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Feminism and romanticism
 

Feminism and romanticism

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    Feminism and romanticism Feminism and romanticism Presentation Transcript

    • Feminism and Romanticism
    • Rise of Romanticism
      • Romanticism was a literary movement occurring at the end of the 18 th century, and into the very beginning of the 19 th century.
      • Three criteria of Romanticist literature:
      • --valuing of self as subject-matter
      • -- valuing of emotion over reason
      • -- interest in the exotic, bizarre, extraordinary
      • The Romanticists saw nature as the catalyst for imaginative experience.
      • Art was not merely mimetic (mirroring) reality, but rather produced through the imaginative process within.
      • Nature provides the context for transcendent experiences. Connecting with nature is connecting with something larger than oneself.
    • First Generation Romanticists
      • William Wordsworth
      • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
      • William Blake
      • They shared in common a sympathy towards the French Revolution.
      • The French Revolution was the defining historical event of the end of the eighteenth century in Europe.
      • The Romanticists embraced the democratic goals of the French Revolution, by attempting to make their literature ‘democratic’ through their diction and syntax – a poetry of the people.
      • The Romanticists rejected 18 th century Neoclassicism, with its controlled, rational, emotionless and formulaic poetry.
      • First generation Romanticists saw revolution as the state of romance on earth, a new kingdom on earth.
      • Or, as Wordsworth puts it, the “mystic marriage” between the mind and nature
    • Second Generation Romanticists
      • Lord Byron
      • Percy Bysse Shelley
      • John Keats
      • These Romanticists were writing after the French Revolution.
      • They are exiles from England, living in Europe.
      • The second generation Romanticists saw man in opposition to nature.
      • Man was in quest for an absent ideal.
      • Both generations took the view that the poet is isolated, introspective, subjective
      • Christianity is secularized in Romanticist literature.
      • Common themes in Romanticist literature: alienation and exile, death and rebirth, self-consciousness.
      • Wordsworth was an idealist, with faith in nature and the perfectibility of man.
      • The second generation of Romanticists were skeptics, distinct in their pessimism compared to the failed ideals of the first generation.
    • Romanticist Sisters
      • Dorothy Wordsworth
      • Joanna Baillie (Scottish)
      • Mary Tighe (Irish)
      • Mary Wollstonecraft
      • Mary Shelley
      • Emily Bronte
      • Percy Bysse Shelley, in Defense of Poetry , appropriates the metaphor of female procreativity to describe his creative process
      • Emphasis on exoticism, fear of female power (Keats) and interest in the Satanic hero (Byron).
      • How would we define “feminine Romanticism”?
      • Critic Ann Mellor: it is an alternative to the radical social transformation of male romanticists.
      • If a man were to make “the tranquility of his domestic affections” his first priority, there would be no empires, and therefore no wars.
      • Mellor: The system should have a mother as well as a father.