• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Disaster preparedness lessons learned from past catastrophic earthquakes in russia
 

Disaster preparedness lessons learned from past catastrophic earthquakes in russia

on

  • 729 views

A disaster is ...

A disaster is
--- the set of failures that overwhelm the capability of a community to respond without external help  when three continuums: 1)  people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) complex events (e.g., earthquakes, landslides,..) intersect at a point in space and time.
Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Statistics

Views

Total Views
729
Views on SlideShare
728
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

https://twitter.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Disaster preparedness lessons learned from past catastrophic earthquakes in russia Disaster preparedness lessons learned from past catastrophic earthquakes in russia Presentation Transcript

    • SEISMICITY MAP SINCE 1900:KAMCHATKA HAS THE MOST SEISMIC ACTIVITY
    • LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS RUSSIA PART 3: EARTHQUAKES
    • NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS IN RUSSIA FLOODSGOAL: PROTECT PEOPLEAND COMMUNITIES WINDSTORMSHIGH BENEFIT/COST EARTHQUAKESPROGRAMS FORBECOMING DISASTER WILDFIRESRESILIENT ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
    • TECTONIC PLATES
    • Natural Phenomena that Cause DisastersPlanet Earth’s Restlessness Causes Movement of Tectonic Plates, which leads to:Earthquakes
    • KURIL-KAMCHATKA TRENCH• Many earthquakes and tsunamis originate from Kamchatka as a result of subduction of the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate at the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench
    • SEISMICITY MAP SINCE 1900:KAMCHATKA HAS THE MOST SEISMIC ACTIVITY
    • FORTUNATELY, THEREGION IS SPARSELY POPULATED
    • ELEMENTS OF RISK AND DISASTER
    • ELEMENTS OF EARTHQUAKE RISK HAZARDS EXPOSURE RISK VULNERABILITY LOCATION
    • A DISASTER CAN HAPPEN WHEN THEPOTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTSOF AN EARTHQUAKE INTERACT WITH THE VULNERABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENTS OF NEW ZEALAND’S COMMUNITIES
    • EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS:ARE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS
    • TSUNAMI DAMAGE/ LOSS FAULT RUPTURE TECTONIC DAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/LOSS DEFORMATION FOUNDATION DAMAGE/ LOSSEARTHQUAKE FAILURE SITE DAMAGE/ LOSS AMPLIFICATION GROUND LIQUEFACTION DAMAGE/ LOSS SHAKING LANDSLIDES DAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/LOSS AFTERSHOCKS DAMAGE/ LOSS SEICHE DAMAGE/ LOSS
    • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL EARTH- QUAKES PREPAREDNESS FOR THE LIKELY GROUND SHAKING AND GROUND FAILURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • VULNERABILITY TOGROUND SHAKING
    • CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS HAVE DIFFERENT VULNERABILITIES TO GROUND SHAKING 35% OF REPLACEMENT VALUE 30 MEAN DAMAGE RATIO, 25 20 15 10 5 0 V VI VII VIII IX INTENSITY
    • CAUSES OF DAMAGE INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING SOIL AMPLIFICATION PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE) IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATIONEARTHQUAKES AND PLAN “DISASTER FIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OFLABORATORIES” UTILITIES LACK OF DETAILING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS INATTENTION TO NON- STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
    • A DISASTER is ------ the set of failures that overwhelm thecapability of a community to respondwithout external help when threecontinuums: 1) people, 2) community(i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, andsocial constructs), and 3) complexevents (e.g., earthquakes, landslides,..)intersect at a point in space and time.
    • Disasters are caused by single- or multiple-event natural hazards that, (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of mortality, morbidity, homelessness,joblessness, economic losses, or environmental impacts.
    • THE REASONS ARE . . .• When it does happen, the functions of the community’s buildings and infrastructure will be LOST because they are UNPROTECTED with the appropriate codes and standards.
    • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is UN- PREPARED for what will likely happen, not to mention the low-probability of occurrence— high-probability of adverse consequences event.
    • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community has NO DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIO or WARNING SYSTEM in place as a strategic framework for concerted local, national, regional, and international countermeasures.
    • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community LACKS THE CAPACITY TO RESPOND in a timely manner to the full spectrum of expected and unexpected emergency situations.
    • THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is INEFFICIENT during recovery and reconstruction because it HAS NOT LEARNED from either the current experience or the cumulative prior experiences.
    • THE ALTERNATIVE TO DISASTER ISEARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • EARTHQUAKE RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK• QUAKE HAZARDS•INVENTORY RISK•VULNERABILITY UNACCEPTABLE RISK•LOCATION QUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES RUSSIA’S AND INFORMATION COMMINITIES POLICY OPTIONS •PREPAREDNESSHAZARDS: •PROTECTIONGROUND SHAKINGGROUND FAILURE •FORECASTS/SCENARIOSSURFACE FAULTINGTECTONIC DEFORMATION •EMERGENCY RESPONSETSUNAMI RUN UP •RECOVERY andAFTERSHOCKS RECONSTRUCTION
    • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL EARTH- QUAKES PREPAREDNESS FOR THE LIKELY GROUND SHAKING AND GROUND FAILURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL EARTH- QUAKES BUILDING CODES AND LIFELINE STANDARDS ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL EARTH- QUAKES TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • THE NEFTEGORSK EARTHQUAKE– ONE OF RUSSIA’S NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES 11:03 pm; May 27, 1995 Mw7.1; Ms7.6 Depth: 9 km (5.4 miles)
    • THE NEFTEGORSK EARTHQUAKE: MAY 27, 1995• A ―BULLS EYE EARTHQUAKE: The 40- kn-long rupture of the right-lateral strike-slip fault passed directly under Neftegorsk
    • THE NEFTEGORSK EARTHQUAKE: MAY 27, 1995• Neftegorsk was nearly completely destroyed by the earthquake, and approximately 2,000 of the 3,176 residents in the town were killed.
    • THE NEFTEGORSK EARTHQUAKE: MAY 27, 1995• 406 person were rescued alive from under the rubble, but 37 of them died in a hospital following rescue
    • THE NEFTEGORSK EARTHQUAKE: MAY 27, 1995• The settlement was not rebuilt after the earthquake.• Most of the 1,144 survivors were relocated.
    • TWO OF KAMCHATKA’S MANY EARTHQUAKES April 20, 2006 April 29, 2006
    • APRIL 20, 2006 KAMCHATKA EARTHQUAKE• The April 20, 2006 Kamchatka earthquake was a M7.6 shock located near the coast of Koryak Autonomous Okrug at an estimated depth of 22 km.
    • APRIL 20, 2006 KAMCHATKA EARTHQUAKE• The April 20, 2006 Kamchatka earthquake was a M7.6 shock located near the coast of Koryak Autonomous Okrug at an estimated depth of 22 km.• This major quake and the aftershock sequence that followed damaged buildings and infrastructure in three villages.
    • APRIL 29, 2006 KAMCHATKA EARTHQUAKE• The M6.6 earthquake, which struck on Saturday, April 29, was followed by a number of strong and medium aftershocks.
    • APRIL 29, 2006 KAMCHATKA EARTHQUAKE• 1,000 people were evacuated, 40 people were injured, but no deaths.
    • APRIL 29, 2006 KAMCHATKA EARTHQUAKE• Several diesel electric power stations were damaged.
    • RUSSIA’S NEXT EARTHQUAKE IN KAMCHATKA IS INEVITABLE • ---SO, DON’T WAIT FOR ANOTHER REMINDER FROM A M4.4 OR LARGER EARTH- QUAKE OF THE IMPORTANCE OF EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE.