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A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE:  LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
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A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE: LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES

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A framework for a comprehensive, inter-disciplinary integration of knowledge for global disaster resilience in the 21st century. Disaster resilience policies must close prior knowledge divides and …

A framework for a comprehensive, inter-disciplinary integration of knowledge for global disaster resilience in the 21st century. Disaster resilience policies must close prior knowledge divides and gaps, and identify weak links in the people/community continuums. A deeper understanding of past disasters leads to “counter measures” that prevent recurrences. The state-of-resilience increases as a) the capacity of the people is increased, b) physical and organizational vulnerabilities in the community are eliminated, and c) each people-community-hazard intersection is met successfully. Best policies and best practices will encompass innovative use of technology and strategic planning. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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  • 1. A FRAMEWORK FOR THE END GAME OF DISASTER RESILIENCE: LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES
  • 2. A FRAMEWORK FOR A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER- DISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE FOR GLOBAL DISASTER RESILIENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY
  • 3. 1. SCOPE FROM VULNERABLE CONTINUUMS TO POSSIBILITY OF A DISASTER TO DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF “THE BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES” FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • 4. 2. DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES MUST CLOSE PRIOR KNOWLEDGE DIVIDES AND GAPS, AND IDENTIFY WEAK LINKS IN THE PEOPLE/COMMUNITY CONTINUUMS
  • 5. 3. FROM A DISASTER TO DISASTER RESILIENCE A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF PAST DISASTERS LEADS TO “COUNTER MEASURES” THAT PREVENT RECURRENCES
  • 6. A DISASTER is --- --- the set of failures that occur when the continuums of: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) recurring events (e.g., floods, earthquakes, ...,) intersect at a point in space and time, when and where the people and community are not ready.
  • 7. THE DYNAMIC CONTINUUMS • PEOPLE ( 7 Billion and counting) • COMMUNITIES • RECURRING EVENTS (AKA Natural Hazards), which are proof of a DYNAMIC EARTH)
  • 8. THE PEOPLE CONTINUUM • 7 + BILLION (DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD)
  • 9. LIKE A CHAIN: EACH CONTINUUM HAS WEAK LINKS TO IMPROVE
  • 10. WEAK LINKS IN THE COMMUNITY • IGNORANCE • APATHY • DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES • LACK OF POLITICAL WILL
  • 11. THE PEOPLE = INNOVATION 200 NATIONS AND 7+ BILLION PEOPLE NORTH AMERICA CARIBBEAN BASIN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA MEDITER- RANEAN ISLAND NATIONS ASIA SOUTH AMERICA EUROPE
  • 12. THE RECURRING - EVENTS (HAZARDS) CONTINUUM • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • ETC.
  • 13. THE COMMUNITY CONTINUUM: (SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS TO BENEFIT THE PEOPLE) • GOVERNMENT • DWELLINGS • SCHOOLS • HEALTH CARE FACILITIES • BUSINESSES • INFRA- STRUCTURE • ETC
  • 14. INTERSECTION OF THESE CONTINUUMS IS INEVITABLE SOME INTERSECTIONS WILL CAUSE A DISASTER, AND SOME WON’T, WHICH IS THE GOAL
  • 15. YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •FLOODS •SEVERE WIND STORMS •EARTHQUAKES …ETC A DISASTER CAUSES FAILURES IN POLICIES FAILURES IN PRACTICES COUNTER MEASURES • BEST POLICIES •BEST PRACTICES DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • 16. MEASURES OF THE COMMUNITY STATE-OF-RESILIENCE Anticipatory Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Engineering Building Codes & Standards Timely Early Warning and Evacuation Timely Emergency Response (including Emergency Medical Services) Cost-Effective Recovery/Reconstruction
  • 17. THE STATE-OF-RESILIENCE INCREASES AS --- a) The CAPACITY of the PEOPLE is increased, b) Physical and organizational VULNERABILITIES in the COMMUNITY are eliminated, and c) Each people-community-hazard INTERSECTION is met successfully.
  • 18. EACH COMMUNITY MUST BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE INTERSECTION THAT WILL CHALLENGE ITS STATE OF RESILIENCE
  • 19. EARTHQUAKES
  • 20. BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES WILL ENCOMPASS INNOVATIVE USE OF TECHNOLOGY AND STRATEGIC PLANNING
  • 21. INNOVATIVE USE OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
  • 22. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE • MEASURMENT TECHNOLOGIES (E.G., GROUND SHAKING; STRAIN) • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (E.G., GIS) • RISK MODELING (E.G., HAZUS, INSURANCE UNDERWRITING) • DATABASES • DISASTER SCENARIOS • ZONATION OF POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS AS A TOOL FOR POLICY DECISIONS
  • 23. EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • AUTOMATED CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMEMT • PREFABRICATION AND MODULARIZATION • ADVANCED MATERIALS (E.G., COMPOSITES) • COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN • PERFORMANCE BASED CODES AND STANDARDS • ACTIVE AND PASSIVE ENERGY DISSIPATION DEVICES (E.G., BASE ISOLATION) • REAL-TIME MONITORING AND WARNING SYSTEMS
  • 24. EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE USING GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE DISASTER LABORATORIES AS A BASIS FOR PREPARING FROM “A” TO “Z” FOR FUTURE EARTHQUAKES
  • 25. EMERGENCY RESPONSE: (BASED ON 1989 LOMA PRIETA, CA EARTHQUAKE • M7.1 • 63 DEAD • COLLAPSE AND LOSS OF FUNCTION OF KEY TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE • $ 1 BILLION INSURED LOSS
  • 26. EMERGENCY RESPONSE: (BASED ON 1972 MANAGUA, NICARAGUA EARTHQUAKE) • 10,000 DEAD • 20,000 INJURED • 300,000 HOMELESS • NEAR TOTAL DISRUPTION OF THE INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION • LOSS OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE • POLITICAL CHAOS
  • 27. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING
  • 28. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (MEXICO)
  • 29. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (EGYPT)
  • 30. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (ALGERIA)
  • 31. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (TURKEY)
  • 32. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (IRAN)
  • 33. PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS OF GROUND SHAKING (INDIA)
  • 34. EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE PROTECTION BY REDUCING PHYSICAL VULNERABILITIES (THE TYPICAL FLAWS IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT)
  • 35. PROTECTION (BASED ON JULY 2010 HAITI EARTHQUAKE) • SEISMIC BUILDING CODES PREVENT BUILDING COLLAPSE.
  • 36. PROTECTION (BASED ON JULY 2013 YA’AN CHINA EARTHQUAKE) • SEISMIC BUILDING CODES PREVENT BUILDING COLLAPSE.
  • 37. PROTECTION (BASED ON 1995 KOBE, JAPAN EARTHQUAKE) • SEISMIC STANDARDS PREVENT LOSS OF FUNCTION OF CRITICAL LIFELINE SYSTEMS.
  • 38. PROTECTION • URBAN PLANNING FACILITATES AVOIDANCE OF HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS SUCH AS FAULT ZONES FOR CONSTRUCT- ION SITES
  • 39. PROTECTION (SITE MODIFICATION Based on 1964 Niigata Earthquake) • ENGINEERING TECHNIQUES (SOIL REMED- IATION) CAN PREVENT/REDUCE LOSSES FROM LIQUEFACTION
  • 40. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (BASED ON 1989 LOMA PRIETA, CA EARTHQUAKE) • M7.1 • 63 DEAD • FIRE IN MARINA DISTRICT • WIDE SPREAD LOSS OF POWER • 1 BILLION INSURED LOSS
  • 41. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (BASED ON 1995 KOBE EARTHQUAKE) • SEARCH AND RESCUE AFTER THE 5:46 AM EARTHQUAKE HELPED SAVE 3,000 ADULTS AGE 60 OR OLDER TRAPPED IN HOUSES.
  • 42. SEARCH AND RESCUE (BASED ON 1988 SPITAK, ARMENIA EARTHQUAKE) • INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE FROM MORE THAN 50 CONTRIES FACILITATED SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS
  • 43. EMERGENCY RESPONSE: (BASED ON 1971 SAN FERNANDO, CA EARTHQUAKE) • LOWERING THE WATER LEVEL IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE PREVENTED FLOODING OF LOS ANGELES.
  • 44. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (BASED ON 1999 KOCALEI, TURKEY EARTHQUAKE) • MASS CARE PROVIDED A SAFETY NET FOR THE HOMELESS DURING THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND EARLY RECOVERY PERIODS.
  • 45. EMERGENCY RESPONSE (BASED ON 1999 KOCALEI, TURKEY EARTHQUAKE) • A “TENT CITY” PROVIDED TEMPORARY SHELTER FOR THE HOMELESS DURING THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE EARLY RECOVERY PERIOD
  • 46. RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION: (BASED ON MAY 12, 2008 CHINA EARTHQUAKE) • 88,000 DEAD • 30,000 INJURED • 300,000 HOMELESS • 25 MILLION BUILDINGS DAMAGED • 45 MILLION PEOPLE AFFECTED
  • 47. EARTHQUAKE INSURANCE IS A TOOL FOR RECOVERY • EARTHQUAKE INSURANCE SPREADS THE RISK AND SPEEDS RECOVERY (I.E., “RESTORATION TO NORMAL”)
  • 48. INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE SPEEDS RECOVERY (2010 HAITI EARTHQUAKE) • OVER $ 1 BILLION DOLLARS WAS DONATED IN A FEW WEEKS TO HELP HAITIANS SPEED RESTORATION OF SERVICES TO NORMAL.
  • 49. RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION: (BASED ON MAY 12, 2008 CHINA EARTHQUAKE) • SCHOOLS ARE “SAFE HAVENS” SO ANY NEEDING TO BE REBUILT MUST BE REBUILT TO A HIGHER STANDARD DURING THE RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD.

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