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Last update of the schizophrenia powerpoint for my personality psychology class.

Last update of the schizophrenia powerpoint for my personality psychology class.

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  • If a relative has schizophrenia, you are more likely to get it.
  • Childhood – such as molestation, Envrionmental Factors – an infection during development of the baby in the mothers womb, or stressful psychological experiences may increase the chances of developing schizophrenia
  • Delusions of grandeur are when you believe you are someone highly important such as a major celebrity, or even the president.
  • No emotion -(sitting for hours with a blank stare)Seeing or hearing - Strange motor behavior – strange body movements
  • Many people refuse to take their medication due to the side effects - such as drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth. Serious side effects include trouble with muscle control, pacing, tremors and facial ticks. Newer generations have fewer side effects.

Schizpowerpoint Schizpowerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Elise Rhoads
    Elise Rhoads
  • What is Schizophrenia?
    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between:
    real and imaginary experiences
    to think logically
    to have normal emotional responses
    to behave normally in social situations
    (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/)
  • Causes
    It is a very complex illness
    Most experts do not know what causes it
    Genetics are the leading factor
    Some experts believe the lateral frontal lobe is larger than most brains
    Also believe imbalance of dopamine and serotonin in the brain
    Heredity plays a major part
  • Causes Continued
    Cannot be brought on by traumatic events in childhood
    Symptoms vary from person to person
    Can be caused by environmental factors if you are already genetically at risk
  • Who it Affects
    Affects men and women equally
    Appears later in women. Mid 20’s and up
    Typically appears in young adulthood for both genders
    Roughly 1% of Americans are diagnosed
  • Types
    5 types of Schizophrenia:
    Paranoid – anxiety, anger, delusions of Grandeur
    Catatonic – agitation, lack of take care in personal needs, great deal of negative feelings
    Disorganized – hallucinations, child-like behavior, delusions, socially withdrawn
    Residual – Some symptoms disappear but some remain
    Undifferentiated – Show more than one type of schizophrenia
  • Symptoms
    Symptoms of those types develop slowly over months and years
    First set of symptoms are referred to as the “psychotic” symptoms:
    A person can have no emotion to their surroundings
    Strange motor behavior
    Delusions or false beliefs about reality
    Seeing or hearing things that are not real
  • Testing
    Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)
    One month of at least two symptoms of the following:
    Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech disorganized or catatonic behavior
    Continuous signs of the symptoms persist for at least 6 months
  • Early Warning Signs
    Hearing or seeing something that isn’t there Increasing withdrawal from social situations
    A constant feeling of being watched Irrational, angry or fearful response to loved ones
    Peculiar or nonsensical way of speaking or writing (http://www.nmha.org/go/information/)
    Strange body positioning
    Feeling indifferent to very important situations
    Deterioration of academic or work performance
    A change in personal hygiene and appearance
    A change in personality
    Inability to sleep or concentrate
    Inappropriate or bizarre behavior
    Extreme preoccupation with religion or the occult
  • During a severe episode, one may need to be hospitalized for safety reasons.
    A severe episode may include:
    Voices telling the person to hurt themselves
    Seeing something/someone that isn’t really there
    Believing someone is reading their mind, controlling their thoughts, or trying to harm them
    Unable to take care of themselves
  • There is no cure for this illness
    Can be treated and managed in a number of ways through:
    Antipsychotic Medications
    Psychosocial Therapies
    Treatments may remain for a persons lifetime
  • Some Good Movies…
  • Work Cited
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=moP_e-gx5hk&feature=related
    http://www.ahrq.gov/data/hcup/factbk10/factbk10fig9.htm
    http://www.nmha.org/go/information/get-info/schizophrenia/schizophrenia-what-you-need-to-know/schizophrenia-what-you-need-to-know
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/
    http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/default.htm