cumulative: growing in amount, strength, or effect by small steps
The eleventh score in the ordered set is the median score (87), because ten scores are on either side of it. If there were an even number of scores, say 20, the median would fall halfway between the tenth and eleventh scores in the ordered set (adding the two scores- the tenth and eleventh scores- together and dividing by two).
It's kind of like taking a vacation where only the departure and the destination are important and the trip itself is ignored
SESSION 4 AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1. Identify problem areas 2. Survey literature 3. Formulate research questions 4. Construct research design 5. Specify sources of data 6. Specify data collection & data analysis procedures 7. Execute research plan
There is a joke that goes, "If a statistician had her hair on fire and her feet in a block of ice, she would say that 'on the average' she felt good." Of course, this is a silly example, but to what is this unfortunate statistician referring? What is she ignoring?
Signposting of the organisation of the ideas in the text
Acknowledgment of the sources of the ideas in the text
Hedging - useful language e.g. It may be possible to obtain . e.g. It is important to develop . e.g. It is useful to study . To-clause + adjective 8. e.g. It could be the case that . e.g. It might be suggested that . e.g. There is every hope that . That clauses 7. e.g. assumption, possibility, probability Modal nouns 6. e.g. certain, definite, clear, probable, possible Modal adjectives 5. e.g. certainly, definitely, clearly, probably, possibly, perhaps, conceivably, Modal adverbs 4. e.g. often, sometimes, usually Adverbs of frequency 4. e.g. will, must, would, may, might, could Certain modal verbs: 3. e.g. believe, assume, suggest Certain lexical verbs 2. e.g. seem, tend, look like, appear to be, think, believe, doubt, be sure, indicate, suggest Introductory verbs: 1.