2013 ATLANTIC BASIN HURRICANE SEASON 1 June – 30 December

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2013 ATLANTIC BASIN HURRICANE SEASON June 1 – December 30. REASONS FOR A SLOWLY DEVELOPING SEASON. "A large area of high pressure over the central Atlantic has been very strong and very good at driving dry air southward into the tropics into September. Generally it is easier for tropical storms to form and tropical storms to streng-then into hurricanes when an un-obstructed supply of moisture available Tropical Storm Karen ---Elventh Storm Of 2013 Season. Expected to be a rainmaker in the USA. Presentation courtesy of Dr Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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2013 ATLANTIC BASIN HURRICANE SEASON 1 June – 30 December

  1. 1. KAREN: FAVORABLE FACTORS: OCT. 3-5, 2013
  2. 2. 2013 ATLANTIC BASIN HURRICANE SEASON June 1 – December 30
  3. 3. OVER 100 YEARS OF HISTORY: ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC BASINS
  4. 4. COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DATA BASESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION •SEVERE WINDSTORMS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENTRISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK SEVERE WINDSTORMSEVERE WINDSTORM DISASTER RESILIENCEDISASTER RESILIENCE •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONSPOLICY OPTIONS Wind profileWind profile Storm Hazards:Storm Hazards: -Wind pressure -Surge -Rain -Flood -Waves -Salt water -Missiles -Tornadoes OceanOcean Gradient WindGradient Wind
  5. 5. PRE-SEASON FORECAST OF THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION FORECAST: 13-20 NAMED STORMS WITH 7-10 BECOMING HURRICANES
  6. 6. STORM NAMES 2013 SEASON
  7. 7. CHRONOLOGY OF 2013’s STORMS • ANDREA - Tropical Storm; June 5 • BARRY - Tropical Storm; June 19 • CHANTAL – Tropical Storm; July 7 • DORIAN – Tropical Storm; July 22 • ERIN – Tropical Storm; August 14 • FERNAND –Trop. Storm; August 16 • GABRIELLE – Trop. Storm; Aug. 25
  8. 8. CHRONOLOGY OF 2013’S STORMS • HUMBERTO – Hurricane; Sept 10 • INGRID – Hurricane; Sept. 13 • JERRY – Tropical storm; Sept. 30 • KAREN – Tropical storm; Oct. 3 • LORENZO – • MELISSA – • NESTOR –
  9. 9. CHRONOLOGY OF 2013’S STORMS • OLGA – • PABLO – • REBEKAH – • SEBASTIEN – • TANYA – • VAN -- • WENDY --
  10. 10. STORM TRACKS OF ANDREA, BARRY, CHANTAL, AND DORIAN
  11. 11. TROPICAL STORM ANDREA --- FIRST STORM OF 2013 SEASON A Rain Maker
  12. 12. ANDREA: JUNE 5, 2013
  13. 13. ANDREA’S IMPACTS • The precursor to Andrea dropped nearly 12 inches (300 mm) of rainfall in the Yucatán Peninsula. • In Cuba, the storm brought flooding, especially in the Pinar del Rio Province, and over 1,000 people fled their homes, mainly along the Cuyaguateje River. .
  14. 14. ANDREA’S IMPACTS • In Florida, the storm brought heavy rainfall that caused localized flooding and five tornadoes that downed power lines and trees and caused significant roof damage. • As Andrea died, heavy rains occurred in the Eastern United States and Atlantic Canada, causing flooding in Nova Scotia. • .
  15. 15. TROPICAL STORM BARRY --- SECOND STORM OF 2013 SEASON A Rain Maker and Power Disupter
  16. 16. BARRY: JUNE 19, 2013
  17. 17. BARRY’S IMPACTS • In the Mexican state of Yucatan, wind gusted up to 48 mph (77 km/h) and heavy rains downed trees and power lines; more than 26,000 residents lost power after lightning struck a nearby power station and caused a fire. • El Salvador experienced flooding.
  18. 18. BARRY’S IMPACTS • Heavy rains in Honduras triggered flooding that damaged 60 homes and affected 300 people. • In southern Belize, an estimated 10 in (250 mm) of rain fell in 24 hours, causing several rivers to over-top their banks and some to evacuate.]
  19. 19. TROPICAL STORM CHANTAL --- THIRD STORM OF 2013 SEASON A Rain Maker
  20. 20. TROPICAL STORM CHANTAL: JULY 8, 2013
  21. 21. A tropical storm warning was issued for Puerto Rico, Barbados, Dominica, Saint Lucia, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Miami. July 8th
  22. 22. CHANTAL’S IMPACTS • Chantal produced heavy rainfall in Hispaniola, forcing thousands to evacuate their homes. • In the Dominican Republic, flooding from the storm killed one person in Maimon.1]
  23. 23. TROPICAL STORM DORIAN --- FOURTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON Rain in florida was Most Notable Impact
  24. 24. DORIAN
  25. 25. TROPICAL STORM ERIN --- FIFTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON A Short Lived Storm With no Notable Impact
  26. 26. TROPICAL STORM ERIN
  27. 27. TROPICAL STORM FERDNAND --- SIXTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON Tropical Storm Ferdnand brought heavy rainfall near Veracruz, killing fourteen
  28. 28. FERDNAND AUGUST 16, 2013
  29. 29. AUGUST 16th REVISED FORECAST OF THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION FORECAST: STILL AN ABOVE NOMAL SEASON, BUT ONLY 3 TO 5 MAJOR HURRICANES
  30. 30. TROPICAL STORM GABRIELLE --- SEVENTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON No Notable Impacts
  31. 31. GABRIELLE
  32. 32. ACTUAL STORM TRACKS AS OF SEPTEMBER 15, 2013
  33. 33. SEPTEMBER 9th “2013 SEASON MAY GO IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS A “DUD””
  34. 34. REASONS FOR A SLOWLY DEVELOPING SEASON
  35. 35. REASONS FOR A SLOWLY DEVELOPING SEASON • "A large area of high pressure over the central Atlantic has been very strong and very good at driving dry air southward into the tropics into September." • Generally it is easier for tropical storms to form and tropical storms to streng- then into hurricanes when an un- obstructed supply of moisture available
  36. 36. REASONS FOR A SLOWLY DEVELOPING SEASON • Frequent surges of wind shear [disruptive winds at mid-levels of the atmosphere] have occurred during the 2013 season. • Wind shear tends to disrupt the circulation around a developing system, shearing off the top of the system or causing it to be very lop- sided.
  37. 37. TROPICAL STORM HUMBERTO --- EIGHTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON Became Season’s 1st Hurricane DISSIPATED QUICKLY DUE TO VERTICAL SHEAR IN ATMOSPHERE
  38. 38. HUMBERTO: SEPTEMBER 9-11, 2013
  39. 39. TROPICAL STORM INGRID --- NINTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON Became Season’s 2nd Hurricane September 13 A RAINMAKER IN MEXICO THAT CAUSED DEATHS
  40. 40. INGRID: NEADED FOR MEXICO SEPTEMBER 13, 2013
  41. 41. TROPICAL STORM JERRY --- TENTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON September 30 DIED BEFORE IT COULD DO ANYTHING
  42. 42. TROPICAL STORM KAREN --- ELVENTH STORM OF 2013 SEASON October 3 EXPECTED TO BE A RAINMAKER IN THE USA
  43. 43. KAREN: HEADED FOR USA LANDFALL: OCT. 3, 2013
  44. 44. KAREN: FAVORABLE FACTORS: OCT. 3-5, 2013
  45. 45. LOOKING BACK AT 2012
  46. 46. 2012’s ACTUAL STORMS EXCEEDED THE FORECAST FORECAST: 15 NAMED STORMS WITH 4-8 BECOMING HURRICANES
  47. 47. ACTUAL: TWENTY NAMED STORMS; 10 HURRICANES
  48. 48. NAMED STORMS IN 2012 • ALBERTO - Tropical storm; May 19 • BERYL - Tropical storm; May 27 • CHRIS – Hurricane; June 21 • DEBBY – Tropical storm; June 23 • ERNESTO –Hurricane; Aug 3 • FLORENCE –Tropical storm: Aug 5 • GORDON –Hurricane, August 16
  49. 49. NAMED STORMS FOR 2012 • HELENE –Tropical Storm, Aug. 19 • ISAAC – Hurricane, August 21 • JOYCE –Tropical Storm, Aug. 25 • KIRK –Tropical Storm. Aug. 27 • LESLIE –Hurricane, Sept. 5 • MICHAEL –Hurricane, Sept. 5 • NADINE – Hurricane, Sept. 12
  50. 50. NAMED STORMS IN 2012 • OSCAR – Tropical Storm; Oct. 4 • PATTY – Tropical Storm; Oct. 11 • RAFAEL – Hurricane; October 12 • SANDY– A Super Hurricane; October 22 • TONY – Tropical Storm; Oct. 24
  51. 51. SANDY: A $300 BILLION STORM; OCTOBER 24, 2012 Sandy, 2012’s ninth hurricane, became a huge storm with wind and rain bands reaching out 500 km or more from the storm center, producing 15-50 cm of rain and flooding in Jamaica, Bermuda, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba, New Jersey, and New York
  52. 52. CAT I HURRICANE SANDY: OCTOBER 24
  53. 53. SUPER STORM SANDY: OCT. 29-30, 2012
  54. 54. SANDY: RAIN IN HAITI
  55. 55. SANDY: RAIN IN CUBA
  56. 56. NEW JERSEY: ATLANTIC CITY UNDER WATER
  57. 57. NEW JERSEY: OCEAN FRONT FLOODING
  58. 58. NEW JERSEY: STREETS FLOODED
  59. 59. FLOODING IN BROOKLYN, NY
  60. 60. $360 MILLION STORM SURGE, NEW HAVEN, CT: OCT. 30

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