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Remembering Hurricane Katrina, 29-30 August 2005
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Remembering Hurricane Katrina, 29-30 August 2005

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Although painful, we are still learning the importance of the hard lessons about disaster resilience from the August 29-30, 2005 experience. Hurricane Katrina Exposed The Deadly Consequences In A ...

Although painful, we are still learning the importance of the hard lessons about disaster resilience from the August 29-30, 2005 experience. Hurricane Katrina Exposed The Deadly Consequences In A Hurricane Prone Area Of Not Being Hurricane Disaster Resilient. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction.

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    Remembering Hurricane Katrina, 29-30 August 2005 Remembering Hurricane Katrina, 29-30 August 2005 Presentation Transcript

    • THE GULF COAST EXPERIENCESTHE GULF COAST EXPERIENCES HURRICANES EACH YEARHURRICANES EACH YEAR
    • REMEMBERING THE HURRICANEREMEMBERING THE HURRICANE KATRINA DISASTER:KATRINA DISASTER: AUGUST 29-30, 2005AUGUST 29-30, 2005
    • THETHE 29-30 AUGUST 200529-30 AUGUST 2005 HURICANE CAUSED AHURICANE CAUSED A DISASTERDISASTER IN NEWIN NEW ORLEANS AND PARTS OFORLEANS AND PARTS OF THE GULF COAST OF THETHE GULF COAST OF THE USAUSA
    • THE GULF COAST EXPERIENCESTHE GULF COAST EXPERIENCES HURRICANES EACH YEARHURRICANES EACH YEAR
    • HURRICANE TRACKS:HURRICANE TRACKS: 1851-20041851-2004
    • ETUDE
    • HURRICANE KATRINA EXPOSEDHURRICANE KATRINA EXPOSED THE DEADLY CONSEQUENCESTHE DEADLY CONSEQUENCES IN A HURRICANE PRONE AREAIN A HURRICANE PRONE AREA OFOF NOTNOT BEING HURRICANEBEING HURRICANE DISASTER RESILIENTDISASTER RESILIENT
    • FACTORS THAT ONCE MADEFACTORS THAT ONCE MADE LOUISIANA’S COAST RESILIENTLOUISIANA’S COAST RESILIENT  By 1900, the Louisiana coast was aBy 1900, the Louisiana coast was a 15,500 square km (6,000 square15,500 square km (6,000 square mile) swath of swamp, marsh, andmile) swath of swamp, marsh, and barrier islands that made it morebarrier islands that made it more resilientresilient to the winds, rain, andto the winds, rain, and storm surge of a hurricane.storm surge of a hurricane.
    • THE WORKS OF MAN REDUCEDTHE WORKS OF MAN REDUCED LOUIISIANA’S RESILIENCELOUIISIANA’S RESILIENCE  Levees built in the 1930’s by the US ArmyLevees built in the 1930’s by the US Army Corps of Engineers did end spring floods,---Corps of Engineers did end spring floods,---  ButBut, by the 1960’s,, by the 1960’s, a significant reduction ina significant reduction in hurricane resilience had occurred, because:hurricane resilience had occurred, because:  The US Army Corps of Engineers had alsoThe US Army Corps of Engineers had also dredged 14 majordredged 14 major ship channelsship channels to inlandto inland ports,ports, andand over many years, oil companiesover many years, oil companies had cut countlesshad cut countless channelschannels for pipelinesfor pipelines and access to oil wells.and access to oil wells.
    • BY 2005 NEW ORLEANS WASBY 2005 NEW ORLEANS WAS CONSIDERED TO BE VERY VULNERABLECONSIDERED TO BE VERY VULNERABLE TO HURRICANESTO HURRICANES
    • HURRICANE KATRINA EXPOSEDHURRICANE KATRINA EXPOSED SOCIAL, ORGANIZATIONAL,SOCIAL, ORGANIZATIONAL, PHYSICAL, AND HEALTH CAREPHYSICAL, AND HEALTH CARE VULNERABILITIES IN NEWVULNERABILITIES IN NEW ORLEANS AND ALONG THE GULFORLEANS AND ALONG THE GULF COASTCOAST
    • WHAT DID WE LEARN FROMWHAT DID WE LEARN FROM HURRICANE KATRINA?HURRICANE KATRINA?  Hurricane Katrina exposed the startlingHurricane Katrina exposed the startling fact that the nation was unprepared tofact that the nation was unprepared to manage a disaster caused by themanage a disaster caused by the environmental extremes of aenvironmental extremes of a moderatemoderate category hurricanecategory hurricane ANDAND a major flooda major flood caused by breaches in 200 mile leveecaused by breaches in 200 mile levee system that was not known to be sosystem that was not known to be so flawed, untilflawed, until after post-disaster studies.after post-disaster studies.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON GULF COASTKATRINA ON GULF COAST  90 % of the Gulf’ Coasts oil production was90 % of the Gulf’ Coasts oil production was stopped by the stormstopped by the storm..  Insured losses reached $47 billion for GulfInsured losses reached $47 billion for Gulf Coast and $27 for New Orleans, with actualCoast and $27 for New Orleans, with actual direct and indirect losses much higher anddirect and indirect losses much higher and perhaps beyond definition for many years.perhaps beyond definition for many years.  It caused theIt caused the worst financial crisis in Newworst financial crisis in New Orleans’ and Louisiana’s historyOrleans’ and Louisiana’s history..
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON GULF COASTKATRINA ON GULF COAST  Major cities (New Orleans, Biloxi, Bay St.Major cities (New Orleans, Biloxi, Bay St. Louis, etc) were closed for business.Louis, etc) were closed for business.  Millions of displaced people were unable toMillions of displaced people were unable to return for several months; some neverreturn for several months; some never returned.returned.  Neighborhoods were destroyed.Neighborhoods were destroyed.  OverOver 2,500,000 homes and businesses2,500,000 homes and businesses were without communications, power,were without communications, power, potable water, and sewage disposal.potable water, and sewage disposal.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON GULF COASTKATRINA ON GULF COAST  No commercial airline flights for a shortNo commercial airline flights for a short period.period.  Rail systems destroyed.Rail systems destroyed.  500,000 homes destroyed.500,000 homes destroyed.  300 years of community infrastructure300 years of community infrastructure destroyed.destroyed.  500,000 jobs lost.500,000 jobs lost.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON GULF COASTKATRINA ON GULF COAST  Thousands of people and many animalsThousands of people and many animals were still awaiting rescue after 2 weeks.were still awaiting rescue after 2 weeks.  Thousands needed food, water, and shelterThousands needed food, water, and shelter every day, which the American Red Crossevery day, which the American Red Cross and many other cooperating organizationsand many other cooperating organizations provided as quickly as possible for over 90provided as quickly as possible for over 90 days.days.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA IN NEW ORLEANSKATRINA IN NEW ORLEANS  FLOODING,FLOODING, NOTNOT HIGH WINDS ANDHIGH WINDS AND NOTNOT STORM SURGESTORM SURGE, INFLICTED MOST OF, INFLICTED MOST OF THE DEVASTATION IN NEW ORLEANS .THE DEVASTATION IN NEW ORLEANS .  80 PERCENT OF NEW ORLEANS80 PERCENT OF NEW ORLEANS WASWAS FLOODED FROM FOUR MAJOR ANDFLOODED FROM FOUR MAJOR AND DOZENS OF SMALLER BREACHES INDOZENS OF SMALLER BREACHES IN THE 200 MILE LEVEE SYSTEM.THE 200 MILE LEVEE SYSTEM.  OVEROVER 100,000 HOMES100,000 HOMES WEREWERE INUNDATED.INUNDATED.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON NEW ORLEANSKATRINA ON NEW ORLEANS  80 % of New Orleans was under water80 % of New Orleans was under water after levees broke, releasing watersafter levees broke, releasing waters from Lake Ponchartrain and canals intofrom Lake Ponchartrain and canals into downtown New Orleans.downtown New Orleans.  More than 1,000 people were rescuedMore than 1,000 people were rescued from roof tops of inundated houses byfrom roof tops of inundated houses by helicoptershelicopters  Many others wereMany others were rescued by boats.rescued by boats.
    • IMPACT OF HURRICANEIMPACT OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON NEW ORLEANSKATRINA ON NEW ORLEANS  In New Orleans, the school district laidIn New Orleans, the school district laid off more than 7,000 teachers andoff more than 7,000 teachers and staff, and large numbers of police.staff, and large numbers of police.  Six of the eight hospitals wereSix of the eight hospitals were destroyed.destroyed.
    • KATRINA CAUSED ANKATRINA CAUSED AN INSURANCE NIGHTMAREINSURANCE NIGHTMARE  The insurance industry grappled with itsThe insurance industry grappled with its largest-ever loss and a record number oflargest-ever loss and a record number of individual claims:individual claims:  1.6 million from Katrina,1.6 million from Katrina,  Another 1 million from hurricanes RitaAnother 1 million from hurricanes Rita and Wilma, which followed Katrinaand Wilma, which followed Katrina..
    • RECOVERY REQUIREDRECOVERY REQUIRED LEGISLATIVE ACTIONSLEGISLATIVE ACTIONS  TO MARSHAL ANDTO MARSHAL AND INTEGRATE THEINTEGRATE THE COMMUNITY’SCOMMUNITY’S STAPLESTAPLE FORCES,..FORCES,..  ……WITH THE GOAL OFWITH THE GOAL OF BECOMING MOREBECOMING MORE RESILIIENT TORESILIIENT TO FUTUREFUTURE HURRICANES.HURRICANES.