2. ENPI East FLEG Contributions to the ENA FLEG St. Petersburg Ministerial Declaration

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  • In 2004 ENA FLEG process initiated which led to the 2005 St Petersburg conference on FLEG.

    Brought together more than 300 stakeholders
    Ministerial declaration signed by 44 countries as well as the EC and US
    made a total of 29 of commitments both nationally and internationally,
    such as moblize high level political support for the FLEG
    Review legislation
    Strengthen inter-agency cooperation
    Adopt strategies to address the under-lying causes
    Strengthen international and regional cooperation
    Prepare national action plans

    EC recognized that this process would not be easy and decided to support this process and included the Regional assistance under priority 2 of the ENPI East program.

  • The ENPI FLEG Program directly engages 7 of the 43 country signatories to the St. Petersburg Declaration. The five Central Asian countries plus Turkey were observers; we are glad to have many of those observing countries represented at the conference today and we hope to have increased cooperation with these countries going forward.

    Full participants (7):
    Armenia
    Azerbaijan
    Belarus
    Georgia
    Republic of Moldova
    Russian Federation
    Ukraine

    Observers (5+1):
    Kazakhstan
    Kyrgyz Republic
    Tajikistan
    Turkmenistan
    Uzbekistan
    + Turkey




  • The EC decided a partnership approach towards implementation of the Program was appropriate:

    The WB brings, governmental contacts, institutional and policy experience
    WWF experience with working with trade networks and the private sector
    IUCN works with civil society, conservation and public awareness

    The tasks to improve FLEG are huge: Clearly this program is just a start or support. So the activities are pilots for future replication both within the countries and on a more wider basis regionally

    Most of the activities are planned at the country level, but importantly , for the process of replication and building partnerships, some of the activities are regional, across countries and borders.

  • The first Declaration commitment is to “mobilize high level political Commitment”

    One of the key achievements has been the significant increase in both national ownership of the FLEG processes that have commenced, and also the networking that has occurred both within and between the participating countries. The appointment of senior level civil servants as FLEG National Focal Points, to both chair the National Program Advisory Committees (NPACs) and to participate in the Program’s Operational Committee (the oversight and guidance body of the Program) was instrumental to the Program’s country ownership. The broad NPAC composition also helped create ownership, in that membership included different government (i.e. from related ministries, departments and/or agencies) and non-government (e.g. NGOs, professional associations, academia, and private sector) stakeholders depending on the country.
  • Forest Policy Review conducted in all countries (ENPI FLEG 1)
    ; in Belarus the formulation of the new Forest Strategic Plans which addresses key governance issues is being prepared with ENPI FLEG support

    Image shows projection of the current increment of pine forests under climate change from the Belarus Ministry of Forestry Strategy.
  • Local citizens receive information on best cases and will be supported in selecting and on the ground development of their own initiatives in this area.

    For example, best cases and practices of effective, legal, environmentally friendly and locally-controlled NTFRs use by remote forest-dependent communities across Russia are collected analyzed and provided for replication in the forest settlements of RFE.
  • Local citizens receive information on best cases and will be supported in selecting and on the ground development of their own initiatives in this area.

    For example, best cases and practices of effective, legal, environmentally friendly and locally-controlled NTFRs use by remote forest-dependent communities across Russia are collected analyzed and provided for replication in the forest settlements of RFE.
  • List of 22 Commitments with the 7 partner countries (and regional activities) listed across the top. Dark green indicates 4 or more activities, lighter shades mean less than 4 activities. Illustrates that our activities touch all areas of the declaration, some more intensely than others and it varies by country.

    Note certain gaps on the input side that may or may not need addressing in the Y3, Y4 work plans. Countries that are already making good progress in a given area will need less support from the Program in that area.
  • Perhaps FLEG’s most important contribution is the steady, sustained effort of our engagement.
    Behaviour change takes time. Many, interlocking pieces have to come together to reform forest governance systems.
    Improving forest governance will always be a work in progress
    We look forward to continuing to work with our partner countries, engaging in new dialog with the Central Asia countries, and perhaps reaching out to some of the other signatories who have not been involved in the FLEG Program to date.
  • 2. ENPI East FLEG Contributions to the ENA FLEG St. Petersburg Ministerial Declaration

    1. 1. ENPI East FLEG Contributions to the ENA FLEG St. Petersburg Ministerial Declaration Andrew Mitchell July 9, 2014
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. 3 Declaration Signatories Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, China Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, and Uzbekistan.
    4. 4. 4 Implementing Organizations: – World Bank, WWF and IUCN – active involvement of governments, civil society and the private sector ~80% of activities at a country level – and strategically targeted sub- regional & regional actions. – support selected pilot activities
    5. 5. 5 ENPI East FLEG I (2008-2012) Overall objective: To contribute towards: – legal and sustainable forest management and utilization practices – a strengthened rule of law – improved local livelihoods, focusing on environmental sustainability, human right aspects and gender equity
    6. 6. 6 ENPI East FLEG I: 7 Result Areas: Result Area 1: Increased awareness and commitment of key stakeholders on FLEG Result Area 2: Effective national and regional FLEG action processes in place Result Area 3: Increased national ownership and capacity Result Area 4: Improved regional and sub-regional collaboration and knowledge sharing Result Area 5: Effective engagement of key trading partners Result Area 6: Continuation of the formal official Europe-North Asia FLEG process Result Area 7: Sustainable forest management practices implemented
    7. 7. 7 Highlights: • Analysis of the current forest sector status, and of the forest legislation, forest policy, and forest institutions, (all countries); • Support for increasing sustainable forest management capacities through reviewing, enhancing both the basic and ‘in service’ training for forestry professionals (e.g. specific training modules were developed, trialed, and then mainstreamed into the standard training program); • Support given to both regional and national levels for forest certification, and many of the policy and legislative recommendations will also increase the sustainability of forest management; • Support for forest policy (all countries), for support to develop appropriate timber sales systems and transparency, support for forest certification,
    8. 8. 8 Highlights: • Pilot activities (Belarus, Russia, Armenia, and Georgia), • Training of forest guards and forestry staff, utilization practices will have been enhanced; • Training of forest guards and development of handbooks and guidelines (Russia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine) for the implementation of processing of forest crime, changes in policy and legislation to reduce the drivers of poor forest governance, potential use of Log Tracking (Armenia), information and communications technology (Moldova), • Large outreach, public awareness raising will all help to strengthen the rule of law; and, • Specific pilot programs to support the development of alternative local livelihoods and community participation
    9. 9. 9 High-Level Political Commitment
    10. 10. 10 Legal Reform: FLEG Program technical analyses contributed to the development of forest policy and amendments to the Forest Law in Russia
    11. 11. 11 Policy Reform In Belarus, the formulation of new Forest Strategic Plans (2030) which addresses key governance issues is being prepared with ENPI FLEG support
    12. 12. 12 Institutional Reform • In Moldova, the forest institutional reforms process has commenced with program support • In Ukraine, the program supported improvements in the processing of forest law infractions Government of Republic of Moldova Agency Moldsilva Stare Forestry Enterprises - 16 State Forestry and Hunting Enterprises - 4 Natural Reserves - 4 Forestry Research and Management Institute (ICAS) Organizational Structure of Modsilva
    13. 13. 13 Private Sector Engagement • Design of a regional instrument to support science-based decisions on forest management for businesses and forest governance bodies using information on forests with high environmental value and biodiversity • Information support to forest companies to adjust to the new EU Timber Regulation • Providing incentives for small and medium businesses to encourage multiple use of forest resources in compliance with the principles of sustainable forest management
    14. 14. 14 Community Engagement • Promoting best practices of local community sustainable development based on legal use of NTFRs • Making the best use of local resources instead of losing the potential value
    15. 15. 15 ENPI East FLEG II Program PDO to: • Strengthen forest governance through improving implementation of relevant international processes; • Enhance forest policy, legislation and institutional arrangements; and, • Develop, test and evaluate sustainable forest management models at the local level on a pilot basis for future replication.
    16. 16. 16 Country + Reg Work Plans Span the Full Range of Declaration Commitments Declaration Commitment Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Georgia Moldova Ukraine Russian Fed Regional 1 Mobilize high-level political commitment and establish Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) as an area of concern within the broader national governance and development agenda 2 Review and as needed update forest legislation and regulations, ensuring their coherence and harmonize these with legislation and policy in natul resource management and with relevant obligations under international agreements 3 Strengthen, as needed, inter-agency cooperation as well as human institutional capacity, particularly among law enforcement and judicial authorities to enforce forest-related legislation 4 Assess, identify and develop strategies to address the underlying causes of illegallogging, associated trade and corruption, the unauthorized extraction of wood for local consumption as well as the unauthorized exploitation of protected forest areas, threatening biodiversity 5 Formulate, within a reasonable timeframe, concrete actions under clearly defined targets, including monitoring of progress in implementation, e.g. by taking into account the recommendations of this Ministerial Declaration and annexed indicative list of actions in the national forest programmes or equivalent frameworks 6 Recognize the rights of forest dependent communities by taking into consideration customary laws and practices, and the respect of their traditional knowledge, and encourage and promote the participation of indigenous people and the local population in the management of forests with the objective of providing for rural socio-economic and cultural development and the protection of their natural resources 7 Engage stakeholders, including indigenous people, local communities, private forest owners, NGOs and the industry, in formulation of forest laws and policies in their implementation through an open and participatory process, thereby promoting transparency, reducing coruption, facilitating equity and minimizing undue influence of privileged groups 8 Develop and implement anti-corruption tools dealing with corruption in and impacting on the forest sector in line with general anti-corruption efforts, including codes of conduct and best practices, and professional responsibility, and apply internationally recognized principles to combat organized crime 9 Collect and disseminate transparent information on forest resources, their allocation and exploitation, in a form readily accessible to the public 10 Monitor and disclose data on domestic and international trade flows of timber and timber products and promote, as appropriate, the establishment of third party audited traceability systems 11 Inform and engage all stakeholders to enhance public awareness on the scope, scale and significance of illegal logging, associated trade and corruption, and their negative impacts on the benefits forests provide to society 12 Strengthen cooperation, using as much as possible existing structures, for forest law enforcement and governance and timely exchange of information and experience among countries, in particular, those involved in exports and imports of timber and timber products 13 Encourage cooperation and strengthen national capacity in monitoring trade in timber and timber products 14 Support cooperation to combat poaching and illegaltrade in wildlife associated with illegallogging, including through cooperation with CITES 15 Integrate within existing mechanisms the systematic monitoring, assessment and reporting of progress on FLEG 16 Promote and develop cooperation and partnerships with and among the private sector and civil society in order to effectively combat illegal logging, associated trade and corruption 17 Give priority to and strengthen trans-boundary cooperation between countries with border areas which require coordinated actions and effective control in order to combat illegal logging and associated trade 18 Enhance international capacity for monitoring, assessing and reporting on areas such as trade flows and customs data to increase transparency on trade activities and to promote trade in legallyharvested timber 19 Strengthen international cooperation to build and enhance national institutional and human capacity as well as to facilitate technology transfer and information sharing to combat illegal logging and to promote trade in legally harvested timber 20 Enhance awareness of information about legality of products including their origin through means such as voluntary chains of custody and forest certification systems, so as to promote marketing of legally harvested timber 21 Cooperate with civil society including the private sector to inform consumers of the problems caused by illegal logging, associated trade and corruption 22 Work with other regions and with multilateral instruments and processes on FLEG related issues
    17. 17. 17 Sustained Effort
    18. 18. Thank you!

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