To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction


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To Kill A Mockingbird Introduction

  1. 1. Harper Lee<br />To Kill a Mockingbird<br />
  2. 2. Born April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama<br />Daughter of Frances Fincher Lee who was a <br /> Lawyer in Monroeville <br />Published To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960<br />1961- Novel won the Pulitzer Prize<br />first and last novel she completed<br />Edgar H. Schuster:<br /> &quot;The achievement of Harper Lee is not that she has written another novel about racial prejudice, but rather that she has placed racial prejudice in a perspective which allows us to see it as an aspect of a larger thing; as something that arises from phantom contacts, from fear and lack of knowledge or &apos;education&apos; that one gains through learning what people are really like when you &apos;finally see them.&apos;&quot;<br />Nelle Harper Lee<br />
  3. 3. 1880’s: Anti-African American legislation was passed that legalized segregation between blacks and whites.<br />separate facilities for whites and blacks were constitutional and laws were passed to wipe out the gains made by blacks during Reconstruction. <br />Railways and streetcars, public waiting rooms, restaurants, boarding houses, theatres, workplaces and public parks were segregated; separate schools, hospitals, and other public institutions, generally of inferior quality, were designated for blacks. <br />Post Civil War~Jim Crow Laws<br />
  4. 4. Historical Context<br />1863: Emancipation Proclamation is passed by Abraham Lincoln declaring freedom for all slaves with the intentions of preventing slavery from expanding. <br />Well into the 1960s, African Americans were still denied many of their basic rights. <br />Civil Rights Movement began to take off in the 1950s<br />Schools, drinking fountains and public restrooms were segregated<br />Blacks were forced to ride in the back of public buses<br />Martin Luther King Jr. spearheaded a boycott in response to the racial segregation <br />Only White, male property owners could serve on juries<br />Courthouses are segregated according to race and African American citizens are automatically considered guilty until proven innocent<br />
  5. 5. 1950s: justice system is highly discriminatory and excludes blacks from juries. Blacks could be arrested, tried, and convicted with little cause. <br />1957: Congress passes Civil Rights Act but this didn’t give African Americans full protection<br />1964: Civil Rights Act is passed enforcing protection and enforcement of rights<br />1965: Voting Rights Act is passed<br />1968: Civil Rights Bill is passed. Laws banned racial discrimination from public places, workplaces, polling places, and housing<br />
  6. 6. 1929-early 1940s: Stock Market crash displaced many workers<br />Unemployment rate: approximately 25%<br />South- heavily relied on agriculture and small farmers who could no longer support their families or expenses<br />As is, Blacks suffered from unemployment, however, the Great Depression exacerbated the problem as Whites began taking over their jobs<br />The Great Depression & Race Relations<br />
  7. 7. Tensions escalate as racist groups like the Ku Klux Klan and Black Shirts terrorize blacks out of their jobs. <br />Ku Klux Klan are determined to maintain White supremacy in the South<br />Nearly 5000 Blacks were lynched between 1860-1890s<br />Lynching: common in the South during 1930s. A form of punishment used by mob groups to maintain supremacy<br />Relations between Blacks and Whites<br />