Exam II study powerpoint
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Exam II study powerpoint

on

  • 907 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
907
Views on SlideShare
907
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Exam II study powerpoint Exam II study powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • ART HISTORY REVIEW By Meghan Gallagher 
  • WHITE-GROUND LEKYTHOS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • WINGED NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • EQUESTRIAN GROUP• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • FEMALE CYCLADIC IDOL• Cycladic 3000- 1000 BC
  • “MASK OF AGAMEMNON”• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE, ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • BOY WRESTLING WITH A GOOSE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • POSEIDON/ ZEUS• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  • THREE GODDESSES, BIRTH OF ATHENA, PEDIMENT, PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • GEOMETRIC AMPHORA• Geometric Greek 1000- 700 BC
  • POLYPHEMOS AMPHORA• Orientalizing 700-600 BC
  • RED- FIGURE KARATER• Archaic 600- 480 BC
  • ACROPOLIS, ATHENS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • NIOBID KRATER• Early Classical
  • HEAD OF ALEXANDER• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • MEGARON• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • TOREADOR FRESCO• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • SNAKE GODDESS• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • LION GATE• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • GREEK AND CENTAUR METOPE• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • THEATER AT EPIDAUROS• Late Classical Greek 400- 300 BC
  • ALTAR OF ZEUS, PERGAMON• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • CARYATID PORCH• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • GRAVE CIRCLE A• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  • QUEEN’S MEGARON• Minoan 2000-1500 BC
  • NEW YORK KOUROS• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • THOLOS TOMB• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  • MALE CYCLADIC AULOS PLAYER• Cycladic 3000-1000 BC
  • ALEXANDER MOSAIC• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • BIRTH OF ATHENA• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • KRITIOS BOY• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  • LAOCOON AND HIS SONS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • OCTOPUS VASE• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • BLACK- FIGURE AMPHORA• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • ALTAR OF ZEUS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • ERECHTHEUM• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • POLYKLEITOS, DORYPHOS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • PEPLOS KORE• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • PRAXITELES• Late Classical Greek 400-300 BC
  • ATHENA BATTLING WITH ALKYONEOS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • TEMPLE OF ZEUS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • QUESTIONS
  • • What is one theroy on how minoan palaces were destroyed and culture ended?
  • NATURAL CATASTROPHIC EARTHQUAKE AND VOLCANO ERUPTION
  • • Terra- Cotta means?
  • BAKED EARTH
  • What are the names of the four vase shapes pictured below?
  • -KYLIX -KRATER-AMPHORA-LEKYTHO
  • What are 2 Hellenistic stylistic conventions of the work shown?
  • STRONGDIAGONALS AND SHOWING MOVEMENT
  • What are 2 stylistic conventions of geometric vase paintings?
  • -GEOMETRIC SHAPES-HORROR VACUII
  • What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is is depicted on the Parthenon?
  • THEY WERE TAKINGA NEW SHROWED TOHER AND IT WAS ON THE FRIEZE
  • What was the Kylix used for?
  • DRINKING CUP, WIDE BOWL,ALMOST PLATE.
  • What was the amphora used for?
  • TRANSPORTLIQUIDS, VASE WITH LONG NECK, 2 HANDELS, BIG BOTTOM
  • How did the Poseidon and Warrior form Riace avoid being melted down?
  • IT GOT LOST UNDERTHE OCEAN, WHICHPROTECTED IT FROM BEING DESTROYED.
  • What was the Krater used for?
  • TO MIX THE WINE AND WATER TOGETHER
  • What were most white- ground lekythoi used for?
  • PUT ON GRAVES,HELD PRECIOUS OILS.
  • What are the 3 parts of the Greek entablature, from the bottom part up?
  • -ARCHITRAVE -FRIEZE -CORNICE
  • How did the palace at knossos function in addition to being Residence?
  • SERVED AS ADISTRIBUTIONCENTER ANDSENDING OUT GOODS.
  • Who discovered and Restored knossos?
  • AURTHER EVANS 1900
  • What large room in Minonan and Mycenean palaces had 3 parts?
  • MEGARON
  • What kind of arch did the Myceneans use?
  • CORBELING
  • Why would the tree trunk not be meeded in the original statue?
  • THE ORIGINALSCULPTURE WAS BRONZE AND HOLLOW, SO IT WASN’T HEAVY.
  • Why did the Athenians rebuild the Parthenon and other buildings? How did they fund the rebuilding?
  • PERICLES REBUILT IT AS AMEMORIAL TO THE WAR WITH THE PERSIANS.IT WAS FUNDED WITH OTHER CITYSTATE MONEY.
  • An architectual order is an arrangenent of ______ and________.
  • GREECE AND ROME
  • A row of columns is called a?
  • COLONNADE- PARISTYLE
  • What did the Greeks call foreigners who didn‟t speak their language?
  • BARBARIANS
  • What is unusual about the form of Minoan and Mycenean columns?
  • REVERSE TAPERED,BIGGER AT THE TOP AND NARROW AT BOTTOM.
  • The cornice encloses a triangular section at the end of a building of porch called the _______.
  • THE PEDIMENT
  • Who convinced the Athenians to restore the temples of Acropolis?
  • PERICLES
  • What is the origin of the terms „Doric‟ and „Ionic‟ for the architetural orders?
  • DORIC= PLACE ON MAINLAND CALLED DORISS, USED ON MAINLAND ONLY.IONIC= NAMED FOR IONIA, USED ACROSS THE AGEAN SEA.
  • What are 3 ways the Parthenon is different from a typical temple?
  • 1. CORNER COLUMNS CLOSER TOGETHER 2. COLUMNS POINT INWARD 3. ENTIRELY MARBLE 4. WIDER THAN OTHER TEMPLES
  • What is one traditional method used to cast large bronze sculptures?
  • THE WAX METHOD
  • What are column flutes?
  • CONCAVEGROOVES
  • How is the weight shifted in the contraposto stance?
  • THE WEIGHT IS SHIFTED ONTO ONE LED, THE HEAD IS SLIGHTLY TURNED, AND THE STANCE IS RELAXED.
  • Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can be placed on the exterior of a Greek Temple?
  • FRIEZE
  • What is one meaning of the term „classical‟ when applied to art?
  • VARIETY AND UNITY (?)
  • GREEK ERAS
  • GEOMETRIC= 1000-1700 BCORIENTALIZING= 700-600 BC ARCHAIC= 600-480 BCEARLY CLASSICAL= 480-450 BCHIGH CLASSICAL= 400-300 BC HELLENISTIC= 323-31 BC
  • Who first discovered Mycenae and Troy?
  • HEINRICHSCHLIEMANN
  • What did the Romans call Greeks? What did the Greeks call themselves?
  • ROMANS= GREEKS GREEKS= HELLEANS
  • Where did the Greeks settle?
  • ON THE MAINLAND,SOUTHERN ITALY AND SICILY,AEGEAN ISLANDS, AND COAST OF TURKEY (ASIA MINOR)
  • What significant event marked the transition from the Archaic period to the Early classical period?
  • PERSIAN WAR= GREEKS VS. PERSIANS.END OF WAR WAS 479 BC.
  • What is Akrotiri?
  • ISLAND BETWEENCRETE AND CYCLADES.
  • What does „Kouros‟ mean? What does „Kore‟ mean?
  • KOUROS= YOUNG MAN= YOUTHKORE= YOUNG WOMAN= MAIDEN
  • What is the purpose of the naos/cella?
  • MAIN ROOM HOUSING THE STATUE OF THE DEITY TO WHOM THETEMPLE IS DEDICATED
  • What is the more naturalistic stance introduced in the early classical period?
  • CONTRAPASTO
  • Who conquered and spread Greek culture to the Near East and Egypt?
  • ALEXANDER THE GREAT
  • What is the Cycladic period named for?
  • CYCLADES ISLANDS
  • What is one feature of the Palace at Knossos related to the myth of the Minotaur?
  • -FOUND BULL IMAGERY -PALACE WAS MAZE LIKE AND COMPLEX
  • 3 AGEAN CULTURES
  • -CYCLADIC= 3000- 1000 BC -MINOAN= 2000- 1500 BCMYCENEAN= 1600- 1100 BC
  • What is the Aegean Sea named after?
  • KIND AEGEUS
  • What are the 2 Minoan languages?
  • -LINEAR A -LINEAR B---ONLY ONE THAT WAS DECIPHERED------ONLY HAVE INVENTORY RECORDS ON CLAY PALETTES.
  • What are 2 features the standing male and female have in common?
  • -HAIR, BROAD SHOULDERS, ARMS DOWN, FISTS -CAUGHT IN INTERNAL SMILE-BLISS BEYOND LIFE/ BETTER LIFE
  • What maybe the reason:a) The parthenon colonnade includes inward? b) The entablature bows upwards?c) The corner columns are set closer together?
  • A) INCLINES INWARDSB) THE FOUNDATION IS CURVED C) COMPENSATION
  • Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can placed on the exterior of a Greek temple?
  • PEDIMENT
  • What is one reason red figure painting replaced black- figure painting?
  • SHOWED UP BETTER AGAINST BLACK BACKGROUND EASIER TO PAINT THAN TO CUT
  • What did each diety offer in the contest betweenPoseidon and Athena for the patronage of Athens?
  • SALT SPRING AND OLIVE TREE
  • Who designed the Parthenon sculptures and made the Athena Parthenos and Zues cult statues?
  • PHIDIAS
  • What compositional characteristic of the High Classical Style is seen in both works? (The goddess from the Parthenon east pediment, Equestrian Group)
  • UNITY IN VARITY-DRAPERY UNITES FIGURES
  • What are 2 physical features of Darius that shows his reaction to his bodyguards demise?
  • HAND IS STRETCHEDTERROR IN HIS EYES
  • What is on explanation advanced for the openness of the palace at Knossos and other Minoan palaces?
  • NO WALL= NOENEMIES= GOODRELATIONSHIPS
  • Explain how the acoustics of the Theater at Epidauros are renowned.
  • PIN DROP IN THEORCHESTRA CAN BEHEARD AT THE TOP.
  • What does the phrase “Man is the measure of all things” say about the Greeks?
  • THEY REPRESENTED HUMAN VALUES, EMOTION AND APPEARANCE ANDEXTENDED IT TO THEIR GODS.
  • A female figure who substitutes for a column?
  • CARYATID
  • What are 2 reasons why Greeks painted vases are considered important?
  • -WE DON’T HAVE OTHER KINDS OF PAINTINGS-SHOWS A WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECT MATTER
  • The maze- like designs often painted on Geometric vases.
  • INTERLACE
  • Why is the Erectheum irregular in plan?
  • DEDICATED TOMULTIPLE DEITIES
  • Briefly describe the buon fresco technique
  • PAINT ON WET PLASTER IN PATCHES
  • What are 2 significant differences by which the Greek work differs?
  • SMILE, NUDITY, FREE STANDING
  • How were the lines made in black figure painting?
  • INCESION
  • What are 2 stylistic conventions of Praxiteles style?
  • SOFT MARBLE, CONTRAPASTO, SOFTNESS INPRESENT FEATURES
  • Describe the circumstances that caused much of the Parthenon to collapse in 1687?
  • GUNPOWDER WAS STORED HERE
  • What is one major feature of the male Cycladic figure is different from the female Cycladic figure?
  • HE STANDS ON HISOWN ON A PEDESTAL 3D BODY MORE ROUNDED
  • What is on naturalistic feature of the painting that may reflect lost larger-scale paintings?
  • FORESHORTENING, SOME FIGURES ARE LOWER DOWN
  • What are 2 stylistic conventions that separateOrientalizing vase painting from geometric?
  • -DOESN’T HAVE TIGHT ORGANIZATION-MORE FIGURES TELLING STORIES -FEWER REGISTERS
  • What is one theory about how the Mycenean Period ended
  • INVASION OF DORIAN,FAMINE, EARTHQUAKE
  • The name Parthenon celebrates Athena in her identity as a ________ goddess
  • YOUNG VIRGIN
  • What makes the black clay slip of Greek vases stay black once it‟s fired?
  • HIGH IRON CONTENT
  • What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is it depicted on the parthenon
  • GIVE NEW DRESS TOWOODEN STATUE OF ATHENAON INNER FRIEZE
  • How were the lines made in red figure painting?
  • PAINTED