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‡mdwU BwÄwbqvwis
(wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠkj)
m¤^‡Ü eûgyLx
Av‡jvPbv
W.†gvt byi“j Bmjvg
cÖv³b Aa¨vcK
‡Kwg...
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27 April, 2007
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http://www.samakal.com.bd/details.php?
news=13&view=archiev&y=2012&m=11&d=25&action=main&o
p...
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BIM_Safety_Lecture_13
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_industrial_disasters
2012 Dhaka Fire
The 2012 Dhaka fir...
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Savar_building_collapse
2013 Savar building collapse (RANA...
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Savar_building_collapse
2013 Savar building collapse (RANA...
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accord_on_Factory_and_Building_Safety_in_Bangladesh
Accord on F...
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accord_on_Factory_and_Building_Safety_in_Bangladesh
Accord on F...
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1.1 `~N©Ubv †_‡K †mdwU
BwÄwbqvwis Gi fvebv (1)
m¤cÖwZKv‡j †`‡ki wewfbœ GjvKvq
msNwUZ bvbv `~...
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(7) KviLvbvi `ywlZ M¨vm
wbt¯^ib (B‡Ui fvUv, imvqb
wkí)
(8) `ywlZ Zij c`v_© wbt¯^ib
(mvfvi)
(...
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BIM_Safety_Lecture_13
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`yN©Ubvi ¶wZmg~n wb‡gœ
Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡jv:
(K) Rxe‡bi ¶wZ;
(L) fe‡bi ¶wZ
(M) KjKviLvbv hš¿cvwZ...
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1.3 `yN©Ubv I †mdwU
BwÄwbqvwis m¤^‡Ü
Av‡jvPbvi D‡Ïk¨
‰`wb›`b Rxe‡b Avgiv †QvU eo
bvbv ai‡bi ...
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BIM_Safety_Lecture_13
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‡h Ae¯’v gvby‡li kvixwiK
¶wZ‡K Kgv‡Z m¶g Zv‡K
wbivcËv wnmv‡e
msÁvwqZ Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i|
wbivcËv‡...
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1.5 wbivcËvq wb‡qvwRZ
ms¯’vi Kvh©µg(1)
wbivcËvi
`vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ
ms¯’v¸wj `yN©Ubv n«vm I
cÖw...
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BIM_Safety_Lecture_13
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B`vwbsKv‡j wbivcËv welqK
wPš—v-fvebvq wbivc` †gwkb
I hš¿cvwZ cÖPjb QvovI
ivmvqwbK c`v_©-GwmW...
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cÖ‡KŠkj weÁv‡bi mKj kvLvq
(wWwmwc­‡b) wWRvBb Kivi mgq
wbivcËv welqwU g‡b †i‡L
wWRvBb Kiv nq|...
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D`vnibmiƒc eûZj fe‡bi †mdwU
BwÄwbqv‡ii `vwqZ¡ n‡”Q
Avc`Kvwjb mg‡q fe‡b emevm-
Kvix‡`i‡K b~¨b...
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(4) `yN©Ubv I ¶wZ wbqš¿‡bi welq
h_vh_ KZ…©c‡¶i mv‡_
†hvMv‡hvMKiY,
(5) gv‡S gv‡S `yN©Ubvi gno...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi m¤cÖwZK
†mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi
`„wófw½‡Z AvRKvj †h welq¸wj
†ekx †Rvi †`qv nq...
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dwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi cÖvwZôvwb
`yN©Ubv GKwU †UKwbK¨vj ev
KvwiMwi welq n‡jI `yN©Ubv
wbqš¿b I cÖw...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi †UKwbK¨v
‡mdwUi j¶¨ AR©‡bi Rb¨ we‡eP¨
KvwiMix welq¸wj n‡”Q- wWRvBb,
g¨v‡U...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w
KviLvbv, Kgx©‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ
K‡i MÖvnK‡`i Rb¨ wbivc` cY¨
Drcv`...
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evsjv‡`‡k A‡bK fvov Kiv
Mv‡g©›Um KviLvbvi wec`Kvwjb
wmwo wQjbv| wKQy `ytLRbK
`yN©Ubv NUvi ci...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w
 mKj †c‡Uªvj cv‡¤ú wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi
Rb¨ eo eo K‡i jvj is‡qi m...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w
cyivZb RivRxY© fe‡b
emevmKvix‡`i‡K miKvix Awdm
†_‡K ev‡mi A‡hvM¨...
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Table 3.1 List of Some Laws Related to Accidents and
Safety (3)
 Building Construction Act ...
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3.2.1 Bangladesh National Building Code 2006(1)
 M„nvqb I MYc~Z© gš¿Yvjq Building
Construct...
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3.2.1 Bangladesh National Building Code 2006(2)
2.1 Code Enforcement Agency
 The Government...
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2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 (1)
* 11 A‡±vei, 2006 evsjv‡`k
†M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ (9053-
9220 c„ôv) g~...
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*2(61) Ówkí cÖwZôvbÓ A_© †Kvb
Kg©kvjv (†Kvb evoxNi ev Avw½bv
†hLv‡b †Kvb wkí cÖwZôvb P‡j) ,
...
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cÂg Aa¨vqt ¯^v¯’¨ i¶v
e¨e¯’v
51| cwi¯‹vi cwi”QbœZv
52| evqy PjvPj I ZvcgvÎv
53| ayjv-evwj I ...
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lô Aa¨vqt wbivcËv
61| feb I hš¿cvwZi wbivcËv
62| AwMœKvÛ m¤ú‡K© mZK©Zvi
Aej¤^b
63| hš¿cvwZ w...
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mßg Aa¨vqt ¯^v¯’¨, ¯^v¯’¨wewa
I wbivcËv m¤ú‡K© we‡kl
weavb
79| wec¾bK Pvjbv
80| `yN©Ubv m¤ú‡...
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Aóg Aa¨vqt Kj¨vYg~jK
e¨e¯’v
89| cÖv_wgK wPwKrmv miÄvg
90| †mBdwU †iKW©eyK msi¶b
(25 R‡bi Awa...
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Øv`k Aa¨vqt `yN©UbvRwbZ
Kvi‡Y RL‡gi Rb¨ ¶wZc~ib
150| ¶wZc~ib cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨
gvwj‡Ki `vwqZ¡ (¶wZ...
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PZz`©k Aa¨vqt we‡iva
wb®úwË, kªg Av`vjZ, kªg
Avwcj Uªveybvj, AvBbMZ
Kvh©aviv BZ¨vw`
Ebwesk A...
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mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wbe©vnx
cÖYqb K‡i wKfv‡e RbM‡bi
wbivcËv cÖ`v‡bi e¨e¯’v K‡i Ges
`yN©Ubv NU...
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Table 3.2: Ministries, Organizations and
Systems Related to Safety Engineering(1)
Ministries...
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Ministries Organizations Systems
Ministry of Civil
Aviation and Tourism.
Civil Aviation
Auth...
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Ministries Organizations Systems
Ministry of Industries (1) Bangladesh Standard
and Testing ...
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3.4 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis
Gi Gb‡dvim‡g›U
(cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi) welq
(1)
mvwe©K wbivcËv
wbwðZ Kivi c...
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3.4 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis
Gi Gb‡dvim‡g›U
(cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi) welq
(2)
Gqvi UªvwdK
K‡›Uªvjv‡ii cÖZ...
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dwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wePvi mswk
MÖn‡Yi cÖwZôvb n‡”Q
wewfbœ wePvivjq|
D`vniYmiƒc AwZ m¤cÖwZ
N‡U ...
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Rangs Bhaban to be torn down from today
Rajuk swings into action after SC ruling; Rangs appe...
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5 August, 2007
Rajuk, Rangs differ on extent of demolition
Staff Correspondent
The task for ...
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19 August, 2007
Faulty constructions go on as building
code not enforced
Tawfique Ali
Despit...
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19 August, 2007
Faulty constructions go on as building
code not enforced
Tawfique Ali
Accord...
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19 August, 2007
Faulty constructions go on as building
code not enforced
Tawfique Ali
BNBC, ...
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19 August, 2007
Faulty constructions go on as building
code not enforced
Tawfique Ali
Expert...
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3.6 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis
Gi wk¶v, cÖwk¶Y I M‡elYv
mswk­ó welq
wbivc` cÖhyw³i cÖPjb Ges `yN©Ubv
g...
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cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wk¶v Kvh
cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq
cÖ‡KŠkj wel‡qi †h
mKj wWwmwc­‡b
wWMÖx cÖ`...
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evsjv‡`‡k moK `yN©Ubvi KviY
wPwýZKiY, mgm¨v mgvav‡bi
Dcvq Ges wbivcËv e¨e¯’v Dbœq‡bi
jব 20...
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(7)`yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iva Ges wbivc`
cÖhyw³ (†mdwU †UK‡bvjRx)
m¤^‡Ü wk¶v I cÖwk¶‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv;
(8...
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3.6.3 BNUS and BUET-JIDPUS
The Bangladesh Network Office for
Urban Safety (BNUS) was establi...
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‡mdwU Ges `y‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv m¤^‡Ü
wfbœ cÖwk¶Y Kvh©µg
 Training Programs on Occupational
Saf...
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RvZxq †mdwU AM©vbvB‡Rkb
* evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb 2006 Gi 323
aviv Abymv‡i MwVZ evsjv‡`‡k
wkí-KviL...
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—R©vwZK †mdwU AM©vbvB
AM©vbvB‡Rkb¸wji g‡a¨ Z_¨ I AwfÁZv
Av`vb cÖ`v‡b mnvqZv K‡i _v‡K|
 B›Uv...
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evj ch©v‡q `y‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv c
 The United Nations International
Strategy for Disaster Redu...
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5.0 mgvcbx e³e¨
G e³…Zv ï‡b Avcbv‡`i wK jvf n‡jv?
(1) fwel¨‡Z wb‡Ri KviLvbvi
wbivcËv e¨e¯’v ...
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  • Safety Engg. 12(1)
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  • Transcript of "Mni bim-safety lecture-13"

    1. 1. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 1 ‡mdwU BwÄwbqvwis (wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠkj) m¤^‡Ü eûgyLx Av‡jvPbv W.†gvt byi“j Bmjvg cÖv³b Aa¨vcK ‡KwgK¨vj BwÄwbqvwis wWcvU©‡g›U Ges BbwówUDU Ae G‡cÖvwcÖ‡qU †UK‡bvjRx evsjv‡`k cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq, XvKv| E-mail: nurul@iat.buet.ac.bd, nurul1946@gmail.com Ph: 01726-444489 Lecture Notes on Industrial Safety Management as a partLecture Notes on Industrial Safety Management as a part of Post-graduate Diploma in Human Resourcesof Post-graduate Diploma in Human Resources Management, Bangladesh Institute of ManagementManagement, Bangladesh Institute of Management 4, Sobhanbag, Mirpur Road, Dhanmandi, Dhaka-12074, Sobhanbag, Mirpur Road, Dhanmandi, Dhaka-1207
    2. 2. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 2
    3. 3. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 3
    4. 4. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 4 27 April, 2007
    5. 5. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 5
    6. 6. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 6
    7. 7. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 7
    8. 8. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 8
    9. 9. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 9
    10. 10. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 10
    11. 11. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 11
    12. 12. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 12 http://www.samakal.com.bd/details.php? news=13&view=archiev&y=2012&m=11&d=25&action=main&o ption=single&news_id=309215&pub_no=1238 ‰`wbK mgKvjt 25-11-2012 ‡cvkvK KviLvbvq fqven Av¸b
    13. 13. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 13 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_industrial_disasters 2012 Dhaka Fire The 2012 Dhaka fire broke out on 24 November 2012, in the Tazreen Fashion factory in the Ashulia district on the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh. At least 117 people were confirmed dead in the fire, and at least 200 were injured, making it the deadliest factory fire in the nation's history.
    14. 14. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 14 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Savar_building_collapse 2013 Savar building collapse (RANA PLAZA) On 24 April 2013, an eight-story commercial building, Rana Plaza, collapsed in Savar, a sub- district in the Greater Dhaka Area, the capital of Bangladesh. The search for the dead ended on 13 May with the death toll of 1,129.Approximately 2,500 injured people were rescued from the building alive. It is considered to be the deadliest garment- factory accident in history, as well as the deadliest accidental structural failure in modern human history. The building contained clothing factories, a bank, apartments, and several other shops. The shops and the bank on the lower floors immediately closed after cracks were discovered in the building. Warnings to avoid using the building after cracks appeared the day before had been ignored. Garment workers were ordered to return the following day and the building collapsed during the morning rush-hour.
    15. 15. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 15 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Savar_building_collapse 2013 Savar building collapse (RANA PLAZA) Side view of the collapsed building Aerial view of the building following the disaster
    16. 16. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 16 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accord_on_Factory_and_Building_Safety_in_Bangladesh Accord on Factory and Building Safety in Bangladesh The Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh is a five-year legally binding agreement  between  international labor  organizations, non- governmental  organizations,  and retailers engaged  in  the textile  industry to  maintain  minimum safety  standards in the Bangladesh textile industry: The undersigned parties are committed to the goal  of a safe and sustainable Bangladeshi Ready-Made  Garment ("RMG") industry in which no worker needs  to  fear  fires,  building  collapses,  or  other  accidents  that could be prevented with reasonable health and  safety measures. The accord was signed in May 2013.
    17. 17. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 17 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accord_on_Factory_and_Building_Safety_in_Bangladesh Accord on Factory and Building Safety in Bangladesh Terms of the Accord In addition to schemes of building inspection and enforcement of fire and safety standards the accord requires that contracts by international retailers with Bangladesh manufacturers provide for compensation adequate to maintain safe buildings. Retailers agree to continue to support the Bangladesh textile industry despite possible higher costs. It is estimated that the total cost may be $1 billion, about $500,000 per factory. Close cooperation with the International Labour Organization and the government of Bangladesh is required. A steering committee which governs the accord is established as are dispute resolution procedures such as arbitration. The accord calls for development of an Implementation Plan over 45 days.
    18. 18. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 18 1.1 `~N©Ubv †_‡K †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi fvebv (1) m¤cÖwZKv‡j †`‡ki wewfbœ GjvKvq msNwUZ bvbv `~N©Ubvi Kvi‡Y †`‡k RbMY I miKvi DrKwÚZ; Avevi KLb `~N©Ubv N‡U| cÖvq mKj `~N©Ubvi mv‡_ cÖ‡KŠkjMZ welq RwoZ| mK‡ji mw¤§wjZ cÖ‡Póvq `yN©Ubv RwbZ ¶q¶wZ Kgv‡bv, `~N©Ubv n«vm I `~N©Ubv cÖwZ‡iv‡ai D‡Ï‡k¨ wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠkj wel‡q eûgyLx Av‡jvPbvi m~Pbv Kiv G cÖe‡Üi j¶¨| m¤cÖwZ N‡U hvIqv wKQy `~N©Ubvi ZvwjKv wb‡gœ Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡jv| (1) M¨vm e¨envi ¯’v‡b we‡ùvib (1975 mv‡j †Nvivkvj, BDwiqv mvi KviLvbvi `yN©Ubv) (2) KviLvbvi feb †W‡e aŸ‡m cov (mvfvi, ‡ZRMvuI) e›`i) (3) M¨vm A‡š^lY wd‡ì we‡ùvib (gv¸iQiv, QvZK) 1.0 m~Pbv
    19. 19. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 19 (7) KviLvbvi `ywlZ M¨vm wbt¯^ib (B‡Ui fvUv, imvqb wkí) (8) `ywlZ Zij c`v_© wbt¯^ib (mvfvi) (9) cyivZb RvnvR fv½vi mgq `yN©Ubv (10) ivDRvb Zvc we`y¨r †K‡›`ªi `yB bs BDwb‡Ui eqjvi we‡õvib (26-03-2011) (11) Avïwjqvi ZvRwib ‡cvkvK KviLvbvq fqven Av¸b wbnZ 117 (24-11-2012) (12) mvfvi ivbv c­vRvi `~N©Ubv (wbnZ 1129 1.1 `~N©Ubv †_‡K †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi fvebv (2)
    20. 20. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 20 `yN©Ubvi ¶wZmg~n wb‡gœ Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡jv: (K) Rxe‡bi ¶wZ; (L) fe‡bi ¶wZ (M) KjKviLvbv hš¿cvwZ ¶wZ; (N) Drcv`‡bi ¶wZ; (O) mybv‡gi ¶wZ; (P) cwi‡ek `ylb; (Q) Avw_©K ¶wZ| (R) ¶wZc~i‡bi gvgjv; 1.2 `yN©Ubvi ¶wZ
    21. 21. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 21 1.3 `yN©Ubv I †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis m¤^‡Ü Av‡jvPbvi D‡Ïk¨ ‰`wb›`b Rxe‡b Avgiv †QvU eo bvbv ai‡bi `yN©Ubvi m¤§yLxb nw”Q| AÁZv, Am‡PZbZv, Ae‡njv, AmveavbZvi Kvi‡Y G `yN©Ubv NU‡Q| wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠk‡ji †KŠkj w`‡q hvwš¿K Rxe‡b `yN©Ubv Kgv‡bv Ges `yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iva Kiv m¤¢e| AvR‡Ki hvwš¿K Rxe‡b eû ai‡bi cÖhyw³ e¨eüZ nq| ‡h Kvi‡Y cÖ‡KŠkj weÁv‡bi †Kvb GKwU wWwmwc­‡b wk¶v cÖvß GKRb cÖ‡KŠkjxi c‡¶ mKj cÖ‡KŠkj wel‡qi wbivc` †KŠkj m¤^‡Ü Av‡jvPbv Kiv Am¤¢e| mvwe©Kfv‡e wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠk‡ji wewfbœ w`K m¤^‡Ü Av‡jvPbv K‡i
    22. 22. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 22 ‡h Ae¯’v gvby‡li kvixwiK ¶wZ‡K Kgv‡Z m¶g Zv‡K wbivcËv wnmv‡e msÁvwqZ Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| wbivcËv‡K cÖavbZt `yB fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq| (1) †ckvMZ wbivcËv (Occupational Safety)t Kg©‡¶‡Î †ckvMZ Kv‡Ri mg‡qi wbivcËv‡K †ckvMZ wbivcËv ejv nq| G wbivcËv- Awdm, KviLvbv, †`vKvb, wbg©vY mvBU mswk­ó| Ges (2) Rb wbivcËv (Public ‡mdwU/wbivcËv ej‡Z wK ey
    23. 23. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 23 1.5 wbivcËvq wb‡qvwRZ ms¯’vi Kvh©µg(1) wbivcËvi `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ ms¯’v¸wj `yN©Ubv n«vm I cÖwZ‡iv‡ai Rb¨ †h mKj †KŠkj Aej¤^b K‡i Zv n‡PQt (1) `yN©Ubvi Z_¨ msMÖn I we‡k­lY; (2) wec`RbK Ae¯’v Ges cwi‡ek m¤^‡Ü M‡elYv; (3) wbivc` cÖhyw³ wWRvBb I cÖPj‡b †Póv; (2) wbivc` e¨e¯’v cÖPj‡bi j‡¶¨ wk¶v I cÖwk¶Y Kvh©µg cÖYqb;
    24. 24. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 24 B`vwbsKv‡j wbivcËv welqK wPš—v-fvebvq wbivc` †gwkb I hš¿cvwZ cÖPjb QvovI ivmvqwbK c`v_©-GwmW, A¨vjKvwj I †iwW‡qkb (G·‡i) RwbZ `yN©Ubv m¤^‡ÜI Av‡jvPbv Ges wPš—v fvebv Kiv nq| `ª“Z cÖhyw³MZ Dbœq‡bi cwi‡e‡k wbivc` e¨e¯’v wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ ïay cÖhyw³MZ wPš —vB h‡_ó bq| GRb¨ m‡PZbZv e„w× I AvBbMZ e¨e¯’vi cÖPjbI †ek Ri“ix| wbivc` e¨e¯’v cÖPj‡b AwaK A_© e¨q nq| Z‡e Zvi cwigvb wbwðZfv‡e `yN©Ubvi ¶wZi wbivcËvq wb‡qvwRZ ms¯’vi Kvh©µ
    25. 25. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 25 cÖ‡KŠkj weÁv‡bi mKj kvLvq (wWwmwc­‡b) wWRvBb Kivi mgq wbivcËv welqwU g‡b †i‡L wWRvBb Kiv nq| hv‡K †mdwU d¨v±i ev wbivcËvm~PK ejv nq| wnmve wbKvk K‡i †h gv‡ci cÖ‡qvRb Zvi wظb cwigv‡c feb ev hš¿vskwU ˆZix Ki‡j ejv nq, d¨v±i Ae †mdwU 2 wnmv‡e a‡i wRwbmwU ˆZix Kiv n‡q‡Q, mn‡R †f‡½ co‡e bv| cyi‡KŠkj, hš¿‡KŠkj, Zwir †KŠkj, †Kwg‡KŠkj, †bŠhš¿‡KŠkj weÁv‡b wbR¯^ GjvKvi hš¿ ev hš¿vsk evbv‡Z Avjv`v Avjv`vfv‡e wbivc` wWRvB‡bi welqwU wPš—v Kiv n‡jI BwÄwbqvwis cÖ‡dk‡b †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis GKwU ¯^Zš¿ wbivcËv †KŠkj ‡mdwU BwÄwbqvi‡`i Kvh©µ
    26. 26. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 26 D`vnibmiƒc eûZj fe‡bi †mdwU BwÄwbqv‡ii `vwqZ¡ n‡”Q Avc`Kvwjb mg‡q fe‡b emevm- Kvix‡`i‡K b~¨bZg mg‡q wbivc` ¯’v‡b ¯’vbvš—i Kiv| †Kvb †Kvb KviLvbvq wbivcËv cÖnix‡`i m‡ev©”P Kg©KZ©v‡K wbivcËv Awdmvi ejv nq, wZwb cÖavbZt Rb wbivcËvi KvR K‡i _v‡Kb| BbwmI‡iÝ †Kv¤úvbxi wbivcËv cÖ‡KŠkjxiv exgvi wcÖwgqvg wba©vi‡bi Rb¨ cÖhyw³i g~j¨gvb Ges A_ev `yN©Ubvi SzwK wb‡q wPš—vfvebv K‡ib| cÖ‡dkbvj †mdwU BwÄwbqviiv mvavibZt †h KvR¸wj K‡i _v‡Kb Zvn‡jv- (1) `yN©Ubv NUvi KviY, ‡mdwU BwÄwbqvi‡`i Kvh©
    27. 27. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 27 (4) `yN©Ubv I ¶wZ wbqš¿‡bi welq h_vh_ KZ…©c‡¶i mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvMKiY, (5) gv‡S gv‡S `yN©Ubvi gnov w`‡q `yN©Ubvi cÖ¯‘wZ hvPvB Kiv nq, (6) `yN©Ubv n«vm I ¶wZi cwigv‡ci c×wZ D™¢eveb, cwiPvjbvKiY, ms‡kvabKiY hv‡Z †mdwUi DPP gvÎv AR©b Kiv hvq| wkí KviLvbvq mvavibZt `yN©Ubv gy³ N›Uvi wnmve †i‡L †mdwUi AR©b gvÎv cwigvc Kiv nq| †hgb †Kvb †Kvb KviLvbvi cÖavb dU‡Ki mvg‡b †ev‡W© eo eo K‡i †jLv †`Lv hvq †h, G KviLvbvq MZ 50 nvRvi mdwU BwÄwbqvi‡`i Kvh©µg(
    28. 28. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 28 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi m¤cÖwZK †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi `„wófw½‡Z AvRKvj †h welq¸wj †ekx †Rvi †`qv nq Zvn‡jv- (1) `yN©Ubvi m¤¢vebv ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i `yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iv‡ai wPš—v Kiv, (2) Ae‡njvRwbZ wWRvB‡bi Rb¨ AvBb K‡i kvw¯—i e¨e¯’v Kiv, (3) ‡fv³v‡`i‡K `yN©Ubv gy³ ivLvi †Póv Kiv, (4) AvBbMZ e¨e¯’v MÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g wbgœwjwLZ †¶‡Î `yN©Ubv wbqš¿‡b e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kivt (K) hvZvqvZ †¶‡Î wbivcËv, (L) wbivc` cY¨ Drcv`b I evRviRvZKib, (M)
    29. 29. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 29 dwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi cÖvwZôvwb `yN©Ubv GKwU †UKwbK¨vj ev KvwiMwi welq n‡jI `yN©Ubv wbqš¿b I cÖwZ‡iva K‡i wbivcËv wbwðZ Ki‡Z n‡j ‡mdwU Ges †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis welqwU †UKwbK¨vj welqmn Ab¨vb¨ cÖvwZôvwbK e¨e¯’vi Avw½‡K ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv cÖ‡qvRb| (1) †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi †UKwbK¨vj welq, (2) †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ welq, (3) †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wbe©vnx welq, (4) †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi Gb‡dvim‡g›U (cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi) welq
    30. 30. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 30 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi †UKwbK¨v ‡mdwUi j¶¨ AR©‡bi Rb¨ we‡eP¨ KvwiMix welq¸wj n‡”Q- wWRvBb, g¨v‡Uwiqvj wmwjKkb, †KvW Abymib K‡i †dweª‡Kkb, hš¿vsk ms‡hvRb, c~b© cÖhyw³ †Uwós, wba©vwiZ gvb Abymv‡i wbivc` cÖhyw³ cwiPvjbvKiY| B‡Zvg‡a¨ A‡bK mycwiwPZ wbivc` cÖhyw³ RbM‡bi Kv‡Q †_‡K ‡mdwU mb`cÎ †c‡q m‡š—vlRbKfv‡e KvR K‡i‡Q| †hgb- (1) ‡mdwU g¨vP, (2) ‡mdwU wcb, (3) ‡mdwU j¨v¤ú, (4) ‡mdwU M­vm (5) ‡mdwU fvje, (6) ‡mdwU †ejU, (7) †mdwU jK| G wbivc` hš¿¸wj †Kv_vq Kv‡R jv‡M Zv Avgiv Rvwb| Avgv‡`i ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b Ges A_©bxwZi mKj †¶‡Î wbivc` cÖhyw³ cÖPj‡bi Rb¨ wWRvBb, †dweª‡Kkb, Acv‡ikb cÖwZwU †¶‡Î
    31. 31. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 31 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w KviLvbv, Kgx©‡`i wbivcËv wbwðZ K‡i MÖvnK‡`i Rb¨ wbivc` cY¨ Drcv`b Kiv e¨q mv‡c¶| †h Kvi‡Y Drcv`‡bi mv‡_ mswk­óiv LiP evPvevi Rb¨ `yN©Ubv bv NUv ch©š — wbivcËvi wel‡q ZZUv hZ¥evb n‡Z Pvbbv †hgb A‡bK KviLvbvq Kg©x‡`i †mdwU M­vm Qvov †j‡` Ges †mdwU n¨vÛ wkì Qvov I‡qjwWs †gwk‡b KvR Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq| G †¶‡Î †mdwU M¨v‡R‡Ui (†Pv‡Li Pkgv, n¨vÛ wkì) LiP gvwjK‡K enb Ki‡Z nq wKš‘ `yN©Ubvi ¶wZMÖ¯’ nIqvi m¤¢ebv Kg©x‡`i| A‡bK KjKviLvbv Ges Awdm Av`vj‡Z Av¸b wbfvevi Rb¨ mnRjf¨ dvqvi dvBwUs BKzBc‡g›U †`Lv hvq bv| GKRb e¨vw³i AmZK©Zv (wmMv‡i‡Ui Av¸b) Ges
    32. 32. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 32 evsjv‡`‡k A‡bK fvov Kiv Mv‡g©›Um KviLvbvi wec`Kvwjb wmwo wQjbv| wKQy `ytLRbK `yN©Ubv NUvi ci cieZx© wec`Kvwjb wmwo ms‡hvRb Kiv n‡q‡Q| bewbwg©Z Awdm I d¨v±ix fe‡b wec`Kvwjb wmwo Aš—f~©³ K‡i feb wbg©vb Kiv n‡jI A‡bK mgq †`Lv hvq †h feb e¨envKvix A‡b‡KB G wmwoi Ae¯’vb Rv‡bb bv| A_ev A‡bK †¶‡Î AYwaKvi PjvPjKvix‡`i PjvPj wbqš¿‡bi (wbicvËvi) Ahynv‡Z wec`Kvwjb wbivc` wmwo ev c_ Zvjv w`‡q eÜ K‡i ivLv nq A_ev Pjvi c‡_ A‡K‡Rv AvmevecÎ †÷vi K‡i ivLv nq| B`vwbsKv‡j K‡qKwU Mv‡g©›Um KviLvbvq Av¸b jvM‡j wmwKDwiwU MvW©iv wec`Kvjx `iRv GgbwK ‡gBb `iRvq Zvjv w`‡q ivLvi Kvi‡Y A‡bK Kgx©‡`i `yfv©M¨RbKfv‡e g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q| hv †Kvbfv‡e Kvg¨ bq| mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w
    33. 33. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 33 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w  mKj †c‡Uªvj cv‡¤ú wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ eo eo K‡i jvj is‡qi mvBb‡evW© jvwM‡q mveavbevix †jLv _vKv m‡Z¡I A‡bK †¶‡Î GUv gvbv nq bv| wmGbwR Mvox‡Z wmGbwR (M¨vm) fivi mgq hvÎx‡`i‡K Mvox †_‡K bvgvi Rb¨ ¯úó K‡i mveavb evbx †jLv _vKv m‡Z¡I A‡b‡KB Zv gv‡bb bv| †dix‡Z evm IVvbvgvi mgq hvÎx‡`i Mvox †_‡K bvgvi †i¸‡jkb _vKv m‡Z¡I A‡b‡KB gv‡bbv|  jvB‡mÝ Qvov Mvox Pvjv‡bv AvBbZt wbwl× n‡jI A‡b‡K `yB b¤^i/wZb b¤^i jvB‡mÝ w`‡q Mvox Pvjvb| XvKvq GK †mwgbv‡i GKRb D”Pc`¯’ cywjk Kg©KZ©v‡K ej‡Z ï‡bwQ XvKvi iv¯—vq PjvjKvix †ekxi fvM Mvoxi WªvBfv‡ii jvB‡mÝ †RbyBb (A_©vr AwiwRb¨vj) bq| UªvwdK cywjk jvB‡mÝ mxR Kivi ci hLb weAviwUG‡Z AwiwRbvwjwU hvPvB Ki‡Z hvb ZLb †`Lv hvq †h D³ Awd‡mi †iwRóªv‡i jvB‡m‡Ý Dwj­wLZ µwgK bv¤^v‡i †Kvb jvB‡mÝ Bmy¨ Kiv
    34. 34. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 34 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi AvBbMZ w cyivZb RivRxY© fe‡b emevmKvix‡`i‡K miKvix Awdm †_‡K ev‡mi A‡hvM¨ †Nvlbv †`qvi ciI emevmKvix Avw_©K I cvwievwiK Kvi‡Y †m fe‡b evm Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| `yN©Ubv NUvi ci †Rvi cÖwZev` I‡V miKvi †Kb e¨e¯’v MÖnb Kij bv| D`vnib w`‡Z †M‡j G ZvwjKv A‡bK j¤^v n‡e| ‡`‡ki RbM‡bi Rxeb I m¤ú‡`i wbivcvËv wbwðZ Kiv `vwqZ¡ miKv‡ii| qy‡Mi ci hyM a‡i miKvi mg‡qi ZvwM‡` wbw`©ó mgm¨v mgvav‡bi j‡¶¨ cvj©v‡g‡›U AvBb cvk K‡ib| Ges AvBb cÖ‡qv‡Mi gva¨‡g †`‡ki RbMb‡K kvmb K‡ib Ges
    35. 35. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 35 Table 3.1 List of Some Laws Related to Accidents and Safety (3)  Building Construction Act 1952  Town Improvement Act 1953  evsjv‡`k b¨vkbvj wewìs †KvW 2006 (Gm.Avi.I bs 84-AvBb/2006)  XvKv gnvbMi BgviZ (wbg©vY, Dbœqb, msi¶b, AcmviY) wewagvjv 2008  BU †cvov‡bv (wbqš¿b) AvBb, 1989  gv`K `ªe¨ wbqš¿b AvBb, 1990  Lwb I LwbR m¤ú` (wbqš¿b I Dbœqb) AvBb, 1992  cvigvYweK wbivcËv I wewKib wbqš¿b AvBb, 1993  ‡Kvó MvW© AvBb, 1994  evsjv‡`k cwi‡ek msi¶b AvBb, 1995  evsjv‡`k cwi‡ek msi¶b wewa, 1997  cwi‡ek Av`vjZ AvBb, 2000  GwmW Aciva `gb AvBb, 2002  AwMœ cÖwZ‡iva I wbe©vcY AvBb, 2003  evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb Gi 42 bs AvBb
    36. 36. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 36 3.2.1 Bangladesh National Building Code 2006(1)  M„nvqb I MYc~Z© gš¿Yvjq Building Construction Act 1952 Gi †mKkb 18 Gi ¶gZve‡j 15 b‡f¤^i 2006 Zvwi‡L evsjv‡`k b¨vkbvj wewìs †KvW 2006 (Gm.Avi.I bs 84-AvBb/2006) Rvwi K‡i‡Q| evsjv‡`k b¨vkbvj wewìs †KvW G †h welq¸wj Aš—f©~³ Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv n‡jv wbæiƒc  BgviZ wbg©v‡Yi cÖ‡qvRbxq Dcv`vb I wbqš¿Y (general building requirements, control and regulations), AwMœ wbe©vcY e¨e¯’v (fire protection ), wbg©vY DcKiY (building materials), AeKvVv‡gvMZ bKkv (structural design), wbg©vY I wbivcËv (construction practices and safety), wbg©vY †mevmg~n (building services), we`¨gvb Bgvi‡Zi ms‡hvRb ev cwieZ©b (alteration, addition to and change of use of existing buildings) Ges mvBb I AvDU‡Wvi cÖ`k©bxmn (sign and outdoor display), BgviZ wbg©vY (building
    37. 37. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 37 3.2.1 Bangladesh National Building Code 2006(2) 2.1 Code Enforcement Agency  The Government shall establish a new or designate an existing agency responsible for enforcement of this Code with a given area of jurisdiction. For the purpose of administering and enforcing the provisions of this Code the code enforcing agency shall have the authority of the government and shall herein be referred to as the Authority.  evsjv‡`k cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cyi‡KŠkj wefv‡Mi Aa¨vcK Wt ‡gvt †nv‡mb Avjxi †bZ… ‡Z¡ eZ©gv‡b evsjv‡`k b¨vkbvj
    38. 38. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 38 2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 (1) * 11 A‡±vei, 2006 evsjv‡`k †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ (9053- 9220 c„ôv) g~j¨-70 UvKv * kªwgK wb‡qvM, gvwjK I kªwg‡Ki g‡a¨ m¤úK©, me©wbæ gRyixi nvi wba©vib, gRyix cwi‡kva, Kvh©Kv‡j `~N©UbvRwbZ Kvi‡Y kªwgK RL‡gi Rb¨ ¶wZc~ib, †UªW BDwbqb NVb, wkí we‡iva DÌvcb I wb¯úwË, kªwg‡Ki mv¯’¨, wbivcËv, Kj¨vb I PvKzixi Ae¯’v I cwi‡ek Ges wk¶vaxbZv I mswk­ó
    39. 39. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 39 *2(61) Ówkí cÖwZôvbÓ A_© †Kvb Kg©kvjv (†Kvb evoxNi ev Avw½bv †hLv‡b †Kvb wkí cÖwZôvb P‡j) , Drcv`b cÖwµqv A_ev Ab¨ †Kvb cÖwZôvb †hLv‡b †Kvb e¯‘ cÖ¯‘yZ nq, Awf‡hvwRZ nq, cÖwµqvRvZ Kiv nq A_ev Drcbœ nq, A_ev †hLv‡b e¨envi, cwienb, weµq, Pvjvb A_ev n¯—vš—i Kivi j‡¶¨ †Kvb e¯‘ ev c`v‡_©i ˆZix, cwieZ©b, †givgZ, AjsKiY, m¤úyY© wbLuyZKiY A_ev MuvU ev †gvoKe›`xKiY A_ev Ab¨‡Kvbfv‡e wbg©vY cÖwµqvq Av‡ivc Kivi †Kvb KvR cwiPvwjZ nq, A_ev Ggb Ab¨‡Kvb cÖwZôvb hvnv miKvi, miKvix †M‡R‡U cÖÁvcb Øviv, G AvB‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ wkí cÖwZôvb ewjqv †NvlYv K‡i, Ges wbæwjwLZ cÖwZôvb¸wjI Bnvi Aš—f~©³ nB‡e, h_vt- (K) moK cwienb, ‡ij cwienb mvwf©m, (L) †bŠ- cwienb mvwf©m, (M) wegvb cwienb 2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (2)
    40. 40. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 40 cÂg Aa¨vqt ¯^v¯’¨ i¶v e¨e¯’v 51| cwi¯‹vi cwi”QbœZv 52| evqy PjvPj I ZvcgvÎv 53| ayjv-evwj I †avuqv 54| eR©¨ c`v_© Acmvib 55| K…wÎg Av`ª©KiY 56| AwZwi³ fxo 57| Av‡jvi e¨e¯’v 58| cvb Kivi cvwb 59| cvqLvbv I ‡ckveLvbv 60| AveR©bv ev· I wcK`vbx 2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (3)
    41. 41. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 41 lô Aa¨vqt wbivcËv 61| feb I hš¿cvwZi wbivcËv 62| AwMœKvÛ m¤ú‡K© mZK©Zvi Aej¤^b 63| hš¿cvwZ wNwiqv ivLv 64| Pjgvb hš¿cvwZi Dc‡i ev wbK‡U KvR 65| ÷ªvBwKs wMqvi Ges kw³ mieivn wew”Qbœ Kivi cš’v 66| mswµq hš¿cvwZ 67| bZyb hš¿cvwZ Ave„Z Kiv 68| †µb Ges Ab¨vb¨ D‡Ëvjb hš¿cvwZ 69| n‡q÷ Ges wjdU& 70| NyY©vqgvb hš¿cvwZ 71| †cÖmvi c­v›U 72| †g‡S, wmwo Ges hvZvqvZ c_ 73| wcU, mv¤ú, myi½ gyL BZ¨vw` 74| AwZwi³ IRb 75| †Pv‡Li wbivcËv 76| µwZc~Y© hš¿vsk wbY©q A_ev Dnvi ¯’vqxZ¡ cix¶vi ¶gZv 77| wec¾bK †auvqvi wei“‡× evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (4)
    42. 42. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 42 mßg Aa¨vqt ¯^v¯’¨, ¯^v¯’¨wewa I wbivcËv m¤ú‡K© we‡kl weavb 79| wec¾bK Pvjbv 80| `yN©Ubv m¤ú‡K© †bvwUk cÖ`vb 81| KZ¸‡jv wec¾bK †bvwUk cÖ`vb 82| KwZcq e¨vwa m¤ú‡K© †bvwUk cÖ`vb (wØZxq Zdwm‡j e¨vwai ZvwjKv †`qv Av‡Q) 83| `yN©Ubv ev e¨vwa m¤ú‡K© Z`‡š—i wb‡`©k cÖ`v‡bi ¶gZv (wØZxq Zdwm‡j e¨vwai ZvwjKv †`qv Av‡Q) 2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (5)
    43. 43. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 43 Aóg Aa¨vqt Kj¨vYg~jK e¨e¯’v 89| cÖv_wgK wPwKrmv miÄvg 90| †mBdwU †iKW©eyK msi¶b (25 R‡bi AwaK kªwgK m¤^vwjZ cÖ‡Z¨K KviLvbv/cÖwZôv‡b wba©vwiZ c×wZ‡Z eva¨Zvg~jK †mBdwU †iKW©eyK I †mBdwU †evW© msi¶Y Kwi‡Z nB‡e) Øv`k Aa¨vqt `yN©UbvRwbZ Kvi‡Y RL‡gi Rb¨ ¶wZc~ib 150| ¶wZc~ib cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ gvwj‡Ki `vwqZ¡ (¶wZc~i‡bi ZvwjKv Z…Zxq Zdwm‡j `ªóe¨) 151| ¶wZc~i‡bi cwigvY (¶wZc~i‡bi ZvwjKv cÖ_g Zdwm‡j `ªóe¨) 155| ¶wZc~ib e›Ub 156| ¶wZc~i‡bi n¯—vš—i, µK ev evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (6)
    44. 44. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 44 Øv`k Aa¨vqt `yN©UbvRwbZ Kvi‡Y RL‡gi Rb¨ ¶wZc~ib 150| ¶wZc~ib cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ gvwj‡Ki `vwqZ¡ (¶wZc~i‡bi ZvwjKv Z…Zxq Zdwm‡j `ªóe¨)t (1) PvKzix PjvKv‡j Dnv nB‡Z D™¢yZ `yN©Ubvi d‡j hw` †Kvb kªwgK kix‡i RLgcÖvß nb Zvnv nB‡j gvwjK Zvnv‡K GB Aa¨v‡qi weavb Abyhvqx ¶wZc~iY w`‡Z eva¨ _vwK‡eb| 151| ¶wZc~i‡bi cwigvY (¶wZc~i‡bi ZvwjKv cÖ_g Zdwm‡j `ªóe¨)t (1) GB Aa¨v‡qi weavb mv‡c‡¶, ¶wZc~i‡bi cwigvY nB‡e wbæiƒc, h_vt- evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (7)
    45. 45. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 45 PZz`©k Aa¨vqt we‡iva wb®úwË, kªg Av`vjZ, kªg Avwcj Uªveybvj, AvBbMZ Kvh©aviv BZ¨vw` Ebwesk Aa¨vqt Aciva, `Û Ges c×wZ wesk Aa¨vqt cÖkvmb, cwi`k©b BZ¨vw` 317| kªg cwiPvjK, BZ¨vw` 318| cÖavb cwi`k©K, BZ¨vw` 319| cÖavb cwi`k©K, BZ¨vw`i ¶gZv I `vwqZ¡ 323| RvZxq wkí, ¯^v¯’¨ I wbivcËv KvDwÝj 351| wewa cÖbq‡Yi ¶gZv: GB AvB‡bi D‡Ïk¨ c~ibK‡í A_ev GB 2 evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb, 2006 mb (7)
    46. 46. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 46 mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wbe©vnx cÖYqb K‡i wKfv‡e RbM‡bi wbivcËv cÖ`v‡bi e¨e¯’v K‡i Ges `yN©Ubv NU‡j `vqx e¨w³‡`i `vwqZ¡ wba©vib K‡i Ges ¶wZ c~i‡bi e¨e¯’v K‡i| †Uej 3.2 †h mKj cÖhyw³MZ wmm‡ó‡gi Rb¨ wbivcËv mb` MÖnY Kiv AvBbMZfv‡e eva¨evKZvg~jK, mb` cÖ`vbKvix Ges †i¸‡jUix KZ…©c‡¶i bvg Ges mswk­ó gš¿Yvj‡q Gi bvg Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q|  G cÖm‡½ ¯^vfvweKfv‡e cÖkœ Av‡m †h GZ miKvix ms¯’v _vK‡ZI `yN©Ubv NU‡Q †Kb? G cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e ejv hvq †h `vwqZ¡cÖvß KZ…©c¶ nq‡Zv Avš—wiKZvi mv‡_ `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Q bv| GQvov GUvI ejv hvq †h Kg©cwiwai †P‡q `vwqZ¡cÖvß ms¯’vi cÖvwZôvwbK ¶gZv mxwgZ|
    47. 47. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 47 Table 3.2: Ministries, Organizations and Systems Related to Safety Engineering(1) Ministries Organizations Systems Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources. (1) Department of Explosive. (2) Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission. (3) Electric Adviser and Chief Electric Inspector. (4) Petrobangla/BAPEX. (5) Inspectorate of mines? (1) Safe storage & handling of combustible and explosive materials. (2) Safe technologies for production/generation, transmission, distribution and use in oil, gas, and power sector. (3) Safe technologies for generation, transmission, distribution and use in power sector. (4) Promotion of well control training certificate for safe exploration. (5) Safe operation of mines? Ministry of Housing and Public Works. (1) Rajdhani Unnayan Kartipakha (RAUK). (2) Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh (CAB) (1) BNBC (no organization to supervise quality of building construction). (2) Safe building height Ministry of Communication. (1) Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA). (1) Issue of fitness certificate for automobiles (1) Issue of license to drivers.
    48. 48. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 48 Ministries Organizations Systems Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism. Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh (CAAB). (1) Regulate fitness certificate for Aircrafts. (2) Regulate license to aircraft pilots. Ministry of Shipping. (1) Inland Water Transport Authority. (2) Department of Shipping. (1) Approve designs of motor launches and ships. (2) Issue fitness certificate for ships and motor launches. (2) Issue license to captains and navigators automobile drivers. Ministry of Environment and Forests. Department of Environment (DoE). Issue Environmental clearance certificate for green, orange, and red category of industries and enterprises. Ministry of Home Affairs (1) Department of Civil Defense and Fire Brigade. (2) Police, Traffic Police. (1) Promote fire safety in buildings. (1) Control fire and other accidents. (2) Regulate traffic & operate rescue missions at the time of road accidents. Ministry of Labor (1) Inspectorate of Factories. (1) Ensure safety in factories. Table 3.2: Ministries, Organizations and Systems Related to Safety Engineering(2)
    49. 49. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 49 Ministries Organizations Systems Ministry of Industries (1) Bangladesh Standard and Testing Institute. (2) Chief Inspector of Boilers. (1) Issues standardization certificates. (2) Issue fitness certificate for boilers. (2) Issue license to boiler operators. Ministry of Commerce (1) Industrial Associations. (1) Create safety awareness among members. Ministry of Finance (1) Insurance Companies. (1) Settle claims of accidental losses. Ministry of Health (1) Hospitals. (2) Bangladesh Red Cross Society. (1) Provide emergency medical services. (2) Operate rescue and relief operations during & after major accidents and disasters. Ministry of Food Disaster Management and Relief (1) Disaster Management Bureau (DMB). (1) Manage rescue & relief operations during & after disasters. Ministry of Defense Arms Services Division, Army Engineering Core. Operate rescue and relief operations during & after major accident. Ministry of Science, Information and Communication Technology (1) Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC). (1) Radiation control measures. Ministry of Law and Parliamentary Affairs Supreme Court, High Court, Judge Courts, Others Courts. Conflict resolution among parties. Table 3.2: Ministries, Organizations and Systems Related to Safety Engineering(3)
    50. 50. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 50 3.4 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi Gb‡dvim‡g›U (cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi) welq (1) mvwe©K wbivcËv wbwðZ Kivi cÖ‡qvR‡b †fv³v‡`i‡K AvBb cvjb Ki‡Z DØy× Ki‡Z; cÖ‡qvRb n‡j eva¨ Ki‡Z AvBb cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ae`vb i‡q‡Q| GmKj ms¯’vi Abxnv Ges Av_ev `ye©jZv †Kvb ‡Kvb mgq `yN©Ubvi KviY nq| D`vnibmiƒc XvKv kn‡i †Kvb GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© iv¯—vi ms‡hvM¯’‡j e¨¯— Zg mg‡q Aí mg‡qi Rb¨ UªvwdK cywjk Abycw¯’Z
    51. 51. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 51 3.4 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi Gb‡dvim‡g›U (cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi) welq (2) Gqvi UªvwdK K‡›Uªvjv‡ii cÖZ¨¶ mvnvh¨ I mn‡hvwMZv Qvov D‡ovRvnv‡Ri c‡¶ wbivc‡` wegvb e›`‡i AeZib Kiv cÖvq Am¤¢e| AvBb cÖ‡qvMKvix ms¯’vi Kgx©iv Avš—wiK Ges wbijmfv‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡j `yN©Ubv nq bv ev Kg nq| `yN©Ubv bv n‡j Zv‡`i ¸i“Z¡ I Ae`vb mPivPi Abyfe Kiv hvq
    52. 52. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 52 dwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wePvi mswk MÖn‡Yi cÖwZôvb n‡”Q wewfbœ wePvivjq| D`vniYmiƒc AwZ m¤cÖwZ N‡U hvIqv wkí KviLvbvq GKwU `yN©Ubvq †KvU© ¯^cÖ‡bvw`Z n‡q fe‡bi gvwjK‡K ¶wZMÖ¯’‡`i‡K ¶wZc~ib cÖ`v‡b wb‡`©k cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qb| gnvgvb¨ mywcÖg †KvU© 2 AvMó 2007 Zvwi‡L i¨vsMm fe‡bi 7Zjvi Dc‡ii Ask wbg©vY A‰ea †NvlYv K‡i‡Q| Ges †m Abymv‡i ivRDK 3 AvMó, 2007 †_‡K i¨vsMm fe‡bi Dc‡ii Ask (7Zjv †_‡K 22 Zjv ch©š— fv½v ïi“ K‡i‡Q)| cieZx©‡Z miKvi wb‡Pi 6ZvjvI fv½vi e¨e¯’v K‡i‡Q| wbivc‡` feb
    53. 53. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 53 Rangs Bhaban to be torn down from today Rajuk swings into action after SC ruling; Rangs appeal for time Unb, Dhaka Rajuk starts demolishing the upper floors of Rangs Bhaban in the capital today as the Supreme Court yesterday overruled the High Court judgment that had declared valid the construction beyond the sixth floor of the 22-storey building. A five-member Appellate Division bench headed by Justice M Fazlul Karim issued the order upon a government appeal against the HC judgment delivered in May, 2000. 3 August, 2007
    54. 54. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 54 5 August, 2007 Rajuk, Rangs differ on extent of demolition Staff Correspondent The task for demolishing the top 16 floors of Rangs Bhaban at Bijoy Sarani in the capital went on in full swing on the second day yesterday although Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (Rajuk) is yet to finalise the strategy and method for the mammoth task. Rajuk workers started drilling the floor of the seventh floor of the building with only two drill hammers after breaking the internal structure. Meanwhile, fresh disputes arose yesterday between Rajuk and the building authorities on marking the 'upper area' for demolishing. Rajuk said they would demolish all the floors beyond 60 feet of the building while the building authorities said the Supreme Court ordered destruction of the upper 16 floors of the building.
    55. 55. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 55 19 August, 2007 Faulty constructions go on as building code not enforced Tawfique Ali Despite widespread anomalies in the construction sector in the capital and elsewhere, Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) has been lying ineffective for months because of the government's indifference to it, said sources. The BNBC is a complete set of codes to ensure safe construction, accountability of the professionals and protection of urban environment. It addresses all the safety concerns like fire hazards, stability and strength of a building and quality of construction.
    56. 56. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 56 19 August, 2007 Faulty constructions go on as building code not enforced Tawfique Ali According to the BNBC, the government is supposed to designate authorities and appoint required number of ‘building officials’ to enforce the code. Existing agencies like Rajuk and Public Works Department may be designated to enforce it. But the government has neither appointed any building officials nor delegated any agency officially to bring the code into practice.
    57. 57. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 57 19 August, 2007 Faulty constructions go on as building code not enforced Tawfique Ali BNBC, a uniform code of building construction, has been made mandatory for any building construction work in the country under The Building Construction Act of 1952 to ensure accountability in the management of over all building construction. The act provides for punishment with seven years' imprisonment or a fine of Tk 50,000 or both in case of violation of the BNBC and Building Construction Rules of 2006. In absence of the BNBC, it is almost impossible to hold anybody responsible for a disaster because of faulty construction of buildings, said the Rajuk chief engineer.
    58. 58. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 58 19 August, 2007 Faulty constructions go on as building code not enforced Tawfique Ali Experts said several buildings have collapsed in the city in recent years due to faulty design, non-engineering construction and overloading. No professional architects and engineers were involved in construction of those buildings. A group of architects, engineers, planners and other professionals designed the BNBC in 1993. Initially, a government circular was issued to follow the code in construction. It became legally binding through a gazette notification on November 15 last year (2006). Law enforcement agencies have arrested five commercial builders recently in the city on allegation of using poor quality materials and anomalies in construction.
    59. 59. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 59 3.6 †mdwU BwÄwbqvwis Gi wk¶v, cÖwk¶Y I M‡elYv mswk­ó welq wbivc` cÖhyw³i cÖPjb Ges `yN©Ubv gy³fv‡e cwiPvjbv I e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ wk¶v, cÖwk¶Y I M‡elYv Kvh©µ‡gi h‡_ó ¸i“Z¡ i‡q‡Q| You may read the following book.
    60. 60. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 60 cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi wk¶v Kvh cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vjq cÖ‡KŠkj wel‡qi †h mKj wWwmwc­‡b wWMÖx cÖ`vb Kiv nq ‡hgb wmwfj BwÄwbqvwis, †gKvwbK¨vj BwÄwbqvwis BZ¨vw` cÖwZwU wWwmwc­‡bi wk¶v Kvh©µg wbivc` wWRvB‡bi wel‡q ZvwË¡K wk¶v cÖ`vb Kiv nq| GQvov gv‡S gv‡S D³ wel‡q mU©‡Kv‡m©i e¨e¯’v
    61. 61. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 61 evsjv‡`‡k moK `yN©Ubvi KviY wPwýZKiY, mgm¨v mgvav‡bi Dcvq Ges wbivcËv e¨e¯’v Dbœq‡bi j‡¶¨ 2002 mv‡j GKwm‡W›U wimvP© BbwówUDU ¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q| D³ BbwówUD‡Ui cÖavb Kvh©µg wbgœiƒc| (1)`yN©Ubv Ges `yN©UbvRwbZ ¶wZ DcvË msMÖn Kiv; (2)`yN©Ubvi KviY wbiƒcb Kiv; (3) `yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iv‡ai Rb¨ ˆeÁvwbK I KvwiMwi Ávb D™¢veb Kiv; (4) `yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iv‡ai e¨e¯’vi gwbUwis Ges g~j¨vqb Kiv; (5) `yN©Ubvi A_©‰bwZK Ges mvgvwRK cÖfve ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv; (6) ‡mdwU Dbœq‡bi m¤¢vebv Ges Li‡Pi welq we‡ePbv K‡i D”Pgv‡bi cÖhyw³MZ, e¨enviMZ Ges wk¶vg~jK M‡elbv cwiPvjbv GKwm‡W›U wimvP© BbwówUDU
    62. 62. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 62 (7)`yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iva Ges wbivc` cÖhyw³ (†mdwU †UK‡bvjRx) m¤^‡Ü wk¶v I cÖwk¶‡bi e¨e¯’v Kiv; (8)moK wbivcËv wel‡q mvwU©wd‡KU, wW‡c­vgv Ges wWMÖx †Kv‡m©i cÖPjb Kiv; (9)wbivcËv AR©‡bi bxwZ cÖYqb Ges wbivcËv- Af¨vm m„wói j‡¶¨ j× Ávb weZib Kiv; (10) ‡`kxq, AvÂwjK Ges Avš— R©vwZK †mdwU cÖwZôvb I ms¯’vi mv‡_ ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Ges AwfÁZv wewbg‡qi gva¨‡g AwZ D”Pgv‡bi †mdwU M‡elYv cÖPjb Kiv; (11) ‡ivW †mdwU m¤^‡Ü Dc‡`k I we‡klÁ †mev cÖ`vb Kiv; (12) µgvMZfv‡e M‡elYv, cÖwk¶Y I Dc‡`k †mev cÖ`v‡bi gva¨‡g, cÖ‡KŠkj wek¦we`¨vj‡qi GKwm‡W›Uvj wimvP© †m›Uvii‡K †mdwU M‡elYvi Dbœq‡bi RvZxq GKwm‡W›U wimvP© BbwówUDU
    63. 63. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 63 3.6.3 BNUS and BUET-JIDPUS The Bangladesh Network Office for Urban Safety (BNUS) was established in 2006 as collaborative center jointly operated by Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) and Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Japan to work in areas of mutual interest for the advancement of urban safety utilizing advance technologies. BUET-JIDPUS: BUET- Japan Institute of Disaster Prevention & Urban Safety was established in 2009 to carryout advance research on Urban Safety.
    64. 64. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 64 ‡mdwU Ges `y‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv m¤^‡Ü wfbœ cÖwk¶Y Kvh©µg  Training Programs on Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Training Program organized by Engineering Staff Colleague of Bangladesh (ESCB), IEB.  Training Programs on Introduction to Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC), organized by ESCB, IEB.  Training Programs organized by Disaster Management Bureau.  Training Programs organized by ARI & BNUS, BUET.  Training Program organized by Bangladesh Institute of Management (BIM).
    65. 65. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 65 RvZxq †mdwU AM©vbvB‡Rkb * evsjv‡`k kªg AvBb 2006 Gi 323 aviv Abymv‡i MwVZ evsjv‡`‡k wkí-KviLvbvi ¯^v¯’¨ I wbivcËv welqK RvZxq cÖwZôv‡bi bvg ÓRvZxq wkí, ¯^v¯’¨ I wbivcËv KvDwÝjÓ  `~N©Ubvq hLb ¶wZi cwigvY I e¨wß A‡bK †ekx nq ZLb D³ `y‡h©vM bv‡g AwfwnZ Kiv nq|  evsjv‡`‡ki `~‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ miKvi Lv`¨ I `~‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv gš¿Yvj‡qi Aax‡b Disaster Management Bureau ¯’vcb K‡i‡Q| D³ cÖwZôvb RvZxq ch©v‡q wewfbœ `~‡h©vMmg~n (floods, cyclones, tornados, river bank erosion, earthquake, drought, arsenic-contamina-tion, salinity, tsunami, fire, infrastructure -collapse) e¨e¯’vcbvi Rb¨ National Disaster
    66. 66. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 66 —R©vwZK †mdwU AM©vbvB AM©vbvB‡Rkb¸wji g‡a¨ Z_¨ I AwfÁZv Av`vb cÖ`v‡b mnvqZv K‡i _v‡K|  B›Uvib¨vkbvj ‡mvmvj wmwKDwiwU A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb Ges B›Uvib¨vkbvj †jevi AM©vbvB‡Rkb `yBwU Avš—R©vwZK ch©v‡qi †mBdwU AM©vbvB‡Rkb| G `yÕwU AM©vbvB‡Rkb 1955 mvj †_‡K ïi“ K‡i cÖwZ wZb eQi ci ci B›Uvib¨vkbvj †mBdwU Ks‡MÖ‡mi (m‡¤§jb) Av‡qvRb K‡i Avm‡Q| cvg©v‡b›U B›Uvib¨vkbvj A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb Ae †ivW Ks‡MÖm bvgK cÖwZôvb, m`m¨ †`kmg~‡ni Uªv݇cvU© wgwbwóª Ges nvBI‡q KbóªvKkb BÛvwóªi mn‡hvwMZvq cÖwZ Pvi eQi ci ci †ivW †mBdwU welq wek¦ Ks‡MÖm Av‡qvRb K‡i|  w` Iqvì© Uzwis GÛ A‡Uv‡gvevBj AM©vbvB‡Rkb GK eQi ci ci †mBdwU Ks‡MÖm Av‡qvRb K‡i| AvBGjI, AvBGmGmG, Wvwe­IGBPI Ges BD‡ivwcqvb B‡Kv‡bvwgK KwgDwbwU mw¤§wjZfv‡e †mdwU wel‡q †R‡bfv‡Z GKwU Bbdi‡gkb ey¨‡iv cwiPvjbv Ki‡Q| †R‡bfvq Aew¯’Z B›Uvib¨vkbvj AM©vbvB‡Rkb di óvÛv©WvB‡Rkb
    67. 67. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 67 evj ch©v‡q `y‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv c  The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Secretariat  Global Assessment Report (GAR) on Disaster Risk Reduction 2011, UNISDR [http://www.preventionweb.net/english/hyogo/gar/20 11/en/home/download.html]
    68. 68. MNI- BIM_Safety_Lecture_13 68 5.0 mgvcbx e³e¨ G e³…Zv ï‡b Avcbv‡`i wK jvf n‡jv? (1) fwel¨‡Z wb‡Ri KviLvbvi wbivcËv e¨e¯’v DbœwZ Kivi †Póv Ki‡eb; (2) wb‡Ri Kg©©x‡`i †ckvMZ wbivcËv cÖ`v‡b mvnvh¨ I mn‡hvwMZv Ki‡eb (†mdwU Pkgv, M­em, n¨vÛ wkì, RyZv,G‡cÖvb); (3) KviLvbvq dvó GBW e· I mswk­ó Ri“ix JlacÎ ivL‡eb; (4) Av¸b wbfvevi e¨e¯’v ivL‡eb; (5) gv‡S gv‡S †mdwU gnov †`‡eb; (6) KviLvbvi †mdwU †iKW© wj‡L ivL‡eb| eQ‡i KZw`b `yN©Ubv N‡Uwb Zv cÖKvk¨ RvqMvq †ev‡W© wj‡L ivL‡eb|

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