5 presentation by kiyeon ko, kfs


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  • 다음은 산림자원 현황입니다 .
  • 대한민국의 국토면적은 약 천만 ha 이며 이중 산림이 차지하는 면적은 640 만 ha 로 64% 에 달합니다 . 그 중 사유림이 68% 이고 , 국유림과 공유림이 32% 를 차지합니다 .
  • 산림청 구조입니다 . 산림청은 4 개의 국과 19 개 과 , 그리고 1 개 팀이 있습니다 . 국제협력과는 산림자원국 아래 있습니다 .
  • 산림청 산하 기관입니다 . 내일 방문하실 국립산림과학원과 국립수목원이 있고 , 어제 다녀오신 산림항공관리본부가 있습니다 . 그리고 그 외 국립자연휴양림관리소 , 인력개발원 , 국립산림품종센터가 있습니다 . 그리고 지방 국유림을 담당하는 5 개의 지방산림청이있습니다 .
  • 이 영상은 모디스에서 추출된 북한 지역의 산불 발생지를 보여주고 있음 . 앞서 발표했듯이 남한의 경우 대부분의 대형산불은 강원도 영동지방에서 발생하고 있음 최악의 산불은 2000 년에 발생한 삼척산불로써 쓰레기 소각으로 발생한 산불이 9 일간에 걸쳐 17,097ha 의 산림이 연소되고 , 약 36mil 달러의 피해가 발생함 . 당시 김대중 대통령은 산불피해지역을 특별재해지역으로 선포함 . 2005 년 양양에서 발생한 산불은 신라시대에 세워진 천년 고찰 낙산사를 태워 전국민에게 강하게 인식됨 This picture shows the places of forest fire in north korea extracted from MODIS. As mentioned before, most of the large forest fires in south korea occurred in the eastern part of Gangwon province. The worst forest fire could be Samchuk forest fire in 2000 ignited from waste burning, which lasted 9 days, burned 17097ha and made about 36 million dollars of economic loss. At that time, the president Kim Dae Jung designated the damaged area as Special Disaster Zones. Moreover, the forest fire occurred in Yang-yang, 2005, burned the 1000-year-old ancient temple, Naksan-sa, and was strongly recognized by people. Yangyang forest fire destroys most of the wooden structures of the historic Naksan Temple on 5. April 2005. ; - Outbreak : 23:53, 4. April 2005. Yangyang-up, Gangwon province. - Property Damage: 416 structures, 22 cultural assets (Naksan Temple) - Forest Damage: 973ha, forest products including ornamental plants ※ Naksan Temple was built by Uisangdaesa (a revered Buddhist monk) Built 671 year in the 11th year(671year) of King Munmu reign during the Silla Kingdom. The bronze bell of Naksan temple(National Treasure 479) was destroyed by Yangyang fire.
  • All of these are short-term fire chemicals. You know that fire chemicals are division retardant as a type of phosphate ammonium and short-term as fire foam or gel .
  • 5 presentation by kiyeon ko, kfs

    1. 1. Current state of forest fire and suppression in S. Korea Kiyeon Ko (Mr.) Korea Forest Service
    2. 2. Ⅰ Table of contents Forest status & Korea Forest Service Ⅰ Forest fire and control structure Ⅱ Ⅱ Major forest fire control policy
    3. 3. Forest status & Korea Forest Service
    4. 4. Forest Cover <ul><li>6.4 million ha of forests cover 64% of the land </li></ul><ul><li>About 70% of forests are privately owned </li></ul><ul><li>Near to 100 % of forests covered with woods </li></ul>Private National Public Stock volume per ha( m 3 /ha)
    5. 5. Organization chart <ul><li>4 Bureaus </li></ul><ul><li>19 Divisions </li></ul><ul><li>1Team </li></ul>Minister Press Secretary Deputy Minister Administrative Services Bureau of Coordination and Plantation Bureau of Forest Resources Bureau of Forest Use Bureau of Forest Protection <ul><li>Planning and Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Administration Management </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative affairs and Audit </li></ul><ul><li>Information & Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Green Job Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Timber Utilization and Product </li></ul><ul><li>International Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Land Management </li></ul><ul><li>National Forest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Recreation & Outdoor Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry Support </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Environment Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Forest & Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Fire Control </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Engineering & Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Disease & Pest </li></ul>
    6. 6. Agencies under KFS Agencies colored in red address fire issue Korea Forest Service Korea Forest Research Institute (KFRI) National Natural Recreation Forest Office National Arboretum Forest Human Resources Development Institute <ul><li>4 Departments </li></ul><ul><li>4 Research Centers </li></ul>Forest Aviation Headquarters Regional Forest Service Korea Forest Seed and Variety Center <ul><li>8 Aviation Stations </li></ul><ul><li>5 Regional Forest Service </li></ul><ul><li>27 National Forest Station </li></ul><ul><li>Div. Forest disaster mgt. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Forest fire & control structure
    8. 8. Ⅰ . Forest fire situation in Korea <ul><li>For the last 10 yrs, 97% of damage made in spring season (Feb. to May) </li></ul><ul><li>In average, 523 fire cases reported every yr, scorching 3,726ha </li></ul>2 Dry and windy spring season easily induce forest fires Most fires caused by human activities
    9. 9. Fires in North Korea • 2004. 4. 18 • MODIS Image Cheongyang Fire • Period : Apr. 14. 2002 14:10 ~ 4. 15 08:00 (18 hrs) • Damaged Area : 3,095ha • Damaged Area : $ 6 mil • Max. Wind Speed : 15.1m/sec Samcheock Fire • Period : Apr. 7. 2000 10:04 ~ Apr. 15. 09:04 (191 hrs) • Damaged Area : 17,097ha • Damaged Amount : $ 36 mil • Max. Wind Speed : 23.7m/sec Kosung Fire • Period : Apr. 23. 1996. 12:20 ~ Apr. 25. 18:20 (54hrs) • Damaged Area : 3,762ha • Damaged Amount : $ 23mil • Max. Wind speed : 27m/sec Yangyang Fire • Period : Apr. 4. 2005. 11:53 ~ Apr. 6. 08:40 (33hrs) • Damaged Area : 973ha • Damaged Amount : $ 18mil • Max. Wind speed : 23m/sec Deadliest Forest Fires
    10. 10. 3 <ul><li>Variation in temperature, rain- or snow-falls </li></ul><ul><li>Public ’ s visits to mountain areas during weekends and holiday season </li></ul><ul><li>Arson by those who lost employment or showed discontent toward society during economic hardship period </li></ul><ul><li>Lax fire prevention capacity during local elections </li></ul>Elements contributing to forest fire occurrence
    11. 11. Major forest fire control policy
    12. 12. Objective of the policy and main countermeasures <ul><li>Remove elements contributing to a forest fire by thorough prevention activities </li></ul><ul><li>Early spotting and swift suppression of a forest fire </li></ul>Objective <ul><li>Implement site-based countermeasures in an attempt to early </li></ul><ul><li>suppression and minimization of damage </li></ul>4 Main countermeasures <ul><li>Proactive prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Suppression before turning into a big fire </li></ul><ul><li>Early spotting and surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness among the public </li></ul>Strategies
    13. 13. 1. Proactive prevention <ul><li>Check visitors from going to walks in designated forests, provide relevant information on entrance control measures via web service </li></ul><ul><li>Dispatch fixed monitoring force to places </li></ul>Entrance control to mountains or walks <ul><li>Spring season forest fire vigilance period ’ from 1 Feb. to 15 May </li></ul><ul><li>Forest fire control center set up in forest offices across the country to be in charge of countermeasures </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated work with relevant agencies in a local level </li></ul>5 Site based fighting system Remove hazardous materials <ul><li>Ban burning of farm waste and trash in March to April </li></ul><ul><li>Run ‘ special hazardous materials team ’ to burn wastes in a safety insured environment </li></ul><ul><li>Cut woods surrounding wooden cultural properties </li></ul><ul><li>Remove leaves or easily burning trash at a roadside </li></ul>
    14. 14. Forest Fire Control Center □ Run Forest Fire Control HQ during Fire Seasons o Spring Feb.1~May15, Fall Nov.1~Dec.15 o Forest Fire Control Center • Main Center at KFS • 3 Regional Forest Fire Management Center • 220 Regional Centers at Local Government
    15. 15. 2 . Early spotting and surveillance system <ul><li>Overnight surveillance post and team </li></ul><ul><li>- participated by NGOs or volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated work with police to search for intentional arsonist </li></ul><ul><li>Closely cooperate with military to keep fire within DMZ from being disastrous </li></ul><ul><li>Dispatch monitoring personnel ( 30 thousand) to forest areas </li></ul><ul><li>Forest fire surveillance flights using medium sized helicopters(13) for early spotting of a fire </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanned surveillance camera (578), monitor tower (3,300) </li></ul>6 <ul><li>FFDRS shared with related organizations with no delay </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver information to head of village or various stakeholders through SMS </li></ul>Terrestrial and aerial surveillance Real time Forest Fire Danger Rating system Monitoring on overnight fire, arson, DMZ
    16. 16. 3 . suppression in early stage <ul><li>Keep KFS helicopters (47) ready for dispatch </li></ul><ul><li>System of water supply to suppression activities </li></ul><ul><li>After fire alert, immediately respond to incidence </li></ul><ul><li>mayor or county head command for less than 100 ha, </li></ul><ul><li>for big fire more than 100 ha, metropolitan city mayor or governor take over command </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated commander set up site suppression center with relevant agencies who address specific mission without overlap each other </li></ul>7 Integrated incident command system Dispatch aerial fire craft within 30 min
    17. 17. 8 <ul><li>Maintenance service at night and on ground, timely responding to dispatch order </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize available aircrafts from available sources in case of big fire </li></ul><ul><li>Sign MOU between agencies to ensure timely and systematic mobilization of aircrafts </li></ul><ul><li>Attach water tanks to military helicopters(7) </li></ul><ul><li>Helicopter pilot reports basic briefs to command center </li></ul>Enhance aerial suppression capacity Special prevention & suppression team <ul><li>Dispatch 50 crew members to local office ( 9,950 in total) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanized suppression system for initial response and overnight fire fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Keep vigilant on remaining and recurrent fire source </li></ul>
    18. 18. 9 <ul><li>Run survey team during the forest fire season </li></ul>Investigation into cause and survey on damaged area from forest fire <ul><li>team crew 163(KFS 14, Local 108, regional KFS 41) </li></ul><ul><li>examine the cause, catch culprit, post analysis on the handling of fire case </li></ul><ul><li>※ team focused on major forest fire with attention from the public </li></ul><ul><li>Education programme for the expert survey team </li></ul><ul><li>- 3 weeks long training session including 2 weeks abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the credibility of survey and related statistics </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Public advertising through major broadcaster </li></ul>4. Publicity activities <ul><li>Partnership with major conservation, climbing, and other NGOs groups </li></ul>10 Various programs fit for specific target group Campaign aimed at visitors to mountains Raising awareness on fire using various media Develop innovative publicity ideas and programmes <ul><li>Rice paddy waste, traditional days people visit cemetery in forest, wild herb picking period </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver information on fire risk to farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Loudspeaker broadcasting mainly in rural town </li></ul><ul><li>Organize PR contest and print out good </li></ul><ul><li>practices to wide range stakeholders </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Feb. 2 to 6, 2009 organized by KFS and GFMC with supports from KFRI </li></ul><ul><li>Attended by 250 experts from GFMC of ISDR, ASEAN, countries and stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Programs: Symposium on climate and forest fire, Meeting on ICS, 6 th Northeast Asia GFMC conference, field tours </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed preparation matters for the Pan Asia Forest Fire Network Meeting to be held in S. Korea, 2013 </li></ul>5. Briefs on GFMC Meeting in Pusan, S. Kore, 2009 10
    21. 21. Thanks for the attention ! 11 Korean government supports cross boundary cooperation on forest fire issue at bi- or multi- lateral levels, and will be engaged in such international efforts in order to ensure global forest free of threats from forest fire