Up until the end of the 19th century military land battles were fought at close quarters by individual engagements. ‘Danger’ colours such as scarlet were widely used, At around the turn of the 20th century advances in technology and science provided more lethal long-range weapons with improved sighting. These combined effects caused rapid changes in military strategy and tactics, as engagements could be made at a distance. It now became important to hide troops and equipment by blending in with the background.
During World War II advances textile fibers, fabrics, and treatments saw notable landmarks such as the use of the new fiber ‘Nylon’ for light strong parachute canopies. Ventile was the first waterproof water vapour- permeable fabric. The well-known worsted serge ‘battledress’ uniform was introduced in 1939. United States army introduced the ‘layered’ combat clothing concept in 1943. United States army introduced the ‘layered’ combat clothing concept in 1943
The main functional criteria for military textiles are dealt with here under a range of headings. These include the physical, environmental, camouflage, specific battlefield threats, and the economic considerations. Items have to be carried by individuals or vehicles with Light weight and minimal space low bulk Because available Must operate reliablyHigh durability and in adverse conditions for long periods ofDimensional stability Because time without maintenance.
Property CommentsWater Proof, Wind Proof, For exterior materials exposed to cold/wetSnow Shedding weatherWater vapour permeable For clothing and personal equipments (tents)Thermally insulating For Cold climatesRot-resistant For tents, covers, nets etc.UV light resistant For environments with strong sunlightAir permeable. For hot tropical climates
Effects of wearing impermeable clothing in different conditions: Conditions Activity Consequences Cold/wet climate Medium activity DiscomfortCold/wet climate High activity Hypothermia (coldin sweat-Wetted followed by low stress)clothing activity Hot/moist climate High activity Hyperthermia and Wearing (heat stress)protective clothing
Full Side Protection vest provides front, back and full side protection with overlapping. combines high protection at low weight and full torso coverage. Shoulder and side adjustment. • Front opening. Pockets for additional insert.
Diplomat provides discreet front and back protection. Low weight and a high degree of comfort. Look-alike as typical waistcoat. Easy-care, dry-washable outershell.
Modular Protection provides front, back andside protection Low weightand a high degree ofcomfort. ensures attachment of different pouches. Possibility to increasethe protection throughadd-on inserts, neck andgroin protection. Specialtroop’s application..
Special Force Full torso coverage,adjustable shoulder andside straps. Easy-care, dry washable Removable ballistic panels Pockets for additional inserts Removable neck and groin protection
light demining suit - lds Blast body protection • Heat body protection • Washable outer cover • The LDS is comfortable with light weight – 8.2 kg. • The LDS is provided with bag for storage and carriage
Extreme Protection Vest provides front, back, side, shoulders and upper arms protection. Activities. Shouldersand upper arms Integratedprotection Increase the protectionthrough add-on inserts,neck and groin protection
Ballistic window with same ballistic protection. Aluminum ambidextrous handle. Carry belt with shoulder pad. Available in black and camouflage color. The protective panels are encased into a polyamide cover for protection against humidity, UV-light and mechanical stress.
comments Property Visual spectrum Exposed materials match visual colors, texture and appearance of natural backgrounds Ultraviolet To match optical properties of snow and ice To match reflectance of background Near infrared when viewed by image intensifiers and low light television Far infrared To minimise the heat signature emitted by humans and hot equipment. Detection by thermal Acoustic emissions imagers Rustle and swish noises emitted by Radar spectrum certain textile materials Detected by aural means, unattended ground sensors and microphones Detection of movement by Doppler radar