BACKGROUND•Set the scene for the story •How you felt toward the incident •When the story happened •Where the story happened
SAMPLE•How to give background •I never believed in aliens before one night last year. It was cold, dark winter evening, and I was walking home from a friend’s house.
BEGINNING•How the incident started •What you were doing before a strange incident happened?
SAMPLE•Start from the beginning • I stopped to tie my shoes. When I looked up again, I saw a round object coming toward me.
MIDDLE•Tell the story in a chronological manner •Main part of the story •What happened next?
SAMPLE•Develop the story •It was very large and shiny. I couldn’t believe what I was seeing. Before I could shout or run, the object suddenly moved and then disappeared. After the object disappeared, I ran all the way home and called my best friend.
END•What happened after the incident •How you felt, lived your life, or how it impacted your life after that
SAMPLE•How the story ended •When she picked up the phone, I couldn’t say anything. I knew she would think I was crazy. I never told anyone about my UFO sighting.
TIME EXPRESSION•How to make a story easy to follow •Time expression •When/before/while/after
TIME EXPRESSION•TE + clause, noun, noun phrase •After the rain, the sun shines. •Before the waves hitting the shore, everything was calm. •When she began to sing, the whole room became quiet. •While it was raining, the thunder struck.