Science And Scientific Method

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Science And Scientific Method

  1. 1. Science An Introduction to Science and the Scientific Method
  2. 2. What is science? • It is the knowledge covering truths or the operation of general laws obtained and tested through the scientific method. • This means it is about studying and testing stuff.
  3. 3. Branches of Science • There are three branches of science. They all cover something different. • Physical science • Earth and Space science • Life Science
  4. 4. Physical Science • Atoms, molecule, elements, and compounds • Energy, motion, forces, and work • Heat, light, sound, and electricity
  5. 5. Earth and Space Science • Soil, rocks, and minerals • Fossils • Solar system
  6. 6. Life Science • Plant, animals, and cells • Human body, diseases, and cures • Life, growth, and death • How all life is related to other life and to the whole planet
  7. 7. The Scientific Method • Scientists use a certain series of steps in order to test something. • This is called the scientific method. • Identify • Observe • Hypothesis • Experiment • Conclusion
  8. 8. Identify a Problem • The first step in the scientific method is identifying a problem. • Ask yourself a question about why something is like it is or what would happen if I did this.
  9. 9. Make an Observation • What is happening or what is different? • Why is this happening or why is it different?
  10. 10. Form a Hypothesis • A hypothesis is an educated guess. • This is happening or this is different because…
  11. 11. Test the Hypothesis • This means do your experiment. • You experiment, then make your observations and collect your data.
  12. 12. Form a Conclusion • Look at your data and observations and form a conclusion about your hypothesis. • My hypothesis was correct or incorrect because…

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