TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY
FOR TREATING INJURIES
REMEMBERING SOME OF
THE LSSONS FROM 2013’S
DISASTERS
PART 1: EARTHQUAKE
EXAMPLES
ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS
DEMONSTRATED THAT IT
USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE
DISASTERS BEFORE THE
STRICKEN NATION DECIDES TO
B...
FAULTY PREMISE:
ONE DISASTER ANYWHERE
SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE
ANY NATION ADOPT AND
IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL
LEAD TO T...
RECENT DEADLY EARTHQUAKES
IN WESTERN CHINA
• SICHUAN PROVINCE--APRIL 2010: At
least 196 people dead.
• QINGHA PROVINCE– 20...
LOCATION OF JULY 22
QUAKES
TWIN EARTHQUAKES HIT
WESTERN CHINA ON JULY
22, 2013
94 Deaths Despite Being ModerateMagnitude Events
The first temblor struck at 7:45
am; Together they killed 94,
injured 1,000, and caused collapse
or severe damage to 127,0...
MAGNITUDES:
5.9 and 5.6,
BUT WITH SHALOW DEPTHS
LESSON: A Shallow Depth of
Focus Will Exacerbate the Damage
From Ground Sh...
TYPICAL DAMAGE
Chinese President Xi
Jinping called for an “allout” rescue effort and made
saving lives the top priority
Officials dispatched
thousands of police,
firefighters, soldiers and
government officials to
search for survivors in an
ef...
EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Rescue efforts were hampered by
landslides and roads which had
already been closed as the result of
heavy rain.
LESSON: Ex...
TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY
FOR TREATING INJURIES
EMERGENCY MEDICAL
THE CHALLENGES
FACING MANY NATIONS
Preparedness
Adoption and Implementation of a Modern
Building Code and Lifeline Standar...
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS
WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS
TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
EXPERI...
THE CHALLENGE:

POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND
REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND
PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE
KINDS...
EARTHQUAKE RISK
• QUAKE HAZARDS
•INVENTORY
•VULNERABILITY
•LOCATION

DATA BASES
AND INFORMATION

ACCEPTABLE RISK
RISK
UNAC...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN
ANY COUNTRY
 USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING
THE PAST AND PRESEN...
2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME
FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN
EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL,
HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL
CAPACITY BUILDING
IN AL...
CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN
ANY COUNTRY
INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL
SOLUTIONS WITH P...
CAUSES OF
CAUSES OF
DAMAGE
DAMAGE

INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO
HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING
SOIL AMPLIFICATION
PERMANENT DISPLAC...
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL
INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL
CONSIDERATIONS
CONSIDERATIONS

OPPORTUNITIES...
2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters
2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters

307

Published on

Once again, 2013’s disasters demonstrated that it usually takes multiple disasters before the stricken nation decides to become disaster resilient. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
307
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2013 remembering some of the years lessons from disasters

  1. 1. TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY FOR TREATING INJURIES
  2. 2. REMEMBERING SOME OF THE LSSONS FROM 2013’S DISASTERS PART 1: EARTHQUAKE EXAMPLES
  3. 3. ONCE AGAIN, 2013’S DISASTERS DEMONSTRATED THAT IT USUALLY TAKES MULTIPLE DISASTERS BEFORE THE STRICKEN NATION DECIDES TO BECOME DISASTER RESILIENT MOST OTHER NATIONS USUALLY DON’T CHANGE A SINGLE POLICY
  4. 4. FAULTY PREMISE: ONE DISASTER ANYWHERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO MAKE ANY NATION ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO THEIR OWN DISASTER RESILIENCE
  5. 5. RECENT DEADLY EARTHQUAKES IN WESTERN CHINA • SICHUAN PROVINCE--APRIL 2010: At least 196 people dead. • QINGHA PROVINCE– 2010: A M6.9 earth-quake killed 2,700 people • SICHUAN PROVINCE– A M7.9 earthquake in May 2008: 88,000 dead and 56 million buildings damaged
  6. 6. LOCATION OF JULY 22 QUAKES
  7. 7. TWIN EARTHQUAKES HIT WESTERN CHINA ON JULY 22, 2013 94 Deaths Despite Being ModerateMagnitude Events
  8. 8. The first temblor struck at 7:45 am; Together they killed 94, injured 1,000, and caused collapse or severe damage to 127,000 homes. LESSON: Ground Shaking will Damage or Destroy Unprotected Buildings (i.e., no building code or an inadequate building code invites a disaster)
  9. 9. MAGNITUDES: 5.9 and 5.6, BUT WITH SHALOW DEPTHS LESSON: A Shallow Depth of Focus Will Exacerbate the Damage From Ground Shaking in any Earthquake
  10. 10. TYPICAL DAMAGE
  11. 11. Chinese President Xi Jinping called for an “allout” rescue effort and made saving lives the top priority
  12. 12. Officials dispatched thousands of police, firefighters, soldiers and government officials to search for survivors in an effort to keep loss of life as low as possible.
  13. 13. EMERGENCY RESPONSE
  14. 14. Rescue efforts were hampered by landslides and roads which had already been closed as the result of heavy rain. LESSON: Expect all Kinds of Things to go Wrong During the Emergency Response Period When Timing is Critically Important .
  15. 15. TEMPORARY MEDICAL FACILITY FOR TREATING INJURIES
  16. 16. EMERGENCY MEDICAL
  17. 17. THE CHALLENGES FACING MANY NATIONS Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Building Code and Lifeline Standards Reassuring the People of Their Safety Timely Emergency Response Cost-Effective Recovery
  18. 18. WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS WAYS TO ACCELERATE PROGRESS TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE EXPERIENCES WITH PREPAREDNESS EXPERIENCES WITH MONITORING AND WARNING INTEGRATE GLOBAL INTEGRATE GLOBAL EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES WITH YOUR EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES EXPERIENCES WITH DISASTER SCENARIO PLANNING EXPERIENCES WITH RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCES WITH PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND ADAPTATION
  19. 19. THE CHALLENGE: POLICY CHANGES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
  20. 20. EARTHQUAKE RISK • QUAKE HAZARDS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION DATA BASES AND INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK QUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE COMMUNITIES POLICY OPTIONS HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •FORECASTS/SCENARIOS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION
  21. 21. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN ANY COUNTRY  USING EDUCATIONAL SURGES CONTAINING THE PAST AND PRESENT LESSONS TO FOSTER AND ACCELERATE THE CREATION OF TURNING POINTS
  22. 22. 2014--2020 IS A GOOD TIME FOR A GLOBAL SURGE IN EDUCATIONAL, TECHNICAL, HEALTH CARE, AND POLITICAL CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL FIVE PILLARS OF COMMUNITY DISASTER RESILIENCE
  23. 23. CREATING TURNING POINTS FOR EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE IN ANY COUNTRY INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS WITH POLITICAL SOLUTIONS FOR POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY
  24. 24. CAUSES OF CAUSES OF DAMAGE DAMAGE INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING SOIL AMPLIFICATION PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE) EARTHQUAKES EARTHQUAKES “DISASTER “DISASTER LABORATORIES” LABORATORIES” IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN FIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OF UTILITIES LACK OF DETAILING AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS INATTENTION TO NONSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS
  25. 25. INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL INTEGRATION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS CONSIDERATIONS OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on OPPORTUNITIES FOR TURNING POINTS: For Disaster Resilience on local, regional, national, and global scales local, regional, national, and global scales THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Real and Near- Real Time Monitoring Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Characterization Best Practices for Mitigation Adaptation and Monitoring Situation Data Bases Cause & Effect Relationships Anticipatory Actions for all Events and Situations Interfaces with all Real- and Near RealTime Sources Gateways to a Deeper Understanding APPLICATIONS Relocation/Rerouting of Cities and City Lifelines Create a Seismic Zonation Construct (A Policy Tool) EDUCATIONAL SURGES Enlighten Communities on Their Risks Build Strategic Equity Through Disaster Scenarios Implement Modern Codes and Lifeline Standards Involve Partners in Turning Point Experimemts Introduce New Technologies Multiply Capability by International Twinning Move Towards A Disaster Intelligent Community Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×