M bousquet fleg-sc-minsk


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M bousquet fleg-sc-minsk

  1. 1. EU Policy on Forest Law enforcement and governance : the EU FLEGT Action Plan, recent developments ENPI FLEG II Steering Committee Minsk, 1 October 2013 Mathieu Bousquet Head of Sector Environment, Energy, Transport, Regional programmes Neighbourhood East, DEVCO F3, European Commission
  2. 2. Forest – why important ? 1. For livelihoods: woodfuel, bushmeat, medicines, cultural value 2. For national economies 3. For development: jobs, incomes for national budget (exports, domestic market, woodfuel business) 4. For climate: local desertification, erosion, flood scale… 5. For ecosystem services: biodiversity, water, climate change
  3. 3. Why fighting against illegal logging ? Illegal logging has many negative impacts Environmental damage: forest degradation & biodiversity loss & contribution climate change Social : on forest-dependent people Economic : undermines livelihoods, reduces competitiveness of legitimate forest industry, revenue losses for Governments undermines rule of law, fosters corruption
  4. 4. Demand from partner countries Asia : Bali, 2001 Africa : Yaoundé, 2003 St Petersburg : Europe and North Asia, 2005
  5. 5. Pressure from our constituents
  6. 6. Setting an EU agenda for FLEG : the FLEGT Action Plan -Using the trade component (access to markets) as an incentive : FLEG FLEGT - Supporting technically and financially the efforts of our partners (development & cooperation) - Anchoring commitments in legally binding treaties : voluntary partnership agreements (VPA) -Key principles : respect country sovereignty, promote better governance, transparency and stakeholder participation
  7. 7. FLEGT Action Plan : main objectives  Fight against illegal logging  Recognition that EU is part of the problem, as any consuming market  Propose a blend of policy measures to tackle the issue : demand side and supply side
  8. 8. FLEGT Action Plan : supply side 1. Support to timber producing countries. Includes rechnical and financial support to projects (ENPI FLEG I & II) 2. Voluntary partnership agreements 3. Support to national public procurement policies in timber prudicing countries that favour legal timber 4. Support to private sector initiatives and CSO initiatives in partner countries
  9. 9. FLEGT licenses (not yet) System development Formal negotiations Entering into negotiations Preparation, in-country consensus building Introduction to VPAs FLEGT VPA partner countries September 2013 Laos Honduras Vietnam Guyana Malaysia Thailand Liberia Indonesia Cote d'Ivoire Congo Cameroon Ghana Gabon C.A.R. DRC
  10. 10. Already some tangible impacts In Indonesia alone, a Chatham House study estimates that about 160 million m3 was saved from illegal logging (20002006). This represents about 7,8 million hectares of forests which have been saved from serious degradation or destruction, or slightly more forest than what the FAO estimates is lost every year world wide, or equivalent to 2,5 times the area of Belgium. Efforts against illegal logging in Indonesia and Cameroon between 2001 and 2006 resulted in : Avoiding 1,6 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions (about 4% of current annual global human-induced carbon emissions) Avoiding tax losses of 4 billion US$
  11. 11. FLEGT Action Plan : demand side  National Procurement policies  Private certification schemes and codes of conducts  Transparency & accounting directives on forest investment  Adoption and entry into application of the timber regulation
  12. 12. The EU Timber regulation  Adopted in 2010, entered into application 3 March 2013  Focus on EU operators. Their obligations :     Due diligence = “operators” shall use procedures and measures called “due diligence system” (DDS) to ensure that the timber they place on the market is not illegal Prohibition to place illegally harvested timber or timber products on the EU market Traceability = “traders” shall be able to identify their suppliers and customers MS Competent authorities responsible for monitoring and enforcing this regulation
  13. 13. Thank you