Beyond MARC: BIBFRAME and the Future of Bibliographic Data

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The Bibliographic Framework Initiative, or BIBFRAME, is intended to provide a replacement to the MARC format as an encoding standard for library catalogs. Its aim is to move library data into a Linked Data format, allowing it to interact with other data on the Web. In this session, Emily Nimsakont, the NLC’s Cataloging Librarian, will cover the basics of BIBFRAME, describe what it can provide for users of library catalogs that MARC can’t, and outline what librarians should be aware of regarding this change in the cataloging landscape.

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Beyond MARC: BIBFRAME and the Future of Bibliographic Data

  1. 1. Beyond MARC BIBFRAME and the Future of Bibliographic Data Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian • Nebraska Library Commission NCompass Live • January 2, 2014 Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/28376044@N00/4350621750/
  2. 2. What is BIBFRAME?
  3. 3. “The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is an undertaking by the Library of Congress and the community to better accommodate future needs of the library community. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format to more Web based, Linked Data standards. Zepheira and The Library of Congress are working together to develop a Linked Data model, vocabulary and enabling tools / services for supporting this Initiative.” - http://bibframe.org
  4. 4. “The Bibliographic Framework Initiative (BIBFRAME) is an undertaking by the Library of Congress and the community to better accommodate future needs of the library community. A major focus of the initiative will be to determine a transition path for the MARC 21 exchange format to more Web based, Linked Data standards. Zepheira and The Library of Congress are working together to develop a Linked Data model, vocabulary and enabling tools / services for supporting this Initiative.” - http://bibframe.org
  5. 5. What’s Wrong with MARC?
  6. 6. It’s meant for printing catalog cards. Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/28376044@N00/4350624388
  7. 7. It’s only used by libraries. Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34606192@N00/288022773
  8. 8. It’s not very specific. 245 $b
  9. 9. It’s not very specific. “Interpreting MARC: Where’s the Bibliographic Data?” Jason Thomale http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/3832
  10. 10. We need data instead of records. Photo Credit: http://www.contentdm.org/USC/training/2013/Lampert-Southwick-20131205.pdf
  11. 11. A History of BIBFRAME Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/37657778@N07/4867695239/
  12. 12. May 2011 – Bibliographic Framework Initiative announced by LC October 2011 – Bibliographic Framework Plan published – Linked Data model to be used
  13. 13. November 2012 – BIBFRAME Draft Model & Primer published
  14. 14. January 2013 – bibframe.org launched at ALA Midwinter August 2013 – discussion papers updated (use cases, annotations, resource types, authority)
  15. 15. What is Linked Data, anyway? Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/49968232@N00/12364944
  16. 16. Wikipedia says… “Linked Data describes a method of publishing structured data, so that it can be interlinked and become more useful. It builds upon standard web technologies, such as HTTP and URIs - but rather than using them to serve web pages for human readers, it extends them to share information in a way that can be read automatically by computers.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data
  17. 17. resource links to resource links to resource links to resource links to resource
  18. 18. links to data data data data links to data data links to data data data links to data data data
  19. 19. HTML <h1>This is a heading.</h1> <p>This is a paragraph.</p>
  20. 20. RDF/XML <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
  21. 21. Relationships are key Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/brenda-starr/3509344100/
  22. 22. We are used to connecting pieces of information based on their context. Title: A Christmas Carol Author: Charles Dickens
  23. 23. Linked Data makes the relationships explicit. predicate object subject A Christmas Carol has author Charles Dickens
  24. 24. <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:dc= "http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"> <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3schools.com"> <dc:description>W3Schools -Free tutorials</dc:description> <dc:publisher>Refsnes Data as</dc:publisher> <dc:date>2008-09-01</dc:date> <dc:type>Web Development</dc:type> <dc:format>text/html</dc:format> <dc:language>en</dc:language> < /rdf:Description> < /rdf:RDF>
  25. 25. BIBFRAME Model & Vocabulary http://bibframe.org
  26. 26. Core Classes • • • • Work Instance Authority Annotation
  27. 27. Work “Resource reflecting a conceptual essence of the cataloging resource”
  28. 28. Instance “Resource reflecting an individual, material embodiment of the Work”
  29. 29. Authority “Resource reflecting key authority concepts that have defined relationships reflected in the Work and Instance”
  30. 30. Annotation “Resource that asserts additional information about other BIBFRAME resource”
  31. 31. BIBFRAME & RDA
  32. 32. “RDA is an important source of elements in the vocabulary for BIBFRAME, even though it generally aims to be independent of any particular set of cataloging rules.” http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/faqs/
  33. 33. http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2013/v25no4
  34. 34. Chicken or Egg? Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/24098698@N05/5556334141
  35. 35. “The change in rules for metadata creation, represented by RDA, will also help library metadata to be more useful, though perhaps to a lesser extent than BIBFRAME.” Jason W. Dean http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/cha rles-a-cutter-and-edward-tufte-coming-to-a-librarynear-you-via-bibframe/
  36. 36. Practical Applications of BIBFRAME
  37. 37. Resources at Bibframe.org • Use cases • Demonstrations • Tools
  38. 38. Use cases http://bibframe.org/documentation/bibframe-usecases/
  39. 39. Demonstrations http://bibframe.org/demos/
  40. 40. Tools http://bibframe.org/tools/ Comparison service Transformation service
  41. 41. Libraries experimenting with BIBFRAME Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/10862752@N07/2575598759
  42. 42. BIBFRAME Early Experimenters • • • • • • • Library of Congress National Library of Medicine British Library Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Princeton University George Washington University OCLC
  43. 43. Colorado College and University of Denver http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/7349
  44. 44. What’s next? Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/22812192@N00/4061903846
  45. 45. Timeline? “The MARC standard is responsible for the creation of millions of bibliographic records from all parts of the globe. We recognize the need to continue supporting MARC during the transition, and, most likely, for years to come as libraries determine their timetable for making a change.” http://bibframe.org/contribute Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/8525214@N06/9661431073
  46. 46. How will catalogers’ jobs change? Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/77476789@N00/2304874364
  47. 47. “I believe we will certainly need to change most of our cataloging habits, standards, and tools…but that losing the quality and granularity of the data itself should not be a requirement.” Gildas Illien, BnF http://www.niso.org/publi cations/isq/2013/v25no4
  48. 48. RDF/XML <rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Empi re Burlesque"> <cd:artist>Bob Dylan</cd:artist> <cd:country>USA</cd:country> <cd:company>Columbia</cd:company> <cd:price>10.90</cd:price> <cd:year>1985</cd:year> </rdf:Description> http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_example.asp
  49. 49. Resources Bibliographic Framework Initiative Informational Site http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/ Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/pdf/marcld-report11-21-2012.pdf Bibliographic Framework Initiative http://bibframe.org BIBFRAME Listserv Archives http://listserv.loc.gov/listarch/bibframe.html
  50. 50. Resources Information Standards Quarterly Winter 2013 (v.25, no. 4) http://www.niso.org/publications/isq/2013/v25no4 Charles A. Cutter and Edward Tufte: Coming to a Library Near You, via BIBFRAME by Jason W. Dean http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/c harles-a-cutter-and-edward-tufte-coming-to-alibrary-near-you-via-bibframe/
  51. 51. Resources – Linked Data in the Creases by Dorthea Salo http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2013/12/opinion/peer-topeer-review/linked-data-in-the-creases-peer-to-peerreview/ – The Relationship between BIBFRAME and OCLC’s Linked-Data Model of Bibliographic Description: A Working Paper http://oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/li brary/2013/2013-05.pdf – The Road to BIBFRAME by Angela Kroeger http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01639 374.2013.823584
  52. 52. Thank you! Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission 1-800-307-2665 emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov

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