Passive voice

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Passive voice

  1. 1. Grammar Focus Passive vs. Active
  2. 2. ANOBJECTOFAVERBBECOMESTHE SUBJECTOFAPASSIVESENTENCE •Thechairmanhanded thetrophytothe champion. •Thetrophywashanded tothechampionbythe chairman.
  3. 3. THEORIGINALSUBJECTBECOMESANAGENT FOLLOWINGTHEPREPOSITION“BY” •Thechairmanhandedthetrophytothe champion. •Thetrophywashandedtothechampion bythechairman.
  4. 4. ONLYTRANSITIVEVERBSCANBEUSEDIN PASSIVE •Thechairmanhandedthetrophytothe champion. •Tohand>transitiveverb,followedbyan object •Shestandsatthebusstation>>can’t makepassiveduetotheintransitiveverb
  5. 5. FORMAT:BE+PARTICIPLE[V3] •Thechairmanhandedthetrophytothe champion. •Thetrophywashandedtothechampion bythechairman.
  6. 6. Passive:whentouse •Performer oftheactionisunknownor unimportant •Thestreetsareflooded. •By+Agentisaddedonlywhenthe performeroftheactionisimportant •TheDeclarationofIndependencewas writtenbyThomasJefferson.
  7. 7. Object •Eitherdirect[DO]orindirectobject[IO]can becomethesubjectofapassivesentence •Theschoolsentthereportcard[DO]tohis parents[IO]. •Thereportcardwassenttohisparents. •Hisparentsweresentthereportcard.
  8. 8. Attention WHENTRANSFORMINGANACTIVESENTENCETOA PASSIVEONE,DO •Keepthesametense •PayattentiontotheSUBJECT •Theverbmustagreewithitssubject

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