2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE Part 1 of 2 Parts

  • 201 views
Uploaded on

The objective of this presentation is to facilitate planning for the 3rd World Confeence On Disaster Risk Reduction to be convened in Japan in March 2015. Preparedness and emergency response are …

The objective of this presentation is to facilitate planning for the 3rd World Confeence On Disaster Risk Reduction to be convened in Japan in March 2015. Preparedness and emergency response are essential pillars of earthquiake disaster resilience. Prepareadness and emergency response in a community increase as the community’s capability to anticipate what will happen increases. Every time an earthquake disaster occurs, we have new knowledge to add to our “books of knowledge” on emergency response. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction.

More in: Science , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
201
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE Part 1 of 2 Parts
  • 2. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PRESENTATION IS TO FACILITATE PLANNING FOR THE 3rd WORLD CONFEENCE TO BE CONVENED IN JAPAN IN 2015
  • 3. THE PERSPECTIVE IS THE USA, BUT IT CAN BE CHANGED TO THAT OF ANOTHER NATION BY SUBSTITUTING THE APPROPRIATE PICTURES AND INFORMATION
  • 4. YOURYOUR COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DATA BASESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •MONITORING •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK BOOKS OFBOOKS OF KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EM RESPONSE •RECOSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY EARTHQUAKE DISASTEREARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCERESILIENCE
  • 5. PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE ARE ESSENTIAL PILLARS OF EARTHQUIAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • 6. THE GOALTHE GOAL DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY EARTHQUAKE DISASTEREARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE:RESILIENCE: CAPABILITIES OFCAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY CAPABILITIES OFCAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY
  • 7. REALITYREALITY UNANTICIPATEDUNANTICIPATED DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY UNANTICIPATEDUNANTICIPATED DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY LACK OF EARTHQUAKELACK OF EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESSPREPAREDNESS INSUFFICIENTINSUFFICIENT PREPAREDNESS OFPREPAREDNESS OF COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY INSUFFICIENTINSUFFICIENT PREPAREDNESS OFPREPAREDNESS OF COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY
  • 8. REALITYREALITY URGENT DEMANDSURGENT DEMANDS ON COMMUNITYON COMMUNITY URGENT DEMANDSURGENT DEMANDS ON COMMUNITYON COMMUNITY LACK OF EMERGENCYLACK OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE CAPABILITYRESPONSE CAPABILITY INSUFFICIENTINSUFFICIENT CAPABILITY TOCAPABILITY TO RESPOND TORESPOND TO DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY INSUFFICIENTINSUFFICIENT CAPABILITY TOCAPABILITY TO RESPOND TORESPOND TO DEMANDS ONDEMANDS ON COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY
  • 9. WHAT IS EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS? Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the expected and unexpected effects of an earthquake from causing a disaster
  • 10. ANTICIPATION IS THE KEY TO PREPAREDNESS • STRONG GROUND SHAKING • TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP • LIQUEFACTION • LANDSLIDES • AFTERSHOCKS • VULNERABILITIES
  • 11. STRONG GROUND SHAKING
  • 12. GROUND SHAKING CAUSES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LOSSES
  • 13. AS COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS INCREASES, SO DOES PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
  • 14. WHAT IS PROTECTION? (Protection is a legally mandated state of planning and verified robustness, strength, and ductility for important buildings and essential - critical infrastructure to prevent loss of function
  • 15. WHAT IS EMERGENCY RESPONSE (Emergency Response is All of the scripted and unscripted heroic and historic responses during the “race against time” after a quake to save lives and protect property
  • 16. KEY ELEMENTS OF PREPAREDNESS KNOW YOUR SEISMIC ACTIVITY (i.e., SEISMICITY) KNOW YOUR FAULT ZONES KNOW YOUR VULNERABILITIES
  • 17. PACIFIC RING OF FIRE • PRONE TO EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS
  • 18. EARTHQUAKES
  • 19. FAULTS
  • 20. STATES WITH THE MOST EATHQUAKE ACTIVITY
  • 21. THE USA’S MOST NOTABLE PLATE BOUNDARY FAULT ZONE • SAN ANDREAS FAULT • 600 MILES LONG • SOURCE OF M8 EARTHQUAKES IN 1847 AND 1906
  • 22. THE USA’S OTHER NOTABLE PLATE BOUNDARY FAULT ZONE • THE JUAN DE FUCA PLATE • SUBDUCTING BENEATH WASHINGTON AND OREGON; • POTENTIAL FOR M9.0
  • 23. ONE O F THE USA’S TWO NOTABLE INTRA-PLATE FAULT ZONES • WASATCH FAULT (UTAH) • 250 MILES LONG • POTENTIAL SOURCE OF M7.0-7.5 EARTHQUAKES
  • 24. ONE O F THE USA’S TWO NOTABLE INTRA-PLATE FAULT ZONES • NEW MADRID SEISMIC ZONE • SOURCE OF FOUR M8 EARTHQUAKES IN 1811--1812
  • 25. PREPAREADNESS AND EM. RESPONSE IN A COMMUNITY INCREASE AS THE COMMUNITY’S CAPABILITY TO ANTICIPATE WHAT WILL HAPPEN INCREASES
  • 26. EXAMPLES OF FACTORS THAT NEED TO BE ANTICIPATED FOR STATE-OF-THE-ART PREPAREDNESS PLANNING
  • 27. SAN FRANCISCO: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 28. WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED (Continued)? • WHAT KINDS OF BUILDINGS ARE AT RISK? • WHAT KINDS OF BASIC, ESSENTIAL, AND CRITICAL INFRA- STRUCTURE ARE AT RISK? • WHAT ARE THEIR PHYSICAL VUL- NERABILITIES
  • 29. WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED (Continued)? • WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL VULNERABILITIES • WHAT IS THE LIKELY DAMAGE DISTRIBUTION? • WHAT ARE THE LIKELY CASUALTIES, SOCIO- ECONOMIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS?
  • 30. ANCHORAGE, AK: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 31. SEATTLE, WA: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 32. LOS ANGELES: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 33. ALASKA, WASHINGTON, OREGON, CALIF., PUERTO RICO HOW BIG WILL THE TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP BE?
  • 34. SAN JUAN, PR: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 35. SALT LAKE CITY: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 36. MEMPHIS,TN: WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • HOW LIKELY IS A DAMAGING EARTHQUAKE TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT OCCUR? • HOW BIG WILL IT BE? • HOW STRONG WILL ITS POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS BE?
  • 37. EVERY TIME AN EARTHQUAKE DISASTER OCCURS, WE HAVE NEW KNOWLEDGE TO ADD TO OUR “BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE” ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  • 38. NOTE: EM. RESPONSE IS HIGHLY POLITICAL, SO ONGOING COMMUNICATIONS WITH NUMEROUS PUBLICS THROUGH PRESS CONFERENCES AND THE MEDIA WILL BE NEEDED
  • 39. SITUATIONS ENCOUNTERED DURING EM. RESPONSE • DAMAGE; DEBRIS • COLLAPSE • TRAPPED SURVIVORS • SEARCH AND RESCUE CLOCK • FIRE • INUNDATION • EVACUATION CENTERS • EM. MEDICAL • MASS CARE • HAZ MAT RELEASE • INJURIES • DEATHS
  • 40. KEY ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE • HISTORIC RESPONSES: The professional and non-professional responders will be making history for at least forty-eight hours (a “place holder” for the intense period of search and rescue operations) and thirty days (a “place holder” for the intense time of the “no room for error” decisions) that must be made.
  • 41. KEY ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE • HEROIC RESPONSES: The professional and non-professional responders will be working at the margins of their capability for at least twenty-four hours and twenty-one days.
  • 42. EXAMPLES OF HISTORIC EMERGENCY RESPONSE SITUATIONS
  • 43. EXAMPLE: 240,000 DEAD WITHIN A FEW MINUTES • TANGSHAN, CHINA (1976) EARTHQUAKE: Centered beneath the city, the earthquake caused the impossible situation; too late for a race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 44. EXAMPLE: 230,000 DEAD IN TSUNAMI • INDONESIA (2004): The impossible situation thirty minutes after the quake; too late for a race against time” to save lives.
  • 45. EXAMPLE: 88,000 DEAD; 50 MILLION BUILDINGS DAMAGED IN MINUTES • CHINA (2008): • The impossible situation; too late for a race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 46. EXAMPLE: 220,000 DEAD WITHIN A FEW MINUTES • HAITI (2010): • The impossible situation; too late for a race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 47. EXAMPLE: 30,000 DEAD WITHIN THIRTY MINUTES FROM THE TSUNAMI • JAPAN (2011): • The impossible situation; too late for a race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 48. EXAMPLE: SEARCH AND RESCUE • TURKEY (1999) KOCALEI EARTH- QUAKE): • Timely responses during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 49. EXAMPLE: DAMAGE TO SCHOOL • ALASKA (1964): Timely search and rescue during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 50. EXAMPLE: DAMAGE FROM TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP • ALASKA (1964): • Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 51. EXAMPLE: LIQIEFACTION • NIIGATA, JAPAN (1964): • Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 52. EXAMPLE: COLLAPSE OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENT BUILDINGS • MEXICO CITY AFTER 1985 EARTHQUAKE: Timely responses during a forty-eight hour and thirty day “race against time” save lives and protect property
  • 53. EXAMPLE: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF ELEVATED HIGHWAY; DEATHS • LOMA PRIETO, CA (1989): • Timely responses during a forty-eight hour and thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 54. EXAMPLE: LOSS OF FUNCTION AND COMMUTING CAPABILITY • LOMA PRIETA, CA EARTHQUAKE (1989): • Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 55. EXAMPLE: LOSS OF FUNCTION • NORTHRIDGE, CA (1994): • Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  • 56. EXAMPLE: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY (NO DEATHS) • KOBE, JAPAN (1995): “The forty- eight hour and thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 57. EXAMPLE: 600 FIRES • KOBE, JAPAN (1995): “The race against time” to save lives and protect property.
  • 58. CONCLUSION EVERY TIME AN EARTHQUAKE DISASTER OCCURS, WE HAVE NEW KNOWLEDGE TO ADD TO OUR “BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE” TO BE USED WHEN ANTICIPATING FUTURE IMPACTS
  • 59. 2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE Continued as Part 2