542 OF THE 1,500 ACTIVE VOLCANOES
ARE LOCATED IN “RING OF FIRE”
REMEMBERING SOME OF
THE LESSONS FROM ONE
OF 2013’S NONDISASTERS
PART 5: EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS
INDONESIA
VOLCANO SINABUNG ON
NORTH
SUMATRA, INDONESIA
ERUPTS
November 3, 2013
--- But No Disaster This Time
UNDERSTANDING
EXPLOSIVE VOLCANOES
542 OF THE 1,500 ACTIVE VOLCANOES
ARE LOCATED IN “RING OF FIRE”
VOLCANOES IN INDONESIA
INDONESIA, A PART OF THE PACIFIC
“RING OF FIRE,” HAS 127 ACTIVE
VOLCANOES AS A RESULT OF COMPLEX
SU...
INDONESIA’S VOLCANOES
PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF
EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONSA NATURAL HAZARD

VERTICAL ASH PLUME, HIGH-VELOCITY
LATERAL BLAST, TEPHRA,...
VOLCANO HAZARDS
CAN HAVE FAR REACHING IMPACTS

• VERTICAL ASH PLUME (can
affect jet aircraft)
• ASH AND TEPHRA
• LATERAL B...
VOLCANO HAZARDS
CAN HAVE FAR REACHING IMPACTS

• LAVA FLOWS
• LAHARS (can bury villages)
• EARTHQUAKES (related to
movemen...
CAUSES
OF RISK

LATERAL BLAST
PYROCLASTIC FLOWS
FLYING DEBRIS
EXPLOSIVE
VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS
CASE HISTORIES

VOLCANIC ASH
LA...
BEFORE AUGUST, 2010,
SINABUNG HAD BEEN
INACTIVE FOR 400 YEARS
The August eruption led to an
evacuation of 30,000 people
MOUNT SINABUNG:
NOV. 3, 2013
SEPTEMBER 2013 ERUPTION
• An eruption in September 2013
also prompted an evacuation--about 3,500 villagers lining within
3...
OCTOBER 2013 ERUPTION
• Another eruption on October
24th also prompted an
evacuation of about 3,500
villagers lining withi...
WHAT HAPPENED
NOVEMBER 3RD
• The 8,530-foot-high mountain erupted
early on Sunday, November 3rd,
sending a vertical ash pl...
TOWARDS VOLCANIC
ERUPTION DISASTER
RESILIENCE
VOLCANO RISK
•VOLCANO HAZARDS
•PEOPLE & BLDGS.
•VULNERABILITY
•LOCATION

DATA BASES
AND INFORMATION

ACCEPTABLE RISK
RISK
...
TOWARDS DISASTER RISK
REDUCTION FOR VOLCANOES
RISK ASSESSMENT
• VULNERABILITY
• COST

• EXPOSURE

VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS

• EV...
THE KEYS TO RESILIENCE:
1) KNOW THE ERUPTIVE HISTORY OF
YOUR REGION’S VOLCANOES,

2) BE PREPARED
3) HAVE A WARNING SYSTEM
...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE

 USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING
THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS ...
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME
FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN
EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL,
HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL
CAPACITY BUILDING
IN AL...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE
INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND
TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL
SO...
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL
CONSIDERATIONS
OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on
local, ...
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Explosive volcanic eruptions remembering some of the lessons from one of 2013’s non disasters

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There are five keys to resilience to volcanic corruption disasters: 1) know the eruptive history of your region’s volcanoes, 2) be prepared 3) have a warning system 4) evacuate 5) learn from the experience and be ready to start over

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Explosive volcanic eruptions remembering some of the lessons from one of 2013’s non disasters

  1. 1. 542 OF THE 1,500 ACTIVE VOLCANOES ARE LOCATED IN “RING OF FIRE”
  2. 2. REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LESSONS FROM ONE OF 2013’S NONDISASTERS PART 5: EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
  3. 3. INDONESIA
  4. 4. VOLCANO SINABUNG ON NORTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA ERUPTS November 3, 2013 --- But No Disaster This Time
  5. 5. UNDERSTANDING EXPLOSIVE VOLCANOES
  6. 6. 542 OF THE 1,500 ACTIVE VOLCANOES ARE LOCATED IN “RING OF FIRE”
  7. 7. VOLCANOES IN INDONESIA INDONESIA, A PART OF THE PACIFIC “RING OF FIRE,” HAS 127 ACTIVE VOLCANOES AS A RESULT OF COMPLEX SUBDUCTION OF THE INDO-AUSTRALIA AND EURASIA TECTONIC PLATES
  8. 8. INDONESIA’S VOLCANOES
  9. 9. PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONSA NATURAL HAZARD VERTICAL ASH PLUME, HIGH-VELOCITY LATERAL BLAST, TEPHRA, LAVA FLOWS, LAHARS, AND VOLCANIC WINTER
  10. 10. VOLCANO HAZARDS CAN HAVE FAR REACHING IMPACTS • VERTICAL ASH PLUME (can affect jet aircraft) • ASH AND TEPHRA • LATERAL BLAST • PYROCLASTIC CLOUDS, BURSTS, AND FLOWS
  11. 11. VOLCANO HAZARDS CAN HAVE FAR REACHING IMPACTS • LAVA FLOWS • LAHARS (can bury villages) • EARTHQUAKES (related to movement of lava) • “VOLCANIC WINTER” (causing famine and mass extinctions)
  12. 12. CAUSES OF RISK LATERAL BLAST PYROCLASTIC FLOWS FLYING DEBRIS EXPLOSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS CASE HISTORIES VOLCANIC ASH LAVA FLOWS LAHARS TOXIC GASES
  13. 13. BEFORE AUGUST, 2010, SINABUNG HAD BEEN INACTIVE FOR 400 YEARS The August eruption led to an evacuation of 30,000 people
  14. 14. MOUNT SINABUNG: NOV. 3, 2013
  15. 15. SEPTEMBER 2013 ERUPTION • An eruption in September 2013 also prompted an evacuation--about 3,500 villagers lining within 3 km of the volcano.
  16. 16. OCTOBER 2013 ERUPTION • Another eruption on October 24th also prompted an evacuation of about 3,500 villagers lining within 2-3 km of the volcano.
  17. 17. WHAT HAPPENED NOVEMBER 3RD • The 8,530-foot-high mountain erupted early on Sunday, November 3rd, sending a vertical ash plume 7,000 feet into the air. • This eruption prompted an evacuation of 1,500 people living within 3 km of the volcano.
  18. 18. TOWARDS VOLCANIC ERUPTION DISASTER RESILIENCE
  19. 19. VOLCANO RISK •VOLCANO HAZARDS •PEOPLE & BLDGS. •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION DATA BASES AND INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK INDONESIA’S GOAL: VOLCANO DISASTER RESILIENCE COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS • PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION
  20. 20. TOWARDS DISASTER RISK REDUCTION FOR VOLCANOES RISK ASSESSMENT • VULNERABILITY • COST • EXPOSURE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • EVENT EXPECTED LOSS • BENEFIT •CONSEQUENCES POLICY ASSESSMENT POLICY ADOPTION
  21. 21. THE KEYS TO RESILIENCE: 1) KNOW THE ERUPTIVE HISTORY OF YOUR REGION’S VOLCANOES, 2) BE PREPARED 3) HAVE A WARNING SYSTEM 4) EVACUATE 5) LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE AND BE READY TO START OVER
  22. 22. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE  USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS
  23. 23. 2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
  24. 24. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EARLY WARNING, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
  25. 25. INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Real and Near- Real Time Monitoring Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Characterization Best Practices for Mitigation Adaptation and Monitoring Situation Data Bases APPLICATIONS EDUCATIONAL SURGES Relocation/Rerouting of Cities and City Lifelines Enlighten Communities on Their Risks Create a Hazard Zonation Map as a Policy Tool Implement Modern Codes and Lifeline Standards Cause & Effect Relationships Introduce New Technologies Anticipatory Actions for all Events and Situations Move Towards A Disaster Intelligent Community Interfaces with all Real- and Near Real-Time Sources Gateways to a Deeper Understanding Build Strategic Equity Through Disaster Scenarios Involve Partners in Turning Point Experimemts Multiply Capability by International Twinning Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster

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