•Simple Sentence = a single clause
•A clause = a subject + a predicate
•Subject = agent/topic of the
•Predicate = verb [+object/modiﬁer/
Harry Potter is a wizard.
Vampires, werewolves, and
zombies do not usually get along.
•2 or more independent clauses
•Conjunction [FANBOYS] with a
Vampires drink blood.
Werewolves eat meat.
Vampires drink blood, but
werewolves eat meat.
Elena doesn’t want to be a vampire.
She doesn’t want to kill people.
Elena doesn’t want to be a vampire, for
she doesn’t want to kill people.
•A subject & a verb that make a
•Always needs to be attached to
an independent clause
•Makes incomplete thought when
•Cause/effect: because, since, as
•Condition: if, unless
•Time: since, as, when
Ronaldo wanted to be a footballer.
He is now a model.
Although Ronaldo wanted to be a
footballer, he is now a model.
Although Ronaldo wanted to be a footballer
>> dependent clause
•Used to modify a noun
•Clause starts with
•Who, whom, which, whose, where,
Messi is a world’s best
He plays for FC Barcelona.
Messi, who plays for FC Barcelona, is a
world’s best footballer.
Messi, who plays for FC Barcelona >>