New Communication                      TechnologyWeek 4: Cyberspace and Cyberpunk: William Gibson and Bladerunner
William          Burroughs(1914-1997)   Burroughs Adding Machine Corporation   a "Beat" writer witha non-linearstyle   ...
More on Cyberspace   Cyberspace as the collective imagination of    internet users   Cyberspace - Plato’s cave as a work...
Cybernetics   study of communication, command and    control       in living organisms, machines and organisations     ...
Cyberpunk   science fiction genre       computers, genetics, body        modifications and corporate        developments...
Elements of Cyberpunk                 (DH)        gritty aesthetic        high technology        questionable morality ...
William GibsonCanadian writer – "cyberspace"/VRrealism uncomfortable in sci-fi genrenot fantasy – social criticism,dyst...
William Gibson                                           Key Works   The Sprawl Trilogy: Neuromancer(1984), Count Zero (1...
Blade RunnerPK Dick Do AndroidsDream of Electric SheepRidley Scott – directorRetrofitted, neo-noirTitle from Burrough’...
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Nct4 cyberspace and cyberpunk

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Nct4 cyberspace and cyberpunk

  1. 1. New Communication TechnologyWeek 4: Cyberspace and Cyberpunk: William Gibson and Bladerunner
  2. 2. William Burroughs(1914-1997) Burroughs Adding Machine Corporation a "Beat" writer witha non-linearstyle the 50s-"Interzone" plus cut-up technique Paranoidlife inside a large, dysfuctioning machine, sci fi time as an insect exterminator was particularly influential predicted AIDS, the crack epidemic and liposuction. response to cybernetics and a forerunner of cyberpunk
  3. 3. More on Cyberspace Cyberspace as the collective imagination of internet users Cyberspace - Plato’s cave as a working product? Cyberspace as a meme  Information Superhighway (Al Gore) -geographical metaphor  Virtual Reality (Jaron Lanier)- an immersive reality  Virtual Community (Howard Rheingold) –physical  Social Networking –egocentric representation of personal connections what occurs between people and computers  not some second order of reality but part of reality  digital devices in everyday life = cyberspace more real.
  4. 4. Cybernetics study of communication, command and control  in living organisms, machines and organisations  from the Greek kybernetes = steersman, pilot WWII - systematic approach to complex issues  breaking codes, communication systems, radar and anti-aircraft systems  then managing computers/networks  Human brain - neural networks - robotics  Game theory/Shannon and Weaver feedback (positive and negative) action occurs not through choice but restricton the flow of information produces noise Think about the operations
  5. 5. Cyberpunk science fiction genre  computers, genetics, body modifications and corporate developments  near future CyberPUNK  fast, loud, short rock music  anarchist political philosophy  DIY, anti-expert, "seize the day" approach  Sex Pistols, Clash, Black Assassins and Pussy Riot. reaction against "space opera" - Asimovs Foundation trilogy/Lucass Star Wars.
  6. 6. Elements of Cyberpunk (DH)  gritty aesthetic  high technology  questionable morality  hybrid genre:  hard-boiled detective fiction  anti-hero protagonist, crime  film noir (lust, money, power, seduction, murder)  science fiction - technology, apocalyptic? multinational corps  literary postmodernism (fragments, quick descriptions)
  7. 7. William GibsonCanadian writer – "cyberspace"/VRrealism uncomfortable in sci-fi genrenot fantasy – social criticism,dystopiabalance to boosterism/Bill Gatesnetworked computers – matrixglobal corporations eclipsegovernmentpower depends on informationthe "sprawl" is the jerry-built mega-citysim-stim (simulated stimulation)merging of organic&mechanicalbodiesmalleability of human identity
  8. 8. William Gibson Key Works The Sprawl Trilogy: Neuromancer(1984), Count Zero (1986), Mona Lisa Overdrive (1988) The Bridge Trilogy: Virtual Light (1993), Idoru (1996), All Tomorrow’s Parties (1999) The Blue Ant Trilogy: Pattern Recognition (2003), Spook Country (2007), Zero History (2010) Plus early short stories: Burning Chrome&"steampunk" nThe Difference Engine
  9. 9. Blade RunnerPK Dick Do AndroidsDream of Electric SheepRidley Scott – directorRetrofitted, neo-noirTitle from Burrough’streatment of Nourse bookReplicants are computersMore human than humanDirector’s cutIs Deckard a replicant?

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