THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION
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THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION

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A disease outbreak like a natural disaster impacts all elements of society. There is a common agenda for societal sustainability whether preparing for outbreaks of Ebola or pandemics of influenza or ...

A disease outbreak like a natural disaster impacts all elements of society. There is a common agenda for societal sustainability whether preparing for outbreaks of Ebola or pandemics of influenza or earthquakes. The principles of strengthening community resilience are the same for natural disasters as they are for epidemics of communicable disease. The successful response to a deadly epidemic and a catastrophic natural disaster depends on community participation, education, awareness of the threat, what to expect and early warning. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION THE 2014 OUTBREAK OF EBOLA: UNDERSTANDING DISEASE AND DISASTER RISK AND RISK REDUCTION Presentation Transcript

  • EBOLA VIRUS OUTBREAKS: UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK REDUCTION USING NATURAL HAZARD PARADIGMS
  • APPLYING WHAT WE KNOW INNOVATIVELY AND STRATEGICALLY TO ACHIEVE SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY A FRAMEWORK FOR LIVING WITH THE INSTABILITIES CAUSED BY DEADLY DISEASE OUTBREAKS SUCH AS EBOLA AND PANDEMICS, ENVIRONMENTAL EXTREMES, AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
  • The First Cases of Ebola emerged in Guinea in March of this year and has since spread to Sierra Leone
  • THE VISION IS SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN EVERY COMMUNITY IN ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD
  • EDUCATION AND ACTIVE LEARNING UNDER- STAND IDENT- IFY HEAR PERSON- ALIZE ACT PERIOD OF INTEGRATION WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY PERIOD OF IMPLEMENTATION
  • Belgian Doctors in Zaire, 1976
  • Dr Peter Piot’s notes describing the characteristics of Ebola in 1976 have been invaluable in the response to subsequent outbreaks
  • EDUCATION GOAL: SOCIETAL SUSTANABILITY ACADEMIA FUNCTIONAL NETWORKING CHANNELS INFORMATION NETWORKING CHANNELS ORGANIZATION NETWORKING CHANNELS INNOVATION COMMUNITY STAKEHOLDERS Stratec Consulting
  • YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK RISK REDUCTION •PREVENTION-MITIGATION •PREPAREDNESS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY •ADAPTATION POLICY OPTIONS
  • EVERY COMMUNITY IS AT RISK AND HAS AN URGENT NEED FOR PUBLIC POLICIES AND STRATEGIC PLANS TO MONITOR, PREVENT, MITIGATE, AND PREPARE FOR THE INEVITABLE
  • ALL PUBLIC POLICIES SHOULD BE BASED ON AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT CAN HAPPEN AND AN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN TO KEEP IT FROM HAPPENING AND CAUSING A DISASTER OR CATASTROPHIC DISEASE OUTBREAK
  • DISEASE OUTBREAKS LIKE NATURAL DISASTERS IMPACT ALL ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY
  • INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY GOAL: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA (CA) OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS POLITICAL SOLUTIONSCA
  • OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM INFECTIOUS DISEASES  WATER-BORNE DISEASES  AIR-BORNE DISEASES  PEOPLE-BORNE DISEASES  VIRUSES, BACTERIA, TOXINS
  • SURPRISE! THE EBOLA VIRUS IS ONE OF THE INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT THE WORLD IS NOW URGENTLY CONCERNED ABOUT (AGAIN) AT PRESENT, NO KNOWN CURE EXISTS
  • ELECTRON MICROGRAPH OFTHE EBOLA-ZAIRE VIRUS
  • SYMPTOMS ELEMENTS OF EPIDEMIOLOGIC RISK EXPOSURE VULNERABILITY LOCATION RISK
  • AFRICA: NATURAL HAZARDS, PLAGUES AND POLITICS  POLITICAL INSTABILITY  FLOODS  DROUGHTS  ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS TO AIR, WATER, AND SOIL  ENDANGERED SPECIES  POOR HEALTH
  • The First Cases of Ebola emerged in Guinea in March of this year and has since spread to Sierra Leone and Liberia, with a suspected cluster in densely populated Nigeria.
  • THE SPREAD OF EBOLA
  • HISTORY OF EBOLA OUTBREAKS 1976-2014
  • Zaire Outbreak, 1976
  • The current Ebola outbreak is the largest and longest ever recorded for the disease, which has a death rate of about 50 percent and has so far killed at least 961 people, according to the World Health Organization.
  • Scientists say the disease can only be spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.
  • VULNERABILITIES  The virus is spread by contact with a stricken person’s fluids: blood, sweat, tears, and diarrhea.
  • FIGHTING EBOLA
  • THE PRINCIPLES WE EMPLOY IN FIGHTING NATURAL HAZARDS CAN ALSO BE APPLIED TO OUTBREAKS AND EPIDEMICS
  • STRATEGIES TO HALT THE SPREAD OF EBOLA ARE ESSENTIALLY THE SAME FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION  MONITOR (REAL-TIME KNOWEDGE OF WHAT IS HAPPENING IN SPACE AND TIME)  PREVENTION (CONTROL THE SOURCE)
  • House to house disease surveys or monitoring is essential for detection of the earliest cases in and to answer to effective prevention measures before a disease outbreak gets out of control
  • THERE IS A COMMON AGENDA FOR SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY WHETHER PREPARING FOR EPIDEMICS OR EARTHQUAKES  MITIGATION (REDUCE SOCIETAL IMPACTS)  PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE AND THE UN- THINKABLE)
  • THE SUCCESSFUL RESPONSE TO A DEADLY EPIDEMIC AND A CATASTROPHIC NATURAL DISASTER BOTH DEPEND ON COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, EDUCATION, AND AWARENESS OF THE THREAT
  • THE PRINCIPLES OF STRENGTHENING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE ARE THE SAME FOR NATURAL DISASTERS AS THEY ARE FOR EPIDEMICS OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASE