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Exam II study powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ART HISTORY REVIEW By Meghan Gallagher 
  • 2. WHITE-GROUND LEKYTHOS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 3. WINGED NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • 4. EQUESTRIAN GROUP• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 5. FEMALE CYCLADIC IDOL• Cycladic 3000- 1000 BC
  • 6. “MASK OF AGAMEMNON”• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • 7. TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE, ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 8. BOY WRESTLING WITH A GOOSE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • 9. POSEIDON/ ZEUS• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  • 10. THREE GODDESSES, BIRTH OF ATHENA, PEDIMENT, PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 11. GEOMETRIC AMPHORA• Geometric Greek 1000- 700 BC
  • 12. POLYPHEMOS AMPHORA• Orientalizing 700-600 BC
  • 13. RED- FIGURE KARATER• Archaic 600- 480 BC
  • 14. ACROPOLIS, ATHENS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 15. NIOBID KRATER• Early Classical
  • 16. HEAD OF ALEXANDER• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • 17. MEGARON• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • 18. TOREADOR FRESCO• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • 19. SNAKE GODDESS• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • 20. LION GATE• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  • 21. GREEK AND CENTAUR METOPE• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 22. THEATER AT EPIDAUROS• Late Classical Greek 400- 300 BC
  • 23. ALTAR OF ZEUS, PERGAMON• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  • 24. CARYATID PORCH• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 25. GRAVE CIRCLE A• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  • 26. QUEEN’S MEGARON• Minoan 2000-1500 BC
  • 27. NEW YORK KOUROS• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • 28. THOLOS TOMB• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  • 29. MALE CYCLADIC AULOS PLAYER• Cycladic 3000-1000 BC
  • 30. ALEXANDER MOSAIC• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • 31. BIRTH OF ATHENA• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 32. KRITIOS BOY• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  • 33. LAOCOON AND HIS SONS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • 34. OCTOPUS VASE• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  • 35. BLACK- FIGURE AMPHORA• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • 36. ALTAR OF ZEUS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • 37. ERECHTHEUM• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 38. POLYKLEITOS, DORYPHOS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 39. PEPLOS KORE• Archaic 600-480 BC
  • 40. PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  • 41. ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 42. PRAXITELES• Late Classical Greek 400-300 BC
  • 43. ATHENA BATTLING WITH ALKYONEOS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  • 44. TEMPLE OF ZEUS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  • 45. QUESTIONS
  • 46. • What is one theroy on how minoan palaces were destroyed and culture ended?
  • 47. NATURAL CATASTROPHIC EARTHQUAKE AND VOLCANO ERUPTION
  • 48. • Terra- Cotta means?
  • 49. BAKED EARTH
  • 50. What are the names of the four vase shapes pictured below?
  • 51. -KYLIX -KRATER-AMPHORA-LEKYTHO
  • 52. What are 2 Hellenistic stylistic conventions of the work shown?
  • 53. STRONGDIAGONALS AND SHOWING MOVEMENT
  • 54. What are 2 stylistic conventions of geometric vase paintings?
  • 55. -GEOMETRIC SHAPES-HORROR VACUII
  • 56. What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is is depicted on the Parthenon?
  • 57. THEY WERE TAKINGA NEW SHROWED TOHER AND IT WAS ON THE FRIEZE
  • 58. What was the Kylix used for?
  • 59. DRINKING CUP, WIDE BOWL,ALMOST PLATE.
  • 60. What was the amphora used for?
  • 61. TRANSPORTLIQUIDS, VASE WITH LONG NECK, 2 HANDELS, BIG BOTTOM
  • 62. How did the Poseidon and Warrior form Riace avoid being melted down?
  • 63. IT GOT LOST UNDERTHE OCEAN, WHICHPROTECTED IT FROM BEING DESTROYED.
  • 64. What was the Krater used for?
  • 65. TO MIX THE WINE AND WATER TOGETHER
  • 66. What were most white- ground lekythoi used for?
  • 67. PUT ON GRAVES,HELD PRECIOUS OILS.
  • 68. What are the 3 parts of the Greek entablature, from the bottom part up?
  • 69. -ARCHITRAVE -FRIEZE -CORNICE
  • 70. How did the palace at knossos function in addition to being Residence?
  • 71. SERVED AS ADISTRIBUTIONCENTER ANDSENDING OUT GOODS.
  • 72. Who discovered and Restored knossos?
  • 73. AURTHER EVANS 1900
  • 74. What large room in Minonan and Mycenean palaces had 3 parts?
  • 75. MEGARON
  • 76. What kind of arch did the Myceneans use?
  • 77. CORBELING
  • 78. Why would the tree trunk not be meeded in the original statue?
  • 79. THE ORIGINALSCULPTURE WAS BRONZE AND HOLLOW, SO IT WASN’T HEAVY.
  • 80. Why did the Athenians rebuild the Parthenon and other buildings? How did they fund the rebuilding?
  • 81. PERICLES REBUILT IT AS AMEMORIAL TO THE WAR WITH THE PERSIANS.IT WAS FUNDED WITH OTHER CITYSTATE MONEY.
  • 82. An architectual order is an arrangenent of ______ and________.
  • 83. GREECE AND ROME
  • 84. A row of columns is called a?
  • 85. COLONNADE- PARISTYLE
  • 86. What did the Greeks call foreigners who didn‟t speak their language?
  • 87. BARBARIANS
  • 88. What is unusual about the form of Minoan and Mycenean columns?
  • 89. REVERSE TAPERED,BIGGER AT THE TOP AND NARROW AT BOTTOM.
  • 90. The cornice encloses a triangular section at the end of a building of porch called the _______.
  • 91. THE PEDIMENT
  • 92. Who convinced the Athenians to restore the temples of Acropolis?
  • 93. PERICLES
  • 94. What is the origin of the terms „Doric‟ and „Ionic‟ for the architetural orders?
  • 95. DORIC= PLACE ON MAINLAND CALLED DORISS, USED ON MAINLAND ONLY.IONIC= NAMED FOR IONIA, USED ACROSS THE AGEAN SEA.
  • 96. What are 3 ways the Parthenon is different from a typical temple?
  • 97. 1. CORNER COLUMNS CLOSER TOGETHER 2. COLUMNS POINT INWARD 3. ENTIRELY MARBLE 4. WIDER THAN OTHER TEMPLES
  • 98. What is one traditional method used to cast large bronze sculptures?
  • 99. THE WAX METHOD
  • 100. What are column flutes?
  • 101. CONCAVEGROOVES
  • 102. How is the weight shifted in the contraposto stance?
  • 103. THE WEIGHT IS SHIFTED ONTO ONE LED, THE HEAD IS SLIGHTLY TURNED, AND THE STANCE IS RELAXED.
  • 104. Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can be placed on the exterior of a Greek Temple?
  • 105. FRIEZE
  • 106. What is one meaning of the term „classical‟ when applied to art?
  • 107. VARIETY AND UNITY (?)
  • 108. GREEK ERAS
  • 109. GEOMETRIC= 1000-1700 BCORIENTALIZING= 700-600 BC ARCHAIC= 600-480 BCEARLY CLASSICAL= 480-450 BCHIGH CLASSICAL= 400-300 BC HELLENISTIC= 323-31 BC
  • 110. Who first discovered Mycenae and Troy?
  • 111. HEINRICHSCHLIEMANN
  • 112. What did the Romans call Greeks? What did the Greeks call themselves?
  • 113. ROMANS= GREEKS GREEKS= HELLEANS
  • 114. Where did the Greeks settle?
  • 115. ON THE MAINLAND,SOUTHERN ITALY AND SICILY,AEGEAN ISLANDS, AND COAST OF TURKEY (ASIA MINOR)
  • 116. What significant event marked the transition from the Archaic period to the Early classical period?
  • 117. PERSIAN WAR= GREEKS VS. PERSIANS.END OF WAR WAS 479 BC.
  • 118. What is Akrotiri?
  • 119. ISLAND BETWEENCRETE AND CYCLADES.
  • 120. What does „Kouros‟ mean? What does „Kore‟ mean?
  • 121. KOUROS= YOUNG MAN= YOUTHKORE= YOUNG WOMAN= MAIDEN
  • 122. What is the purpose of the naos/cella?
  • 123. MAIN ROOM HOUSING THE STATUE OF THE DEITY TO WHOM THETEMPLE IS DEDICATED
  • 124. What is the more naturalistic stance introduced in the early classical period?
  • 125. CONTRAPASTO
  • 126. Who conquered and spread Greek culture to the Near East and Egypt?
  • 127. ALEXANDER THE GREAT
  • 128. What is the Cycladic period named for?
  • 129. CYCLADES ISLANDS
  • 130. What is one feature of the Palace at Knossos related to the myth of the Minotaur?
  • 131. -FOUND BULL IMAGERY -PALACE WAS MAZE LIKE AND COMPLEX
  • 132. 3 AGEAN CULTURES
  • 133. -CYCLADIC= 3000- 1000 BC -MINOAN= 2000- 1500 BCMYCENEAN= 1600- 1100 BC
  • 134. What is the Aegean Sea named after?
  • 135. KIND AEGEUS
  • 136. What are the 2 Minoan languages?
  • 137. -LINEAR A -LINEAR B---ONLY ONE THAT WAS DECIPHERED------ONLY HAVE INVENTORY RECORDS ON CLAY PALETTES.
  • 138. What are 2 features the standing male and female have in common?
  • 139. -HAIR, BROAD SHOULDERS, ARMS DOWN, FISTS -CAUGHT IN INTERNAL SMILE-BLISS BEYOND LIFE/ BETTER LIFE
  • 140. What maybe the reason:a) The parthenon colonnade includes inward? b) The entablature bows upwards?c) The corner columns are set closer together?
  • 141. A) INCLINES INWARDSB) THE FOUNDATION IS CURVED C) COMPENSATION
  • 142. Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can placed on the exterior of a Greek temple?
  • 143. PEDIMENT
  • 144. What is one reason red figure painting replaced black- figure painting?
  • 145. SHOWED UP BETTER AGAINST BLACK BACKGROUND EASIER TO PAINT THAN TO CUT
  • 146. What did each diety offer in the contest betweenPoseidon and Athena for the patronage of Athens?
  • 147. SALT SPRING AND OLIVE TREE
  • 148. Who designed the Parthenon sculptures and made the Athena Parthenos and Zues cult statues?
  • 149. PHIDIAS
  • 150. What compositional characteristic of the High Classical Style is seen in both works? (The goddess from the Parthenon east pediment, Equestrian Group)
  • 151. UNITY IN VARITY-DRAPERY UNITES FIGURES
  • 152. What are 2 physical features of Darius that shows his reaction to his bodyguards demise?
  • 153. HAND IS STRETCHEDTERROR IN HIS EYES
  • 154. What is on explanation advanced for the openness of the palace at Knossos and other Minoan palaces?
  • 155. NO WALL= NOENEMIES= GOODRELATIONSHIPS
  • 156. Explain how the acoustics of the Theater at Epidauros are renowned.
  • 157. PIN DROP IN THEORCHESTRA CAN BEHEARD AT THE TOP.
  • 158. What does the phrase “Man is the measure of all things” say about the Greeks?
  • 159. THEY REPRESENTED HUMAN VALUES, EMOTION AND APPEARANCE ANDEXTENDED IT TO THEIR GODS.
  • 160. A female figure who substitutes for a column?
  • 161. CARYATID
  • 162. What are 2 reasons why Greeks painted vases are considered important?
  • 163. -WE DON’T HAVE OTHER KINDS OF PAINTINGS-SHOWS A WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECT MATTER
  • 164. The maze- like designs often painted on Geometric vases.
  • 165. INTERLACE
  • 166. Why is the Erectheum irregular in plan?
  • 167. DEDICATED TOMULTIPLE DEITIES
  • 168. Briefly describe the buon fresco technique
  • 169. PAINT ON WET PLASTER IN PATCHES
  • 170. What are 2 significant differences by which the Greek work differs?
  • 171. SMILE, NUDITY, FREE STANDING
  • 172. How were the lines made in black figure painting?
  • 173. INCESION
  • 174. What are 2 stylistic conventions of Praxiteles style?
  • 175. SOFT MARBLE, CONTRAPASTO, SOFTNESS INPRESENT FEATURES
  • 176. Describe the circumstances that caused much of the Parthenon to collapse in 1687?
  • 177. GUNPOWDER WAS STORED HERE
  • 178. What is one major feature of the male Cycladic figure is different from the female Cycladic figure?
  • 179. HE STANDS ON HISOWN ON A PEDESTAL 3D BODY MORE ROUNDED
  • 180. What is on naturalistic feature of the painting that may reflect lost larger-scale paintings?
  • 181. FORESHORTENING, SOME FIGURES ARE LOWER DOWN
  • 182. What are 2 stylistic conventions that separateOrientalizing vase painting from geometric?
  • 183. -DOESN’T HAVE TIGHT ORGANIZATION-MORE FIGURES TELLING STORIES -FEWER REGISTERS
  • 184. What is one theory about how the Mycenean Period ended
  • 185. INVASION OF DORIAN,FAMINE, EARTHQUAKE
  • 186. The name Parthenon celebrates Athena in her identity as a ________ goddess
  • 187. YOUNG VIRGIN
  • 188. What makes the black clay slip of Greek vases stay black once it‟s fired?
  • 189. HIGH IRON CONTENT
  • 190. What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is it depicted on the parthenon
  • 191. GIVE NEW DRESS TOWOODEN STATUE OF ATHENAON INNER FRIEZE
  • 192. How were the lines made in red figure painting?
  • 193. PAINTED