Faculty of Engineering Department of civil and structure engineering Supervised by:-Prof. Dr. RIZA ATIQ ABDULLAH BIN O.K.RAHMAT November 2012
General Description:Bagdad is the capital city of Iraq, lies on the twobanks of the Tigris River in the central region ofthe country.Baghdad is an arid zone city and the largest inIraq, besides being the most important businessand commercial center.
:Baghdad city is divided into nine municipalities.These are:(I): Municipalities along the Rusafa side1.Municipality of Rusafa2.Municipality of Adhamiya3.Karadah municipality4.Municipality of April 9th5.Municipality of Al-Sadr
(II): Municipalities along the Karkh side1.Karkh municipality2.Municipality of Mansour3.Kahdemyia municipality4.Rashid municipality
The appearance of commercial streets has asignificant effect on townscape and influencesthe image of the city of Baghdad as a place toinvest in and visit.There are 230 commercial streets Distributed indifferent parts of the city.
Municipalities in Bagdad have similarcharacteristics, For example, the centresof Rusafa and Karkh municipalities arehistorical areas while Kahdemyia andAdhamiya are religious areas; Karadahand Mansour are modern areas and themunicipalities of Al-Sadr, April 9, andRashid are the most recently establishedon the outskirts of Baghdad and areunder the process of construction.
Examples of Commercial streets in Baghdad Kefah Street Haifa Street
The solid waste generated inWaste: Baghdad fluctuates extremely according to the economic status, seasons, climate and municipal services. Baghdadis are producing now more waste with each passing year..
Over the past 30 years, the waste producedin this country has more than five times.From 0.388 million tons in 1978 to about2.126 million tons in 2005. Some of thisincrease is linked to Baghdad populationgrowth.
Baghdadis are generating waste products fasterthan nature can break themdown and using up resources faster than theycan be replaced. This adds up to bigtrouble for the environment.
Transport:Transportation was one of the Iraqi economysmost active sectors in the late 1980s; it wasallocated a large share of the domesticdevelopment budget because it was importantto the government for several reasons. Logisticsbecame a crucial factor in Iraqs conduct of theIran-Iraq War. The government also recognizedthat transportation bottlenecks limitedindustrial development more than any otherfactor.
Transport in Iraq consists of railways, highways,waterways, pipelines, ports and harbors,marines and airports.
the government embarked on an ambitious planto upgrade and to extend road, rail, air, and rivertransport simultaneously.
Education :Iraq established its education system in 1921,offering both public and private paths. In theearly 1970s, education became public and freeat all levels, and mandatory at the primary level. Two ministries manage the education system inIraq: the Ministry of Education [MOE] and theMinistry of Higher Education and ScientificResearch [MOHSR].
The Ministry of Education is in charge of pre-school, primary, secondary, and vocationaleducation, while the Ministry of HigherEducation and Scientific Research [MOHSR] isin charge of tertiary education and researchcenters.
Geography and Baghdad has a subtropicalclimate arid climate in terms of maximum temperatures, one of the hottest cities in the world. In the summer from June to August, the average maximum temperature is as high as 44 °C (111 °F) accompanied by blazing sunshine
Economy:Iraq’s economy is dominated by the oil sector,which has traditionally provided about 95% offoreign exchange earnings.
Employment: In 2002 Iraq’s labor force was estimated at 6.8 million people. In 1996 some 66.4 percent of the labor force worked in services, 17.5 percent in industry, and 16.1 percent in agriculture. 2004 estimates of Iraq’s unemployment ranged from 30 percent to 60 percent.
Food:Most Baghdad restaurants serve traditionalMiddle Eastern food, but the cooking style ofIraqi people is milder in spices than otherMiddle Eastern countries.