LANDFALL ON FRIDAY
MORNING, NOV. 8
REMEMBERING SOME OF
THE LESSONS FROM
2013’S DISASTERS
PART 2: TYPHOONS
SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN
DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES;
NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
HAIYAN REACHED THE
PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV. 8
LANDFALL ON FRIDAY
MORNING, NOV. 8
CAUSES
OF RISK
WIND AND WATER
PENETRATE BUILDING
ENVELOPE
UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM
FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES
WINDOWS

TYPHOONS...
ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS
DEMONSTRATED THAT IT
USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE
DISASTERS BEFORE THE
STRICKEN NATION ADOPTS
POLIC...
A FLAWED PREMISE:
ONE TYPHOON DISASTER
ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH
TO MAKE ANY NATION
SUSCEPTIBLE TO TYPHOONS
ADOPT AND IMPL...
EXAMPLE:
THE PHILIPPINES
THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES
HAVE HAD MANY
OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN
VITAL LESSONS
FROM PAST TYPHOONS OF ALL
SIZES MAKING LA...
A FLAWED PREMISE:
BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES
SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN PLACE
FOR TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
(i.e., A SUPER TYP...
LESSON: THE TIMING OF
ANTICIPATORY ACTIONS IS VITAL

• The people who know: 1) what to
expect (e.g., high-velocity winds,
...
LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING
AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES

• The people who have timely early
warning in conjunction with a
...
LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL
PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES

• Damaged hospitals and medical
facilities combined with lack of
clean...
LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED
BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES

• Buildings engineered to withstand
the risks from a typhoon’s high
velocity...
LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE
SAVES LIVES

• The “Uncontrollable and
Unthinkable” events will always
hinder the timing of eme...
LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL
COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID

• The International Community
provides millions to billions of
do...
HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON
RATED AS PROBABLY THE
STRONGEST TYPHOON
EVER TO STRIKE THE
PHILIPPINES
HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS
VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT., NOV 9
ADVANCE EVACUATIONS
• 800,000 people were evacuated
to emergency shelters.
AN EVACUATION CENTER
FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND
DESTRUCTION
• Winds flattened hundreds of homes.
• Heavy rainfall triggered mudslides and
flash flo...
AN AERIAL VIEW
• It was like a tsunami," Interior Secretary
Manuel Roxas told Reuters.
• "From a helicopter, you can see t...
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE
ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
SURVIVOR STORIES
• Survivors of the storm
described towering waves that
swept away all but the most
robust engineered stru...
STORM SURGE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION AND DEATH
EVERYWHERE
DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
TACLOBAN AIRPORT
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE
PHILIPPINES
• Wide spread flooding,
mudslides, and power outages
• Winds of 380 kph (290 mph)
• TAC...
INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE
PHILIPPINES
• Loss of communication
• An estimated 10,000 people
dead
• Economic losses in the bill...
SURVIVOR NEEDS
• Survivors are in desperate need of
clean drinking water and food
• Survivors temporarily cut off from aid...
USA MILITARY FORCES
DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN
WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC
RELIEF EFFORT
Search and Rescue and Relief
Efforts Were Hampered by
Landslides and Damaged Road
Systems
LESSON: All Kinds of Things Will...
TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY
MANY NATIONS
Preparedness
Adoption and Implementation of a Mod...
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS
TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE
EXPERIENCES WITH
PREPAREDNESS

EXPERIENCES WITH
MONITORING AND WARN...
THE CHALLENGE:

POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND
REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND
PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE
KINDS...
TYPHOON RISK
• TYPHOON HAZARDS
•INVENTORY
•VULNERABILITY
•LOCATION

ACCEPTABLE RISK
RISK
UNACCEPTABLE RISK

TYPHOON DISAST...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
 USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING
THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS...
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME
FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN
EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL,
HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL
CAPACITY BUILDING
IN AL...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
TYPHOON DISASTER
RESILIENCE
INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL
...
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL
CONSIDERATIONS
OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on
local, ...
Part II: Typhoons. 2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Part II: Typhoons. 2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters

579

Published on

A flawed premise: one typhoon disaster anywhere should be enough to make any nation susceptible to typhoons adopt and implement policies that will lead to their own typhoon disaster resilience. Once again, 2013’s disasters demonstrated that it usually takes multiple disasters before the stricken nation adopts policies to become disaster resilient. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
579
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Part II: Typhoons. 2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters"

  1. 1. LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 8
  2. 2. REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 2: TYPHOONS
  3. 3. SUPER TYPHOON HAIYAN DEVASTATES THE PHILIPPINES; NOVEMBER 8-10, 2013
  4. 4. HAIYAN REACHED THE PHILIPPINES: FRIDAY, NOV. 8
  5. 5. LANDFALL ON FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 8
  6. 6. CAUSES OF RISK WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPE UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWS TYPHOONS CASE HISTORIES STORM SURGE HEAVY PRECIPITATION FLASH FLOODING (MUDFLOWS) LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS)
  7. 7. ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE STRICKEN NATION ADOPTS POLICIES TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENT MOST UNAFFECTED NATIONS USUALLY DON’T LEARN ANYTHING NEW AND DON’T CHANGE EXISTING POLICIES
  8. 8. A FLAWED PREMISE: ONE TYPHOON DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE ANY NATION SUSCEPTIBLE TO TYPHOONS ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
  9. 9. EXAMPLE: THE PHILIPPINES
  10. 10. THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES HAVE HAD MANY OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN VITAL LESSONS FROM PAST TYPHOONS OF ALL SIZES MAKING LANDFALL THERE The Philippines has more than enough experience with typhoons for action.
  11. 11. A FLAWED PREMISE: BY NOW, THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE POLICIES IN PLACE FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE (i.e., A SUPER TYPHOON SHOULD NOT MAKE THAT MUCH DIFFERENCE WHEN THE POLICIES ARE RIGHT)
  12. 12. LESSON: THE TIMING OF ANTICIPATORY ACTIONS IS VITAL • The people who know: 1) what to expect (e.g., high-velocity winds, rain, flash floods, landslides, and storm surge), 2) where and when it will happen, and 3) what they should (and should not) do to prepare will survive.
  13. 13. LESSON: TIMELY EARLY WARNING AND EVACUATION SAVES LIVES • The people who have timely early warning in conjunction with a community evacuation plan that facilitates getting out of harm’s way from the risks associated with storm surge, high winds, flooding, and landslides will survive.
  14. 14. LESSON: EMERGENCY MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS SAVES LIVES • Damaged hospitals and medical facilities combined with lack of clean drinking water, food, and medicine, and high levels of morbidity and mortality will quickly overrun the local community’s capacity for emergency health care.
  15. 15. LESSON: WIND ENGINEERED BUILDINGS SAVE LIVES • Buildings engineered to withstand the risks from a typhoon’s high velocity winds will maintain their function and protect occupants and users from death and injury.
  16. 16. LESSON: EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAVES LIVES • The “Uncontrollable and Unthinkable” events will always hinder the timing of emergency response operations.
  17. 17. LESSON: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ALWAYS PROVIDES AID • The International Community provides millions to billions of dollars in relief to most nations to help “pick up the pieces, ” but this strategy is not enough by itself to ensure disaster resilience.
  18. 18. HAIYAN: A SUPER TYPHOON
  19. 19. RATED AS PROBABLY THE STRONGEST TYPHOON EVER TO STRIKE THE PHILIPPINES
  20. 20. HAIYAN MOVED TOWARDS VIETNAM AND CHINA: SAT., NOV 9
  21. 21. ADVANCE EVACUATIONS • 800,000 people were evacuated to emergency shelters.
  22. 22. AN EVACUATION CENTER
  23. 23. FOUR HOURS OF FEAR AND DESTRUCTION • Winds flattened hundreds of homes. • Heavy rainfall triggered mudslides and flash flooding. • A storm surge with waves of up to 10 m (30 feet) destroyed everything, sweeping people away and drowning thousands.
  24. 24. AN AERIAL VIEW • It was like a tsunami," Interior Secretary Manuel Roxas told Reuters. • "From a helicopter, you can see the extent of devastation. From the shore and moving a kilometer inland, there are no structures standing.
  25. 25. DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
  26. 26. TACLOBAN (ON LEYTE ISLAND) HIT THE HARDEST
  27. 27. SURVIVOR STORIES • Survivors of the storm described towering waves that swept away all but the most robust engineered structures.
  28. 28. STORM SURGE
  29. 29. DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
  30. 30. DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
  31. 31. DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
  32. 32. DESTRUCTION AND DEATH EVERYWHERE
  33. 33. DESTRUCTION EVERYWHERE
  34. 34. TACLOBAN AIRPORT
  35. 35. INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES • Wide spread flooding, mudslides, and power outages • Winds of 380 kph (290 mph) • TACLOBAN hit very hard by the storm surge with many deaths • Tacloban’s airport destroyed
  36. 36. INITIAL IMPACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES • Loss of communication • An estimated 10,000 people dead • Economic losses in the billions
  37. 37. SURVIVOR NEEDS • Survivors are in desperate need of clean drinking water and food • Survivors temporarily cut off from aid, and from their families in the Philippines as well as in other countries (e.g., 3 million in the USA)
  38. 38. USA MILITARY FORCES DISPATCHED TO ASSIST IN WHAT BECAME A HISTORIC RELIEF EFFORT
  39. 39. Search and Rescue and Relief Efforts Were Hampered by Landslides and Damaged Road Systems LESSON: All Kinds of Things Will go Wrong During the Emergency Response Period When the Uncontrollable and Unthinkable Happen.
  40. 40. TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES AND MEASURES NEEDED BY MANY NATIONS Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Wind Engineering Building Code Time,y Early Warning and Evacuation Timely Emergency Response (including Emergency Medical Services) Cost-Effective Recovery
  41. 41. WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATION
  42. 42. THE CHALLENGE: POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS TYPHOON RESILIENCE
  43. 43. TYPHOON RISK • TYPHOON HAZARDS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES AND INFORMATION COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •FORECASTS/SCENARIOS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION
  44. 44. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE  USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS
  45. 45. 2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
  46. 46. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EARLY WARNING, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
  47. 47. INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Real and Near- Real Time Monitoring Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Characterization Best Practices for Mitigation Adaptation and Monitoring Situation Data Bases APPLICATIONS EDUCATIONAL SURGES Relocation/Rerouting of Cities and City Lifelines Enlighten Communities on Their Risks Create a Hazard Zonation Map as a Policy Tool Implement Modern Codes and Lifeline Standards Cause & Effect Relationships Introduce New Technologies Anticipatory Actions for all Events and Situations Move Towards A Disaster Intelligent Community Interfaces with all Real- and Near Real-Time Sources Gateways to a Deeper Understanding Build Strategic Equity Through Disaster Scenarios Involve Partners in Turning Point Experimemts Multiply Capability by International Twinning Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×