Learning from history: The memorable 2007 hurricane season

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This presentation is for historical perspective with respect to the 2013 hurricane season, which is still underway. The storm names in 2007 and 2013 are almost identical. A major exception is DEAN, which was retired and replaced with DORIAN in 2013. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Learning from history: The memorable 2007 hurricane season

  1. 1. PHYSICS OF A HURRICANE
  2. 2. THE 2007 ATLANTIC BASIN HURRICANE SEASON (Almost the Same Names as for the 2013 Season)
  3. 3. PHYSICS OF A HURRICANE
  4. 4. PHYSICAL PHENOMENA ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE WINDSTORMS  STORM SURGE  STRONG WIND FIELD  WIDESPREAD RAIN BANDS  FLOODING  COASTAL EROSION  LANDSLIDES
  5. 5. SEVERE WINDSTORMS: 2007 SEASON
  6. 6. TROPICAL STORM ANDREA: MAY 9-11, 2007
  7. 7. PATH OF TROPICAL STORM ANDREA: MAY 9-11, 2007
  8. 8. TROPICAL STORM BARRY: JUNE 1-2
  9. 9. TROPICAL STORM BARRY: JUNE 2  PROVIDED FLORIDA WITH MUCH NEEDED RAIN.
  10. 10. TROPICAL STORM CHANTAL: BAHAMAS, 31 JULY – 1 AUGUST
  11. 11. PATH OF TROPICAL STORM CHANTAL: 31 JULY – 1 AUGUST
  12. 12. CAT 5 HURRICANE DEAN: PRESSURE = 918; 13-23 AUGUST
  13. 13. PATH OF HURRICANE DEAN: AUGUST 13 – AUGUST 23
  14. 14. HURRICANE DEAN BECOMES TROPICAL DEPRESSION: AUG 23
  15. 15. DETAILS OF DEAN’S STORY Note: The Name “DEAN” was Retired and Replaced with “DORIAN” for the 2013 Season
  16. 16. CARIBBEAN INSURED LOSSES ESTIMATED AT $1.5 TO $3 BILLION • Most of the insured loss of $1.5 to $3 billion calculated by risk modeling company, EQECAT, for Hurricane Dean’s trek through the Caribbean was in Jamaica.
  17. 17. PROJECTED STORM TRACK: AUGUST 17, 2007
  18. 18. A CATEGORY 4 STORM ON AUGUST 18
  19. 19. HURRICANE DEAN: A CATEGORY 2-3 STORM ON AUGUST 17 • The eye of hurricane Dean, the first of the North Atlantic season, passed between the Caribbean islands: St. Lucia and Martinique, on Friday, August 17. • The two islands, less than 80 km (50 mi) apart were, were struck with winds of 165 - 200 km per hour (100 - 125 mi per hour), storm surge, and heavy rain.
  20. 20. IMPACTS ON MARTINIQUE • In Martinique, Hurricane Dean ripped roofs from houses, schools, and other buildings. • 100 percent of Martinique’s banana crop and 70 percent of the sugar cane crop were destroyed. • Trees were downed. • Electrical power was knocked out. • Airport were closed. • Tourists in coastal hotels were evacuated. • $270 million damage to infrastructure
  21. 21. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: WIND AND RAIN
  22. 22. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: ROOF DAMAGE
  23. 23. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: FLOODING
  24. 24. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: FLOODING
  25. 25. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: FLOODING
  26. 26. FORT DE FRANCE, MARTINIQUE: FLOODING
  27. 27. IMPACTS ON SAINT LUCIA • In Saint Lucia, Hurricane Dean turned the capital into a messy mixture of flood water and debris. • It ripped corrugated roofs off houses as well as the roof of the pediatric wing of Victoria Hospital. • It forced evacuations.
  28. 28. DAMAGE IN SAIMT LUCIA
  29. 29. IMPACTS ON ST. LUCIA • Hurricane Dean’s storm surge breached a protective sea wall, caused flooding, and created mountains of debris. • Downed electrical power poles and lines forced utility companies to shut off electrical power to prevent electrocution. • Loss of communications forced door-to- door warnings.
  30. 30. BARBADOS: PREPARATION FOR HURRICANE DEAN
  31. 31. IMPACTS ON DOMINICA • In Dominica, which is located north of Martinique, Hurricane Dean caused flooding, damaged 150 houses, and downed some fences and trees. • Dominica’s banana crop, a major export, was battered by Dean’s winds and rain.
  32. 32. EXPECTED IMPACTS ON HAITI AND DOMINICAN REPUBLIC • Hurricane Dean was expected to dump 12 cm (5 in) of rain on Hispanola, the location of Haiti and the Dominion Republic. • Haiti and the Dominion Republic are both prone to landslides and flooding, which heavy rainfall will exacerbate.
  33. 33. HURRICANE DEAN: DOWNED TREE IN HAITI
  34. 34. A CAT 4 STORM WITH WINDS OF 150 MPH: AUGUST 18
  35. 35. PREPARATION ON JAMAICA FOR DEAN’S ARRIVAL ON AUGUST 19 • Remembering tropical storm Jeanne in 2004 and expecting a direct hit from Hurricane Dean on Sunday with high winds and up to 50 cm (20 in) of rain, the 3 million residents were advised to began serious preparations.
  36. 36. PREPARATION ON JAMAICA FOR DEAN’S ARRIVAL ON AUGUST 19 • If riding out the storm, the initial actions were to stock up on food and water, to board houses, and tie down loose objects. • If evacuating, to move to shelters, or leave the area.
  37. 37. PREPARATION IN JAMAICA
  38. 38. KINGSTON, JAMAICA: PREPARATION FOR DEAN
  39. 39. PREPARATION IN JAMAICA FOR DEAN’S ARRIVAL ON AUGUST 19 • Tourists began going to the airport to leave. • Officials called a halt to campaigning for the elections on August 27th. • 1,000 Hurricane shelters in schools, churches, and indoor sports arenas were opened on August 18th and placed in a state- of-readiness. • But only 47 were fully occupied when the winds and rains began arriving on the 19th .
  40. 40. PREPARATION IN PEDERNALES: EVACUEES IN A CHURCH SHELTER
  41. 41. JAMAICA: STORM SURGE DESTROYED HOUSE
  42. 42. FLOODING, LANDSLIDES, AND DEBRIS IN KINGSTON, JAMAICA
  43. 43. TROPICAL STORM ERIN: 15-19 AUGUST
  44. 44. PATH OF TROPICAL STORM ERIN: 13 – 19 AUGUST
  45. 45. ERIN BEFORE LANDFALL IN TEXAS ON AUGUST 19, 2007
  46. 46. TROPICAL STORM ERIN: FLOODS IN HOUSTON
  47. 47. TROPICAL STORM ERIN SOAKS SAN ANTONIO, TX
  48. 48. AFTER DECAYING TO A TROPICAL DEPRESSION, ERIN CONTINUED TO CONTRIBUTE TO FLOODING IN TEXAS AND THE MIDWEST USA 14-23 AUGUST 2007
  49. 49. CAT 5 HURRICANE FELIX: PRESSURE = 929; AUGUST 31 – SEPTEMBER 5
  50. 50. PATH OF HURRICANE FELIX: AUGUST 31 – SEPTEMBER 5
  51. 51. TROPICAL STORM GABRIELLE: NORTH CAROLINA; 8 – 11 SEPT
  52. 52. CAT 1 HURRICANE HUMBERTO: TX-LA; 12-14 SEPTEMBER
  53. 53. PATH OF HURRICANE HUMBERTO:12-14 SEPTEMBER
  54. 54. TROPICAL STORM INGRID: LESSER ANTILLES; 12-14 SEPT
  55. 55. PATH OF TROPICAL STORM INGRID: 12-14 SEPTEMBER
  56. 56. TROPICAL STORM JERRY: 22-25 SEPTEMBER
  57. 57. PATH OF TROPICAL STORM KAREN: 25-29 SEPTEMBER
  58. 58. CAT 1 HURRICANE LORENZO: MEXICO; 25-28 SEPTEMBER
  59. 59. TROPICAL STORM MELISSA: 28 SEPTEMBER -
  60. 60. TROPICAL STORM NOEL 235 MILES SW OF NASSAU: OCT 31, 2007
  61. 61. TROPICAL STORM NOEL: HAITI, OCT 30, 2007
  62. 62. TROPICAL STORM NOEL: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: OCT 31
  63. 63. TROPICAL STORM OLGA HEADS TOWARDS JAMAICA: DEC 11, 2007

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