An argument map is a visual representation of the structure of an argument in informal logic . It includes the components of an argument such as a main contention , premises , co-premises , objections , rebuttals and lemmas . Typically an argument map is a “box and arrow” diagram with boxes corresponding to propositions and arrows corresponding to relationships such as evidential support. Argument mapping is often designed to support deliberation over issues, ideas and arguments in Wicked problems .
A Rationale map arguing in favour of Condorcet voting methods
Argument Maps are often used in the teaching of reasoning and critical thinking , and can support the analysis of pros and cons when deliberating over wicked problems .
The technique dates back at least to 1826, when a generalized illustration of an argument was published in Richard Whately 's Elements of Logic.
Argument maps have been applied in many areas, but foremost in educational, academic and business settings.
Argument Interchange Format
The Argument Interchange Format, AIF, is an international effort to develop a representational mechanism for exchanging argument resources between research groups, tools, and domains using a semantically rich language.
Legal Knowledge Interchange Format
The Legal Knowledge Interchange Format (LKIF), developed in the European ESTRELLA project, is an XML schema for rules and arguments, designed with the goal of becoming a standard for representing and interchanging policy, legislation and cases, including their justificatory arguments, in the legal domain.