EBOLA VIRUS OUTBREAKS:
UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK
REDUCTION USING NATURAL
HAZARD PARADIGMS
APPLYING WHAT WE KNOW INNOVATIVELY
AND STRATEGICALLY TO ACHIEVE
SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY
A FRAMEWORK FOR LIVING WITH THE
IN...
The First Cases of Ebola emerged in
Guinea in March of this year and has
since spread to Sierra Leone
THE VISION IS SUSTAINABLE URBAN
DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY OF LIFE
IN EVERY COMMUNITY IN ALL PARTS
OF THE WORLD
EDUCATION AND ACTIVE LEARNING
UNDER-
STAND
IDENT-
IFY
HEAR
PERSON-
ALIZE ACT
PERIOD OF
INTEGRATION
WINDOW OF
OPPORTUNITY
P...
Belgian Doctors in Zaire, 1976
Dr Peter Piot’s notes describing the
characteristics of Ebola in 1976
have been invaluable in the response
to subsequent o...
EDUCATION
GOAL:
SOCIETAL
SUSTANABILITY
ACADEMIA
FUNCTIONAL
NETWORKING
CHANNELS
INFORMATION
NETWORKING
CHANNELS
ORGANIZATIO...
YOUR
COMMUNITYDATA BASES
AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS:
GROUND SHAKING
GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING
TECTONIC DEFORMATION
TSUN...
EVERY COMMUNITY IS AT RISK
AND HAS AN URGENT NEED
FOR PUBLIC POLICIES AND
STRATEGIC PLANS TO
MONITOR, PREVENT, MITIGATE,
A...
ALL PUBLIC POLICIES SHOULD BE
BASED ON AN UNDERSTANDING OF
WHAT CAN HAPPEN AND AN
IMPLEMENTATION PLAN TO KEEP IT
FROM HAPP...
DISEASE OUTBREAKS LIKE
NATURAL DISASTERS IMPACT ALL
ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY
INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF
SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY
GOAL: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA
(CA) OF TECHNICAL
AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS
...
OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
 WATER-BORNE
DISEASES
 AIR-BORNE
DISEASES
 PEOPLE-BORNE
DISEASES
 VIRUSE...
SURPRISE!
THE EBOLA VIRUS IS ONE OF THE
INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT THE
WORLD IS NOW URGENTLY
CONCERNED ABOUT (AGAIN)
AT PRES...
ELECTRON MICROGRAPH OFTHE
EBOLA-ZAIRE VIRUS
SYMPTOMS
ELEMENTS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC RISK
EXPOSURE
VULNERABILITY LOCATION
RISK
AFRICA: NATURAL HAZARDS,
PLAGUES AND POLITICS
 POLITICAL
INSTABILITY
 FLOODS
 DROUGHTS
 ENVIRONMENTAL
THREATS TO AIR,
...
The First Cases of Ebola emerged in
Guinea in March of this year and has
since spread to Sierra Leone and
Liberia, with a ...
THE SPREAD OF EBOLA
HISTORY OF EBOLA
OUTBREAKS 1976-2014
Zaire Outbreak, 1976
The current Ebola outbreak
is the largest and longest ever
recorded for the disease, which
has a death rate of about 50
pe...
Scientists say the disease can
only be spread through direct
contact with bodily fluids.
VULNERABILITIES
 The virus is spread by contact
with a stricken person’s fluids:
blood, sweat, tears, and
diarrhea.
FIGHTING EBOLA
THE PRINCIPLES WE
EMPLOY IN FIGHTING
NATURAL HAZARDS CAN
ALSO BE APPLIED TO
OUTBREAKS AND
EPIDEMICS
STRATEGIES TO HALT THE SPREAD OF EBOLA
ARE ESSENTIALLY THE SAME FOR DISASTER
RISK REDUCTION
 MONITOR
(REAL-TIME
KNOWEDGE ...
House to house disease surveys or monitoring
is essential for detection of the earliest cases in
and to answer to effectiv...
THERE IS A COMMON AGENDA FOR SOCIETAL
SUSTAINABILITY WHETHER PREPARING FOR
EPIDEMICS OR EARTHQUAKES
 MITIGATION
(REDUCE
S...
THE SUCCESSFUL RESPONSE TO A DEADLY EPIDEMIC
AND A CATASTROPHIC NATURAL DISASTER BOTH
DEPEND ON COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, E...
THE PRINCIPLES OF STRENGTHENING
COMMUNITY RESILIENCE ARE THE SAME
FOR NATURAL DISASTERS AS THEY ARE
FOR EPIDEMICS OF COMMU...
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION

1,821 views
1,646 views

Published on

A disease outbreak like a natural disaster impacts all elements of society. There is a common agenda for societal sustainability whether preparing for outbreaks of Ebola or pandemics of influenza or earthquakes. The principles of strengthening community resilience are the same for natural disasters as they are for epidemics of communicable disease. The successful response to a deadly epidemic and a catastrophic natural disaster depends on community participation, education, awareness of the threat, what to expect and early warning. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,821
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
98
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION

  1. 1. EBOLA VIRUS OUTBREAKS: UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK REDUCTION USING NATURAL HAZARD PARADIGMS
  2. 2. APPLYING WHAT WE KNOW INNOVATIVELY AND STRATEGICALLY TO ACHIEVE SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY A FRAMEWORK FOR LIVING WITH THE INSTABILITIES CAUSED BY DEADLY DISEASE OUTBREAKS SUCH AS EBOLA AND PANDEMICS, ENVIRONMENTAL EXTREMES, AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
  3. 3. The First Cases of Ebola emerged in Guinea in March of this year and has since spread to Sierra Leone
  4. 4. THE VISION IS SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN EVERY COMMUNITY IN ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD
  5. 5. EDUCATION AND ACTIVE LEARNING UNDER- STAND IDENT- IFY HEAR PERSON- ALIZE ACT PERIOD OF INTEGRATION WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY PERIOD OF IMPLEMENTATION
  6. 6. Belgian Doctors in Zaire, 1976
  7. 7. Dr Peter Piot’s notes describing the characteristics of Ebola in 1976 have been invaluable in the response to subsequent outbreaks
  8. 8. EDUCATION GOAL: SOCIETAL SUSTANABILITY ACADEMIA FUNCTIONAL NETWORKING CHANNELS INFORMATION NETWORKING CHANNELS ORGANIZATION NETWORKING CHANNELS INNOVATION COMMUNITY STAKEHOLDERS Stratec Consulting
  9. 9. YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK RISK REDUCTION •PREVENTION-MITIGATION •PREPAREDNESS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY •ADAPTATION POLICY OPTIONS
  10. 10. EVERY COMMUNITY IS AT RISK AND HAS AN URGENT NEED FOR PUBLIC POLICIES AND STRATEGIC PLANS TO MONITOR, PREVENT, MITIGATE, AND PREPARE FOR THE INEVITABLE
  11. 11. ALL PUBLIC POLICIES SHOULD BE BASED ON AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT CAN HAPPEN AND AN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN TO KEEP IT FROM HAPPENING AND CAUSING A DISASTER OR CATASTROPHIC DISEASE OUTBREAK
  12. 12. DISEASE OUTBREAKS LIKE NATURAL DISASTERS IMPACT ALL ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY
  13. 13. INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY GOAL: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA (CA) OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS POLITICAL SOLUTIONSCA
  14. 14. OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM INFECTIOUS DISEASES  WATER-BORNE DISEASES  AIR-BORNE DISEASES  PEOPLE-BORNE DISEASES  VIRUSES, BACTERIA, TOXINS
  15. 15. SURPRISE! THE EBOLA VIRUS IS ONE OF THE INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT THE WORLD IS NOW URGENTLY CONCERNED ABOUT (AGAIN) AT PRESENT, NO KNOWN CURE EXISTS
  16. 16. ELECTRON MICROGRAPH OFTHE EBOLA-ZAIRE VIRUS
  17. 17. SYMPTOMS ELEMENTS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC RISK EXPOSURE VULNERABILITY LOCATION RISK
  18. 18. AFRICA: NATURAL HAZARDS, PLAGUES AND POLITICS  POLITICAL INSTABILITY  FLOODS  DROUGHTS  ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS TO AIR, WATER, AND SOIL  ENDANGERED SPECIES  POOR HEALTH
  19. 19. The First Cases of Ebola emerged in Guinea in March of this year and has since spread to Sierra Leone and Liberia, with a suspected cluster in densely populated Nigeria.
  20. 20. THE SPREAD OF EBOLA
  21. 21. HISTORY OF EBOLA OUTBREAKS 1976-2014
  22. 22. Zaire Outbreak, 1976
  23. 23. The current Ebola outbreak is the largest and longest ever recorded for the disease, which has a death rate of about 50 percent and has so far killed at least 961 people, according to the World Health Organization.
  24. 24. Scientists say the disease can only be spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.
  25. 25. VULNERABILITIES  The virus is spread by contact with a stricken person’s fluids: blood, sweat, tears, and diarrhea.
  26. 26. FIGHTING EBOLA
  27. 27. THE PRINCIPLES WE EMPLOY IN FIGHTING NATURAL HAZARDS CAN ALSO BE APPLIED TO OUTBREAKS AND EPIDEMICS
  28. 28. STRATEGIES TO HALT THE SPREAD OF EBOLA ARE ESSENTIALLY THE SAME FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION  MONITOR (REAL-TIME KNOWEDGE OF WHAT IS HAPPENING IN SPACE AND TIME)  PREVENTION (CONTROL THE SOURCE)
  29. 29. House to house disease surveys or monitoring is essential for detection of the earliest cases in and to answer to effective prevention measures before a disease outbreak gets out of control
  30. 30. THERE IS A COMMON AGENDA FOR SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY WHETHER PREPARING FOR EPIDEMICS OR EARTHQUAKES  MITIGATION (REDUCE SOCIETAL IMPACTS)  PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE AND THE UN- THINKABLE)
  31. 31. THE SUCCESSFUL RESPONSE TO A DEADLY EPIDEMIC AND A CATASTROPHIC NATURAL DISASTER BOTH DEPEND ON COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, EDUCATION, AND AWARENESS OF THE THREAT
  32. 32. THE PRINCIPLES OF STRENGTHENING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE ARE THE SAME FOR NATURAL DISASTERS AS THEY ARE FOR EPIDEMICS OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

×