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Catastrophic Disasters in China PART II
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Catastrophic Disasters in China PART II

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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS: FLOODING. For centuries, china has enperienced record flooding associated with the rainey season or typhoons. Impacts of flooding in china during 2007: …

LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS: FLOODING. For centuries, china has enperienced record flooding associated with the rainey season or typhoons. Impacts of flooding in china during 2007: Floods alone killed more than 1,348 people in China during 2007. Economic losses from floods reached more than $10 billion USD. An estimated 139 million people were adversely affected by floods. As many as 2.7 million were evacuated in advance of a single potential flood event. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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  • 1. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE JULY 22
  • 2. LESSONS LEARNED FROMPAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III A: CHINA
  • 3. NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE CHINA’S NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE CHINA’S COMMUNITIES AT RISK COMMUNITIES AT RISK FLOODSGOAL: DISASTERGOAL: DISASTERRESILIENCERESILIENCE TYPHOONSENACT AND IMPLEMENTENACT AND IMPLEMENT EARTHQUAKES POLICIES HAVING HIGH POLICIES HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR BENEFIT/COST FOR LANDSLIDESS COMMUNITY COMMUNITY RESILIENCE RESILIENCE DROUGHT EPISODES ENV. DEGRADATION
  • 4. FLOOD RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK• FLOOD HAZARDS• RISK BLDG. INVENTORY• VULNERABILITY UNACCEPTABLE RISK• LOCATION GOAL: FLOOD CHINA’S DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES AND INFORMATION COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS • PREPAREDNESS HAZARDS: • PROTECTION GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE • EARLY WARNING SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC • EMERGENCY RESPONSE DEFORMATION • RECOVERY and TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS RECONSTRUCTION
  • 5. TOWARDS FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE RISK ASSESSMENT • VULNERABILITY • COST • EXPOSUREFLOODS EXPECTED EXPECTED POLICY POLICY FLOODS • EVENT LOSS LOSS ADOPTION ADOPTION • BENEFIT POLICY •CONSEQUENCES ASSESSMENT
  • 6. FLOODS FOR CENTURIES, CHINA HASENPERIENCED RECORD FLOODING ASSOCIATED WITH THE RAINEY SEASON OR TYPHOONS
  • 7. CAUSES OF CAUSES OF RISK RISK LOSS OF FUNCTION OF STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAIN INUNDATION INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS STRUCTURE & CONTENTS:FLOODS DAMAGE FROM WATERFLOODS DISASTER WATER BORNE DISEASES DISASTERLABORATORIES LABORATORIES (HEALTH PROBLEMS) EROSION AND MUDFLOWS CONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER
  • 8. SOME OF CHINA’SNOTABLE FLOODSVERY HIGH MORTALITY AND ECONOMIC LOSSES
  • 9. MAP OF CHINA’S PROVINCES
  • 10. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1887 YELLOW • DEATHS: RIVER 900,000– (HUANG HE) 2,000,000 FLOODS
  • 11. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1935 • DEATHS: YANGTZE 145,000 RIVER FLOODS
  • 12. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1938 YELLOW • DEATHS: RIVER 500,000– (HUANG HE) 700,000 FLOODS
  • 13. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1939 TIANJIN • DEATHS: FLOODS 30,000
  • 14. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1954 • DEATHS: YANGTZE 30,000 RIVER FLOODS 8
  • 15. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1975 FLOODS • DEATHS: 86,000 FROM FLOODING AND 145,000 FROM DISEASE
  • 16. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1980 • DEATHS: SICHUAN, 6,200 HUBEI, AND ANHUI FLOODS
  • 17. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1989 SICHUAN • DEATHS: FLOODS 3,814
  • 18. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 1998 • DEATHS: YANGTZE 3,656 FLOODS
  • 19. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 2004 FLOODS • DEATHS: IN CHINA 1,029
  • 20. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 2005 FUJIAN, • DEATHS: ANHUI, 1,624 ZHEJIANG FLOODS
  • 21. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 2007 FLOODS • DEATHS: 1,348
  • 22. CHINA’S NOTABLE HISTORIC FLOODS• 2010 FLOODS • DEATHS: IN CHINA- 2,072 NORTH K0REA
  • 23. 2007’S FLOODS IN CHINA
  • 24. IMPACTS OF FLOODING IN CHINA DURING 2007 • Floods alone • Economic losses from floods reached more killed more than than $10 billion USD. 1,348 people in • An estimated 139 China during million people were 2007. adversely affected by floods. • As many as 2.7 million were evacuated in advance of a single potential flood event.
  • 25. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL FLOODS • ADEQUATE PREPAREDNESS FOR WHAT IS LIKELY TO HAPPEN IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  • 26. FLOOD IN KUNMING: JULY 22
  • 27. FLOOD IN JIANGSU PROVINCE:JULY 9
  • 28. FLOOD IN CHANGJIANG RIVER: JULY 26
  • 29. FLOOD IN HUBEI PROVINCE: JULY 2
  • 30. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 16
  • 31. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL FLOODS • CAPACITY FOR EARLY WARNING FOR EVACUATION AND SAND- BAGGING IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  • 32. EVACUATION OF PISONERS,ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 15
  • 33. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 17
  • 34. FLOOD IN MIZHOU, CHINA: JUNE 25
  • 35. FLOOD IN HUBEI PROVINCE: JULY 14
  • 36. HUAIHE RIVER: JULY 12
  • 37. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 16
  • 38. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE JULY 22
  • 39. FLOOD IN HUAJIAHU LAKE: JULY 22
  • 40. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 13
  • 41. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL FLOODS • PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  • 42. FLOOD IN HUBEI PROVINCE: JUNE 30
  • 43. FLOOD GATES OPENED ONTHREE GOGES DAM: JULY 22
  • 44. HUAIHE RIVER: JULY 10
  • 45. FLOOD IN SICHUANPROVINCDE: JULY 11
  • 46. COLLAPSED HOUSES INSICHUAN PROVINCE: JULY 9
  • 47. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL FLOODS • CAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  • 48. FLOOD IN CHANGCHUN, JILIAN PROVINCE: JULY 6
  • 49. FLOOD IN CHONGQING CITY: JULY 19
  • 50. FLOOD IN HUBEI PROVINCE: JULY 2
  • 51. FLOOD IN GUANGHI PROVINCE: JUNE 13
  • 52. FLOOD IN ANHUI PROVINCE: JULY 12
  • 53. FLOOD IN HUBEI PROVINCE: JUNE 26
  • 54. A RESCUE IN XINJIANG PROVINCE: JULY 17
  • 55. FLOOD IN SICHUAN PROVINCE: JULY 12
  • 56. FLOOD INDUCED LANDSLIDE IN SICHUAN PROVINCE: JULY 9
  • 57. FLOOD AND MUDFLOWS INXINJIANG PROVINCE: JULY 11
  • 58. ENV. DISASTER, DONGHU LAKE, HUBEI PROVINCE: JULY 12
  • 59. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL FLOODS • CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  • 60. PRIME MINISTER HU JUNTAO IN CHONGQING CITY: JULY 22
  • 61. A RECOVERY NIGHTMARE INCHONGQING CITY: JULY 19