Vavilov seminar 18 4-2002 Genebank - IPK Gatersleben

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Genetic Resources of Barley in Europe …

Genetic Resources of Barley in Europe
Vavilov - Seminar 18. April 2002
Genebank, IPK Gatersleben

Dirk Enneking

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  • 1. Genetic Resources of Barley in Europe Vavilov - Seminar 18. April 2002 Genebank, IPK Gatersleben Dirk Enneking
  • 2. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe
  • 3. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe •Multiplication/characterisation •Resistance biotic abiotic •Documentation •Rationalising the collections
  • 4. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe •Find new major genes •Components for horizontal resistance
  • 5. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe Rhynchosporium secalis (scald) 1 3 5 10 20 30 50 70 % leaf area infected
  • 6. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % attack scoring date 1. 7.6.5.4.3.2. 8. A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 Detecting HORIZONTAL RESISTANCE genes Measuring rateof infection
  • 7. leaf rust - Puccinia hordei 7 10 14 37 91 179 210 206 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 0 28 71 105 88 7 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
  • 8. leafrust 0 7 10 42 108 195 264 217 203 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 BCC 0 0 6 5 0 4 14 23 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 ICA
  • 9. powdery mildew - Blumeria graminis 6 13 18 64 209 219 226 127 29 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 1 37 146 86 28 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
  • 10. 0 6 13 47 192 247 208 216 124 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 frequency BCC 0 4 0 4 12 13 17 25 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 frequency ICA mildew
  • 11. netblotch - Pyrenophora teres 0 6 361 458 64 8 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 100 200 300 400 500 0 137 95 59 6 0 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
  • 12. scald - Rhynchosporium secalis 1 4 36 270 218 148 60 16 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 0 4 16 39 111 107 21 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
  • 13. scald 0 0 4 52 309 331 251 81 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 BCC 0 0 7 4 11 1 1 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 HOR
  • 14. barley viruses 125 3 9 0 20 0 15 2 83 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus- BYDV 0 4 9 25 70 71 83 28 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 20 40 60 80 100 Barley Mild Mosaic- /Barley Yellow-Mosaic Virus BaMMV+ BaYMV/1+ BaYMV/2
  • 15. 2002 Spring barley nurseries for disease testing DISEASE Nursery BCC HOR IG BGRC CFH Total Aphids retest 38 38 BYDV retest 1 12 13 Leafrust elite 6 1 7 retest 20 7 8 3 38 Standard 3 8 Mildew elite 5 2 7 retest 6 1 6 1 14 standard 2 7 Netblotch elite 16 9 25 retest 3 3 Standard 10 test 14 15 Scald elite 6 3 9 retest 1 31 2 7 1 43 standard 3
  • 16. OP_ABK NAME Mildew COSTmildewLeafrust COSTLeafrustScald COSTScaldNetblotchCOSTNetblotch Desired Seed amountMin Seed Requirement ACK Dr. Claus Einfeldt x x x x x x 20g 25 seeds LP Dr. Burkhard Schinkel x x x Streng Drs. Stefan Streng/Peter Greif x x x x x 10g 50 seeds (for 2 rows) BAZ-IER_KO Dr. Doris Kopahnke x x 100 INRA M. Louis Jestin x x 30 seeds Abed Mr. Morten Helt Poulsen x x x 50 seeds Sejet Ole Andersen x x x x x x x 10g 75 seeds SW Mr. Morten Rasmussen x x x x x x x x 20g per nursery 2x25 seeds Boreal Dr. Marja Jalli x x x x x x 10g 25 seeds RISO Dr. Ahmed Jahoor PF Dr. Heidi Jaiser x x x x x x 5g 50 seeds NAGREF Dr. Konstandinos Bladenopoulos SL Dr. Franz Oeynhausen x x 10g 25 seeds VIR Dr. Irina Terentyeva IHAR Drs. Wieslaw Podyma/Jerzy Czembor x x ARI Dr. Andreas G. Kari x x 10g 25 seeds Suceava Dr. Domnica Placinta x 10g 25 seeds Kromeriz Dr. Jarmila Milotová x x x x x 20g 25 seeds Piestany Drs. Maria Zakova/Michaela Benkova x 50 seeds, 3 reps
  • 17. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe Documentation: •European collections •Linking evaluation data
  • 18. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe Linking databases -Cultivar documentation -Collecting sites -Taxonomy -Evaluation results
  • 19. Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung http://barley.ipk-gatersleben.de/ebdb.php3
  • 20. Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung barley.ipk-gatersleben.de/ebdb.php3 < Update > Collection Sites LAT LON ALT Country of origin codes Co-operators Institutions NATIVE Data International Data Genotypes E V A D L A U T A A T I O N
  • 21. Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Donor numbers = sticky ends
  • 22. Europe All No of accessions 102157 137602 ACCNAME 66745 92212 CULTIVAR REF 22986 27087 Most Original No 33882 54404 Pedigrees 10880 17706
  • 23. Europe All DEU146 15024 18122 RUS001 23392 23802 USA004 9417 27093 USA004_ACCID 9141 26788
  • 24. Europe All Seasonal 73341 76272 Rainfall 1726 Elevation 6274 9393
  • 25. Kernel cover 14042 + Taxonomy 29464 Row number 15436 + Taxonomy 38492
  • 26. H. Spontaneum collecting site table: 213 in total
  • 27. GIS information Two Gazetteers used -GEOnet Names Server(1) -Alexandria Digital Library(2) Resulting in 213 sets of co- ordinates Plotting and map via DIVA-GIS(3) 1. 164.214.2.59/gns/html/index.html 2. fat-albert.alexandria.ucsb.edu:8827/gazetteer/ 3. gis.cip.cgiar.org/gis/tools/diva.htm
  • 28. Disease evaluation data
  • 29. Mapped with Arcview 3.0a
  • 30. Site No 77 1 ISR Menashe Plateau Musmus 78 2 ISR Menashe Plateau Tel Megido 79 1 ISR Esdraelon Valley Omer 80 2 ISR Samarian Mountains Yizrael 81 2 PAL Samarian Mountains Mount Gilboa 82 4 ISR Eastern Lower Galilee Moledet 83 1 ISR Eastern Lower Galilee Afula Ilit 84 9 ISR Eastern Lower Galilee Kfar Tavor 85 1 ISR Menashe Plateau Yokne'am 87 1 ISR Lower Galilee Rehasim 89 1 ISR Galilee Coast Lohamei Hagetaot 96 1 ISR Lower Galilee Deir Hanna 97 3 ISR Lower Galilee Eilaboon 99 4 ISR Lower Galilee Segera South 100 2 ISR Central Coastal Plain Yavneh 101 1 ISR Southern Coastal Plain Kfar Menahem 102 3 ISR Judean Foothills Sdot Micha
  • 31. Partner Co-operators FAO Institution 1 IPK H. Knüpffer, D.Enneking, M. Grau, S. Metzing, G. Schütze, R. Selbig, R. Hell DEU146 Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben 2 ZADI F. Begemann, S. Harrer DEU141 ZADI, Bonn 3 GFGF K.-J. Müller DEUGFGF Gesellschaft f. goetheanistische Forschung e.V., Neu Darchau 4 ACK V. Lein, C. Einfeldt, E. Laubach DEU048 Saatzucht Dr. J. Ackermann, Irlbach 5 DSV H. Busch, P. Senft, J. Vaupel, M. Herrmann DEU011 Deutsche Saatveredelung Lippstadt-Bremen GmbH, Thüle 6 LP B. Schinkel DEU060 Lochow Petkus GmbH, Bergen 7 Streng P. Greif, S. Streng DEU069 Saatzuchtgesellschaft Streng's Erben GmbH & Co. KG, Uffenheim 8 BAZ-IER E. Schliephake, D. Kopahnke, A. Habekuss, G. Proeseler DEU168 Bundesanstalt für Züchtungsforschung an Kulturpflanzen, Aschersleben 9 BAZGB L. Frese, C. Germeier DEU001 Bundesanstalt für Züchtungsforschung an Kulturpflanzen, Genbank, Braunschweig 10 ISC-FIOR M. Stanca, L. Cattivelli ITA024 Istituto Sperimentale per la Cerealicoltura, Fiorenzuola d'Arda 11 ISC-FG N. di Fonzo ITA079 Istituto Sperimentale per la Cerealicoltura, Foggia 12 INRA L. Jestin FRA040 INRA –Amelioration des Plantes, Clermont-Ferrand 13 GEVES A. Le Blanc SWE002 Groupe d'Etude et de Contrôle des Variétés et Sémences, Surgères 14 NGB M. Veteläinen, M. Hulden, D. T. Endresen FRA051 Nordic Genebank, Alnarp 15 Abed M. Rasmussen DNK021 Abed Plant Breeding Station, Søllested 16 Sejet O. Andersen DNK018 Sejet Plant Breeding, Horsens 17 SW R. Jönsson SWE006 Svalöf Weibull AB, Svalöv 18 ARC M. Jalli FIN020 Boreal Plant Breeding, Jokioinen 19 SLUS R. von Bothmer SWE001 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp 20 RISO A. Jahoor DNK008 Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde 21 PF H. Jaiser, G. Emmert, P. Geymer, H. Haldrup DNK005 Pajbjergfonden, Odder
  • 32. 22 NAGREF K. Bladenopoulos GRC035 National Agricultural Research Foundation, Thessaloniki 23 CGN L. van Soest, N. Bas NLD037 Plant Research International, CGN, Wageningen 24 CRF L. Ayerbe ESP004 INIA Centro de Recursos Fitogenéticos, Alcala de Henares 25 JIC M. Ambrose GBR011 John Innes Institute, Norwich 26 SCRI R. Ellis GBR048 Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee 27 CRX A. Barbier, S. Steyer BEL001 Centre de Recherches Agronomiques, Gembloux 28 SL F. Blumenschein, F. Oeynhausen AUT016 Saatbau Linz 29 VIR I. Terentyeva RUS001 N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry 30 IHAR J. Czembor, W. Podyma POL001 Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR), Centre for Plant Genetic Resources 31 Piestany M. Záková SVK001 Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany 32 Kromeriz J. Milotová CZE047 Agricultural Research Institute Kromeriz Ltd. 33 RICP Z. Stehno, I. Faberová CZE122 Research Institute of Crop Production, Genebank 34 ARI A. G. Kari CYP001 Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) 35 Suceava D. Placinta ROM007 Genebank Suceava Lorenzo Maggione Jan Konopka, Jan Valkoun, Stefania Grando Special thanks to: Michael Grau and his team, Gudrun Schütze, Roswitha Selbig at the IPK genebank Edgar Schliephake, BAZ Aschersleben (Biotic stress summaries) Helmut Knuepffer, Genebank, IPK (Project organiser)
  • 33. Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe SEJET PLANT BREEDING
  • 34. Evaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in EuropeEvaluation and Conservation of Barley Genetic Resources in Europe