Neural Correlates of
Admiration and Compassion
   Immordino-Yang M H et al. PNAS 2009




                                ...
Emotional reactions to another person’s
    psychological or physical state

           Goal      Social/psych    physical...
“Not clarified” Posteromedial cortices(PMC)
                  in social tasks and episodic memory


[ Hypotheses ]
1. Admi...
fMRI and behavioral Methods


[ Experimental Design ]
1.   Participants: 13 participants (6 women and 7 men)
2.   4 distin...
Results
                 Anterior cingulate
                                                      Posterior insula
Medulla...
Results




Relative activation in the posteromedial cortices (PMC, outlined in pink) for
          (AV/CSP, blue → green)...
Discussion




1. Parvizi et al. : the superior/anterior portion of the PMC<AS, CPP> is strongly interconnected
with later...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Neural correlates of admiration and compassion

736 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
736
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Neural correlates of admiration and compassion

  1. 1. Neural Correlates of Admiration and Compassion Immordino-Yang M H et al. PNAS 2009 Anna Jo 2010. 3. 2
  2. 2. Emotional reactions to another person’s psychological or physical state Goal Social/psych physical ological Admiration for virtue for skill (AV) (AV) Compassion for pain for pain (CSP) (CPP) [ Assumption ] the experience of all 4 emotions: - anterior insula, - anterior cingulate - hypothalamus - mesencephalon.
  3. 3. “Not clarified” Posteromedial cortices(PMC) in social tasks and episodic memory [ Hypotheses ] 1. Admiration and compassion would engage sub-cortical nuclei in brainstem and hypothalamus, and somato-sensory cortices in interoceptive (anterior insula) and exteroceptive sectors (somato- sensory association areas including the superior parietal lobule and supra marginal gyrus); 2. Admiration and compassion would engage the PMC (posterior cingulate, retrosplenial cortex and precuneus); 3. Activation in the anterior insula would peak and dissipate more quickly for CPP than for CSP or varieties of admiration. [ Novelty ] - Neural basis of admiration - Neural correlates of compassion states(CSP vs. CPP)
  4. 4. fMRI and behavioral Methods [ Experimental Design ] 1. Participants: 13 participants (6 women and 7 men) 2. 4 distinct conditions: admiration for virtue (AV), admiration for skill (AS), compassion for social pain (CSP), and compassion for physical pain (CPP) 3. Stimuli: Audio/video/still images involving social pain (CSP); bodily injury without social consequences (CPP); virtuous acts (AV); or virtuosic skill without virtuous implications (AS) 4. blood-oxygen-level-dependent(BOLD) signal, respiration rate, and heart rate data • ANCOVA random effect analysis • Event-related averages(ERAs) • Bootstrap procedure
  5. 5. Results Anterior cingulate Posterior insula Medulla Anterior insula Lateral parietal cortices Hypothalamus Posterior, inferior Anterior, superior posteromedial cortices(pm) posteromedial cortices(pm)
  6. 6. Results Relative activation in the posteromedial cortices (PMC, outlined in pink) for (AV/CSP, blue → green) Vs. (AS/CPP, orange → yellow)
  7. 7. Discussion 1. Parvizi et al. : the superior/anterior portion of the PMC<AS, CPP> is strongly interconnected with lateral parietal cortices, whereas the inferior/posterior portion<AV, CSP> is closely associated with the anterior middle cingulate cortex, which is itself strongly connected with the insular cortex. 2. Activity in the anterior insula [ compassion for physical pain(CPP) ] peaked more quickly and for a shorter duration than during CSP (and AV, AS) Þ emotions about others’ physically painful predicaments co-opt neural mechanisms for personally experienced pain most efficiently and directly Þ emotions about others’ psychological/moral situations build on these same mechanisms but may operate less efficiently and directly.

×