5. EU strategy for supporting FLEG regional declarations


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Mathieu Bousquet
European Commission , DEVCO F3

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5. EU strategy for supporting FLEG regional declarations

  1. 1. EU strategy for supporting FLEG regional declarations Mathieu Bousquet European Commission , DEVCO F3
  2. 2. FLEGT Action Plan : main objectivesFLEGT Action Plan : main objectives  Fight against illegal logging o Economic, Environmental, Social, Rule of law dimensions  Double focus : internal (within EU) and external (bilateral and multilateral). Ensuring coherent approach  Recognition that EU is part of the problem, as consuming market  Propose a blend of policy measures to tackle the issue : demand side and supply side
  3. 3. FLEGT Action Plan : main componentsFLEGT Action Plan : main components 1. Support to timber producing countries 2. Trade in timber / Voluntary partnership agreements 3. Public procurement policies 4. Support to private sector initiatives and CSO initiatives 5. Finance and investment measures 6. Legislative measures : the EU Timber regulation 7. Conflict timber
  4. 4. Voluntary partnership agreementsVoluntary partnership agreements Legally binding bilateral agreement on trade in forest products: only legally harvested timber and derived timber products exported to the EU Participatory negotiation process Based on partner country’s laws Independent audit of the system; independent market monitoring (ITTO) FLEGT licence issued for each shipment by partner country, subject to checks at EU Customs
  5. 5. Voluntary partnership agreementsVoluntary partnership agreements • Implementing: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ghana, Indonesia, Liberia, Republic of the Congo • Negotiating: Côte d'Ivoire, DR Congo, Gabon, Guyana, Honduras, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam • Preparing to negotiate: Cambodia, Myanmar/Burma • Informing: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Peru, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Sierra Leone
  6. 6. EU timber regulationEU timber regulation In addition to bilateral approach (for external) or codes of conduct (for internal), demands for overarching legislation to prevent EU serving as a market for illegally harvested timber EU legislative proposal put forward 2008, adopted 2010 as Regulation (EU) 995/2010. Applicable since 3 March 2013
  7. 7. EU timber regulation : obligationsEU timber regulation : obligations EU operators shall exercise due diligence when placing timber or timber products on the market by implementing procedures so as to minimise the risk of illegal timber in their supply chain Due diligence The placing on the market of illegally harvested timber or timber products derived from such timber shall be prohibited EU traders (after first placing on the EU market) shall be able to identify from whom they bought the timber products and where applicable, to whom they have supplied the timber products Prohibition Traceability
  8. 8. FLEGT Action Plan : demand-sideFLEGT Action Plan : demand-side measuresmeasures  Public procurement policies in EU countries favouring legal and sustainable timber  Private certification schemes and codes of conducts to deal with legal timber  EU Transparency & accounting directives on forest investment, obliging companies to report on their deals with partner governments
  9. 9. Development cooperationDevelopment cooperation  EU financial support to :  EFI Flegt Facility http://www.euflegt.efi.int/home/  FAO FLEGT programme http://www.fao.org/forestry/eu-flegt/en/  ENPI FLEG Programme http://www.enpi-fleg.org/  Flermoneca http://flermoneca.org/  Bilateral and regional programmes
  10. 10. Lessons learntLessons learnt  Focus on legality  Involvement of private sector and using the power of the market  Linking demand and supply  Going beyond the forest sector  Multistakeholder processes & new coalitions of interest  Inclusiveness of processes (civil society, private sector, local level)  Keeping the discussion on governance reforms and on development assistance separate has helped setting a genuine policy dialogue on forest.