2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters
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2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters

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Once again, 2013’s disasters demonstrated that it usually takes multiple disasters before the stricken nation decides to become disaster resilient. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global ...

Once again, 2013’s disasters demonstrated that it usually takes multiple disasters before the stricken nation decides to become disaster resilient. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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    2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters 2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters Presentation Transcript

    • TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY FOR TREATING INJURIES
    • REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LSSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 1: EARTHQUAKE EXAMPLES
    • ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE STRICKEN NATION DECIDES TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENT MOST OTHER NATIONS USUALLY DON’T CHANGE A SINGLE POLICY
    • FAULTY PREMISE: ONE DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE ANY NATION ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • RECENT DEADLY EARTHQUAKES IN WESTERN CHINA • SICHUAN PROVINCE--APRIL 2010: At least 196 people dead. • QINGHA PROVINCE– 2010: A M6.9 earth-quake killed 2,700 people • SICHUAN PROVINCE– A M7.9 earthquake in May 2008: 88,000 dead and 56 million buildings damaged
    • LOCATION OF JULY 22 QUAKES
    • TWIN EARTHQUAKES HIT WESTERN CHINA ON JULY 22, 2013 94 Deaths Despite Being ModerateMagnitude Events
    • The first temblor struck at 7:45 am; Together they killed 94, injured 1,000, and caused collapse or severe damage to 127,000 homes. LESSON: Ground Shaking will Damage or Destroy Unprotected Buildings (i.e., no building code or an inadequate building code invites a disaster)
    • MAGNITUDES: 5.9 and 5.6, BUT WITH SHALOW DEPTHS LESSON: A Shallow Depth of Focus Will Exacerbate the Damage From Ground Shaking in any Earthquake
    • TYPICAL DAMAGE
    • Chinese President Xi Jinping called for an “allout” rescue effort and made saving lives the top priority
    • Officials dispatched thousands of police, firefighters, soldiers and government officials to search for survivors in an effort to keep loss of life as low as possible.
    • EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    • Rescue efforts were hampered by landslides and roads which had already been closed as the result of heavy rain. LESSON: Expect all Kinds of Things to go Wrong During the Emergency Response Period When Timing is Critically Important .
    • TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY FOR TREATING INJURIES
    • EMERGENCY MEDICAL
    • THE CHALLENGES FACING MANY NATIONS Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Building Code and Lifeline Standards Reassuring the People of Their Safety Timely Emergency Response Cost-Effective Recovery
    • WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING INTEGRATE GLOBAL INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATION
    • THE CHALLENGE: POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
    • EARTHQUAKE RISK • QUAKE HAZARDS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION DATA BASES AND INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK QUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •FORECASTS/SCENARIOS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION
    • CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN ANY COUNTRY  USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS
    • 2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
    • CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN ANY COUNTRY INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
    • CAUSES OF CAUSES OF DAMAGE DAMAGE INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING SOIL AMPLIFICATION PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE) EARTHQUAKES EARTHQUAKES “DISASTER “DISASTER LABORATORIES” LABORATORIES” IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN FIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OF UTILITIES LACK OF DETAILING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS INATTENTION TO NONSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
    • INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS CONSIDERATIONS OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales local, regional, national, and global scales THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Real and Near- Real Time Monitoring Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Characterization Best Practices for Mitigation Adaptation and Monitoring Situation Data Bases Cause & Effect Relationships Anticipatory Actions for all Events and Situations Interfaces with all Real- and Near RealTime Sources Gateways to a Deeper Understanding APPLICATIONS Relocation/Rerouting of Cities and City Lifelines Create a Seismic Zonation Construct (A Policy Tool) EDUCATIONAL SURGES Enlighten Communities on Their Risks Build Strategic Equity Through Disaster Scenarios Implement Modern Codes and Lifeline Standards Involve Partners in Turning Point Experimemts Introduce New Technologies Multiply Capability by International Twinning Move Towards A Disaster Intelligent Community Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster