysing Markets and Marketing 4 (6) 3.4 Interpreting Published Accounts 5 (11)3.9 Selecting Marketing Strategies 6 (12) 3.5 Selecting Financial Strategies 4 (15)3.10 Developing and Implementing Marketing Plans 4 (16) 3.6 Making Investment Decisions 5 (20)3.16 Understanding HR Objectives and Strategies 1 (17) 3.11 Understanding Operational Objectives 1 (21)3.17 Developing and Implementing Workforce Plans 3 (20) 3.12 Operational Strategies: Scale and Resource mix 4 (25)3.18 Competitive Organisational Structures 5 (25) 3.13 Operational Strategies: Innovation 2 (27)3.19 Effective Employer/Employee Relations 5 (30) 3.14 Operational Strategies: Location 3 (30) 3.15 Operational Strategies: Lean Production 5 (35) TOTAL UNIT THREE HOURS 30 TOTAL UNIT THREE HOURS 35There will be a further 10 hours for mock exams and revision, resulting in a total teaching time of 75 hours.klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 18
  • Teacher Resource Bank / GCE Business Studies / A2 Scheme of Work / Version 1.0A2 BUSINESS STUDIES (UNIT FOUR: THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND MANAGING CHANGE)In this option, Teacher Two takes responsibility for supporting students working on the pre-released theme.An alternative approach is to transfer ‘Planning for Change’ from Teacher One to Teacher Two to provide an even balance of teaching. Thepre-released theme support could then feature as a joint responsibility.Flexibility should be introduced into this breakdown as the theme may cover an area for which one specific teacher is responsible, in which casethat teacher could take overall responsibility for the theme. Adjustments to responsibility for other content in the scheme of work could then bemade. TEACHER ONE TEACHER TWO CONTENT APPROX CONTENT APPROX HOURS HOURS4.1 The Relationship between Businesses and the Economic Understanding Mission, Aims and Objectives 4 (4) 4.2 13 (13) Environment4.4 The Relationship between Businesses and the The Relationship between Businesses and the Political 8 (12) 4.3 9 (22) Social Environment and Legal Environment4.5 The Relationship between Businesses and the 2 (14) 4.10 Key Influences on the Change Process: Culture 5 (27) Technological Environment4.6 The Relationship between Businesses and the 4 (18) 4.12 Implementing and managing change 2 (29) Competitive Environment4.7 Internal Causes of Change 6 (24) Supporting learning for the pre-released theme (Ongoing) 9 (38)4.8 Planning for Change 4 (28)4.9 Key Influences on the Change Process: 5 (33) Leadership4.11 Making strategic decisions 4 (37) TOTAL UNIT FOUR HOURS 37 TOTAL UNIT FOUR HOURS 38klm Copyright © 2009 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 19