Misogynistic thinking and preaching was upheld by and disseminated by women
Therefore their literature is easy to misread, as not all texts with a female name associated with them were necessarily written by women, and ‘women’ (female characters) on stage were not even women at all, until the middle of the 17 th century.
Early notions of authorship were unstable and complex. Male and female writers could adopt the persona of the “humble transmitter of God’s divine authority”; few texts call attention to individual writers.
For example, Julian of Norwich, Margary Kempe don’t claim the words as their own, and therefore aren’t responsible for what they say, or thus punishable for transgressive language.