M6.3 EARTHQUAKE STRIKESKAKI, IRANTUESDAY, APRIL 9, 201332 DEAD850 INJURED
THE EPICENTER: KAKI• The town of Kaki is located 96 km (57miles) southeast of Bushehr, a town onthe Persian Gulf that is home of Iran’sfirst nuclear power plant, built withRussian help.• “No damage was done to the Bushehrpower plant.”
INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TOHORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKINGEARTHQUAKESSOIL AMPLIFICATIONPERMANENT DISPLACEMENT(SURFACE FAULTING & GROUNDFAILURE)IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATIONAND PLANFIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OFUTILITIESLACK OF DETAILING ANDCONSTRUCTION MATERIALSINATTENTION TO NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSESOFDAMAGE“DISASTERLABORATORIES”
A DISASTER is ------ the set of failures that overwhelm thecapability of a community to respondwithout external help when threecontinuums: 1) people, 2) community(i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, andsocial constructs), and 3) complexevents (e.g., earthquakes, cyclones,..)intersect at a point in space and time.
Disasters are caused bysingle- or multiple-eventnatural hazards that, (forvarious reasons), causeextreme levels of mortality,morbidity, homelessness,joblessness, economic losses,or environmental impacts.
THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is UN-PREPARED for what will likelyhappen
THE REASONS ARE . . .• When it does happen, thefunctions of the community’sbuildings and infrastructure thatare UNPROTECTED with theappropriate codes and standardswill be LOST.
INTENSITYV VI VII VIII IX35302520151050MEANDAMAGERATIO,%OFREPLACEMENTVALUECONSTRUCTION MATERIALS HAVEDIFFERENT VULNERABILITIES TOGROUND SHAKING
THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community has NO DISASTERPLANNING SCENARIO orWARNING SYSTEM in place as astrategic framework for concertedlocal, national, regional, andinternational actions.
THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community LACKS THECAPACITY TO RESPOND tothe full spectrum of emergencysituations that can occur.
THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is INEFFICIENTduring recovery andreconstruction because it HASNOT LEARNED from either thecurrent experience or thecumulative prior experiences.