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To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction

To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction






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    To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction Presentation Transcript

    • Harper Lee
      To Kill a Mockingbird
    • Born April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama
      Daughter of Frances Fincher Lee who was a
      Lawyer in Monroeville
      Published To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960
      1961- Novel won the Pulitzer Prize
      first and last novel she completed
      Edgar H. Schuster:
      "The achievement of Harper Lee is not that she has written another novel about racial prejudice, but rather that she has placed racial prejudice in a perspective which allows us to see it as an aspect of a larger thing; as something that arises from phantom contacts, from fear and lack of knowledge or 'education' that one gains through learning what people are really like when you 'finally see them.'"
      Nelle Harper Lee
    • 1880’s: Anti-African American legislation was passed that legalized segregation between blacks and whites.
      separate facilities for whites and blacks were constitutional and laws were passed to wipe out the gains made by blacks during Reconstruction.
      Railways and streetcars, public waiting rooms, restaurants, boarding houses, theatres, workplaces and public parks were segregated; separate schools, hospitals, and other public institutions, generally of inferior quality, were designated for blacks.
      Post Civil War~Jim Crow Laws
    • Historical Context
      1863: Emancipation Proclamation is passed by Abraham Lincoln declaring freedom for all slaves with the intentions of preventing slavery from expanding.
      Well into the 1960s, African Americans were still denied many of their basic rights.
      Civil Rights Movement began to take off in the 1950s
      Schools, drinking fountains and public restrooms were segregated
      Blacks were forced to ride in the back of public buses
      Martin Luther King Jr. spearheaded a boycott in response to the racial segregation
      Only White, male property owners could serve on juries
      Courthouses are segregated according to race and African American citizens are automatically considered guilty until proven innocent
    • 1950s: justice system is highly discriminatory and excludes blacks from juries. Blacks could be arrested, tried, and convicted with little cause.
      1957: Congress passes Civil Rights Act but this didn’t give African Americans full protection
      1964: Civil Rights Act is passed enforcing protection and enforcement of rights
      1965: Voting Rights Act is passed
      1968: Civil Rights Bill is passed. Laws banned racial discrimination from public places, workplaces, polling places, and housing
    • 1929-early 1940s: Stock Market crash displaced many workers
      Unemployment rate: approximately 25%
      South- heavily relied on agriculture and small farmers who could no longer support their families or expenses
      As is, Blacks suffered from unemployment, however, the Great Depression exacerbated the problem as Whites began taking over their jobs
      The Great Depression & Race Relations
    • Tensions escalate as racist groups like the Ku Klux Klan and Black Shirts terrorize blacks out of their jobs.
      Ku Klux Klan are determined to maintain White supremacy in the South
      Nearly 5000 Blacks were lynched between 1860-1890s
      Lynching: common in the South during 1930s. A form of punishment used by mob groups to maintain supremacy
      Relations between Blacks and Whites