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2011 surpasses 2005 with record losses from natural disasters
 

2011 surpasses 2005 with record losses from natural disasters

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Source: Munich RE: The global bill in 2011 was $265 billion, well above the previous record of $220 billion in 2005, and mainly due to floods in Australia and the earthquake/tsunami in Japan. ...

Source: Munich RE: The global bill in 2011 was $265 billion, well above the previous record of $220 billion in 2005, and mainly due to floods in Australia and the earthquake/tsunami in Japan. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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    2011 surpasses 2005 with record losses from natural disasters 2011 surpasses 2005 with record losses from natural disasters Presentation Transcript

    • NOTABLE DISASTERS IN 2011 FLOODS IN AUSTRALIANEW KNOWLEDGE FORCOMMUNITY DISASTER EARTHQUAKE/TSUNAMI INRISK REDUCTION JAPAN WILDFIRES IN ARIZONA AND TEXASSOURCES OF HURRICANE IRENE AND TROPIAL STORM LEEECONOMIC LOSS FLOODS ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER SUPER TORNADO OUTBREAK VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
    • 2011 SURPASSES 2005 WITHRECORD LOSSES FROM NATURAL DISASTERS (Source: Munich RE)
    • 2011
    • The global bill in 2011 was $265 billion, well above the previous record of $220 billion in 2005, andmainly due to floods in Australia and the earthquake/tsunami in Japan.
    • NOTABLE DISASTERS IN 2011 FLOODS IN AUSTRALIANEW KNOWLEDGE FORCOMMUNITY DISASTER EARTHQUAKE/TSUNAMI INRISK REDUCTION JAPAN WILDFIRES IN ARIZONA AND TEXASSOURCES OF HURRICANE IRENE AND TROPIAL STORM LEEECONOMIC LOSS FLOODS ALONG THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER SUPER TORNADO OUTBREAK VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
    • 2011 started with much of Queensland, Australia,swamped by rain-triggered flooding.
    • GREAT QUEENSLAND FLOOD INUNDATES 22 TOWNS, DISPLACES200,000, KILLS 35, AND CAUSES LOSSES OF OVER $7 BILLION IN AUSTRALIA DECEMBER 10 – JANUARY 2011
    • Catastrophic flooding inQueensland was fed by oneof the most intense La Ninaweather events in decades.
    • Munich Re, a multinational that insures insurancecompanies, calculated that the Australian flooding left $7.3 billion in economic losses.
    • 75 PERCENT OF QUEENSLAND STATEDECLARED A DISASTER ZONE
    • FLOODING IN BRISBANE,AUSTRALIA: JAN 13, 2011
    • NEW SOUTH WALES: 45FLOOD DISASTER ZONES
    • THEODORE’S HOUSES INUNDATED
    • THE MARCH 11, 2011 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI
    • BEFORE MARCH 11TH
    • AFTER MARCH 11th
    • TSUNAMI WAVES DEVASTATE SENDAI
    • TSUNAMI DAMAGE
    • TSUNAMI DAMAGE
    • TSUNAMI DAMAGE
    • AERIAL VIEW: THE FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR FACIULITY
    • THE FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR FACILITYRadiation leaks and threats of partial melt down developed in four of the six reactors as a result of the quake/tsunami.
    • RADIATION CLOUD AT THEFUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR FACIULITY
    • NO-FLY ZONE ABOUT FUKUSHIMA
    • HELICOPTERS COLLECT SEA WATERTO DROP ON FUKUSHIMA REACTORS
    • A RACE AGAINST TIME• 140,000 people within a 33 km radius of the plant were told to stay in their houses indefinitely; while the increased risk from radiation stymied search and rescue operations, already out of time in terms of the “golden window,” and slowed humanitarian assistance.
    • 2005
    • 2005’s CONTRIBUTION TO DISASTER LOSSES 28 ATLANTIC TROPICAL STORMS AND HURRICANESNEW KNOWLEDGE FOR HURRICANESMAKING COMMUNITIES KATRINA, RITA, STAN, ANDDISASTER RESILIENT WILMA ERUPTION S: MERAP (INDONESIA); ILAMATEPECSOURCES OF PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKEECONOMIC LOSS 13 TYPHOONS: HAITANG, LONGWANG, MATS A, … FLOODS: ROMANIA, AUSTRIA, GERMAN Y, GUJARAT, … PORTUGAL WILDFIRES
    • The previous record of $220billion in losses was in 2005,and mainly due to Hurricanes Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan, and Wilma.
    • THE 2005 ATLANTICHURRICANE SEASONJUNE 1, 2005 -- NOVEMBER 30, 2005
    • TROPICAL STORMS-HURRICANES IN 2005• ARLENE • GERT• BRET • HARVEY• CINDY • IRENE• DENNIS • JOSE• EMILY • KATRINA• FRANKLIN • LEE
    • TROPICAL STORMS-HURRICANES IN 2005• MARIA • TAMMY• NATE • VINCE• OPHELIA • WILMA • ALPHA• PHILIPPE • BETA• RITA • GAMMA• STAN • DELTA • EPSILON • ZETA
    • THE 2005 HURRICANE SEASON BROKE MANY RECORDSForecasters exhausted their list of21 proper names(Arlene, Bret, Cindy and so on) andhad to use the Greek alphabet(Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, and Zeta) to name storms forthe first time.
    • TROPICAL STORM EPSILON: NOVEMBER 29
    • THE 2005 HURRICANE SEASON BROKE MANY RECORDSIn 154 years of record-keeping, 2005had the most named storms (27), themost hurricanes (13), the largestnumber of major hurricanes hitting theU.S. (4), and the most Category 5hurricanes (3).
    • 2005’S HURRICANE SEASON RECORDSHurricane Katrina was the deadliestU.S. hurricane since 1928 (more than1,300 dead, replacing 1992’s HurricaneAndrew as the most expensivehurricane on record ($34.4 billion ininsured losses).
    • THE 2005 HURRICANE SEASON BROKE MANY RECORDSAccording to the Insurance ServicesOrganization (ISO), total insured lossesfrom hurricanes reached $47.2 billion in2005, well above the previous record of$22.9 billion set in 2004 when fourhurricanes also made landfall in theU.S.
    • GULF COAST
    • HURRICANE KATRINA: AUGUST 28-29, 2005
    • HURRICANE KATRINA HAD WIDE SPREAD IMPACTSHurricane Katrina inflicted the worst damageand societal impacts ever.Thousands of miles of the Gulf Coast fromLouisiana to Florida were impacted.In addition to New Orleans, cities inMississippi such as Biloxi, Waveland, andGulfport were adversely impacted.Thousands were evacuated from Louisianaand dispersed throughout the entireUSA, some never to go back home..
    • HURRICANE KATRINADEVASTATED NEW ORLEANSEighty percent of New Orleans wasunder water after its levees failed aday after Katrina made landfall, andagain one week later as Rita passedthrough the Gulf enroute to landfallat the Texas-Louisiana border.
    • HURRICANE KATRINA’S IMPACTS WERE SEEN BY THE WORLDThe world saw unprecedented misery in nearreal time; They saw:Families stranded in attics, on roofs andbridges,Hungry and thirsty refugees stranded in theSuperdome and Convention Center after windand rain penetrated the Superdome’s roof.Lack of power, water, and sewage servicesexacerbating and slowing emergencyoperations at local, state, and Federal levels.
    • HURRICANE KATRINA’S IMPACTS WERE SEEN BY THE WORLDBodies lay on streets for days orfloated in the floodwaters.Eight functioning hospitals werereduced to two.
    • HURRICANE KATRINA’SIMPACTS WERE LONG LASTINGHundreds of thousands of people inNew Orleans had no livable home toreturn to, and many never returned.Thousands of businesses were shutdown; many never reopened.Public schools were closed down 3months---until November 28th.Many environmental and health careproblems remained unresolved for along time.
    • HURRICANE DENNIS
    • HURRICANE RITA
    • HURRICANE WILMA
    • HURRICANE WILMA BROKE RECORDSReaching 882 millibars, HurricaneWilma became the most intenseAtlantic hurricane on record in terms ofminimum central pressure.When Wilma’s top sustained windsincreased 180 km/hr (105 mi/hr) in 24hours while moving through theCaribbean, it became the fastest-strengthening storm on record.
    • WILMA, DENNIS, AND RITA WERE ALSO DEVASTATING• Although Wilma, Dennis and Rita, the other hurricanes that hit the USA, were not as deadly or destructive as Katrina, each one exposed community weaknesses:• 14-hour traffic jams occurred in Houston and Galveston as residents evacuated ahead of Rita.
    • WILMA, DENNIS, AND RITA WERE ALSO DEVASTATINGWilma devastated Cancunand stranded 30,000tourists, before floodingHavana, Cuba, and eventuallyknocking out power for daysfor more than 6 million peoplein Florida on Oct. 24.
    • RECOVERY FROM 2005 HURRICANE SEASON • Congress approved $62 billion, mostly for short-term relief aid. • Estimates put the cost of rebuilding at $200 billion, or more, over a ten-year period. • The president ordered a review of disaster plans for major metropolitan areas.