© Capital Community College
English GrammarEnglish Grammar
Parts of SpeechParts of Speech
Eight Parts of SpeechEight Parts of Speech
Nouns
Pronouns
Adjectives Adverbs
Adverbs
Conj unct ionsConj unct ions
Preposit...
Word that namesWord that names
A PersonA Person
An IdeaAn Idea
A ThingA Thing
A PlaceA Place
Kinds of NounsKinds of NounsKinds of NounsKinds of Nouns
Common Nouns
boy
girl
Proper Nouns
John
Mary
Singular Nouns
boy
g...
A word that expresses action or
otherwise helps to make a
statement
Linking
Linking
“be” verbs
&
taste
feel
sound
look
app...
© Capital Community College
Every sentenceEvery sentence mustmust havehave
aa
Kinds of VerbsKinds of Verbs
Action verbs expressAction verbs express
mental or physicalmental or physical
actionaction..
...
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.
It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.
The pronoun is...
Modifies or describes a
noun or pronoun.
Is that a wool sweater?
Just give me five minutes.
Did you lose your address
book...
Modifies or describes
a verb, an adjective,
or another adverb.
Modifies or describes
a verb, an adjective,
or another adve...
Interrogative
Adverbs
introduce questions
How did you break your
leg?
When does your plane leave?
How often do
you run?
Wh...
A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun
or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence
as a noun. The word or word g...
The preposition never stands alone!
preposition
noun
pronoun
object of
preposition
preposition object
can have more than
o...
Some Common Prepositions
aboard
about
above
across
after
against
along
among
around
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
...
The conjunction
A conjunction is a word that joins words
or groups of words.
and
or
either/or
neither/nor
The interjection
is an exclamatory word that expresses
emotion
Goodness! What a cute baby!
Wow! Look at that
sunset!
© Capital Community College
That’s all for now. . .That’s all for now. . .
More LaterMore Later
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Parts of speech

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. © Capital Community College English GrammarEnglish Grammar Parts of SpeechParts of Speech
  2. 2. Eight Parts of SpeechEight Parts of Speech Nouns Pronouns Adjectives Adverbs Adverbs Conj unct ionsConj unct ions Prepositions Verbs InterjectionsInterjections
  3. 3. Word that namesWord that names A PersonA Person An IdeaAn Idea A ThingA Thing A PlaceA Place
  4. 4. Kinds of NounsKinds of NounsKinds of NounsKinds of Nouns Common Nouns boy girl Proper Nouns John Mary Singular Nouns boy girl Plural Nouns boys girls Singular Possessive boy’s girl’s Plural Possessive boys’ girls’
  5. 5. A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement Linking Linking “be” verbs & taste feel sound look appear become seem grow remain stay SubjectSubject predicatepredicate
  6. 6. © Capital Community College Every sentenceEvery sentence mustmust havehave aa
  7. 7. Kinds of VerbsKinds of Verbs Action verbs expressAction verbs express mental or physicalmental or physical actionaction.. Linking verbs make aLinking verbs make a statement bystatement by connectingconnecting thethe subject with a wordsubject with a word that describes orthat describes or explains it.explains it. He rode the horse to victory. He has been sick.
  8. 8. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. Personal Pronouns I, me, mine you, your, yours she, her, hers, it, its we,us, our, ours they, them, their, theirs myself yourself Indefinite Pronouns anybody each either none someone, one, etc. Interrogative Pronounswho whom what which whose Demonstrative Pronouns this that these those
  9. 9. Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Is that a wool sweater? Just give me five minutes. Did you lose your address book? Answers these questions:
  10. 10. Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Answers the questions:Answers the questions: How?How?He ran quickly.He ran quickly. She left yesterday.She left yesterday. When?When? We went there.We went there. Where?Where? It was too hot!It was too hot! To what degree or how much?To what degree or how much?
  11. 11. Interrogative Adverbs introduce questions How did you break your leg? When does your plane leave? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  12. 12. A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun. The word or word group that the preposition introduces is its object. They received a postcard from Bobby telling about his trip to Canada.
  13. 13. The preposition never stands alone! preposition noun pronoun object of preposition preposition object can have more than one object object can have modifiers You can press those leaves under glass. Her telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news. It happened during the last examination.
  14. 14. Some Common Prepositions aboard about above across after against along among around at before behind below beneath beside between beyond by down during except for from in into like of off on over past since through throughout to toward under underneath until up upon with within without
  15. 15. The conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. and or either/or neither/nor
  16. 16. The interjection is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby! Wow! Look at that sunset!
  17. 17. © Capital Community College That’s all for now. . .That’s all for now. . . More LaterMore Later
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