GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE:
AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION
OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL
FRAMEWORK 1
A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER-
DISCIPLINARY DIALOGUE
ON
GLOBAL DISASTERS
AND DISASTER RESILIENCE
1. SCOPE
FROM VULNERABLE CONTINUUMS
TO
A DISASTER
TO
DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES
THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF
“THE BEST PO...
A DISASTER is ---
--- the set of failures that occur when
the continuums of: 1) people, 2)
community (i.e., a set of habit...
THREE DYNAMIC CONTINUUMS
• PEOPLE (7+ Billion and
counting)
• COMMUNITIES
• RECURRING EVENTS
(AKA Natural Hazards, which a...
PEOPLE = INNOVATION
200 NATIONS AND 7+
BILLION PEOPLE
NORTH
AMERICA
CARIBBEAN
BASIN
SUB-SAHARA
AFRICA
MEDITER-
RANEAN
ISLA...
INTERSECTION OF THESE
CONTINUUMS IS INEVITABLE
SOME INTERSECTIONS WILL
CAUSE A DISASTER,
AND SOME WON’T
THE PEOPLE CONTINUUM
• 7 + BILLION
(DISTRIBUTED
THROUGHOUT
THE WORLD)
LIKE AN INFINITE SERIES: A CONTINUUM
OF INNOVATION NEVER ENDS
LIKE A CHAIN: A CONTINUUM
HAS WEAK LINKS TO IMPROVE
FOUR UNIVERSAL WEAK-LINKS
• IGNORANCE
• APATHY
• DISCIPLINARY
BOUNDARIES
• LACK OF POLITICAL WILL
THE COMMUNITY CONTINUUM:
(SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS TO BENEFIT THE PEOPLE)
• GOVERNMENT
• DWELLINGS
• SCHOOLS
• HEALTH CARE
FACILI...
EACH COMMUNITY MUST BE
READY FOR THE INEVITABLE
INTERSECTION THAT WILL
CHALLENGE ITS
STATE-OF-RESILIENCE
THE RECURRING - EVENTS
CONTINUUM
• LANDSLIDES
• FLOODS
• SEVERE
WINDSTORMS
• EARTHQUAKES
• DROUGHTS
• ETC.
RECURRING VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS
RECURRING EARTHQUAKES
RECURRING TROPICAL STORMS
TYPHOONS, HURRICANES, AND CYCLONES
RECURRING FLOODS
RECURRING WILDFIRES (Makes
a locale susceptible to landslides)
CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
IS DEFINED BY ANECTDOTAL,
EMPIRICAL, LINEAR, NON-LINEAR,
STATISTICAL, FUZZY,
PROBABILISTIC, . . . AND
TH...
FRAMEWORK 2
A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER-
DISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION
OF KNOWLEDGE FOR
THE END GAME OF
DISASTER RESILIENCE
IN THE 2...
POLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR
DISASTER RESILIENCE
Anticipatory Preparedness
Adoption and Implementation of Realistic Urban
Pl...
YOUR
COMMUNITYDATA BASES
AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS:
GROUND SHAKING
GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING
TECTONIC DEFORMATION
TSUN...
THE END GAME CHALLENGE:
BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES
INNIVATIVE ACTIONS: CREATE, ADJUST,
AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNER...
BEST POLICIES AND BEST
PRACTICES
WILL IDENTIFY/CLOSE
KNOWLEDGE DIVIDES AND GAPS,
AND
IDENTIFY/FIX WEAK LINKS IN THE
PEOPLE...
BEST POLICIES AND BEST
PRACTICES WILL
CALL FOR INNOVATIVE
USE OF TECHNOLOGY
AND STRATEGIC
PLANNING
THE STATE-OF-RESILIENCE WILL
INCREASE EXPONEBTIALLY AS ---
a) The CAPACITY of the PEOPLE is
increased, b) Physical and
org...
LANDSLIDES
INNOVATIVE PREPAREDNESS
USE GLOBAL LANDSLIDE
DISASTER LABORATORIES AS A
BASIS FOR PREPARING FROM “A”
(Emergency Response) ...
SITING AND BUILDING ON
UNSTABLE SLOPES
LANDSLIDES
SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE
TO FALLS
SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE
TO TOPPLES
SO...
DISASTER RESILIENCE
STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES
EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR
LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE
• FORECASTS OF
SLOPE FAILURE
• MONITORING
TECHNOLOGIES (E.G.,
THE ...
DISASTER RESILIENCE
STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES
• PURPOSE
• PREVENTION
• IDENTIFICATION OF
SPECIFIC RISKS
• IDENTIFICATION O...
SITE-SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION OF
SPECIFIC RISKS
• INTEGRATION OF
SITE-SPECIFIC
GEOLOGIC AND
ENGINEERING DATA
DURING CON-
ST...
SITE-SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION OF
SPECIIC RISKS
• LOSS OF FUNCTION
IS REDUCED WHEN
SITE-SPECIFIC
GEOLOGIC AND
ENGINEERING DA...
MEXICO: REMOTE SENSING AFTER HEAVY
RAINS, JULY 2007
CHINA: IDENTIFICATION OF
EARTHQUAKE LAKE, MAY 12, 2008
DISASTER RESILIENCE
STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES
• PURPOSE
• STABALIZE
HAZARDOUS
SLOPES
• AVOID SPECIFIC
LANDSLIDE
HAZARDS
• ...
CHINA: STABALIZE HAZARDOUS
SLOPES, MAY 12, 2008
CHINA: STABALIZE HAZARDOUS
SLOPES. MAY 12, 2008
CHINA: CREATION OF DIVERSION
CHANNEL, MAY 12, 2008
DISASTER RESILIENCE
STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES
• PURPOSE
• SEARCH AND
RESCUE
• EVACUATION
• TECHNIQUE
• COMMUNITY
EMERGENCY...
HONDURAS: SEARCH AND RESCUE
• WHEN A MUDFLOW
TRIGGERED BY A
HURRICANE BURIES
A TOWN, SEARCH
AND RESCUE
BECOMES VERY
URGENT...
CHINA: SEARCH AND RESCUE:
MAY 12, 2008
LANDSLIDE DEBRIS REMOVAL: COM-
MUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
AN URGENT NEED FOR EVACUATION
AS LANDSLIDES DAM RIVER
Evacuation needed! The rising
lake of water behind the debris
dam th...
TANGJIASHAN, LARGEST OF 69
"QUAKE LAKES"
ONE OF 69 "QUAKE LAKES":
BEI HE RIVER DAMMED BY
LANDSLIDE DEBRIS
CHINA: THOUSANDS EVACUATE
•Warned by government
officials, survivors in Beichuan
(100 km; 60 miles south) and
other towns ...
CHINA: EVACUATION, MAY 12,
2008:
TEMPORARY SHELTERS:
COMMUNITY EVACUATION PLAN
GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE. AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL
GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE. AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL
GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE. AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL
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GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE. AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL

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Landslides Represent Permanent Deformation Caused By The Downward And Outward Movements Of Large Volumes Of Soil And/Or Rock Under The Influence Of Gravity. Landslides Occur Naturally. Landslides Can Be Triggered And/Or Exacerbated By: 1) Water (From Precipitation During A Tropical Storm, Hurricane, Or Typhoon), Or 2) Vibrations (From Ground Shaking) During An Earthquake. Millions Of Communities Are Not Resilient To Landslide Disasters. The International Community Often Provides Millions To Billions Of Dollars In Relief To Help “pick Up The Pieces, ” But This Strategy Is Not Enough By Itself To Ensure Disaster Resilience. The Challenge Is To Create, Adjust And Realign Programs, Partners And People Until One Has Created The Kind Of "Turning Points" Needed For Moving Towards Landslide Disaster, Resilience. Using Educational Surges Containing The Past And Present Lessons To Foster And Accelerate The Creation Of Turning Points. Integration Of Scientific And Technical Solutions With Political Solutions For Policies On Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, Emergency Response, And Recovery. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster Reduction

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GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE. AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL

  1. 1. GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE: AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORY MODEL
  2. 2. FRAMEWORK 1 A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER- DISCIPLINARY DIALOGUE ON GLOBAL DISASTERS AND DISASTER RESILIENCE
  3. 3. 1. SCOPE FROM VULNERABLE CONTINUUMS TO A DISASTER TO DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF “THE BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES” OF DISASTER RESILIENCE
  4. 4. A DISASTER is --- --- the set of failures that occur when the continuums of: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) recurring events (e.g., landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods, ...,) intersect at a point in space and time, when and where the community is not ready.
  5. 5. THREE DYNAMIC CONTINUUMS • PEOPLE (7+ Billion and counting) • COMMUNITIES • RECURRING EVENTS (AKA Natural Hazards, which are proof of a DYNAMIC EARTH)
  6. 6. PEOPLE = INNOVATION 200 NATIONS AND 7+ BILLION PEOPLE NORTH AMERICA CARIBBEAN BASIN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA MEDITER- RANEAN ISLAND NATIONS ASIA SOUTH AMERICA EUROPE
  7. 7. INTERSECTION OF THESE CONTINUUMS IS INEVITABLE SOME INTERSECTIONS WILL CAUSE A DISASTER, AND SOME WON’T
  8. 8. THE PEOPLE CONTINUUM • 7 + BILLION (DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD)
  9. 9. LIKE AN INFINITE SERIES: A CONTINUUM OF INNOVATION NEVER ENDS
  10. 10. LIKE A CHAIN: A CONTINUUM HAS WEAK LINKS TO IMPROVE
  11. 11. FOUR UNIVERSAL WEAK-LINKS • IGNORANCE • APATHY • DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES • LACK OF POLITICAL WILL
  12. 12. THE COMMUNITY CONTINUUM: (SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS TO BENEFIT THE PEOPLE) • GOVERNMENT • DWELLINGS • SCHOOLS • HEALTH CARE FACILITIES • BUSINESSES • INFRA- STRUCTURE • ETC
  13. 13. EACH COMMUNITY MUST BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE INTERSECTION THAT WILL CHALLENGE ITS STATE-OF-RESILIENCE
  14. 14. THE RECURRING - EVENTS CONTINUUM • LANDSLIDES • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • DROUGHTS • ETC.
  15. 15. RECURRING VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
  16. 16. RECURRING EARTHQUAKES
  17. 17. RECURRING TROPICAL STORMS TYPHOONS, HURRICANES, AND CYCLONES
  18. 18. RECURRING FLOODS
  19. 19. RECURRING WILDFIRES (Makes a locale susceptible to landslides)
  20. 20. CURRENT KNOWLEDGE IS DEFINED BY ANECTDOTAL, EMPIRICAL, LINEAR, NON-LINEAR, STATISTICAL, FUZZY, PROBABILISTIC, . . . AND THEORETICAL MODELS HAVING DIVIDES, GAPS, AND UNCERTAINTIES
  21. 21. FRAMEWORK 2 A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER- DISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY
  22. 22. POLICIES AND PRACTICES FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE Anticipatory Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of Realistic Urban Plans, Building Codes & Standards Monitoring and Timely Early Warning Timely Emergency Response (including Evacuation and Emergency Medical Services) Cost-Effective Recovery/Reconstruction
  23. 23. YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •FLOODS •SEVERE WIND STORMS •EARTHQUAKES …ETC A DISASTER CAUSES FAILURES IN POLICIES FAILURES IN PRACTICES COUNTER MEASURES • BEST POLICIES •BEST PRACTICES DISASTER RESILIENCE
  24. 24. THE END GAME CHALLENGE: BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES INNIVATIVE ACTIONS: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE PARA-DIGM SHIFTS THAT ARE NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS DISASTER RESILIENCE
  25. 25. BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES WILL IDENTIFY/CLOSE KNOWLEDGE DIVIDES AND GAPS, AND IDENTIFY/FIX WEAK LINKS IN THE PEOPLE/COMMUNITY CONTINUUMS
  26. 26. BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES WILL CALL FOR INNOVATIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGY AND STRATEGIC PLANNING
  27. 27. THE STATE-OF-RESILIENCE WILL INCREASE EXPONEBTIALLY AS --- a) The CAPACITY of the PEOPLE is increased, b) Physical and organizational VULNERABILITIES in the COMMUNITY are eliminated, and c) Each people-community-hazard INTERSECTION is met successfully.
  28. 28. LANDSLIDES
  29. 29. INNOVATIVE PREPAREDNESS USE GLOBAL LANDSLIDE DISASTER LABORATORIES AS A BASIS FOR PREPARING FROM “A” (Emergency Response) TO “Z” (Recovery and Reconstruction)
  30. 30. SITING AND BUILDING ON UNSTABLE SLOPES LANDSLIDES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO FALLS SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO TOPPLES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO SPREADS SOIL AND ROCK SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLOWS PRECIPITATION THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE SHAKING GROUND SHAKING THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE CAUSES OF DAMAGE GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
  31. 31. DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES
  32. 32. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE • FORECASTS OF SLOPE FAILURE • MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES (E.G., THE ISS; SATTELITES; SENSORS IN LOCAL ACTIVE SLIDES) • WARNING SYSTEMS • DATABASES FOR EACH LANDSLIDE • COMPUTER MODELS OF SPECIFIC LANDSLIDES • HAZARD MAPS • DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIOS • RISK ASSESSMENT MODELS
  33. 33. DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES • PURPOSE • PREVENTION • IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIFIC RISKS • IDENTIFICATION OF LANDSLIDES AFTER STORMS OR EARTHQUAKES • TECHNIQUE • RETAINING WALLS (LOCAL SCALE) • USE OF SITE- SPECIFIC DATA • USE OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNOLOGIES
  34. 34. SITE-SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIFIC RISKS • INTEGRATION OF SITE-SPECIFIC GEOLOGIC AND ENGINEERING DATA DURING CON- STRUCTION OF A HIGHWAY CAN PREVENT FUTURE LOSS OF FUNCTION FROM LANDSLIDES.
  35. 35. SITE-SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIIC RISKS • LOSS OF FUNCTION IS REDUCED WHEN SITE-SPECIFIC GEOLOGIC AND ENGINEERING DATA ARE WELL INTEGRATED.
  36. 36. MEXICO: REMOTE SENSING AFTER HEAVY RAINS, JULY 2007
  37. 37. CHINA: IDENTIFICATION OF EARTHQUAKE LAKE, MAY 12, 2008
  38. 38. DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES • PURPOSE • STABALIZE HAZARDOUS SLOPES • AVOID SPECIFIC LANDSLIDE HAZARDS • TECHNIQUE • SITE MODIFI- CATION • MAPS OF SPECIFIC HAZARDS: LAND USE ZONING ORDINANCES
  39. 39. CHINA: STABALIZE HAZARDOUS SLOPES, MAY 12, 2008
  40. 40. CHINA: STABALIZE HAZARDOUS SLOPES. MAY 12, 2008
  41. 41. CHINA: CREATION OF DIVERSION CHANNEL, MAY 12, 2008
  42. 42. DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR LANDSLIDES • PURPOSE • SEARCH AND RESCUE • EVACUATION • TECHNIQUE • COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN • COMMUNITY EVACUATION PLAN
  43. 43. HONDURAS: SEARCH AND RESCUE • WHEN A MUDFLOW TRIGGERED BY A HURRICANE BURIES A TOWN, SEARCH AND RESCUE BECOMES VERY URGENT AND VERY COMPLICATED.
  44. 44. CHINA: SEARCH AND RESCUE: MAY 12, 2008
  45. 45. LANDSLIDE DEBRIS REMOVAL: COM- MUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
  46. 46. AN URGENT NEED FOR EVACUATION AS LANDSLIDES DAM RIVER Evacuation needed! The rising lake of water behind the debris dam threatened to break through its banks and send a wall of water into the entire epicentral area.
  47. 47. TANGJIASHAN, LARGEST OF 69 "QUAKE LAKES"
  48. 48. ONE OF 69 "QUAKE LAKES": BEI HE RIVER DAMMED BY LANDSLIDE DEBRIS
  49. 49. CHINA: THOUSANDS EVACUATE •Warned by government officials, survivors in Beichuan (100 km; 60 miles south) and other towns down river evacuated as fast as possible, using all available means.
  50. 50. CHINA: EVACUATION, MAY 12, 2008:
  51. 51. TEMPORARY SHELTERS: COMMUNITY EVACUATION PLAN

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