Making Renewables A Reality for Your Business<br />Presentation to Aditya Birla Group<br />Jun 17, 2011<br />NarasimhanSan...
It is critical to understand the difference between what is Possible, andwhat is Feasible<br />www.eai.in<br />
Energy Sources<br />www.eai.in<br />
Real Imperatives for Renewables<br /><ul><li>Fossil fuels becoming more scarce and costly
Governmental mandates on GHG emissions
Industry-wide consensus for sustainable practices
Consumer preference for green companies</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
Real Imperatives for Renewables<br /><ul><li>Fossil fuels becoming more scarce and costly
Governmental mandates on GHG emissions
Industry-wide consensus for sustainable practices
Consumer preference for green companies</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
Making Sense of Renewables<br /><ul><li>Geo Sense - Not all renewable sources make sense to all of us (ocean energy makes ...
Time Sense - Some renewable energy sources are in their nascent stage (it could take 10 years to get fuel from algae)
Money Sense - Renewables need to make both ecological and financial sense (small wind is ecologically sound, but financial...
Making Renewables A Reality for Your Business<br />       What<br />…are the real benefits for us from renewables?<br />  ...
Whatare the real benefits for us from renewables?<br />1<br />www.eai.in<br />
Real Benefits from Renewables<br /><ul><li>Distributed energy
Fuel security
Hedge against inflation
Setting yourself for a more sustainable future</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
Real “Costs” of Renewables<br /><ul><li>Intermittency & unreliability (solar PV and wind)
Not all are future proof in terms of feedstock (eg., biomass)
Technology risks (solar CSP)
High costs – solar, wave/tidal, 2nd/3rd gen biofuels</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
Whichrenewable sources are really appropriate for our business?<br />2<br />www.eai.in<br />
Renewable energy possibilities<br /><ul><li>Renewable power
Renewable heat (and cold)
Enhanced energy recovery</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
Renewable power<br /><ul><li>Solar PV
Thin films
Crystalline
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Making renewables a reality for your business

  1. 1. Making Renewables A Reality for Your Business<br />Presentation to Aditya Birla Group<br />Jun 17, 2011<br />NarasimhanSanthanam<br />Energy Alternatives India – EAI<br />www.eai.in<br />
  2. 2. It is critical to understand the difference between what is Possible, andwhat is Feasible<br />www.eai.in<br />
  3. 3. Energy Sources<br />www.eai.in<br />
  4. 4. Real Imperatives for Renewables<br /><ul><li>Fossil fuels becoming more scarce and costly
  5. 5. Governmental mandates on GHG emissions
  6. 6. Industry-wide consensus for sustainable practices
  7. 7. Consumer preference for green companies</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  8. 8. Real Imperatives for Renewables<br /><ul><li>Fossil fuels becoming more scarce and costly
  9. 9. Governmental mandates on GHG emissions
  10. 10. Industry-wide consensus for sustainable practices
  11. 11. Consumer preference for green companies</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  12. 12. Making Sense of Renewables<br /><ul><li>Geo Sense - Not all renewable sources make sense to all of us (ocean energy makes no sense to landlocked countries)
  13. 13. Time Sense - Some renewable energy sources are in their nascent stage (it could take 10 years to get fuel from algae)
  14. 14. Money Sense - Renewables need to make both ecological and financial sense (small wind is ecologically sound, but financially not)</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  15. 15. Making Renewables A Reality for Your Business<br /> What<br />…are the real benefits for us from renewables?<br /> Which<br />…renewable sources are really appropriate for us?<br /> How much<br />…do renewable energy sources really cost?<br /> How<br />…can we really start off?<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />www.eai.in<br />
  16. 16. Whatare the real benefits for us from renewables?<br />1<br />www.eai.in<br />
  17. 17. Real Benefits from Renewables<br /><ul><li>Distributed energy
  18. 18. Fuel security
  19. 19. Hedge against inflation
  20. 20. Setting yourself for a more sustainable future</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  21. 21. Real “Costs” of Renewables<br /><ul><li>Intermittency & unreliability (solar PV and wind)
  22. 22. Not all are future proof in terms of feedstock (eg., biomass)
  23. 23. Technology risks (solar CSP)
  24. 24. High costs – solar, wave/tidal, 2nd/3rd gen biofuels</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  25. 25. Whichrenewable sources are really appropriate for our business?<br />2<br />www.eai.in<br />
  26. 26. Renewable energy possibilities<br /><ul><li>Renewable power
  27. 27. Renewable heat (and cold)
  28. 28. Enhanced energy recovery</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  29. 29. Renewable power<br /><ul><li>Solar PV
  30. 30. Thin films
  31. 31. Crystalline
  32. 32. Wind
  33. 33. Small wind
  34. 34. MW scale wind
  35. 35. Biomass
  36. 36. Gasification
  37. 37. Combustion
  38. 38. Organic Waste
  39. 39. Anaerobic digestion</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  40. 40. Renewable heat and cold<br />Renewable heat (and cold) can be obtained from:<br /><ul><li>Biomass gasification
  41. 41. Solar thermal
  42. 42. Anaerobic digestion</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  43. 43. Enhanced energy recovery<br />Enhanced energy recovery is possible through<br /><ul><li>Cogeneration (…trigeneration and perhaps, even quadgeneration)
  44. 44. Waste heat recovery</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  45. 45. Technical feasibility of renewable sources for captive<br />Depends on<br /><ul><li>Scale of operations
  46. 46. Availability of natural resources
  47. 47. Land availability</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  48. 48. Scale of Operations<br />www.eai.in<br />
  49. 49. Availability of natural resources<br />www.eai.in<br />
  50. 50. Land availability<br />www.eai.in<br />
  51. 51. Suitability as a captive source<br />www.eai.in<br />
  52. 52. Attractive options for captive energy<br />www.eai.in<br />
  53. 53. How muchdo renewable sources really cost?<br />3<br />www.eai.in<br />
  54. 54. Real Costs<br />www.eai.in<br />
  55. 55. Costs – Highlights and summary<br /><ul><li>Wind, biomass power and anaerobic digestion based power are close to grid parity
  56. 56. Biomass power could cost much higher if no control on prices of biomass
  57. 57. Both solar PV and CSP cost more almost three times as much as grid power
  58. 58. Cost reductions with time are highest for solar PV and CSP, thus they could be cost-leaders in future.</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  59. 59. Financial support mechanisms<br /><ul><li>Capital subsidies
  60. 60. Tax holidays
  61. 61. Accelerated depreciation
  62. 62. Soft loans</li></ul>www.eai.in<br />
  63. 63. Other monetization possibilities<br />Co-products and by-products<br />Biomass gasification<br />Charcoal<br />Activated carbon<br />Anaerobic digestion<br />Nutrient laden effluent  Fertilizer<br />Waste heat<br />process heating + drying  cooling (trigeneration)  fuels (quadgeneration)<br />Carbon credits<br />Renewable energy certificates<br />Avoiding cost of organic waste disposal<br />www.eai.in<br />
  64. 64. Howcan we really start off on renewables?<br />4<br />www.eai.in<br />
  65. 65. Way to go…<br />Understand the scope of possibilities<br />Shortlist the most appropriate for your business<br />Test with a pilot<br />Go live!<br />www.eai.in<br />
  66. 66. Reality check while starting off renewable projects<br />Visit companies that have already implemented similar solutions<br />Results from projects vary across companies and locations<br />Most renewable energy projects have payback periods in excess of 3 years (solar > 7 years)<br />Most renewable energy projects will require good amount of maintenance and repair operations<br />www.eai.in<br />
  67. 67. About EAI<br />Dedicated focus on renewable energy and cleantech for India<br />Diversification, feasibility studies, market entry strategy, business intelligence<br />Work with corporates on making their factories use more renewables<br />Founded by professionals from IITs and IIMs<br />Based out of Chennai<br />More from www.eai.in – see also our club, forum, mailing list…<br />www.eai.in<br />
  68. 68. All the best!<br />NarasimhanSanthanamEnergy Alternatives India – EAI<br />Mob: +91-98413-48117<br />narsi@eai.in, www.eai.in<br />www.eai.in<br />

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