...
...
...
...
‫‪...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
‫‪...
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1
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سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1

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سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية - تعليم اللغة الانجليزية 1
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Transcript of "سلسلة بيسان الانجليزية 1"

  1. 1.    Pronouns‫ﻤﻠ ٍ ﺴﺎﺒﻘ ٍ ﻭﻻ ﺤﺎﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤل ﻤﺤل ﺍﻷﺴـﻤﺎﺀ، ﻭ ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻟﺘﺠﱡﺏ ﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺴﺒﻕ ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻩ ﺠ ﻪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ • .‫ﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭﻩ، ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺠﻤﺎل ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬   •  :‫: ﻭﻫﻲ ﻨﻭﻋﺎﻥ‬Personal Pronouns1 I, You, He, She, It, They, We -:‫ : ﻭﻫﻲ‬Subject Pronouns me, you, him , her , it , them , us -:‫ : ﻭﻫﻲ‬Object Pronouns .ٍ ‫ ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻀﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﻭﻀﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻌﻭل ﺒﻪ ﺒﺩ ﹰ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺴﺒﻕ ﺫﻜﺭﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺠﻤﻠ ٍ ﺴﺎﺒﻘ‬  ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ü Subject   Object      Singular   Plural  Singular   Plural       I ‫ﺃﻨﺎ‬ We ‫ﻨﺤﻥ‬ me ‫ـﻨﻲ‬ us ‫ﻨﺎ‬        He ‫ﻫﻭ‬ him ‫ـﻪ‬       She ‫ﻫﻲ‬ They ‫ﻥ‬  ‫ﻫﻡ/ﻫ‬ her ‫ـﻬﺎ‬ them ‫ﻥ‬  ‫ـﻬﻡ/ ـﻬ‬  It ‫ﻫﻭ/ ﻫﻲ‬ it ‫ـﻪ / ـﻬﺎ‬    You ‫ﺃﻨﺕ‬ You ‫ﺃﻨﺘﻡ‬ you ‫ـﻙ‬ you ‫ـﻜﻡ‬ Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. I am a doctor. .‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﻁﺒﻴﺏ‬ 2. Samy visited me yesterday. .ِ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻨﻲ ﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ 3. He is my friend. .‫ﻫﻭ ﺼﺩﻴﻘﻲ‬ 4. I welcomed him. .‫ﺒ ﹸ ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺕ‬ 5. We visited our friend. .‫ﺭﻨﺎ ﺼﺩﻴﻘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻥ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ 6. They welcomed us. .‫ﺒﻭﺍ ﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ 7. I invited them. .‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﺩﻋﻭﺘﻬﻡ‬ 8. She met her uncle yesterday. .ِ ‫ﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﻠﹶﺕﹾ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ 9. We shall visit you tomorrow. .‫ )ﺴﻨﺯﻭﺭ ﹸﻡ( ﻏﺩﹰ‬  ‫ﺴﻨﺯﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺭﻙ‬ 10. You should help the old man. .‫ل ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻭﺯ‬  ‫ﻴﺠﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻙ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺭﺠ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ 1
  2. 2.  -:‫ ﻭﻫﻲ‬Possessive Pronouns 2 Singular    Plural                          my mine our ours        his his theirs       her hers their   its its    your yours your yours     | .(‫( ﺩﺍﺌﻤﹰ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ، ﻭ ﹸﹼﻬﺎ ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ )ﻴ ﹸﺹ‬Possessive Adjectives) ‫1. ﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻜﻠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ .(‫ﺔ ﺩﺍﺌﻤﹰ ﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺨﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ، ﻭ ﹸﹼﻬﺎ ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ )ﻴ ﹸﺹ‬‫2. ﻀﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻜ‬ ‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻜﻠ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. It is my pen. .‫ ﻗﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﹼ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ 2. It is mine. .‫ﻨﻲ‬ ‫ ﻴ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺇﹼ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﺨﺼ‬ 3. It is not yours. .(  ‫ ﻻ ﻴ ﹸ‬ ‫ ﻗﻠﻤﻙ )ﺇﹼ‬ ‫ ﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺇﹼ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﺨﺼﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﺱ‬ 4. I found his bag. . ‫ﻭﺠﺩ ﹸ ﺤﻘﻴﺒﺘﹶ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ 5. This bag is his. .  ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ ﺘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﻪ‬ 6. This is our garden. .‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺤﺩﻴﻘ ﹸﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ 7. This garden is ours. .‫ﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﻘ ﹸ ﺘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺔ ﺨﺼ‬ 8. They entered their garden. .‫ﺩﺨﻠﻭﺍ ﺤﺩﻴﻘﺘﹶﻬﻡ‬ 9. That garden is theirs. .‫ﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﻘ ﹸ ﺘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺔ ﺨﺼ‬ 10. Did you bring your car? ‫ﻫل ﺃﺤﻀﺭﺕ ﺴﻴﺎﺭﺘﻙ؟‬ 11. This car is yours. .‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺭﺓ ﺘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺨﺼ‬ ‫ﺴ‬     Reflexive or EmphasingPronouns3‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻜﺱ ﻤﻔﻌـﻭل ﻷ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺍﻟ‬ :‫ﻏﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﹼﺄﻜﻴﺩ. )ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻋﻠﻲ ﻨﻔ ِ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻪ، ﺃﻭ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ ﻴﻘﻊ ﺃﺜ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ • .(‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﻌﻭل ﻫﻭ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ .‫( ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬selves) (‫ﻔﺭﺩ ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺔ )ﺃﻨ ﹸﺱ‬ ‫ ﻟﻠ‬self (‫ﻨﻌﻜﺴﺔ ﺒﻜﻠﻤﺔ )ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ • :‫ﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ﻤﻘﺭﻭﻨ ﹰ ﺒﻀﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﻟﻼﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ ﺒﻴﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﹼﻭﻉ ﻭﻀﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﻭ ﹸﺠﻤل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ • 2
  3. 3.  Singular  Plural             I ‫ﺃﻨﺎ‬ myself ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ / ﺒﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ We ‫ﻨﺤﻥ‬ ourselves ‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻨﺎ / ﺒﺄﻨﻔ ِﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ He ‫ﻫﻭ‬ himself ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ / ﺒﻨﻔ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ / ﺒﻨﻔ ِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬  ‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ / ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻬ‬ She herself They ‫ﻫ ﻫﻥ‬   / ‫ﻡ‬ themselves ( ِ ِ ‫)ﺒﺄﻨﻔ ِ ِﻡ / ﺒﺄﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻬ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ / ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ـﺴﻪ / ـﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻔـ‬ ‫ﻨﻔـ‬ It itself ‫ﻟﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻗل‬ (‫)ﺒﻨﻔ ِ ِ / ﺒﻨﻔ ِﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻥ‬  ‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻜﻡ / ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻜ‬ You ‫ﺃﻨﺕ‬ yourself ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻙ / ﺒﻨﻔ ِﻙ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ You ‫ﺘﻥ‬  ‫ﺃﻨ ﹸﻡ / ﺃﻨ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ yourselves ( ‫)ﺒﺄﻨﻔﺴﻜﻡ / ﺒﺄﻨﻔﺴﻜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. I blamed myself. .‫ﺨ ﹸ ﻨﻔﺴﻲ / ﹸﻤ ﹸ ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟ ﺕ‬ ‫ﺒ ﺕ‬ 2. He blamed himself. .‫ﻪ‬ ‫ ﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺦﹶ ﻨﻔﺴﻪ / ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬  ُ‫ﻡ ﺴ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ 3. You blamed yourself. .‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺨﺕ / ﹸﻤﺕ ﻨﻔ‬‫ﺃﻨﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ 4. You blamed yourselves. .‫ ﹸﻡ‬ ‫ ﹸﻡ / ﺍﻨﺘﻡ ﹸﻤ ﹸﻡ ﺃﻨ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺨﹾ ﹸﻡ ﺃﻨ ﹸ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟ ﺘ ﻔ ﺴﻜ‬ ‫ﺒ ﺘ ﻔ ﺴﻜ‬ 5. They blamed themselves .‫ﻡ‬  ‫ﻡ / ﻻﻤﻭﺍ ﺃﻨﻔ‬  ‫ﺨﻭﺍ ﺃﻨﻔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﻬ‬ ‫ﺴﻬ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ 6. Mr. Ahmed himself visited me. .(‫ﻴﺩ ﺃﺤﻤﺩ ﺒﻨﻔ ِ ِ )ﻟﻠﺘﻭﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻨﻲ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ 7. The manager himself visited him. .‫ﻨﺎ‬ ِ ِ ‫ﺩﻴﺭ ﺒﻨﻔ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻪ ﻫ‬ ‫ﻩ ﻤ‬    : DemonstrativeAdjectives4 .‫ﺎ ﻗﺭﻴﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺒﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﺸﻲ ٍ ﺇ‬ ‫ﺀ ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ • .‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﻭﺭﺍﺌﻬﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ‬ •  ‫ﻟ ﹼﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﺸ‬  ‫ﻟ ﹼﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﺸ‬          this ‫ﻫﺫﺍ / ﻫﺫﻩ‬ these ‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ‬ that ‫ ﺫﻟﻙ / ﺘﻠﻙ‬those ‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ‬   |( this, that, these, those ) ‫ﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ ﻫﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟ‬DemonstrativePronouns  ü ‫ﺴ‬ .(noun) ‫ ﺼﻔﺔ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻕ ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ 1. This pen is mine. .‫ﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻡ ﻴﺨ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ 2. This is my pen. .(‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﻗﻠﻤﻲ ) ﺒﻴﺩﻱ‬ 3. Those are book. .‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ ﹸﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ . ‫ﺎ ﻀﻤﻴﺭ ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻴﺤل ﻤﺤل ﺍﻻﺴﻡ‬ ‫ ﺃ‬ü ‫ﻤ‬ 3
  4. 4.  Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. This is my book in my hand. .‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻴﺩﻱ‬ 2. That book on the shelf is not mine. .‫ﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻑ ﻻ ﻴﺨ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ 3. These pupils in this class are very clever. .‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﹼﻼﻤﻴﺫ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺼ ِ ﻤﻬﺭ ﹰ ﺠﺩﹰ‬ ‫ﺓ ﺍ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺘ‬ 4. Those pupils in that class are not clever. .‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ ﺍﻟﹼﻼﻤﻴﺫ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻔﺼ ِ ﻟﻴﺴﻭﺍ ﻤﻬﺭ ﹰ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺘ‬ Exercise No. 1 ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴـﻥ‬*) Choose the right answer between brackets:- :‫ﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺼ‬1. The window is green. (He – She – It) is not yellow.2. Usama is standing up. (He – She – It) is not sitting down. The pencils are in the box. (He – They – We) are not on the table. The plane is in the air.3. (She – It – He – They) is flying to Cairo.4. My name is Ahmed. (I – Me – My) am fifteen years old.5. (We – Our – Us) are students.6. (Yours – You – Your) are teachers.7. (Your – Yours – You) books are new.8. He is doing his work; I am doing (my – mine – me).9. He is doing his work; I am doing (my – mine – me) work.10. The girl is drinking milk. She is drinking (she – it – they – he) from the glass.11. The children are eating apples. They are eating (them – her – him) in the room.12. You should do your homework by (yourself – himself – herself).13. We finished our homework. We finished it by (ourselves – themselves – yourself).14. I always depend on (himself – myself – herself).15. The boys helped the old man. They helped him (ourselves – themselves – herself).16. The doctor told Huda and Nabil to take care of (themselves – herself – yourself).17. (Those – This – That) girls are playing basketball.18. (This – These – That) pupils are polite.19. (This – These – Those) bag is mine. Patience is a key to relief.         4
  5. 5. ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪The Verb‬‬ ‫ِﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺭﻭﺭﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻌل )‪.(Verb‬‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻀ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ ‪‬ﺔ ﻨﻭﻋﺎﻥ:‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫•‬‫ﺙ‬‫1‪ (Full verb‬ﻤﺜل: ﻴﺴﺎﻓﺭ ‪ travel‬ـ ﻴﺯﻭﺭ ‪ visit‬ـ ‪‬ﻌﻁﻲ ‪ ،give‬ﻭﻟﻸﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺤـﺩ ٍ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﺯﻤﻨﺔ، ﺴﻨﺩﺭﺴﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ، ﻤﺜل:‬‫.‪1. He always travels to France‬‬ ‫) ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ (‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ ﺩﺍﺌﻤﹰ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ.‬ ‫ﺎﻴ‬‫.‪2. He is travelling to France now‬‬ ‫) ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺘﻤﺭ(‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫‪‬ﺴﺎﻓﺭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻓﺭﻨﺴﺎ ﺍﻵﻥ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫2‪ Helping ( Auxiliary )Vereb‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺘﺩل ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻌﺎ ٍ ﻭﻻ ﺘﺩ ّ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺤﺩﺍ ٍ.‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻭ ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﻜﺜﻴﺭﹰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺎﻟ ِ ﺨﻠﻭ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺩ ٍ، ﻤﺜل:‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ِ ﺩ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ ‪ - write‬ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻱ ‪ ........ buy‬ﺍﻟﺦ، ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﻷ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻓﻌل )‪.(verb‬‬ ‫ﻴ ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ ﺠ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫1. ِﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹼﻔﻲ.‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫2. ِﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ.‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫3. ﻋﻨﺩ ﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻬﻭل )‪.(Passive‬‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺇﺠﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺒﺩﻗ ٍ ﺘﺎ ‪‬ﺔ.‬ ‫ﺔ ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺭﺒﻌ ِ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎ ٍ، ﻭﻟﻜل ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋ ٍ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ ﺍﻷﻋﻡ، ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﻓﻌـﺎل‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹼﺎﻗﺼﺔ.‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ ﻨﻔﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌ ٍ ﻤﺴﺎﻋ ٍ ﺒﻭﻀ ِ )‪ (not‬ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﻔﻌ ِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩ ‪‬ﺒﺎﺸﺭ ﹰ، ﻤﺜل:‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ل ﻤ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫•‬ ‫.‪1. They are students‬‬ ‫ﺇ ﹼﻬﻡ ﺘﻼﻤﻴﺫ.‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫.‪2. They are not students‬‬ ‫ﺇ ﹼﻬﻡ ﻟﻴﺴﻭﺍ ﺘﻼﻤﻴﺫ.‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴﺘﻡ ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﺴﺅﺍل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌ ٍ ﻤﺴﺎﻋ ٍ، ﺒﻭﻀ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﻭ ﻭﻀﻊ ﻋﻼﻤﺔ ﺍﺴـﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ )؟(، ﻤﺜل:‬ ‫ﺔ ﺠ‬‫.‪1. He is a doctor‬‬ ‫ﻫﻭ ﻁﺒﻴﺏ.‬‫?‪2. Is he a doctor‬‬ ‫ﻫل ﻫﻭ ﻁﺒﻴﺏ؟‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺴ ِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ‪‬ﺼﺎﻍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ، ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺴﺏ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻪ.‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺏ ﺯ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﹸﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﺃﻓﻌﺎ ﹰ ﻗﻭ ‪‬ﺔ، ﻷﻨﻬﺎ ‪‬ﻤﻜﻥ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹼﻔﻲ ﻭﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺅﺍل ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻬﻭل، ﻭﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ ﻓ ‪‬ﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﻓﻌل ﻀﻌﻴﻑ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫•‬ ‫5‬
  6. 6.  Forms of Verb   ç  The Infinitive 1‫ﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ ﻭ‬to ‫ﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺴﺒﻘﻪ، ﻭﻗﺩ‬to ‫( ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬base) ‫ﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻌل‬‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﻴ ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ :‫(، ﻤﺜل‬base infinitive) ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺼﺩ ِ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺭ‬(to) play ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ (to) sing ‫ﻐﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬ (to) be ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ The Present  2 ‫ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺃﻭ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﺩ‬are ‫، و‬I ‫ ﻤﻊ‬am :‫ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺸﻜﻼﻥ‬to be ‫، ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﻓﻌل‬to ‫ﻭﻫﻭ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ :‫ﺨﺎﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬play ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ sing ‫ﻐﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬ am (are) ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ The Present with 3rd person singular 3 .‫( ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬s) ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ ﻴﺘﻜ‬ ‫ -( ﻷﹼ‬s) ‫ﺃﻭ ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﻭ‬plays ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ sings ‫ﻐﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬ is ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ The Past 4‫(، ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌـﺎل‬Irregular Verbs) ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ. )ﻤﺎ ﻋﺩﺍ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎ ﹼﺓ‬ ‫-( ﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ‬ed) ‫ﻥ ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰ ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺤﺭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﺸﺫ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ .(Helping Verbs) ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬played ‫ﻟﻌﺏ‬ sang ‫ﻏ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ was (were) ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ The Past Participle 5،(Irregular Verbs) ‫ﺸﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﹼﺭﻜﻴﺏ. )ﻤـﺎ ﻋـﺩﺍ ﺍﻷﻓﻌـﺎل ﺍﻟـ ﹼﺎ ﹼﺓ‬  ‫-( ﻷﹼ‬ed) ‫ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺫ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻴ ﻤ‬ .(Helping Verbs) ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬played ‫ﻟﻌﺏ‬ sung ‫ﻏ ﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ been ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ The Present Participle 6 .‫–( ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﺴﺎ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ing) ‫ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫-( ﻷﹼ‬ing) ‫ﻰ ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴ ﻤ‬playing ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ singing ‫ﻐﹼﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨ‬ being ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ 6
  7. 7.  1 2 3 4 5 6 Present with 3rd Past Present Infinitive person singular Participle Participle Present Past (base) (-s form) (-ed form) (-ing form) (to) play play plays played played playing (to) sing sing sings sang sung singing (to) be am (are) is was (were) been being    | :‫( ﻟﻪ ﺜﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ ﺃﺸﻜﺎل ﻫﻲ‬to be) ‫ﺘﺔ ﻤﺎﻋﺩﺍ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟﹼﺎﻗﺼﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫1. ﻜل ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﻟﻬﺎ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ to be am is are was were been being‫(، ﻭﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﺒﺈﻀـﺎﻓﺔ‬s) ‫ﻔﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺌﺏ ﺒﺈﻀﺎﻓﺔ ﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺴﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل، ﻭﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫2. ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬،(present) ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺔ ﻓﻘﻁ ﻫﻲ: ﺍﻟ‬‫(. ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺤﻔﻅ ﺘﺼﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﻨﺠﺩ ﺃﻨﻨﺎ ﻨﺤﻔﻅ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﺸﻜﺎل ﺭﺌﻴﺴ‬ing) ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴ‬(base) ‫ﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻷﺸﻜﺎل ﺍ ُﺨﺭﻯ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺴﺎ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫(، ﻷﹼﻪ‬past participle) ‫(، ﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻌﻭل‬past) ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﻨ ﻴ‬ :(to) ‫( ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬infinitive) ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ Present ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ Past Past participle smile ‫ﻴﺒﺘﺴﻡ‬ smiled smiled bring ‫ﺤ ِﺭ‬ ‫ﻴ ﻀ‬ brought brought rise ‫ﻴﺭﻓﻊ‬ rose risen .{‫( ﺍﺴﻡ ﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺩﺍﺭﺴﻨﺎ ﻫﻭ }ﺍﻟ ﹼﺼﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎﻟﺙ‬P.P) (Past Participle) ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ ﻨﺠﺩ ﻻﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻌﻭل‬ ‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫( ﻷﹼﻬﺎ ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ ﺒﺸﻜ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻓـﺭﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤـﻊ‬Finite Verbs) ‫ﻰ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﹸﺴ‬ ‫3. ﺃﺸﻜﺎل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺘ ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ .‫ﺭ ﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﻋﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ ﹼﺨﺹ، ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺸ‬‫ﻰ‬ ‫( ﻓﹸـﺴ‬present participle) ‫( ﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬past participle) ‫( ﻭﺍﺴﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻌﻭل‬infinitive) ‫ﺎ ﺃﺸﻜﺎل ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫4. ﺃ‬ ‫ﺘ ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ .‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺒﺯﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ ﺒﻔﺎﻋ ِ ﺍﻟ‬‫ ﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺜﺎﺒﺕ ﻻ ﻴﺘﻐ‬ ‫(، ﻷ‬Non-finites or Infinities) ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻓﻌﺎ ِ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ل ﺠ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺭ ﹼﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﻥ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩﺓ ﻷﹼﻬﺎ ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰ ﻤﻥ ﻓﻌ ٍ ﻤﺤـﺩﻭ ٍ ﺨـﺎﺹ )ﻓﻌـل‬ ‫5. ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻜ‬ :‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩ( ﺃﻭ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﻭﻓﻌل ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺤﺩﻭﺩ، ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤ‬ 1. Dina is playing. .‫ﺩﻴﻨﺎ ﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬ (finite + non-finite) 2. He has gone home. .‫ﻫﻭ ﻗﺩ ﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺕ‬ (finite + non-finite)  Finite Verb : ‫ﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻭل ﺒﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ Do good and cast it into the sea.         7
  8. 8.   Helping Verbs  Verb To Be Verb To Do Verb To Have Defective Verbs            1- Verb To Be be , am , is , are , was , were , been , being Pronoun  Present  Past  I am ‫ﺃﻜﻭﻥ‬ was ‫ﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ He , She , It is ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ / ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ was ‫ﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ We , They , You are ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬ were ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬         am, is  was be been are were Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. I am a teacher. .‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭ‬ 2. He is a doctor. .‫ﻫﻭ ﻁﺒﻴﺏ‬ 3. Huda is not a nurse. .‫ﻤﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻯ ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ 4. I was doing my home work. .‫ﻜﻨ ﹸ ﺃﻋﻤل ﻭﺍﺠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ 5. I and Ali are neighbors. .‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻲ ﺠﻴﺭﺍﻥ‬ 6. Are you a doctor? ‫ﻫل ﺃﻨﺕﹶ ﻁﺒﻴﺏ؟‬ 7. Was she angry yesterday? ‫ﻫل ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻏﺎﻀﺒ ﹰ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ ِ؟‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ 8. Today, he is better. .‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ ﻫﻭ ﺃﺤﺴﻥ‬ 9. You are not a teacher. .‫ﹰ‬  ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺕﹶ ﻟﺴﺕﹶ‬ ‫ﻤ ﺭﺴﺎ‬ 10. They were given a good lesson yesterday. .ِ ‫ُﻋﻁﻭﺍ ﺩﺭﺴﹰ ﺠﻴﺩﹰ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎ ﺍ‬ ‫ﺃ‬  8
  9. 9.      |‫ﻤﻠـﺔ ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺜﺒﺎﺕ، ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻲ، ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ، ﻭﻓﻲ ﺼﻴﺎﻏ ِ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ‬Verb To Be ‫ﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﻤل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫1. ﻻﺤﻅ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ .ِ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻤﺭ، ﻭﻋﻨﺩ ﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻤﺭ، ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ .(nt) not ‫ ﻨﻀﻊ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬Verb To Be ‫2. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺩﻨﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻨﻨﻔﻲ‬ am , is , are , was , were (nt) not ‫ﻨﻀﻊ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ Exercise No. 2 ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴـﻥ‬I) Put (am), ( is) or (are) in the spaces :- :‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬are ‫ ﺃﻭ‬is ‫ ﺃﻭ‬am ‫ﻀﻊ‬1. The window........ green.2. I ......... in the classroom.3. We ........ students.4. There ........ a pen and two pencils on the table.5. There ........ two pencils and a pen on the table.II) Put (was) or (were) in the spaces:- :‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬were ‫ ﺃﻭ‬was ‫ﻀﻊ‬1. My brother ....... ill yesterday.2. They ........ students five years ago.3. Huda and Nabila ........ in the hospital last month.4. There ........ no planes two hundreds years ago.5. There ........ a map here last week . Cowards die often.    9
  10. 10.   2- Verb To Do do, does did Pronoun ‫ﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ Present ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ Past ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ I , We , They , You do did He , She , It does ‫ﻤﻊ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺤﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬ do + ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ = ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ do + play = play does + ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ = s + ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ does + play = plays did + ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ = ‫ﺍﻟ ﹼﺼﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ did + play = played     • .‫1. ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﹰ ﻓﻲ ﺼﻴﻐﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﹼﻔﻲ ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ .‫( ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬nt) not ‫2. ﻴﺘﻡ ﻨﻔﻲ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺒﻭﻀﻊ‬ do not = dont does not = doesnt did not = didnt Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. I do not like smoking. .‫ ﺍﻟﹼﺩﺨﻴﻥ‬ ِ ُ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺏ ﺘ‬ 2. He does not remember her name. .‫ﻫﻭ ﻻ ﻴﺘﺫ ﹼﺭ ﺍﺴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ 3. We do not go to school on Friday. .‫ﻨﺤﻥ ﻻ ﻨﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴ ِ ﻴﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ 4. Do you speak English? ‫ﺔ ؟‬‫ﻫل ﺘﺘﻜﻠﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ 5. Did she go to school yesterday? ‫ﺕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ ِ؟‬ ‫ﻫل ﻫﻲ ﺫﻫ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ 6. Does he live in Gaza? ‫ﻫل ﻴﺴ ﹸﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺯﺓ؟‬ ‫ﻜ‬ I do my home work everyday. .‫ﺃﻋﻤل ﻭﺍﺠﺒﻲ ﻜل ﻴﻭﻡ‬ 7. (‫ﻫﺫﺍ ﻟﻴﺱ ﻓﻌل ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﻭﻟﻜ ﹼﻪ ﻓﻌل ﺃﺼﻠﻲ )ﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ Exercise No. 3 ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴـﻥ‬*) Put (do), (does) or (did) in the spaces:- :‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬did ‫ ﺃﻭ‬does ‫ ﺃﻭ‬do ‫ﻀﻊ‬1. .………….. he bring money yesterday?2. She ………….. not speak Arabic.3. I ………… not care.4. I and Huda …………. not go to school today.5. .…………. Samy like smoking?10
  11. 11.   3- Verb To Have have, has had Pronoun ‫ﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ Present ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ Past ‫ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ I , We , They , You have had He , She , It has ‫ﻤﻊ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺤﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋل‬ .‫ ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬not ‫ ﻴﺘﻡ ﻨﻔﻲ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل ﻴﻤﺘﻠﻙ ﺒﻭﻀﻊ‬ ¯ has not = hasnt have not = havent had not = hadnt Examples ‫ﺃﻤﺜـــﻠﺔ‬ 1. I have a new bag. .‫ ﺤﻘﻴﺒ ﹰ ﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﹰ‬ ِ‫ﺃﻤﺘ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﻙ‬ 2. Samy has a larger bag. .‫ﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻴﻤﺘِﻙ ﺤﻘﻴﺒ ﹰ ﻜﺒﻴﺭ ﹰ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ 3. The cat has a tail. .‫ﺍﻟﻘ ﹼﺔ ﺘﻤﺘِﻙ ﺫﻴل‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻁ‬ 4. I had a key but I lost it. . ‫ ﻤﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﻟﻜﻨﻨﻲ ﻓﻘﺩ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ 5. We had a useful lesson yesterday. .ِ ‫ﻔﻴﺩﹰ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫﻨﺎ ﺩﺭﺴﹰ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎﻤ ﺍ‬ 6. Has Huda got any sisters? ‫ﺩﻯ ﺃﻱ ﺃﺨﻭﺍﺕ؟‬ ‫ﻫل ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ 7. Huda has not got any sisters. .‫ﺩﻯ ﻟﻴﺱ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﻱ ﺃﺨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ 8. I have done my work. .‫ﻟﻘﺩ ﹸﻤﺕ ﺒﻌﻤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ Exercise No. 4 ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴـﻥ‬*) Put (have ) or (has) in the spaces :- :‫ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬has ‫ ﺃﻭ‬have ‫ﻀﻊ‬1. I ............... a new watch.2. You ........... a red pen.3. Usama ............... a green pencil.4. We .............. dinner before we go to bed.5. Ramzy ............... breakfast at home.6. He ............. two sisters. Many hands make light work.         11
  12. 12.    4- Defective Verbs        ç  Present  Past  Present  Past shall ‫ ﺴـ / ﺴﻭﻑ‬should ‫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺴـ‬will ‫ﺴـ / ﺴﻭﻑ‬ would ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﺴـ‬can ‫ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬could ‫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬must ‫ﻴﺠﺏ/ﻴﻠﺯﻡ‬ had to (ought to)may ‫ ﻴﺠﻭﺯ / ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬might ‫ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ought to ‫ﻴﺠﺏ / ﻴﻠﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ ﻴﺠﺏ‬    | (‫ ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻟﻪ ﺤﺎﻀﺭ ﻭﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﻓﻘﻁ ﻭﻻ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻟﻪ ﺘﺼﺭﻴﻑ ﺜﺎﻟﺙ )ﺍﺴﻡ ﻤﻔﻌـﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺕ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎﻗﺼﺔ ﺒﻬﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﺴﻡ ﻷ‬  .1 ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺴﻤ‬ .‫ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻷﺨﺭ ﻟﻴﺱ ﻟﻪ ﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬go – went – gone :‫ﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺩ ٍ، ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺄﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ .(had to) ‫ ﻟﻴﺱ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﻤﺎﻀﻲ ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل ﻜﻤﺎ ٍ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ‬must – ought to ‫2. ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺽ‬.(‫ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ)ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬to ‫( ﻓﻲ ﺃﺨﺭﻩ، ﺃﻭ‬s) ‫3. ﻴﺄﺘﻲ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎﻗﺼﺔ ﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ . We ‫ ﺃﻭ‬I ‫ﺘﻜﹼﻡ‬ ‫ ﻤﻊ ﻀﻤﻴﺭ ﺍﻟ‬shall ‫4. ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻤ ﻠ‬ .(They, You, He, She, It) :‫ﻤﺎﺌﺭ ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ ﻤﻊ ﺒﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻟ‬will ‫5. ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻀ‬ Examples ‫ﺃﻤـﺜﻠﺔ‬ 1. I can carry this heavy bag . .‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺤﻤل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟ ﹼﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺜ‬ 2. The train will move .‫ﺴﻴﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺎﺭ ﺤﺎ ﹰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ 3. I shall come again. .‫ﺴﺄﺤﻀﺭ ﻤﺭﺓ ُﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ 4. We should help our parents. .‫ﻴﺠﺏ ﺃﻥ ﹸﺴﺎﻋﺩ ﻭﺍِﺩﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ 5. They may meet us in Gaza. .‫ﻘﺎﺒﻠﻭﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ ﻴ‬ 6. Students must get up early. .‫ﻴﺠﺏ ﺃﻥ ﻴﻨﻬﺽ ﺍﻟ ﹼﻼﺏ ﻤﺒﻜﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻁ‬ 7. Can you carry this bag? ‫ﻫل ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺘﺤﻤل ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﺒﺔ؟‬ 8. She couldnt understand me yesterday. .ِ ‫ﻫﻲ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺴﺘﻁﻊ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻔﻬﻤﻨﻲ ﺒﺎﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ He is rich that has few wants.        12
  13. 13.  Exercise No. 5 ‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴـﻥ‬*) Choose the correct answer between brackets: -:‫ﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﻭﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺭ ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺼ‬1. She must (help - helps - helped) her mother.2. Ali should (gets - get - getting) up early everyday.3. Students must not (writes - wrote - write) on the walls.4. My father may (buys - bought - buy) a watch to me.5. A good student must (studies - studied -study) hard.6. We had to (helped - help - helps) the old man yesterday.     | .‫ ﺃﻓﻌﺎل ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻴﺔ‬be, have, do ‫1. ﹸﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ .it, she, he ‫ ﻤﻊ‬has, does, was, is ‫2. ﹸﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ ﻜل ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ Manners make the man.        13
  14. 14.  Tenses of The Verb ‫( ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﻟﻬـﺫﺍ‬infinitive) ‫.....ﺍﻟﺦ ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬go ‫ – ﻴﺫﻫﺏ‬visit ‫(، ﻤﺜل: ﻴﺯﻭﺭ‬Full Verb) ٍ ‫ﺍل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ • .‫( ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻨﺼﻭﻏﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ‬Tense) ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻭﺤﺴﺏ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺼﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺴﺏ ﻓﺎﻋل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ -:‫ﺍل ﻋﻠﻰ ﺤﺩﺙ ﺜﻼﺜﺔ ﺃﺯﻤﻨﺔ ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ، ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﻌل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ • Present Past  Future  Simple Continuous Perfect Simple Continuous Perfect Simple                        .‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻫﻭ ﺸﻜل ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﻴﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺘﻌﻨﻲ ﺒﺄ‬   ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ • 1. The Present Simple Tense 1) Formation :-    (s) ‫ـﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻼﺤﻅﺔ ﺃﹼﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﻫﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ )ﺍﻟ ﹼﺼﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻟﻠﻔﻌل(، ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ ﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ü ‫ﻨ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ :‫(، ﺃﻭ ﻤﺎ ﻴﻨﻭﺏ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﻥ ﺃﺴﻤﺎﺀ، ﻤﺜل‬he , she , it) ‫ﻔﺭﺩﹰ ﻏﺎﺌﺒﹰ، ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﻋل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺠ ﻤ ﺍ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ Ali - Samia - The teacher - The cat [1. Ali drinks tea. drink + s = drinks2. Huda plays football. play + s = plays3. He eats a cake. eat + s = eats4. I play basketball play :‫( ﻓﺈﹼﻪ‬he, she, it) ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﺴﻤﹰ ﻤﻔﺭﺩﹰ ﺃﻭ ﻀﻤﻴﺭﹰ ﻤﻔﺭﺩﹰ ﻏﺎﺌﺒﹰ، ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ‬    ¯ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  (es) ‫ﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫( ﻓﺈﹼﻪ‬sh, ch, o, x, ss) -:‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﺒﺄﺤﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺴﺔ ﺍﻵﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫1. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ -: ‫(، ﻤﺜل‬s) ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﺩ ﹰ ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺔ‬wash + es = washes ‫ﻴﻐﺴل‬ watch + es = watches ‫ﺸﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻴ‬wish + es = wishes ‫ﻴﺘﻤﹼﻰ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ teach + es = teaches ‫ﺱ‬   ‫ﻴﺩﺭ‬finish + es = finishes ‫ﻨﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ mix + es = mixes ‫ﻴﺨﻠﻁ‬14
  15. 15.  go + es = goes ‫ﻴﺫﻫﺏ‬ fix + es = fixes ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺜﹶ‬ ‫ﻴﺒ‬ do + es = does ‫ﻴﻔﻌل‬ pass + es = passes ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ / ‫ﺭ‬  ‫ﻴﻤ ﻴ ﺒ‬ cross + es = crosses ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻴﺒ‬ match + es = matches ‫ل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ ﺼ‬ ‫ـﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ (y) ‫ ﺤﺭﻑ ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫( ﻭﻴﺴﺒﻘﻪ ﺤﺭﻑ ﺴﺎﻜﻥ ﻓﺈ‬y) ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﺒﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫2. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ -:‫( ﺇﻟﻰ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل، ﻤﺜل‬ies) ‫ﺔ‬ try ‫ﻴﺤﺎﻭل‬ tries cry ‫ﻴﺒﻜﻲ‬ cries study ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ studies fly ‫ﻴﻁﻴﺭ‬ flies ( s ) ‫ـﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫ ( ﻭﻴﺴﺒﻘﻪ ﺤﺭﻑ ﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ )ﺤﺭﻑ ﻋﻠﺔ(، ﻓﺈﹼـﻪ‬y ) ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﺒﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫3. ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ -:‫ ( ﻤﺜل‬y ) ‫ﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻴﺤﺩﺙ ﺃﻱ ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺤﺭﻑ ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ play + s = plays ‫ﻴﻠﻌﺏ‬ obey + s = obeys ‫ﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ buy + s = buys ‫ﻴﺸﺘﺭﻱ‬ say + s = says ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ enjoy + s = enjoys ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬ stay + s = stays ‫ﻴﻤ ﹸﺙ / ﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ( a, e, i , o, u )vowels      •2) Usage:    :‫ل ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﺘ‬ ‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺼﺎﻍ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ • -:‫ ﻤﺜل‬(fact) .1 1. The earth moves around the sun. .‫ ﺤﻭل ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺭﻙ ﺍﻷﺭ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ُ 2. They play football every week. .‫ﻫﻡ ﻴﻠﻌﺒﻭﻥ ﹸﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻡ ﹸل ﺃﺴﺒﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ -:‫ ﻤﺜل‬  (habit) .2   1. Samy goes to school every morning. .‫ﺴﺎﻤﻲ ﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴﺔ ﻜل ﺼﺒﺎﺡ‬ 2. Boys go to school at the age of six. .ِ ‫ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺭﺴ ِ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺴ ِ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻫﺏ ﺍﻷﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺩ‬  3) Key words   :‫ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺢ ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﺇﺤﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﹼﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺘ ﻴ ﺠ‬ • always ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ ﹰ‬ never ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻁﻼﻕ / ﺃﺒﺩﹰ‬ often ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ ﹰ‬ generally ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﻤﹰ‬ usually ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩ ﹰ‬ frequently ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺭﹰ / ﻜﺜﻴﺭﹰ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ sometimes ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ ﹰ‬ rarely ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺩﺭﹰ‬ every…. (... ،‫ﻜل )ﻴﻭﻡ – ﺃﺴﺒﻭﻉ‬ seldom ‫ﻨﺎﺩﺭﹰ ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ 15
  16. 16. ‫‪‬‬ ‫| ‪  ‬‬ ‫1. ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍﹼﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻤﺎﻋﺩﺍ )‪ (every‬ﻓﺘﺄﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻬﺎﻴ ِ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠ ِ.‬ ‫ﺔ ﺠ ﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻟ ﺴ‬ ‫2. ﻟﻴﺱ ﺸﺭﻁ ﹰ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺩﺍﹼﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺒﻘﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠ ِ ﺤﺘﻰ ﻨﺼﻭﻍ ﻓﻌل ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒـﺴﻴﻁ ﺇ ﹼ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺠ ﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺎﺩ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ )‪ (fact‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ )‪ ،(habit‬ﻓﺈﹼﻪ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺼﺎﻍ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺘﻲ:-‬ ‫.‪The earth moves around the sun‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭ ‪ ‬ﺘﺩﻭﺭ ﺤﻭل ﺍﻟ ﹼﻤﺱ. )ﺃﻓﺎﺩ ﻤﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻠﺔ ﺤﻘﻴﻘ ﹰ، ﻓﺘ ‪ ‬ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل )‪ (move‬ﻓﻲ ﺯﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ ﻤﻊ ﺃﹼﻪ ﻻ ﺘﻭﺠﺩ ﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺩﺍﹼﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺔ ﻡ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫3. ﺘﻭﻀﻊ )‪ (to‬ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ ﹰ ﻟﺘﺒ‪‬ﻥ ﺃ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﻟﻡ ﻴﻭﻀﻊ ﺒﻌ‪‬ﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻨﺎﺴﺏ، ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺠﺏ ﺤﺫﻓﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎل.‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺎ ﻴ ﻥ‬‫-:‪ 4) The Present Simple Tense Negative and Interrogative‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫)ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل + ‪ + dont‬ﻓﺎﻋل(.‬ ‫1. ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﺩﻭﻥ )‪ ، (s‬ﻟﻠ ﹼﻔﻲ ﻨﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫)?...ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل + ﻓﺎﻋل + ‪.(Do‬‬ ‫2. ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﺩﻭﻥ )‪ ،(s‬ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ ﻨﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫)ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل + ‪ + doesnt‬ﻓﺎﻋل (.‬ ‫3. ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﻪ )‪ (s‬ﺃﻭ )‪ (es‬ﻟﻠ ﹼﻔﻲ ﻨﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫)?...ﻤﺼﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل + ﻓﺎﻋل + ‪.(Does‬‬ ‫4. ﺇﺫﺍ ﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻌل ﺒﻪ )‪ (s‬ﺃﻭ )‪ (es‬ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ ﻨﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫‪ Examples‬‬ ‫‪Negative ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ Interrogative‬‬ ‫.‪I speak English‬‬ ‫.‪I dont speak English‬‬ ‫?‪Do you speak English‬‬ ‫.1‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﺃﺘﻜﹼ ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺎ ﻻ ﺃﺘﻜﹼﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ ‪‬ﺔ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠُ‬ ‫ﻫل ﺃﻨﺕ ﺘﺘﻜﹼ ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬ ‫.‪Ali speaks English‬‬ ‫.‪Ali doesnt speak English‬‬ ‫?‪Does Ali speak English‬‬ ‫.2‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻴﺘﻜﹼﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻴﺘﻜﹼﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ.‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻫل ﻋﻠﻲ ﻴﺘﻜﹼﻡ ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯ‪‬ﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫.‪Huda washes the car‬‬ ‫.‪Huda doesnt wash the car‬‬ ‫?‪Does Huda wash the car‬‬ ‫.3‬ ‫‪‬ﺩﻀ

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