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THE TECTONIC PLATES
Figure 2.29
EARTHQUAKE DISASTER
RESILIENCE
PART 2: Informing Community
Stakeholders About Global Earthquake
Disaster Situations
The Process of Becoming an
Informed Community Stakeholder
is Like Learning How to Fly a
Plane Using A Flight Simulator
so:...
YOURYOUR
COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY
DATA BASESDATA BASES
AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION
HAZARDS:
GROUND SHAKING
GROUND FAILURE
SUR...
RESILIENCY POLICIES
• PREPAREDNESS
(BE READY FOR
ANYTHING)
• PROTECTION
(BUILD TO
WITHSTAND)
• SCENARIOS
(KNOW WHAT TO
EXP...
RESILIENCY POLICIES
• EMERGENCY
RESPONSE
(SAVE LIVES &
PROTECT
PROPERTY)
• RECOVERY AND
RECONSTRUCTION
(RESTORE & NORM-
AL...
AN INFORMED COMMUNITY
STAKE HOLDER
MAKES GOOD
DECISIONS BASED
ON THE BOOKS OF
KNOWLEDGE ON
GLOBAL EARTH-
QUAKE REALITIES
BOOKS OF
KNOWLEDGE
TOOLS FOR ENACTING AND
IMPLEMENTING POLICIES ON
PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION,
SCENARIOS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE...
BOOK
OF
BOOK
OF
KNOWLEDGE
KNOWLEDGE
- Perspectives
- Perspectives
On Science, Policy,
On Science, Policy,
And EM
HI-ED
And...
• OCCURRENCE
(PLATE TECTONICS, LOCATION, FAULTING,
SEISMICITY, …)
Earthquakes occur as the result of
global interactions between and
within tectonic plates in the
lithosphere that are slow...
THE TECTONIC PLATES
Figure 2.29
Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the
Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism
NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the
Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism
NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT
RUPTURE
OCCURRENCE
The Seismicity Record
Contains Information on
WHERE, HOW BIG, HOW
DEEP, and HOW OFTEN
SEISMICITY: EUROPE
SEISMICITY: USA
SEISMICITY: MID-AMERICA
AND CARIBBEAN BASIN
•PHYSICAL EFFFECTS
(TSUNAMIS, GROUND SHAKING, GROUND
FAILURE, …)
REGIONAL
DEFORMATION
EARTHQUAKE
TSUNAMI
VIBRATION
FAULT RUPTURE
FOUNDATION
FAILURE
AMPLIFICATION
LIQUEFACTION
LANDSLIDE
AF...
SITUATION: A TSUNAMI
• TSUNAMIS OCCUR MOST
FREQUENTLY IN THE
CIRCUM-PACIFIC REGION
• OTHER LOCATIONS
INCLUDE: INDIAN OCEAN...
SIZE (VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL
WAVE RUNUP) OF A TSUNAMI
• TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT
800 KM/ HOUR,
SLOWING TO 50-500
KM/HR AS SHORE IS
...
SITUATION:
STRONG GROUND SHAKING
Ground Shaking records Indicate
The Strength, Duration, And
Dominant Frequencies of Groun...
PROBABILISTIC GROUND SHAKING
MAP
• SPATIAL
VARIATION OF THE
SEVERITY OF
GROUND SHAKING
EXPECTED DURING
A SPECIFIC
EXPOSURE...
SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE:
LIQUEFACTION
SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE:
LANDSLIDE
• SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS
(DAMAGE, LOSS OF FUNCTION, COLLAPSE,
LOSS OF LIFE, LOSS OF HABITAT, LOSS OF
JOBS, LOSS OF CONFIDE...
SITUATION: URBAN DAMAGE
The Kocaeli
(Turkey) Earthquake
of 17 August 1999
SITUATION: INTERIOR LOSS
OF FUNCTION
SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM
BUILDING
SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF
HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO
HOUSING UNITS
SITUATION: 56 MILLION
DAMAGED BUILDINGS
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
OF HOSPITAL
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF
SCHOOL
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
HANSHIN EXPRESSWAY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION:
ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
OF AIRPORT
SITUATION: DISRUPTION OF
TRANSPORTATION ROUTES
SITUATION: DAM FAILURE
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TO
UTILITY CORRIDOR
SITUATION: RADIOACTIVITY
LEAK
SITUATION: DEATH TOLL
REACHED 220,OOO+
SITUATIONl: 88,000 DEAD
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
SITUATION: LOSS OF
FUNCTION IN PORT AREA
SITUATION: RELEASE OF
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
SITUATION: OIL REFINERY FIRE
SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND
LOSS OF FIREFIGHTING CAPABILITY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FIRE
FIGHTING CAPABILITY
SITUATION: EMERGENCY
MEDICAL SERVICES
SITUATION: NEED FOR TEMPORARY
SHELTER
SITUATION: LOSS OF BUSINESS
SITUATION: LOSS OF 40 PERCENT OF
GDP
HIGH VELOCITY OF INCOMING
WAVES
TSUNAMISTSUNAMIS
DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP AND
RUNOFF
VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP
INADEQUAT...
SITUATION: $309 BILLION LOSS
FROM TSUNAMI WAVES
SITUATION: NEED FOR FOOD
AND WATER
SITUATION: LOSS OF REFINERY
SERVICES
Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations
Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations
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Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations

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An informed community stake holder makes good decisions based on the books of knowledge on global earthquake realities. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Transcript of "Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations"

  1. 1. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  2. 2. EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE PART 2: Informing Community Stakeholders About Global Earthquake Disaster Situations
  3. 3. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY
  4. 4. YOURYOUR COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DATA BASESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENTRISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TOWARDS EARTHQUAKETOWARDS EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCEDISASTER RESILIENCE • PPREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONSPOLICY OPTIONS
  5. 5. RESILIENCY POLICIES • PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR ANYTHING) • PROTECTION (BUILD TO WITHSTAND) • SCENARIOS (KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT)
  6. 6. RESILIENCY POLICIES • EMERGENCY RESPONSE (SAVE LIVES & PROTECT PROPERTY) • RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION (RESTORE & NORM- ALIZE SERVICES)
  7. 7. AN INFORMED COMMUNITY STAKE HOLDER MAKES GOOD DECISIONS BASED ON THE BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE ON GLOBAL EARTH- QUAKE REALITIES
  8. 8. BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE TOOLS FOR ENACTING AND IMPLEMENTING POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, SCENARIOS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, and RECOVERY & RECONSTRUCTION
  9. 9. BOOK OF BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives - Perspectives On Science, Policy, On Science, Policy, And EM HI-ED And EM HI-ED
  10. 10. • OCCURRENCE (PLATE TECTONICS, LOCATION, FAULTING, SEISMICITY, …)
  11. 11. Earthquakes occur as the result of global interactions between and within tectonic plates in the lithosphere that are slowly moving past each other as the result of stresses created by heat flow from deep inside the Earth.
  12. 12. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  13. 13. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  14. 14. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  15. 15. SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
  16. 16. OCCURRENCE The Seismicity Record Contains Information on WHERE, HOW BIG, HOW DEEP, and HOW OFTEN
  17. 17. SEISMICITY: EUROPE
  18. 18. SEISMICITY: USA
  19. 19. SEISMICITY: MID-AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN BASIN
  20. 20. •PHYSICAL EFFFECTS (TSUNAMIS, GROUND SHAKING, GROUND FAILURE, …)
  21. 21. REGIONAL DEFORMATION EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI VIBRATION FAULT RUPTURE FOUNDATION FAILURE AMPLIFICATION LIQUEFACTION LANDSLIDE AFTERSHOCKS SEICHE DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS
  22. 22. SITUATION: A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS OCCUR MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE CIRCUM-PACIFIC REGION • OTHER LOCATIONS INCLUDE: INDIAN OCEAN, HAWAII, CARIBBEAN, PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN ISLANDS, GUAM, WESTERN USA, AND MEDITERRANEAN
  23. 23. SIZE (VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL WAVE RUNUP) OF A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT 800 KM/ HOUR, SLOWING TO 50-500 KM/HR AS SHORE IS REACHED • WAVE HEIGHTS CAN REACH 30 M OR MORE • WAVES CAN TRAVEL 2 KM OR MORE INLAND
  24. 24. SITUATION: STRONG GROUND SHAKING Ground Shaking records Indicate The Strength, Duration, And Dominant Frequencies of Ground Shaking
  25. 25. PROBABILISTIC GROUND SHAKING MAP • SPATIAL VARIATION OF THE SEVERITY OF GROUND SHAKING EXPECTED DURING A SPECIFIC EXPOSURE TIME
  26. 26. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LIQUEFACTION
  27. 27. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LANDSLIDE
  28. 28. • SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS (DAMAGE, LOSS OF FUNCTION, COLLAPSE, LOSS OF LIFE, LOSS OF HABITAT, LOSS OF JOBS, LOSS OF CONFIDENCE, LOSS OF ECONOMIC LOSSES, …)
  29. 29. SITUATION: URBAN DAMAGE The Kocaeli (Turkey) Earthquake of 17 August 1999
  30. 30. SITUATION: INTERIOR LOSS OF FUNCTION
  31. 31. SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM BUILDING
  32. 32. SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
  33. 33. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  34. 34. SITUATION: 56 MILLION DAMAGED BUILDINGS
  35. 35. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF HOSPITAL
  36. 36. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF SCHOOL
  37. 37. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION HANSHIN EXPRESSWAY
  38. 38. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION: ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY
  39. 39. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF AIRPORT
  40. 40. SITUATION: DISRUPTION OF TRANSPORTATION ROUTES
  41. 41. SITUATION: DAM FAILURE
  42. 42. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TO UTILITY CORRIDOR
  43. 43. SITUATION: RADIOACTIVITY LEAK
  44. 44. SITUATION: DEATH TOLL REACHED 220,OOO+
  45. 45. SITUATIONl: 88,000 DEAD
  46. 46. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
  47. 47. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION IN PORT AREA
  48. 48. SITUATION: RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  49. 49. SITUATION: OIL REFINERY FIRE
  50. 50. SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND LOSS OF FIREFIGHTING CAPABILITY
  51. 51. SITUATION: LOSS OF FIRE FIGHTING CAPABILITY
  52. 52. SITUATION: EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
  53. 53. SITUATION: NEED FOR TEMPORARY SHELTER
  54. 54. SITUATION: LOSS OF BUSINESS
  55. 55. SITUATION: LOSS OF 40 PERCENT OF GDP
  56. 56. HIGH VELOCITY OF INCOMING WAVES TSUNAMISTSUNAMIS DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP AND RUNOFF VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS FLOODING INADEQUATE WARNING SYSTEMS PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI CAUSES OF RISK CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIESCASE HISTORIES
  57. 57. SITUATION: $309 BILLION LOSS FROM TSUNAMI WAVES
  58. 58. SITUATION: NEED FOR FOOD AND WATER
  59. 59. SITUATION: LOSS OF REFINERY SERVICES
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