• Animation Styles and techniques• •Stop-motion animation• –Cutout animation• –Clay mation• –Pixilation• –Pin-screen animation• –Puppertoon• •Drawn on film animation• •Special effects animation• •Non-character animation
• 2D/Traditional animation• •Traditional animationbegan with each frame being painted and then filmed.• •Cell animation, developed by Bray and Hurd in the 1910s, sped up the process by using transparent overlays so that characters could be moved without the need to repaint the background for every frame
• 2D/Traditional animation• •The "classic" form of animation, the "animated cartoon", as developed in the early 1900s• •refined by Ub Iwerks, Walt Disneyand others• •requires 24 distinct drawings for one second of animation.
• 2D animation• •For 2D animations, separate objects (illustrations) and separate transparent layersare used. Then the objects are moved by the animator on key frames.• •The differences in appearance between key frames are automatically calculated by the computer in a process known astweening or morphing. Finally, the animation is rendered.
• 3D/Computer animation• •Computer generated imagery(CGI)• •Computer animation involves modelling, motion generation, followed by the addition of surfacesand then rendering.
• 3D/Computer animation• •It is the recent developments in rendering complex surfaces like fur and clothingtextures that have enabled stunningly life-like animation
• 3D Animation• •All frames must be rendered after modelingis complete.• •For pre-recorded presentations, the rendered frames are transferred to a different format or medium such as film or digital video.• •The frames may also be rendered in real time as they are presented to the end-user audience.
• Application of 2D and 3D Animation• Advertising . Flight simulation . architecture . forensics . art . medicine . chemistry . military . education . multimedia . engineering . Scientific visualization . entertainment . simulation . film . space exploration . archaeology . Television . web . Video
• Traditional Animation Process• · Script or story development·Storyboard· Record a soundtrack· Produce a detailed layout of the action.· Correlatethe layout with the soundtrack.· create "keyframes” · add "in-betweening“
• Traditional Animation Process• · pencil test· Transfer the pencil test frames to sheets of acetate film, called "cells". · The cells are then assembled into a sequence and filmed• http://www.animationarchive.org/2006/03/biogr aphy-art-babbitt.html• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traditional_animati on• http://www.justdisney.com/animation/animation .html
• Computer Animation Process• * Idea, script, and storyboard* Project planning* Live action filming* Modeling*Animating* Creating dynamic or particle effects* Lighting* Shading and texturing
• Computer Animation Process• * Setting up a view* Creating a background and atmosphere• * Preparing to render* Rendering* Viewing rendered images* Compositing• http://www.pixar.com/howwedoit/index.html http://www.rustboy.com/rustweb.htm http://www.AnimWatch.com http://www.editorsguild.com/newsletter/JulAug0 5/julaug05_bride.html
• Lesson Summary• •Animation Styles and techniques• •Traditional vs Computer animation• •Applications of animation• •Understanding the animation process
• Further Reading• •Vaughan, T. (2008). Multimedia: Making it Work -Chapter 7 : Animation• •Online• –http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animation• –http://media.awn.com/-view animation• –http://www.animation-central.com/mail.htm-animated gif gallery• –http://www.bestflashanimationsite.com/vote/-links to flashsites• –http://www.csulb.edu/~txie/azi/page1.htm-learning to write chinese• –teachers.oregon.k12.wi.us/ bdn/history.html