Relative clause from scratch
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Relative clause from scratch

on

  • 347 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
347
Views on SlideShare
347
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Relative clause from scratch Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RELATIVE CLAUSE LET’S START FROM SCRATCH
  • 2. A SIMPLE SENTENCE Look at this sentence Malee has a kitten. It’s a regular simple sentence
  • 3. MODIFIER What if you want to put additional information to “Malee”? Normally, you use an adjective to modify a noun The lovely Malee has a kitten.
  • 4. MODIFIER What if...an adjective is not enough? For example, you want to mention that Malee lives next door to you Can you find an adjective to describe that? [I guess not]
  • 5. RELATIVE CLAUSE That’s when a relative clause comes in handy A relative clause is used to modify a noun Let’s go back to our lovely Malee I want to mention that Malee lives next door to me [= she is my neighbor] I want to put that piece of information in the same sentence
  • 6. RELATIVE CLAUSE Malee has a kitten. The lovely Malee has a kitten. The lovely Malee has a kitten. ,who lives next door to me,
  • 7. FROM SIMPLE TO COMPLEX SENTENCE Here, you put additional piece of information to the same sentence The lovely Malee has a kitten. That clause in the pink bubble is called RELATIVE CLAUSE ,who lives next door to me,
  • 8. HOW TO Now that you know what a relative clause is for Let’ study its composition To write a correct & complete relative clause, you need A relative pronoun who, whom,that, which, when, where A clause or a predicate
  • 9. RELATIVE PRONOUN WHO Is used when you need a subject in the relative clause Malee has a kitten. [main clause] Malee lives next door to me. [you want to add this information] You change the 2nd sentence into a relative clause by substituting Malee with “WHO”
  • 10. WHO Malee, who lives next door to me, has a kitten. Relative clause
  • 11. WHICH Look at these 2 simple sentences Charming can understand human language. [main clause] Charming is friendly, smart, and cuddly. [you want to add this piece of information about Charming]
  • 12. WHICH To change the 2nd sentence into a relative clause, use WHICH because Charming is a kitten, not human Charming, which is friendly, smart, and cuddly, can understand human language.
  • 13. WHOSE Is used to express possession of the noun it modifies and an item
  • 14. WHOSE Kitty loves Daniel.[main clause] Kitty’s kitten understands human language.[add more information about Kitty] Kitty, whose kitten understands human language, loves Daniel.
  • 15. ADJACENT A relative clause must be placed right after the noun it modifies Charming is a member of Sanrio Club, which is a cat. >>wrong Charming is a member of Sanrio Club, which helps promote goodwill around the world. >>correct
  • 16. DEFINING VS NON-DEFINING WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • 17. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE Give essential information about a noun it modifies A botanist is a scientist who studies plants. Use an identifying relative clause in definitions Environmentalists are people who care about the environment.
  • 18. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE Give extra information about a noun. The information is not essential. Messi, who scored a hat trick against Real Madrid, received the Best Player award. Separate the clause between commas