Lessons learned from past catastrophic flooding in russia
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Lessons learned from past catastrophic flooding in russia

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RUSSIA HAS MANY RIVERS THAT HAVE EXPERIENCED FLOODING Russia, the largest country in the world, and the only one surrounded by twelve seas and spread out on two continents, has many communities that ...

RUSSIA HAS MANY RIVERS THAT HAVE EXPERIENCED FLOODING Russia, the largest country in the world, and the only one surrounded by twelve seas and spread out on two continents, has many communities that are at risk from riverine flooding, flash floods, and floods from windstorms. Russia’s rivers in Europe include: the Volga, the Don, the Kama, the Oka, and the Northern Dvina. In Asia, Russia’s rivers include: the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenisev, the Angara, the Lena, the Amur, the Yana, the Indiqirka, and the Kolyma.

PowerPoint presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Lessons learned from past catastrophic flooding in russia Lessons learned from past catastrophic flooding in russia Presentation Transcript

  • RUSSIA’S RIVERS
  • LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS RUSSIA PART 1: FLOODS
  • NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS IN RUSSIA FLOODSGOAL: PROTECT PEOPLEAND COMMUNITIES WINDSTORMSHIGH BENEFIT/COST EARTHQUAKESPROGRAMS FORBECOMING DISASTER WILDFIRESRESILIENT ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Natural Phenomena that Cause DisastersPlanet Earth’s atmospheric- hydrospheric- lithospheric interactions cause:FLOODS
  • RUSSIA
  • Russia, the largest country in the world, and the only onesurrounded by twelve seas and spread out on two continents, has many communities that are at risk from riverine flooding, flash floods, and floods from windstorms.
  • RUSSIA’S RIVERS: AMONG THEIMPORTANT RIVERS OF THE WORLD
  • RUSSIA’S RIVERS
  • RUSSIA HAS MANY RIVERS THAT HAVE EXPERIENCED FLOODING• Russia’s rivers in Europe include: the Volga, the Don, the Kama, the Oka, and the Northern Dvina.• In Asia, Russia’s rivers include: the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenisev, the Angara, the Lena, the Amur, the Yana, the Indiqirka, and the Kolyma.
  • ELEMENTS OF RISK AND DISASTER
  • ELEMENTS OF FLOOD RISK HAZARDS EXPOSURE RISK VULNERABILITY LOCATION
  • FLOOD HAZARDS (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)• TOO MUCH WATER DISCHARGED WITHIN THE DRAINAGE SYSTEM TO BE ACCOMMODATED NORMALLY IN THE REGIONAL WATER CYCLE• EROSION• SCOUR• MUDFLOWS
  • THE VOLGA, “MOTHER VOLGA,” IS EUROPE’S LONGEST RIVER
  • FLOOD ON THE VOLGA: APRIL 2012
  • THE FLOOD HAZARDSARE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS
  • A DISASTER CAN HAPPEN WHEN THEPOTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF A FLOOD INTERACT WITH RUSSIA’S COMMUNITIES
  • CAUSES OF RISK LOSS OF FUNCTION OF STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAIN INUNDATION INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS STRUCTURAL/CONTENTS FLOODS DAMAGE FROM WATER WATER BORNE DISEASESCASE HISTORIES (HEALTH PROBLEMS) EROSION AND MUDFLOWS CONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER
  • A DISASTER is ------ the set of failures that overwhelm thecapability of a community to respondwithout external help when threecontinuums: 1) people, 2) community(i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, andsocial constructs), and 3) complexevents (e.g., floods, earthquakes,..)intersect at a point in space and time.
  • Disasters are caused by single- or multiple-event natural hazards that, (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of mortality, morbidity, homelessness,joblessness, economic losses, or environmental impacts.
  • THE REASONS ARE . . .• When it does happen, the functions of the community’s buildings and infrastructure will be LOST because they are UNPROTECTED with the appropriate codes and standards.
  • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is UN- PREPARED for what will likely happen, not to mention the low-probability of occurrence— high-probability of adverse consequences event.
  • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community has NO DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIO or WARNING SYSTEM in place as a strategic framework for early threat identification and coordinated local, national, regional, and international countermeasures.
  • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community LACKS THE CAPACITY TO RESPOND in a timely manner to the full spectrum of expected and unexpected emergency situations.
  • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is INEFFICIENT during recovery and reconstruction because it HAS NOT LEARNED from either the current experience or the cumulative prior experiences.
  • FLOODS IN RUSSIA MARCH 2010SPRING RUNOFF AFTER A HARSHWINTER INCREASES FLOOD RISKS ACROSS RUSSIA
  • Prime Minister Vladimir Putinwarned that thousands of Russian towns and villages could be affected by "unusually strong" spring floods as record snowfallmelted after the harshest winter in years.
  • Military planes and helicopterswere called in to help copewith floods in the basins of theOb, Angara, Yenisei, Lena andAmur Rivers by carrying outsurveillance missions andbreaking up ice jams.
  • FLOODING IN SERBIA
  • Serbia has been suffering from heavy rains since January and according tometeorologists the water levelin the rivers continued to grow for several weeks.
  • 30+ people died in floods in the south of Kazakhstan asheavy rains and melting snow resulted in the undercutting and bursting of the Kyzyl- Agash reservoir dam in the Alma-Ata region
  • As a result of high water in the region, railway travel ground to a halt, highwayswere sealed off, and searchand rescue operations were accelerated.
  • FLOODING IN KAZAKHSTAN
  • FLOODING SOUTH OF KAZAKHSTAN
  • FLOODING IN KAZAKHSTAN
  • Kazakhstan’s President,Nursultan Nazarbayev,ordered a governmentcommission to be set up, andinitiated actions to clean upthe damage and providesupport for the flood victims.
  • 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER JULY 2012
  • JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER• The 2012 Russian floods occurred in Krasnodar Krai (southwest Russia near the coast of the Black sea as the result of the equivalent of five months of rain (275 mm (10 inches) falling overnight.
  • JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER• 144 people died during the floods.• The floods damaged the homes of nearly 13,000 people.
  • JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER• Approximately 30,000 people were adversely impacted by the floods.
  • JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD
  • JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD
  • WITH ITS MANY RIVERS,RUSSIA’S NEXT FLOOD IS INEVITABLE • ---SO, DON’T WAIT FOR ANOTHER REMINDER OF THE IMPORTANCE OF BECOMING FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENT..
  • THE ALTERNATIVE TO A FLOOD DISASTER ISFLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • FLOOD RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK• FLOOD HAZARDS•INVENTORY RISK•VULNERABILITY UNACCEPTABLE RISK•LOCATION FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES RUSSIA’S AND INFORMATION COMMINITIES POLICY OPTIONS •PREPAREDNESSHAZARDS: •PROTECTIONGROUND SHAKINGGROUND FAILURE •FORECASTS/SCENARIOSSURFACE FAULTINGTECTONIC DEFORMATION •EMERGENCY RESPONSETSUNAMI RUN UP •RECOVERY andAFTERSHOCKS RECONSTRUCTION
  • DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR FLOODS• PURPOSE • TECHNIQUE• PROTECTION • WETLANDS, RESERVOIRS, LEVEES, DAMS• THREAT • REMOTE SENSING; IDENTIFICATION COMMUNICATION AND WARNING TECHNOLOGIES
  • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODS TECHNOLOGIES THAT FACILITATE THREAT IDENTI- FICATION FOR SMART COUNTER- MEASURES IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • EXAMPLE OF FLOODPROTECTION: A DAM
  • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODSPREPAREDNESS FOR ALL THE LIKELY FLOOD HAZARDS (E.G., HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL) IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODS TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR FLOODS• PURPOSE • TECHNIQUE• DO NOT BUILD IN • URBAN PLANNING THE FLOODPLAIN • A FLOOD• FACILITATE INSURANCE RECOVERY AND PROGRAMME RECONSTRUCTION