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# Oreilly Energy Lieracy Webcast - 092302009

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Webcast of energy literacy talk for O'Reilly media.

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### Oreilly Energy Lieracy Webcast - 092302009

1. 1. Two stories : one global, one personal.
2. 2. Energy is measured in Joules (J) Lifting an apple from the ground to the table. ~ 1 Joule
3. 3. Power is measured in Watts (W).1 Watt = 1 Joule / second Lifting one apple from the ground to the table each second. ~ 1 Watt.
4. 4. 40 apples per secondfrom the ground to thetable = 40 Watts.
5. 5. Running this Apple laptop takes 40 Watts.
6. 6. Power 100 W = You, sitting there, reading. 1000 W 1kW = Domestic kettle 1 kilowatt (kW) = 1000 W 1000000 W 1MW = Diesel locomotive / wind turbine. 1 megawatt (MW) = 1000 kW 1000000000 W 1GW = Hoover dam 1 gigawatt (GW) = 1000 MW 1000000000000 W 1TW = World power consumption, 1890 1 terawatt (TW) = 1000 GW
7. 7. HOW MUCH POWER DO I USE?
8. 8. Why watts ?Allows you to compare activities on different timescales.Allows you to consider non-carbon effects of using so much power.If you do something yearly (like ﬂy 105,000 miles), it contributes:168,207 kilometers 1 year 1.40 megajoules Joules 1 year � 31,536,000 seconds � 1 kilometer � 7,462 second = 7,462 WattsIf you do something monthly (like your electricity bill), it contributes:122 kilowatt ·hours 1 month 3.6 megajoules Joules 1 month � 2,952,000 seconds � 1 kilowatt · hour � 170 second = 170 WattsIf you do something daily (like drink 1 Energy drink), it contributes:1 energy drink 1 day 7.84 megajoules Joules 1 day � 86,400 seconds � 1 bottle � 90 second = 90 WattsYearly things + Monthly things + Daily things = your lifestyle in watts.
9. 9. "Watts per always" - your life in light bulbs. 100W A 12,000 Watt lifestyle is 120 x 100 watt light bulbs burning permanently. ( Or 920 Compact Fluorescents )
10. 10. FlightSaul Griffith in 2007: 112,000 Miles7,992 Watts equivalent. 18.500 kg CO2
11. 11. Driving 4500 Mi/yr10,000 Miles Honda Insight1,500 Watts 55 mpg 2000 Mi/yr 81.82 gallons spent other (avg. rental) 9,900,000,000 J Seattle 16 mpg 313.71 Watts 125 gallons spent 15,125,000,000 J 479.28 Watts Boston 1000 Mi/yr Dune Buggy (VW) Chicago New York 25 mpg San Francisco 40 gallons spent 4,840,000,000 J 1200 Mi/yr 153.37 Watts Toyota Tacoma 18 mpg 66.67 gallons spent 8,066,666,667 J 255.62 Watts San Diego Tucson Atlanta Jacksonville 700 Mi/yr Toyota Hilux 17 mpg 600 Mi/yr Key West 41.18 gallons spent Sprinter Diesel 4,982,352,941 J 20 mpg 157.88 Watts 30 gallons spent 4,128,000,000 J 130.81 Watts
12. 12. Domestic energy consumption2 person stand alone house, 2br, Mission District, SF. Home Gas and Electric breakdown625W1400 GAS shower GAS cooking GAS heat ELEC fridge1200 ELEC computer ELEC toothbrush ELEC phone chargers ELEC laptop11000 ELEC laptop2 ELEC stereo ELEC lights&other800600400200 0 JANUARY FEBRUARY NOVEMBER JULY DECEMBER AUGUST SEPTEMBER MAY JUNE MARCH OCTOBER APRIL
13. 13. Work Power Consumption... 18,400² Foot Office, 40 People sharing1250 Gas : 201 Watts Electric : 411 Watts1000750500250 0 Jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec
14. 14. My 2007 diet. 772 Watts Milk Cheese: 30 W Wine: 76 W Vegetables: 100 Farming: 100 WTransportation: 120 W Fertilizer: 125 W Meat & Fish: 221 W
15. 15. Society - my 1/300 000 000th share of the US infrastructure...US Military: 94 WUS Nuclear protection: 50 WUS Government: 18 WNASA: 1.1 WUSPS: 5 W* Published fuel and electricity numbers. Does not include embodied energy in battle-ships, tanks, bullets, bridges, buildings & infrastructure...
16. 16. Insight up gy ick g bu ne ap Honda du ot en toy g wa ks er H l d dd trip er vo or la e rs ov re e y k nc ep ast tre we ec la r hisl ke io st s po honpatuolletlbow ot w p AS ns m istm tma te uin na r ex m alch hrisrry g alu tur ialc ca eba ic e c tif as n ar uitc fere lla st ne s n re e co mb lChpho boo chrina u oo sk m ru llp ers intr snwuga ce bb pa ndgklmkrkr n taateo e laean ictenn vinlebne inlscmo n c n eta nstaakp Fr b ing oo mduhuspp r itc s sp wosec apee pp baok g r upe ceixc so yc K ll kit u in s fr r b eesappk nn e etep intchffh Wmoleaaic h id wcttn odbcueitc ma ed tele tao repin sb kec slaeinn tesareg tus hfo lagcteolo tt aoelaceif e ol sg te d peeurif laoo pdkleten k t le sbs ll aabmns sprlaskan Greope gulop creotanif o o b rk eproeiv o P sto ed TR T de ba somp es pr es coo c plantp pla ots rge ofab ing ntpotla s irdin ble tin gk din a ta ch ing itc he n sit g fallow oorru h nc So pi nfl f be l e ole he ram wo oksfutonf ame Boodenlfutonfr ss ttre nma wo eta m futo ChairWood) ( er it beltleath crocsshoes Table oolSu MenW opants menso t cks carg llaredar rtst- shirat t ensco erwe nshocks woolh ebrimha d me shir tm enunhoes so wid Shoes m rs oots leathe Hat et uggb s len pant Woocoatjack lls per oachveralls overa axedpa Watch-C il clingwrapsaran w erroll co fo toiletpap aluminum d er washingpow detergent teacandle Book conditionerthpastesheetsofpaper tooframed se rt Papercup a hampoo (mhbrush l) CDjewelca e ardgam Toot lfball bo ll tennisba go lftee go d tennisrac ket surfb cycle oar r motogerbag n esse le lephantet BikemGolfClubinflaotabrcyeclehelm s rs m to e Pap ws Ne e s in an az e ag in ar Re M o uter gaz m ly a th m m n ee p on ta rly m Dr Oveerahine cr ns Co frig ac p r r tio te n to p ec m Ca e kto oj ar pr on es g t qu Ph D p s PHYSICAL STUFF ye cle La ile ob hin M y as Bic House W ~2500 Watts
17. 17. SFO TO LHR 41 W W W 60 LHR- 3W 4 SF 30 TS 29 SF O ER ATL HE 3 O-A H TH DS LIG ED SFO L-A -ATL 60 W O -SF A TL T NT O W W O EE 1 M R -CP A 4 OU S- 410 W O1 K- TR A 160 AT O E W 0W S AS H5 CC G IC 4 L- N G ST GY S -H W N-A W 10 JU ER W FO O 4 W 3 N N ER W 3 W NO -O 57 E H S A 1 S IR W OT S LE FA 0 SF K W 5 W 56 2 C F BO O- BO 0 HH A E HI S-A ICE W S V V S- S G V. AN R W SF 21 O ER -SE 0 OA O 21 0 W G T L 10 OA K DC -DC V E TA E K-O 0W 8W S NS RD -O 18 S PO FE -M ON AK 18 W 0 OD 40 W E -QU GO 3 D QU E-D E2 0W ITE ION TW 10 WH UCAT 60 W -SF W ED ANCE O2BUR-O SFO 10 W FIN AK 20 -JFK 80 W W OAK-BUR 200 RE 6 20 W JFK-SFO W HCA 200 W H EALT SFO-BO W BOS-ORD S 210 W TION 110 70 W RECREA ORD-SFO 14 0W HOUSE 260 W SFO-JFK 200 W JFK-SFO 200 W 230 W MISCSTU SJC-SJO FF1000 W 0W JC 23 SJO-S 0W BOO IJ 28 KS S JC-V W WA 130 80 STE W C2 BIK DIS -SJ NE ES PO TEXT VIJ WS 6 WW SA L 9 ILES EL 18 A EC 0 W TER 1 W T 90 W TR 60 RAN W ON W SPO 1 40 CO IC S2 RTT OM D1 M PU 50 E 4 SY W 0W O- TE SF RS BO W 70 0 AT 0 CA 31 W W S RS R 0 50 0W WO -D 31 56 W W O WO ERTI 28 FO SF RK 0W AG IN 0 80 HILU 150 W -S TE W 0W RK K HE W 0W O2 .F OA SHOWERS GAS 70 W 0W COOKING GAS 30 W DR RN 31 EL AT 100 X 16 ET O- F MA 24 HT EC 20 TAXIORRENTAL 47 K-S W SF 70 SIG LIZ TER 0W TR YV OA W IC ER A IN UGG A TACO PRIN 41 OTA 50 ND 0W EB GE S W TOY HO My 2007 life: DUN TOYOT AG AG PEST 0 W 0 W DOD . FO CTR ES AG .E CO . BE SS LE ICID FF SU18000 Watts. ER CE ILF OTHER EE LIGHTS GA STERE FR LAPTOP COMPU &W W RE FRIDGE DA UE 0 W HEATIN IC R UIT 50 W S 3 2 FA AL IRY LS ME INE 20 4 TS ,V S& ELEC 8 O ELEC AT 80 ELEC 7 EG AN GGS 10 6 TER EL ELEC 1 G GAS 4 GR TS 9 ELEC 3 &E W DO &N W AIN U IL 0W W S 1W EC 10 16 0W 10 00 W W 0W 0W 0W W W
18. 18. Footprint calculators? 11333 www.climatecare.org (34 T CO2) 7800 www.carbonneutral.com (23.4 T CO2) 16800 www.earthday.net (8.4 planets) 6248 www.safeclimate.net (18.7 T CO2) 11300 www.bp.com (34 T CO2) 12040 www.travelmatters.org (36.1 T CO2) 8783 www.climatecrisis.net (26.4 T CO2) 12000 www.conservation.org (36 T CO2) 10167 www.carbonfootprint.com (30.5 T CO2) 2887 www.epa.gov (8.7 T CO2) 8067 green.msn.com (24.2 T CO2) 17433 www.earthlab.com (52.3 T CO2) 23600 www.treeswaterpeople.org (70.8 T CO2) 11420 average - which is remarkably close to US average? 18000 My calculation 25000 My estimate
19. 19. Me
20. 20. My wife, my city, and me...
21. 21. KiloWatts 0 5 11.14kW Average = 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 Alaska Wyoming Louisiana North Dakota Texas Kentucky Alabama West Virginia Indiana Montana 10 Oklahoma Mississippi Arkansas Iowa South Carolina Kansas Tennessee Nebraska Minnesota Delaware 20 New Mexico Idaho Maine South Dakota Ohio Georgia Virginia Missouri Wisconsin Washington 30 Pennsylvania Illinois Nevada Utah Oregon New Jersey District of Columbia North Carolina Colorado Michigan 40 State-level energy consumption per Capita, 2006 (kW) CC Vermont Hawaii Maryland Florida Arizona Connecticut New Hampshire California Massachusetts New York 50 Rhode Island 2ENERGYliteracy.com
22. 22. Per capita power use 2003 Per Capita Energy Use 2003 30 16 Belgium 17 Saudi Arabia 18 Singapore 19 Gibraltar 20 Netherlands 21 Oman 1 Qatar 22 France 23 Russian Federation 25 2 Iceland 24 New Zealand 3 United Arab Emirates 25 Korea, Rep 26 Czech Rep 4 Bahrain 27 Germany 28 Austria 5 Luxembourg 29 Japan 6 Netherlands Antilles 30 United Kingdom 31 Denmark 7 Kuwait 32 Ireland 20 8 Trinidad and Tobago 33 Switzerland 34 Estonia 9 Canada 35 Turkmenistan 36 Slovenia 10 United States 37 Slovakia 11 Brunei Darussalam 38 Kazakhstan 39 Cypruskilowatts 12 Finland 40 Spain 41 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 13 Norway 15 42 Israel 14 Sweden 43 Italy 44 Ukraine 15 Australia 45 Greece 46 Belarus 47 Lithuania 48 South Africa 49 Hungary 50 Bulgaria US Average. 10 5 Global Average 0 10 20 30 40 50