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Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations
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Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations

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An informed community stake holder makes good decisions based on the books of knowledge on global earthquake realities. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How …

An informed community stake holder makes good decisions based on the books of knowledge on global earthquake realities. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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  • 1. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  • 2. EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE PART 2: Informing Community Stakeholders About Global Earthquake Disaster Situations
  • 3. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY
  • 4. YOURYOUR COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DATA BASESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENTRISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TOWARDS EARTHQUAKETOWARDS EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCEDISASTER RESILIENCE • PPREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONSPOLICY OPTIONS
  • 5. RESILIENCY POLICIES • PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR ANYTHING) • PROTECTION (BUILD TO WITHSTAND) • SCENARIOS (KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT)
  • 6. RESILIENCY POLICIES • EMERGENCY RESPONSE (SAVE LIVES & PROTECT PROPERTY) • RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION (RESTORE & NORM- ALIZE SERVICES)
  • 7. AN INFORMED COMMUNITY STAKE HOLDER MAKES GOOD DECISIONS BASED ON THE BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE ON GLOBAL EARTH- QUAKE REALITIES
  • 8. BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE TOOLS FOR ENACTING AND IMPLEMENTING POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, SCENARIOS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, and RECOVERY & RECONSTRUCTION
  • 9. BOOK OF BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives - Perspectives On Science, Policy, On Science, Policy, And EM HI-ED And EM HI-ED
  • 10. • OCCURRENCE (PLATE TECTONICS, LOCATION, FAULTING, SEISMICITY, …)
  • 11. Earthquakes occur as the result of global interactions between and within tectonic plates in the lithosphere that are slowly moving past each other as the result of stresses created by heat flow from deep inside the Earth.
  • 12. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  • 13. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  • 14. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  • 15. SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
  • 16. OCCURRENCE The Seismicity Record Contains Information on WHERE, HOW BIG, HOW DEEP, and HOW OFTEN
  • 17. SEISMICITY: EUROPE
  • 18. SEISMICITY: USA
  • 19. SEISMICITY: MID-AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN BASIN
  • 20. •PHYSICAL EFFFECTS (TSUNAMIS, GROUND SHAKING, GROUND FAILURE, …)
  • 21. REGIONAL DEFORMATION EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI VIBRATION FAULT RUPTURE FOUNDATION FAILURE AMPLIFICATION LIQUEFACTION LANDSLIDE AFTERSHOCKS SEICHE DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS
  • 22. SITUATION: A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS OCCUR MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE CIRCUM-PACIFIC REGION • OTHER LOCATIONS INCLUDE: INDIAN OCEAN, HAWAII, CARIBBEAN, PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN ISLANDS, GUAM, WESTERN USA, AND MEDITERRANEAN
  • 23. SIZE (VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL WAVE RUNUP) OF A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT 800 KM/ HOUR, SLOWING TO 50-500 KM/HR AS SHORE IS REACHED • WAVE HEIGHTS CAN REACH 30 M OR MORE • WAVES CAN TRAVEL 2 KM OR MORE INLAND
  • 24. SITUATION: STRONG GROUND SHAKING Ground Shaking records Indicate The Strength, Duration, And Dominant Frequencies of Ground Shaking
  • 25. PROBABILISTIC GROUND SHAKING MAP • SPATIAL VARIATION OF THE SEVERITY OF GROUND SHAKING EXPECTED DURING A SPECIFIC EXPOSURE TIME
  • 26. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LIQUEFACTION
  • 27. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LANDSLIDE
  • 28. • SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS (DAMAGE, LOSS OF FUNCTION, COLLAPSE, LOSS OF LIFE, LOSS OF HABITAT, LOSS OF JOBS, LOSS OF CONFIDENCE, LOSS OF ECONOMIC LOSSES, …)
  • 29. SITUATION: URBAN DAMAGE The Kocaeli (Turkey) Earthquake of 17 August 1999
  • 30. SITUATION: INTERIOR LOSS OF FUNCTION
  • 31. SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM BUILDING
  • 32. SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
  • 33. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  • 34. SITUATION: 56 MILLION DAMAGED BUILDINGS
  • 35. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF HOSPITAL
  • 36. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF SCHOOL
  • 37. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION HANSHIN EXPRESSWAY
  • 38. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION: ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY
  • 39. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF AIRPORT
  • 40. SITUATION: DISRUPTION OF TRANSPORTATION ROUTES
  • 41. SITUATION: DAM FAILURE
  • 42. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TO UTILITY CORRIDOR
  • 43. SITUATION: RADIOACTIVITY LEAK
  • 44. SITUATION: DEATH TOLL REACHED 220,OOO+
  • 45. SITUATIONl: 88,000 DEAD
  • 46. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
  • 47. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION IN PORT AREA
  • 48. SITUATION: RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • 49. SITUATION: OIL REFINERY FIRE
  • 50. SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND LOSS OF FIREFIGHTING CAPABILITY
  • 51. SITUATION: LOSS OF FIRE FIGHTING CAPABILITY
  • 52. SITUATION: EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
  • 53. SITUATION: NEED FOR TEMPORARY SHELTER
  • 54. SITUATION: LOSS OF BUSINESS
  • 55. SITUATION: LOSS OF 40 PERCENT OF GDP
  • 56. HIGH VELOCITY OF INCOMING WAVES TSUNAMISTSUNAMIS DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP AND RUNOFF VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS FLOODING INADEQUATE WARNING SYSTEMS PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI CAUSES OF RISK CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIESCASE HISTORIES
  • 57. SITUATION: $309 BILLION LOSS FROM TSUNAMI WAVES
  • 58. SITUATION: NEED FOR FOOD AND WATER
  • 59. SITUATION: LOSS OF REFINERY SERVICES

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