2014 Hurricane Season

543 views

Published on

Planet Earth’s atmospheric-hydrospheric-lithospheric interactions create HURRICANES. 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season began With Hurricane Arthur 3 July 2014. Potential disaster agents (aka hazards) of a hurricane include: Wind Field [Cat 1 (55 Mph) to Cat 5+ (155 Mph Or Greater)]; Debris; Storm Surge/Floods; Heavy Precipitation/Floods; Landslides (Mudflows); Costal Erosion. As a result, there is a high potential for huge loss exposures in A HURRICANE: Entire communities; People, property, infra-structure, business enterprise, government centers, crops, wildlife, and natural resources. Fortunately, fewer tropical storms and hurricanes are expected during the 2014 season as a consequence of an increased El Nino effect in the Pacific. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
543
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2014 Hurricane Season

  1. 1. HURRICANES Planet Earth’s atmospheric- hydrospheric- lithospheric interactions create HURRICANES
  2. 2. 2014 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON BEGINS WITH HURRICANE ARTHUR July 3, 2014
  3. 3. ARTHUR BECAME A CAT 1 HURRICANE ON JULY 3
  4. 4. ARTHUR MOVING ALONG EAST COAST
  5. 5. ARTHUR FORECAST TO MOVE ALONG EAST COAST
  6. 6. ARTHUR WILL IMPACT NORTH CAROLINA FIRST • North Carolina and its fragile Outer Banks were evacuating and bracing for storm surge, winds and rain from Hurricane Arthur on Thursday as the storm gained strength and and threatened to wash out Fourth of July plans along the entire East Coast...
  7. 7. FORECAST FOR 2014 Fewer tropical storms and hurricanes are expected during the 2014 season as a consequence of an increased El Nino effect in the Pacific.
  8. 8. NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS FLOODS HURRICANES EARTHQUAKES/TSUNAMIS VOLCANOES WILDFIRES GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE HIGH BENEFIT/COST FROM BECOMING DISASTER NRESILIENT GOAL: PROTECT PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES
  9. 9. POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS AND RISK FROM HURRICANES
  10. 10. POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS (AKA HAZARDS) OF A HURRICANE • WIND FIELD [CAT 1 (55 mph) TO CAT 5+ (155 mph or greater)] • DEBRIS • STORM SURGE/FLOODS • HEAVY PRECIPITATION/FLOODS • LANDSLIDES (MUDFLOWS) • COSTAL EROSION
  11. 11. HAZARDS ELEMENTS OF WINDSTORM RISK EXPOSURE VULNERABILITY LOCATION RISK
  12. 12. HIGH POTENTIAL LOSS EXPOSURES IN A HURRICANE Entire communities; People, property, infra- structure, business enterprise, government centers, crops, wildlife, and natural resources.
  13. 13. A DISASTER CAN HAPPEN WHEN THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF A HURRICANE INTERACT WITH A COMMUNITY
  14. 14. WIND PENETRATING BUILDING ENVELOPE TYPHOONS UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRIS STORM SURGE IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN SITING PROBLEMS FLOODING AND LANDSLIDES CAUSES OF DAMAGE “DISASTER LABORATORIES”
  15. 15. A DISASTER is --- --- the set of failures that overwhelm the capability of a community to respond without external help when three continuums: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) complex events (e.g., windstorms, floods,…) intersect at a point in space and time.
  16. 16. Disasters are caused by single- or multiple-event natural hazards that, (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of mortality, morbidity, homelessness, joblessness, economic losses, or environmental impacts.
  17. 17. THE REASONS ARE . . . • When it does happen, the functions of the community’s buildings and infrastructure can be LOST.
  18. 18. THE REASONS ARE . . . • The community is UN- PREPARED for what will likely happen, not to mention the low-probability of occurrence— high-probability of adverse consequences event.
  19. 19. THE REASONS ARE . . . • The community is UN- PREPARED for what will likely happen, not to mention the low-probability of occurrence— high-probability of adverse consequences event.
  20. 20. THE REASONS ARE . . . • The community has NO DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIO or WARNING SYSTEM in place as a strategic framework for early threat identification and coordinated local, national, regional, and international countermeasures.
  21. 21. THE REASONS ARE . . . • The community LACKS THE CAPACITY TO RESPOND in a timely and effective manner to the full spectrum of expected and unexpected emergency situations.
  22. 22. THE REASONS ARE . . . • The community is INEFFICIENT during recovery and reconstruction because it HAS NOT LEARNED from either the current experience or the cumulative prior experiences.
  23. 23. THE ALTERNATIVE TO A HURRICANE DISASTER IS HURRICANE DISASTER RESILIENCE
  24. 24. CHILE’S COMMUNITIES DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •WINDSTORM HAZARDS •PEOPLE & BLDGS. •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION WINDSTORM RISK RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK GOAL: HURRICANE DISASTER RESILIENCE • PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONS
  25. 25. TECHNOLOGIES FOR MONITORING, FORECASTING, WARNING, AND DISASTER SCENARIOS ARE VITAL FOR SURVIVAL IN A HURRICANE
  26. 26. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS PREPAREDNES FOR THE EXPECTED AND UNEXPEDTED IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  27. 27. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS PROTECTION OF PEOPLE AND PROPERTY IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  28. 28. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS EARLY WARN- ING (THE ISS) AND EVACU- ATION ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  29. 29. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  30. 30. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS RECOVERY AND RECON- STRUCTION USUALLY TAKES LONGER THAN THOUGHT.

×