223 R&J, Act V


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Act V

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223 R&J, Act V

  1. 1. Act V “ . . . heaven finds means to kill your joys with love” (5.3.293).
  2. 2. Act V <ul><li>Tragedy: a drama in which the central character(s) suffer disaster as a result of fate or a character flaw or both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fateful (chance) events: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chance meeting at the Capulet’s party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo does not receive Friar’s note </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Romeo & Juliet are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impulsive - quick to act </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stubborn </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insistent on having things their own way </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Act V <ul><li>Theme in tragedy: central idea about life that explains why the tragedy occurred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who act in haste (impulsively) bring about their own destruction. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Act V <ul><li>Metaphorical language: language in which unlike things are compared to deepen meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew” (5.1.12). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Paris compares Juliet, in death, to a flower and her tomb to a bridal bed.) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>Romeo dreams he has died and Juliet revives him with her sweet kisses. </li></ul><ul><li>(foreshadows his death) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>Balthasar, Romeo’s servant, reports to Romeo that Juliet has died. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo’s response, </li></ul><ul><li>“ I defy you stars!” (5.1.24) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>Impulsively, Romeo orders Balthasar to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>buy two horses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>get him a pen and paper </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>Enroute to Verona, Romeo and Balthasar stop at an apothecary to purchase poison. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>For 40 ducats Romeo buys poison strong enough to kill 20 men. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo shames the apothecary into selling him the illegal drug by appealing to the man’s poverty. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>Then goes on to say that the real poison is the money he uses to purchase the poison. It causes more destruction to men’s souls than poison to their bodies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(metaphorical language: Romeo compares the money to poison) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Act V, scene 1 <ul><li>“There is thy gold, worse poison to men’s souls, doing more murder in this loathsome world, than these poor compounds [poisons], that thou mayest not sell. I sell thee poison. . .” (5.1.80-83) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Act V, scene 2 <ul><li>Friar Lawrence’s letter to Romeo is not delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>He’ll go alone to greet Juliet as she awakens. </li></ul><ul><li>He’ll send another letter to Romeo to meet at Friar’s cell. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(tragic influence of chance or fate) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Wednesday night Paris goes to the vault to place flowers around Juliet’s body. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew” (5.1.12). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Paris compares Juliet, in death, to a flower and her tomb to a bridal bed.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unbeknownst to him, Romeo approaches the vault too. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Romeo threatens Balthasar’s life if he dare follow him into the vault. </li></ul><ul><li>Alarmed by Romeo’s wild demeanor, he hides nearby just in case, and then falls asleep. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Paris sees Romeo, whom he blames for indirectly killing Juliet - her incessant mourning over Tybalt’s death - and confronts him. </li></ul><ul><li>He surmises Romeo’s intent is to sack the vault. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Romeo warns him to back away before he commits another murder: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . Tempt not a desp’rate man . . . I beseech thee . . . Put not another sin upon my head by urging me to fury. . . For I come armed against myself” (5.3.59-65). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dramatic irony: We know Romeo’s intent but Paris does not.) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Paris advances anyway. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo slays him, unaware of his identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo realizes it is Paris he has killed and drags him into the vault. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Once in the vault, Romeo sees Juliet. </li></ul><ul><li>He’s surprised that she still has color in her cheeks and lips. </li></ul><ul><li>He wonders if death has kept her beautiful to be his bride. </li></ul><ul><li>He vows to stay and protect her. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Next he vows to Tybalt, also in the tomb, that he’ll avenge his death by killing his murderer - Romeo will take his own life. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Finally, Romeo kisses Juliet one last time, and then drinks the poison: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Come bitter conduct [poison] … Thou desperate pilot [Romeo as ship captain], now at once run on the dashing rocks thy seasick weary bark! Here’s to my love!” (5.3.116-119). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(metaphorical language: He compares himself to a captain facing death as his ship is ravaged in a storm.) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Now Friar Lawrence approaches, seeing a light in the tomb. </li></ul><ul><li>As he enters the burial vault he sees the bloody swords and then the bodies of Paris and Romeo. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet awakens, sees the carnage around her, but will not leave when a noise from outside startles Friar, who flees. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Juliet spies the empty cup from which Romeo drank the poison. </li></ul><ul><li>She kisses him hoping enough poison remains on his lips to kill her, but none remains. </li></ul><ul><li>Again she hears noises from outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Panicked, she reaches for his dagger: </li></ul>
  23. 25. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Relieved, she says: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die” (5.3.168-169). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(metaphorical language: She asks the dagger to take her body as its sheath and remain in her, taking her life.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At last the “star-crossed lovers” are united for eternity in death. </li></ul>
  24. 27. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Prince arrives on the scene. </li></ul><ul><li>Friar Lawrence and Balthasar are apprehended. </li></ul><ul><li>Montagues and Capulets arrive at vault. </li></ul><ul><li>We learn that Lady Montague died after hearing that her son, Romeo, was banished. </li></ul>
  25. 28. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Friar Lawrence Testifies to All </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I secretly married Romeo & Juliet on Monday afternoon, just prior to Tybalt’s death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo was banished to Mantua, causing Juliet grief. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Capulet mistook the cause of grief and moved the wedding to Wednesday to cheer his daughter. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 29. Act V, scene 3 <ul><ul><li>Juliet came to me threatening suicide unless I helped her avoid the arranged marriage to Paris. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I came up with the sleeping potion that feigned Juliet’s death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I sent a letter to Romeo describing the plan, but the letter was never delivered. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I went to the tomb alone on Wednesday night, only to find Romeo and Paris dead. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 30. Act V, scene 3 <ul><ul><li>As Juliet awoke, I heard noises outside the burial vault and entreated Juliet to flee with me but she remained. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It appears she committed suicide after I left. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By the way, Nurse knew about the secret marriage too. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am to blame; take my life. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 31. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Balthasar testifies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I saw Juliet dead and brought word to Romeo in Mantua. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediately we set out for Verona, but when we reached the tomb Romeo told me to scram. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a letter written by Romeo for his father. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 32. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Paris’ servant testifies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paris came to the tomb to put flowers on Juliet’s grave. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was interrupted by someone and attacked him. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I ran to get help. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Prince reads Romeo’s letter to his father. </li></ul><ul><li>The letter corroborates Friar’s testimony. </li></ul><ul><li>Prince chastises the warring families: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“See what scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love” (5.3.211-212). </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Act V, scene 3 <ul><li>Capulet & Montague make amends. </li></ul><ul><li>Prince concludes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Some shall be pardoned, and some punished: For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo” (5.3.309-310). </li></ul></ul>
  32. 35. The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet