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T castren eng

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    T castren eng T castren eng Presentation Transcript

    • ENPI FLEG RegionalConference
      Tuukka Castrén
      World Bank
      Chisinau/July 13 - 14, 2010
    • Structure
      Why forests are special governance challenge
      Addressing governance
      ENA FLEG Process
      What has happened after St. Petersburg
    • 3
    • What do thieves want?
    • Winner is…
    • Forests Matter
      Over 400 million people depend
      on forests for income, food, energy,
      medicines and shelter.
      Global trade in primary wood products is about US$ 186 billion/yr and the total trade in all wood products is several multiple higher.
      20% of global carbon emissions come from deforestation and degradation
    • Costs of poor forest governance
      Livelihood losses to forest dependent communities
      Local and global environmental losses – (climate change and biodiversity)
      Fiscal losses to state
      Spread of crime and corruption (corruption contagion)
      Undermining institutions
      Undermining legitimate forest enterprises
    • Corruption and Illegal Logging
      Corruption in the forest sector is globally pervasive
      Has many forms:
      Criminal: illegal logging, smuggling, extortion
      Legal but corrupt: state capture, institutional erosion, rent seizing
      Scale is vast – but quantitative estimates remain elusive:
      Illegal logging (roundwood)on public lands estimated at >10bn per annum
      Illegal roundwood trade estimated at >1.2bn per annum
    • Ways to Improve Governance
      Increase economic efficiency: reduce monopolies
      Reduce administrative discretion
      Increase accountability
      Increase transparency
      Involve stakeholders
      Improve compliance
    • Components of Forest Law Enforcement
      Compliance
      Detection
      Suppression
      Prevention
      Good governance
      Theft Prevention
      Legitimacy
    • ENA-FLEG road map
      Invitation at UNFF-4 (May 2004)
      National Preparatory Processes
      Civil society and Industry processes (dialogue)
      Preparatory Conference (Moscow, 2005)
      Interim Period (Drafting/Informal consultations)
      Ministerial Conference (St.-Petersburg)
    • Declaration: key themes
      National - 11 principles on
      commitment to improve fleg and forest legislation
      strengthening institutions, human capacity, cooperation and anti-corruption actions
      engaging with stakeholders and recognizing rights and knowledge of forest-dependent and indigenous people
      exchanging and disseminating information and promoting implementation and analytical work
    • Declaration: key themes
      International - 11 principles on
      strengthening cooperation on and information sharing fleg and trade (incl. wildlife, CITES)
      monitoring, assessment, reporting of progress on FLEG and promoting transboundary collaboration
      promoting partnerships with private sector and civil society
      enhancing awareness raising
    • Declaration: key themes
      Implementation - 7 principles on
      endorsing indicative list of action as the framework for implementation
      international organizations (particularly World Bank), institutions, processes to support implementation
      follow-up structures
    • Indicative actions
      National Actions:
      Policy frameworks
      Legislation systems
      Institutions and capacity building
      Sustainable forest management
      Rural development, livelihoods and poverty alleviation
      International Action:
      Forest related policies
      Trade and customs
      Research
      Collaborative implementation of actions
    • Observations
      process reflects the situation in the region
      joint commitment between the governments, private sector and civil society
      includes issues raised by NGOs and private sector
      strong civil society and private sector participation
      sensitive topics, like corruption, transparency, participatory approach, certification
    • Observations
      action is needed to avoid loss of momentum
      great degree of responsibility on the WB to facilitate this process
      support of international community is needed for poorer countries
    • Follow-up
      ENA-FLEG Ministerial Conference(44 countries and European Commission) – St. Petersburg, November 2005
      FLEG Implementation Workshop– Antalya, May 2006
      Guidelines for National Action Plan Implementation
      5th MCPFE Conference – Warsaw, Nov. 2007
      Work Program for 2008-2010
      FLEG Expert Meeting – Bucharest, Oct. 2008
      Review of FLEG and FLEGT Status and Lessons
      Program on Improving Forest Law Enforcement and Governance in the ENP East Countries and Russia (2008-2011)
    • Some key issues
      Definition of (il)legality must be national
      National definition, not same everyplace
      Covers i) domestic consumption, ii) regulated export to sensitive markets, iii) exports to non-sensitive markets
      Ministerial Conference: useful framework and a good start
    • International Context
      Regional processes
      Asia, Bali declaration
      ASEAN
      Africa, Yaoundédeclaration
      COMIFAC
    • Changes in Global Context
      Forest governance recognized as key ingredient
      Consumer country legislation
      Timber regulation (EU)
      Amended Lacey act (US)
      other countries (JPN, Australia)
      whole supply chain
      Climate change: Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDDplus)
    • 22
    • Thank you